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DAILY NEWS ANALYSIS from THE HINDU 14th September 2017 By Jatin Verma Educator Unacademy
News Articles I. Petrol, diesel should come under GST 2. Shinzo Abe promises peace in Indo-Pacific region 3. Ban pellet guns in Kashmir: Amnesty 4. Bank got commission out of money laundering unwittingly? 5. India has 'narrow' pool of mustard varieties, say agricultural scientists 6. We're not terrorists, say Rohingya. 7. Page-10: Income limit raised for creamy layer. 8. Govt. puts 1,200 NGOs on notice. 9. Plea against NOTA not valid: EC 10. India-Japan: Over 8 km, Japan and India come closer. I I. A push for cooperation in S&T and medical research. 12. Indo-Russian war games in Oct 13. Suu Kyi not to attend key UN meet. 14. Russia comes forward to rebuild Aleppo 15. International News: Judges uphold Trump's refugee ban. 16. BPCL eyes GAIL, Oil India for merger.[Maharatna Status] 17. TRAI chief calls for zero cost for digital transactions
Page-10: Plea against NOTA not valid: EC Background: The Supreme court had on August 3 agreed to examine the constitutional validity of the NOTA provision in the Rajya Sabha polls saying the issue needed to be debated Now, The Election Commission has told the Supreme Court that a plea by a Gujarat political leader challenging the use of None of the Above (NOTA) option in the Raiya Sabha polls in the State is not maintainable. easons given by ECl:  NOTA option was a part of every Rajya Sabha elections held since 2014; [i] The provisions of NOTA in the ballot papers for the elections to the council of states has been made by the EC to effectuate this right of electors guaranteed to them under the said section 79(A) of the Representation of the People Act, 1951. [ii] It referred to the constitutional provisions and said that any election to the Rajya Sabha can only be called into question by way of an election petition only.
ugust 2017 Page-1 1: Political parties not in favour ofIn the Kuldip Nayar case, amendments NOTA in Rajya Sabha polls. Since there was no secrecy in Rajya Sabha election, NOTA is not of much Rajya Sabha, parties issue whip for these elections and NOTA option went against the nature of the whip introducing the open ballot system were under challenge, but were dismissed by the court. . The Supreme Court observed: "The contention that the right of expression of the voter at an election for the Raiya Sabha is affected by open ballot is not tenable, as an elected MLA would not face any disqualification from the membership of the House for voting in a particular manner The Court said the member may at the most attract action from the political party to which he belongs." [Explained fully in Daily News Analysis of Party A. Party B NOTA Kuldip Nayar case:The Supreme Court's judgment in Kuldip Nayar vs Union Of India & Ors is significant in this regard
Page-11: India-Japan: Over 8 km, Japan and India come closer. UPSC PRELIMS 2011: Question. Mahatma Gandhi said that some of his deepest convictions were reflected in a book titled, "Unto this Last" and the book transformed his life.What was the message from the book that transformed Mahatma Gandhi? (a.) Uplifting the oppressed and poor is the moral responsibility of an educated marn (b.) The good of individual is contained in the good of all (c.) The life of celibacy and spiritual pursuit are essential for a noble life (d-)All the statements (e).(6) and (e)are correct in this context Q. Mahatma Gandhi's biography was originally written in which language?
Page-1 l:A push for cooperation in S&T and medical research, In the light of Japan's Prime Minister Shinzo Abe's visit to India, the two countries have signed a host of agreements to further cooperation in science and technology [i] Regenerative medicine: Research into stem-cells for making bone-marrow transplants more accessible. The Department of Biotechnology (DBT) already has an India-Japan cooperative Programme that has Christian Medical College & Hospital, Vellore, and Kyoto University, Japan, as participants. Though the DBT and Japan's National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST) have been collaborating in these areas, they renewed the agreement for five more years The aim of the Programme is to develop infrastructure and expertise for India to be a competitive force in regenerative medicine and induced pluripotent stem cell biology. The focus of the collaboration is on developing treatments for sickle-cell anaemia, Beta thalassemia and brain disorders, and creating a haplobank relevant to Indian populations.
What is Haplobank: A Haplobank refers to a specially maintained collection of embryonic cells that can, in theory, be directed to become any kind of cell and thus progenitor of replacement organs Japanese scientist Shinya Yamanaka was a co-recipient of the Nobel Prize for medicine for discovering ways to reprogram mature stem cells Through this programme, Indian scientists will be part of a global network that shares research into and knowledge of these aspects of stem cell technology. Sickle cell anaemia: If a person has defective genes, his bone marrow will produce RBC with sickle shape (agricultural tool) Home work: Induced pluripotent stem cell biology. Induced pluripotent stem cells (also known as iPS cells or iPSCs) are a type of pluripotent stem cell that can be generated directly from adult cells. Embryonic stem cells have the ability to become a cell for any part of the body (nerve, muscle, blood, etc.). This ability to become any type of cell in the body is called pluripotent.
Page-1l: Indo-Russian war games in Oct Background: In April,the two countries decided to upgrade Indra from an individual service exercise into an integrated tri-service. India and Russia have begun discussions to work out the modalities for their first tri-service military exercise to be held in October Speciality: It will also be India's first bilateral military exercise with any country involving all three services. . The Indra exercise is scheduled from October 19 to 29.The Final Planning Conference (FPC) will be held from September 12 to 15 in Russia. All logistical issues and modalities will be finalised. The aim of the exercise is to carry out joint exercises for suppression of international terrorist activities under the United Nations mandate. The Army: The Army will send about 350 soldiers from the infantry, artillery and armoured streams.While the soldiers will take with them infantry weapons, ammunition, radio sets and related equipment, the issue of taking T-72 tanks and other heavy equipment will be decided in the FPC.
The Navy is fielding two ships, a stealth frigate, INS Satpura, and an anti-submarine warfare (ASW) corvette, INS Kadmatt, along with two on-board helicopters. The naval component is likely to include an ASW component, the details of which are awaited. The Air Force, which flies a large number of Russian aircraft, is likely to share fighter jets of the host. Details of contingent and other support elements would be decided in the planning conference -Finding synergy: India's efforts for tri-service integration This will be an opportunity for India to synergise jointness between its services and see how other countries function jointly. UPSC Prelims Question 2016: Question. Which one of the following is the best description of 'INS Astradharini', that was in the news recently? (a) Amphibious warfare ship. (b) Nuclear-powered submarine Answer:? (c) Torpedo launch and recovery vessel (d) Nuclear-powered aircraft carrier
INS Satpura and INS Kadmatt are both indigenously built warships. INS Satpura, synonymous with the formidable mountain range in Central India, is a multi- role stealth frigate. INS Kadmatt, named after an island in the beautiful Lakshadweep chain, is an Anti-Submarine Corvette.
Page 12World News: Suu Kyi not to attend key UN meet. Myanmar's national leader Aung San Suu Kyi, facing outrage over violence that has forced about 400,000 Rohingya Muslims to flee to Bangladesh, cancelled a trip to the upcoming UN General Assembly because of the crisis. Critics have called for her to be stripped of her Nobel peace prize for failing to do more to halt the strife which the UN rights agency said was a "textbook example of ethnic cleansing Refugee exodus declines: Aid agencies will have to step up operations "massively" in response to the refugee flow to Bangladesh. The $77 million the United Nations had appealed for last week would not be enough. Bangladesh officials say the number of people crossing into his area had fallen sharply, apparently because everyone had left the districts worst hit by violence . U.S. position: The Donald Trump administration has called for protection of civilians, and Bangladesh says all the refugees will have to go home and has called for safe zones in Myanmar China's stance: China, which competes with the United States for influence in Asia backed Myanmar's efforts to safeguard "development and stability".
World News: Russia comes forward to rebuild Aleppo After helping Assad capture the city, Moscow is o ering help on infrastructure and law and order Syria's second city was battered by four years of fighting between rebels in the east and government forces in the west, until an evacuation deal at the end of 2016 brought it under regime control. . In September 2015, Moscow began carrying out air strikes that have allowed Syrian troops to retake swathes of territory including Aleppo. Now that it is back under government control, Russia appears keen to help rebuild it. Syria signed a memorandum of understanding with Tehran for the provision of five gas units to help generate electricity and restore power to Aleppo
Business Page: BPCL eyes GAIL, Oil India for merger. [Investment Models] Background: Finance Minister had suggested for merger of state owned oil firms in his 2017 budget speech when he seplt out the government's intent to create integrated public sector 'oil majors' to match the performance of global oil firms and domestic private sector firms It is in this light that Bharat Petroleum Corporation Limited (BPCL), India's second largest state- owned oil marketer is mulling a merger with GAIL (India), India's largest gas distributor, and Oil India, the country's second largest explorer, to create an integrated energy giant The Centre had recently approved the merger of rival Hindustan Petroleum Corp. Ltd. (HPCL) with ONGC Backward-Forward Linkages: Integration Refining OIL. [ Petroleum. Exploration]. BPCL [Marketing]
Page-1+10: Bitcoin trade may come under SEBI. 13 JULY DNA TG.S. Paper-3: Money Laundering- Linkages] The government is considering the introduction of a regulatory regime for virtual or crypto currencies, such as Bitcoin. . What is it: Crypto-currency is a digital currency which allows transacting parties to remain anonymous while confirming that the transaction is a valid one Risk: It is not owned or controlled by any institution governments or private. Our Concern: What if Bitcoin is de-monetised tomorrow? There are multiple such currencies-Bitcoin, Ethereum and Ripple are some of the popular ones. Present status: they are neither illegal nor legal in India. Value:One bitcoin today is worth as much as 60 grams of gold. Total Market cap for all crypto-currencies has just crossed $100 billion, with most of the increase coming in the past few months. On April I, the total market cap was just over $25 billion, representing a 300% rise in just over 60 days S.
. The point: is to treat such currency in a manner similar to gold sold digitally, so that it can be traded on registered exchanges in a bid to promote" a formal tax base, while keeping a tab on their use for illegal activities such as money laundering, terror funding and drug trafficking. Both sides of Bit-coin: Advantages of recognising Crypto-currencies: ] It would enable the levy of the Goods and Services Tax on their sale; [i] Regulatory may possibly bring their trading under the oversight of the stock market regulator, Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) .Disadvantages: [i] It allows transacting parties to remain anonymous while confirming that the transaction is a valid one. [i] It might lead to proliferation of black money [ii] Tantamount to legitimising Speculative risk taking . Bitcoins were in the news recently when during the two global cyber ransom- ware attacksWannaCry and Petya attackers sought about $300 in bitcoin as ransom. Banning will give a clear message that all related activities are illegal
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