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DAILY NEWS ANALYSIS from THE HINDU 14th September 2017 By Jatin Verma Educator Unacademy
News Articles I. Petrol, diesel should come under GST 2. Shinzo Abe promises peace in Indo-Pacific region 3. Ban pellet guns in Kashmir: Amnesty 4. Bank got commission out of money laundering unwittingly? 5. India has 'narrow' pool of mustard varieties, say agricultural scientists 6. We're not terrorists, say Rohingya. 7. Page-10: Income limit raised for creamy layer. 8. Govt. puts 1,200 NGOs on notice. 9. Plea against NOTA not valid: EC 10. India-Japan: Over 8 km, Japan and India come closer. I I. A push for cooperation in S&T and medical research. 12. Indo-Russian war games in Oct 13. Suu Kyi not to attend key UN meet. 14. Russia comes forward to rebuild Aleppo 15. International News: Judges uphold Trump's refugee ban. 16. BPCL eyes GAIL, Oil India for merger.[Maharatna Status] 17. TRAI chief calls for zero cost for digital transactions
Page-7: Bank got commission out of money laundering unwittingly! India. Marzi Ltd. Hong Kong Farzi Ltd. $99000 Marzi Co. [No Real Work] -Hong Kong Taiwan UAE pumab national bank
Page-7: India has 'narrow' pool of mustard varieties, say agricultural scientists Background: In June, a 230-member quorum of the NAAS had passed a resolution unanimously supporting the commercial release of Dhara Mustard Hybrid II (DMH-1 1),a transgenic food crop that had been cleared by the Genetic Engineering Appraisal Committee (GEAC) for commercial release. Then, a valid point was made that when India has 9000 mustard seed varities, what is the need to bring Genetically modified varities of mustard: It was among the key arguments made in the Supreme Court, as part of a petition by activist Aruna Rodrigues Earlier a Supreme Court-appointed Technical Advisory Committee had also recommended a stay on GM mustard citing the breadth of India's genetic diversity in mustard and that introducing it would lead to "irreversible" contamination. But Now, A report by the National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS), a 600- member body of agricultural scientists, says- Contrary to GM basher's propaganda - that very high diversity is available in Indian mustard scientific analysis has shown that the Indian gene pool of mustard is very narrow. As a consequence, in spite of extensive efforts by our plant breeders - there is very little impact of pure-line breeding on mustard yields in recent years.
What NAAS says: Panjab Singh, president, NAAS saicd: [i]The base is narrow and that's why we need hybrid technology for developing better mustard varieties. [ii] Though there were wild-related species, these were largely untenable for commercially extracting oil [iij Unlike in wheat, for instance, where the male and female can be crossed to make a wide genetic range of hybrid seeds, mustard is a self-pollinating plant that isn't amenable to such crossings. DMH-11 uses a combination of genes from a soil bacterium that makes mustard amenable to hybridisation.The NAAS also refuted claims that non-GM varieties of rapeseed (a sister species of mustard and an oilseed) in Europe out-yielded GM varieties grown in Canada. A coalition of NAAS scientists are not happy with NAAS favouring GM Mustard as they say that Indigenous diversity is being ignored by NAAS, while giving approval to GM Mustarod.
Page-10:We're not terrorists, say Rohingya. Nearly 7,000 Rohingya living in 23 settlements across Jammu have moved the Supreme Court, saying there is not a single terrorist among them and they deserve to be treated with dignity by the government. . Page-10: Income limit raised for creamy layer. . It has now been decided to raise the income limit from 6 lakh to 8 lakh per annum for . In 1993, the limit was kept at lakh. It was raised thrice-to 2.5 lakh in 2004, 4.5 lakh in The creamy layer, ceiling for OBC reservation has been raised to 8 lakh per year. determining the creamy layer among the Other Backward Classes. 2008 and 6 lakh in 2013. These measures are part of the government's efforts to ensure greater social justice and inclusion for members of the Other Backward Classes. Prelims Question:Which DPSP deals with eliminating Economic Backwardness? Mains Question: In the light of shift towards Privatisation, Would you suggest Reservation in Private Sector jobs. Highlight Pros & Cons of such a policy.
Economic Backwardness OR Backwardness in Public Employment. Article16. Equality of opportunity in matters of public employment (I) There shall be equality of opportunity for all citizens in matters relating to employment or appointment to any office under the State (2) No citizen shall, on grounds only of religion, race, caste, sex, descent, place of birth, residence or any of them, be ineligible for, or discriminated against in respect or, any employment or office under the State (3) Nothing in this article shall prevent Parliament from making any law prescribing, in regard to a class or classes of employment or appointment to an office under the Government of, or any local or other authority within, a State or Union territory, any requirement as to residence within that State or Union territory prior to such employment or appointment. (4) Nothing in this article shall prevent the State from making any provision for the reservation of appointments or posts in favor of any backward class of citizens which, in the opinion of the State, is not adequately represented in the services under the State
Page-11: Govt. puts 1,200 NGOs on notice. The Home Ministry has sent notices to over I,200 NGOs, asking them to validate the designated bank accounts in which they receive foreign contribution, failure of which will invite punitive action. Ministry said all NGOs registered under the Foreign Contribution Regulation Act (FCRA) should receive foreign donations in a single designated bank account. However, it is seen that a number of such organisations have not validated their foreigr contribution designated accounts, causing problems for the banks to comply with the FCRA provisions that banks report to the Central government within 48 hours of such receiptor utilisation of foreign contribution. FCRA is implemented by MHA NGOs receiving Foreign funding come under MHA Overall, NGOs are regulated by NITI Aayog. Council for Advancement of People's Action and Rural Technology (CAPART), a body under MoRD also regulates the activities of Domestic NGOs S.C. directed Centre to come up with a comprehensive law on NGOs under Entry 97
The Govt. has tightened the rules for NGOs, has already cancelled the registration of more than 10,000 of them in the past three years for alleged non-filing of annual returns as mandated in the FCRA. In addition, licences of more than 1,300 NGOs were not renewed or were closed in the t past for allegedly violating variou isions of the FCRA. Nearly 6,000 NGOs have been asked to open their accounts in banks having core banking facilities.
Page-10: Plea against NOTA not valid: EC Background: The Supreme court had on August 3 agreed to examine the constitutional validity of the NOTA provision in the Rajya Sabha polls saying the issue needed to be debated Now, The Election Commission has told the Supreme Court that a plea by a Gujarat political leader challenging the use of None of the Above (NOTA) option in the Raiya Sabha polls in the State is not maintainable. easons given by ECl:  NOTA option was a part of every Rajya Sabha elections held since 2014; [i] The provisions of NOTA in the ballot papers for the elections to the council of states has been made by the EC to effectuate this right of electors guaranteed to them under the said section 79(A) of the Representation of the People Act, 1951. [ii] It referred to the constitutional provisions and said that any election to the Rajya Sabha can only be called into question by way of an election petition only.
ugust 2017 Page-1 1: Political parties not in favour ofIn the Kuldip Nayar case, amendments NOTA in Rajya Sabha polls. Since there was no secrecy in Rajya Sabha election, NOTA is not of much Rajya Sabha, parties issue whip for these elections and NOTA option went against the nature of the whip introducing the open ballot system were under challenge, but were dismissed by the court. . The Supreme Court observed: "The contention that the right of expression of the voter at an election for the Raiya Sabha is affected by open ballot is not tenable, as an elected MLA would not face any disqualification from the membership of the House for voting in a particular manner The Court said the member may at the most attract action from the political party to which he belongs." [Explained fully in Daily News Analysis of Party A. Party B NOTA Kuldip Nayar case:The Supreme Court's judgment in Kuldip Nayar vs Union Of India & Ors is significant in this regard
Page-11: India-Japan: Over 8 km, Japan and India come closer. UPSC PRELIMS 2011: Question. Mahatma Gandhi said that some of his deepest convictions were reflected in a book titled, "Unto this Last" and the book transformed his life.What was the message from the book that transformed Mahatma Gandhi? (a.) Uplifting the oppressed and poor is the moral responsibility of an educated marn (b.) The good of individual is contained in the good of all (c.) The life of celibacy and spiritual pursuit are essential for a noble life (d-)All the statements (e).(6) and (e)are correct in this context Q. Mahatma Gandhi's biography was originally written in which language?
What is Haplobank: A Haplobank refers to a specially maintained collection of embryonic cells that can, in theory, be directed to become any kind of cell and thus progenitor of replacement organs Japanese scientist Shinya Yamanaka was a co-recipient of the Nobel Prize for medicine for discovering ways to reprogram mature stem cells Through this programme, Indian scientists will be part of a global network that shares research into and knowledge of these aspects of stem cell technology. Sickle cell anaemia: If a person has defective genes, his bone marrow will produce RBC with sickle shape (agricultural tool) Home work: Induced pluripotent stem cell biology. Induced pluripotent stem cells (also known as iPS cells or iPSCs) are a type of pluripotent stem cell that can be generated directly from adult cells. Embryonic stem cells have the ability to become a cell for any part of the body (nerve, muscle, blood, etc.). This ability to become any type of cell in the body is called pluripotent.
INS Satpura and INS Kadmatt are both indigenously built warships. INS Satpura, synonymous with the formidable mountain range in Central India, is a multi- role stealth frigate. INS Kadmatt, named after an island in the beautiful Lakshadweep chain, is an Anti-Submarine Corvette.
South Asia. SOLUTHEAST ASIA CHIN A Kachin Phitippine Sea Chin Shan south China PHIL P Mandalay Magwo. Rakhaing Bago Ya Kayin Ayeyanwady N D O N ndian Ocean Tanintharyi Scale AUSTRALIA
World News: Russia comes forward to rebuild Aleppo After helping Assad capture the city, Moscow is o ering help on infrastructure and law and order Syria's second city was battered by four years of fighting between rebels in the east and government forces in the west, until an evacuation deal at the end of 2016 brought it under regime control. . In September 2015, Moscow began carrying out air strikes that have allowed Syrian troops to retake swathes of territory including Aleppo. Now that it is back under government control, Russia appears keen to help rebuild it. Syria signed a memorandum of understanding with Tehran for the provision of five gas units to help generate electricity and restore power to Aleppo
4. Mediterranean Sea is a border of which of the following countries?  I. Jordan. 2. Lebanon 3. Syria. 4. Iraq Q. River Euphrates passes through which countries? Iran, Iraq,Syria, Turkey SO TURKEY Aleppo 36 Ar Raqqah takia niyas Hims Tadmur LEB IRAG DAMASCU Q'unay tirah AS Sunvavda Goan tsJORDAN 30 3AU.AR
Business Page: BPCL eyes GAIL, Oil India for merger. [Investment Models] Background: Finance Minister had suggested for merger of state owned oil firms in his 2017 budget speech when he seplt out the government's intent to create integrated public sector 'oil majors' to match the performance of global oil firms and domestic private sector firms It is in this light that Bharat Petroleum Corporation Limited (BPCL), India's second largest state- owned oil marketer is mulling a merger with GAIL (India), India's largest gas distributor, and Oil India, the country's second largest explorer, to create an integrated energy giant The Centre had recently approved the merger of rival Hindustan Petroleum Corp. Ltd. (HPCL) with ONGC Backward-Forward Linkages: Integration Refining OIL. [ Petroleum. Exploration]. BPCL [Marketing]
Maharatna status: Under government rules, a firm is eligible for Maharatna status if: ilit is already a listed Navratna firm, [ilhas an average turnover of Rs 25000Cr, net worth Rs. I 5000C r. and annual net profit after tax of at least Rs 5,000 crore in the last three years Moreover, the company should have significant global operations.
Page-1+10: Bitcoin trade may come under SEBI. 13 JULY DNA TG.S. Paper-3: Money Laundering- Linkages] The government is considering the introduction of a regulatory regime for virtual or crypto currencies, such as Bitcoin. . What is it: Crypto-currency is a digital currency which allows transacting parties to remain anonymous while confirming that the transaction is a valid one Risk: It is not owned or controlled by any institution governments or private. Our Concern: What if Bitcoin is de-monetised tomorrow? There are multiple such currencies-Bitcoin, Ethereum and Ripple are some of the popular ones. Present status: they are neither illegal nor legal in India. Value:One bitcoin today is worth as much as 60 grams of gold. Total Market cap for all crypto-currencies has just crossed $100 billion, with most of the increase coming in the past few months. On April I, the total market cap was just over $25 billion, representing a 300% rise in just over 60 days S.
Business-13:TRAI chief calls for zero cost for digital transactions e He said eliminating costs associated with digital payments is important for a sustained growth of such transactions, Stating that India had the most robust digital payment infrastructure but we must ensure that MDR or merchant discount rate is zero, especially for small value transactions because that is where the tipping point will come. .We are a frugal country in the sense that we don't want to pay anything for digital services, especially when there is an alternative not to pay.
UPSC Previous years Questions(CDS/CAPF/IAS) on topics discussed today: Ql.Which of the following is a function of stem cells? a) To fight against infections b) To produce all the cell types in the body c) It is a specialized cell d) To make copies of itself Q2. Which part of body can stem cells be obtained from? a) Embryo or tissues in body b) Tissues in body c) Heart d) Brain
Q.Which of the following cells can be created from embryonic stem cells? a) Brain cells b) Heart cells c) Skin cells d) All types of specialised cells
..al 81%. 11:56 stl 81 % 11 :57 Jatin Verma Follow 155k Followers Daily Current Affairs MCQs for August 2017 Ratings & Reviews 421 Ratings WhatsApp Roman Saini Facebook A great course by Jatin Verma where he has literally covered all the important news from The Hindu. Must watch Copy to Clipboard Mohit Rai + More If i achieve my aim, my first salary will go to this great individual making this great informative and well-researched videos. I should take this opportunity to thank and congratulate him for the wonderful work he is doing for all the aspirants. He is meticulous and almost perfect in his approach and understanding. Please keen making such videos as a single Targeted For All G.K. based Government Exams Objective This is a daily recurring course on impartant 26k Enrollments Enroll 5.4k Enrollments