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DAILY NEWS ANALYSIS from THE HINDU 24th September 2017 By Jatin Verma Educator Unacademy
Page-12: WHOWHAT WHY WHEN WHERE Why Is it diifficult to grant citizenship to Chakmas? Why has the issue been raked up? On September 13, Home Ministry officials held a meeting with Arunachal Pradesh Chief Minister Pema Khandu and Union Minister of State for Home Kiren Riju, who represents the State in Parliament, on various administrative issues. The subject of granting citizenship to the Chakma-Hajongs was also discussed. After the meeting, Mr. Rijju said a"middle ground" would be chosen so that the Supreme Court's 2015 order to grant citizenship to Chakma-Hajong refugees could be honoured and the rights of the local population not diluted. Chakmas are settled in Arunachal Pradesh since 1964. But the Scheduled Tribe status and indigenous people's rights won't be diluted Chief Minisg a for Parament on anh dMi What was the Supreme Court order? In September 2015, the court, after hearing a petition filed by the Committee for Citizenship Rights of the Chakmas, directed the State government to grant citizenship to Chakmas and Hajongs within three months. The State government had opposed the move in court.
After giving a statement that the order had to be honoured, Mr. Rijiju changed his stand duly taking into a/c the ethnic equilibrium in the State. He clarified that since the Home Ministry was the implementing authority for granting citizenship, it would approach the Supreme Court to modify its order. What is the controversy now? The state of Arunachal is not ready to accept any infringement on the constitutional protection bestowed on the tribals of the State. State's unique history was governed by a special Act and the Constitution gives special protection rights to the predominantly tribal State These provisions were legislated with the singular objective to protect the tribes of the State from the onslaught of alien culture and overwhelming influx of non-Arunachalese in the State. Originally 2,700 families were settled in Arunachal Pradesh by the then Congress government from 1964 to 1969. The settlement itself was not as per regulations. The settlement violates the Bengal Eastern Frontier Regulation, 1873, or the Inner Line Permit system. Since Arunachal Pradesh is a protected State, any outsider visiting the State needs a permit to do so.
When did Chakmas flee to India? . In the 1960s, over one lakh Chakmas and Hajong refugees, Buddhists and Hindus, fled to India from the Chittagong Hill Tract area in the then East Pakistan (now Bangladesh), facing religious persecution The areas where the Chakma-Hajongs lived was submerged following the construction of the Kaptai Dam. They were made to settle in the Tirap division of Arunachal Pradesh, then known as the North East Frontier Agency, administered by the Ministry of External Affairs through the Governor of Assam, Arunachal Pradesh became a Union Territory in 1972, which coincided with the formation of Bangladesh, and soon local political parties began protesting against the settlement of outsiders in the State. The agitation gained momentum in 1987 when Arunachal Pradesh became a State. What's the road ahead? The logjam persists even as the government looks for damage control. Govt says, Chakma- Hajongs were entitled to live anywhere in India but their stay in Arunachal Pradesh would violate the constitutional rights of indigenous tribes protected by Article 37 IH
What is Inner Line Permit? The inner line permit (ILP) system, required by Indian citizens to enter Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland and Mizoram is issued under the Bengal Eastern Frontier Regulation, 1873, by the state governments Inner line Permit: Inner Line Permit is an official travel document issued by the Government of India to allow inward travel of an Indian citizen into a protected/restricted area for a limited period. It is obligatory for Indian citizens from outside those states to obtain permit for entering into the protected state. The document is an effort by the Government to regulate movement to certain areas located near the international border of India. It is applicable for the following states [i]Arunachal Pradesh Issued by the Government of Arunachal Pradesh. It is required for entering the Indian state of Arunachal Pradesh through any of the check gates across the inter- state border with Assam or Nagaland. [ii]Mizoram Issued by the Government of Mizoram. It is required for entering the Indian state of Mizoram through any of the check gates across the inter-state borders. liii] Nagaland -It is mandatory for a mainland Indian citizen entering the state of Nagaland through any of the check gates across the inter-state borders.
Article 371 H:Special provision with respect to the State of Arunachal Pradesh Notwithstanding anything in this Constitution, (a) the Governor of Arunachal Pradesh shall have special responsibility with respect to law and order in the State of Arunachal Pradesh and in the discharge of his functions in relation thereto, the Governor shall, after consulting the Council of Ministers, exercise his individual judgment as to the action to be taken: . Provided that if any question arises whether any matter is or is not a matter as respects which the Governor is under this clause required to act in the exercise of his individual judgment, the decision of the Governor in his discretion shall be final, and the validity of anything done by the Governor shall not be called in question on the ground that he ought or ought not to have acted in the exercise of his individual judgment.
Hindu Section-2 Page-l: Banished Manipuri script stages a comeback. The Manipuri script, over 3,500 years old by some accounts and edged out by a Bengali import, is on a revival course, with street signs, newspapers, literature and even records of Assembly proceedings adopting it. The script was lost to the speakers of the language when Shantidas Gosai, a Hindu missionary, spread Vaishnavism in the region in 1709, during the reign of Pamheiba. The King, who assumed the name Garib Niwaz, decreed its replacement with that of Bengali. . Books and other written materials in Manipuri were then incinerated. But many of his subjects opposed the imposition and continued to follow dual religions, Vaishnava and Sanamahi.They also preserved the Manipuri script. June 20 marked a milestone in the revival efforts, when college teachers completed a 10-day reorientation programme Manipur's Education Minister said it is a must for college and university teachers to be well acquainted with the Manipuri script. In due course, it will be taught at the university level.
Redundantletters: Manipuri belongs to the Tibeto-Burmese branch of the Sino-Tibetan family of languages and has no use for several Bengali letters, some of which its speakers are unable to pronounce correctly writers are known to use Bengali letters whimsically, with the result that writers use different spellings for several words. * Personalised spellings imposed by university professors on the research scholars have aggravated the linguistic problem. While it is also called 'Meitei,' a former Minister demanded that it be called the Manipuri script for three reasons: [Jit is the one used for the royal chronicle of the kings of the land, [ii]King Gambhir signed the Jeeree Agreement of April 18, 1833 in it, and [ii]most importantly, in 1979 the Manipur Assembly, under the leadership of Yangmasho Shaiza, of the Tangkhul tribe, approved the 27-letter Manipuri alphabet. The plan to return to the old has faced rough weather. Litigation and objections by some groups prompted the government to drag its feet over the reintroduction . The State government accepted the 27-alphabet script in 1980, but some groups claimed that the 18-letter, 27-letter or 36-letter alphabets were the 'genuine' ones.
Page-3: Iran tries to reconcile Syria and Hamas, rebuilding alliance. Iran is working to restore a lost link in its network of alliances in West Asia, trying to bring Hamas fully back into the fold after the Palestinian militant group had a bitter fall-out with Iranian ally Syria over that country's civil war Iran and its Lebanese ally Hezbollah are quietly trying to mediate a reconciliation between Syria and Hamas. If they succeed, it would shore up a weak spot in the alliance at a time when Iran has strengthened ties with Syria and Iraq, building a bloc of support across the region to counter Israel and the United States' Arab allies. But when Syria tipped into civil war, Hamas broke with President Bashar al-Assad and sided with the rebels fighting to oust him. The Syrian rebels are largely Sunni Muslims, like Hamas, and scenes of Sunni civilian deaths raised an outcry across the region against Mr.Assad, who belongs to the minority Alawite sect.
A bulwark Iran, meanwhile, has been one of Assad's strongest backers since the crisis in Syria began in 201 I pumping billions of dollars into the economy and sending advisers as well as Iranian-backed fighters to help him stay in power Hezbollah sent thousands of fighters, helping tip the war in Assad's favour against the rebels and is now helping in the fight against the Islamic State The reconciliation attempt comes after Hamas elected a new leadership and its main backers _ Qatar and Turkey, both strong supporters of the rebels in Syria have sought to improve relations with Iran. . Since Yehiyeh Sinwar took over Hamas leadership in the Gaza Strip n February, the group has been rebuilding those relations. e In August, a Hamas delegation visited Tehran and took part in President Hassan Rouhani's inauguration. This year, Hamas officials have held three meetings with Hezbollah leader Sheikh Hassan Nasrallah and relations have reportedly returned to normal.
Business Pagel0:'"Interest rates, rupee hurting growth' . Lower interest rates, better exchange rate management and a demand push are imperative to cope with the present economic slowdown that has been led by a slump in the manufacturing sector. Reserve Bank of India needed to align its monetary policy to push growth as inflation targets are well under control, despite a spike last month The remarks assume significance in the backdrop of growth slowing to 5.7% in the first quarter, with the slowdown blamed on the lingering effects of demonetisation and de-stocking by producers ahead of the Goods and Services Tax regime's roll-out in July. Pointing to the central bank's heavy interventions in the foreign exchange market over the last three months to prevent excessive appreciation of the rupee, the real competitiveness of the currency has improved a little bit because the Chinese yuan has also been strengthening against the U.S. dollar. .
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