Jatin Verma is teaching live on Unacademy Plus
DAILY NEWS ANALYSIS from THE HINDU 4TH September, 2017 By JATIN VERMA Educator Unacademy For Daily The Hindu News & Editorial analysis- Visit my Unacademy profile- www.unacademy.com/user/studiousjatin
News Articles to be Discussed Today . No separate labour rights for transgenders. 2. Diplomacy must to solve conflicts: Xi 3. World News: U.S.-Pakistan impasse continues 4. Business Page Review: Stirring anxiety into a melting pot. Quote: Elon Musk: "Work like hell. I mean you just have to put in 80 to 100 hour weeks every week.This improves the odds of success. If other people are putting in 40 hour workweeks and you're putting in 100 hour workweeks, then even if you're doing the same thing, you know that you will achieve in four months what it takes them a year to achieve."
Page-l: No separate labour rights for transgenders. The Wages Code Bill has been drafted to rationalise the country's 44 labour laws into four codes covering all the regulations pertaining to wages, industrial relations, social security and safety etc. . In 2014, the Supreme Court had for the first time recognised transgender persons as the 'third gender' and asked the Centre and the States to give them equal opportunities in education and employment[Article-16]. But now this reform, part of the Labour Ministry's draft law to codify wages and aimed at protecting transgender workers from discrimination, has been shelved following reservations expressed by the Law Ministry. Issue: The draft Labour Code on Wages Bill prepared by the Labour Ministry in 2015 had provisions prohibiting discrimination against transgender persons in the payment of wages. Defined as persons: Labour ministry had proposed inserting clauses for recognising the rights of transgender workers in all the four labour codes. . However, the Law Ministry objected, citing the General Clauses Act of 1897, according to which 'transgenders' fall within the definition of'person'.It was then decided that there was no need to add a separate clause for them. Now, because of the objections raised by the Law Ministry, it will not mention the term 'transgender while stating the entitlements related to gender in any of the labour laws
Transgender Rights activist's viewpoint: The Law Ministry's argument is beyond logic. Dropping the separate clauses protecting transgender persons is a hypocritical move by the Union government, as it is well known that they face discrimination at the workplace.The dignity of their body needs to be protected at the workplace as well, with basic facilities such as restrooms and equal wages. According to the Fifth Annual Employment-Unemployment Survey conducted by the Labour Bureau in 201 5-16, 48% of transgenders were either working or were available for work, as against 23.7% females, and 75% males. Articles that come into play here: l.Article 38 directs the state to secure a social order with economic, political and social justice for the promotion and welfare of the people Article 38(2) says that state shall strive to minimize the inequalities of income, status, facilities, opportunities etc. 2.Article 42 says that state shall make provisions for securing just and humane conditions for work and for maternity relief. 3.Article 46 says The State shall promote with special care the educational and economic interests of the weaker sections of the people, and, in particular, of the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes, and shall protect them from social injustice and all forms of exploitation.
Page-I :In Cabinet relig, PM rewards performance The word "Cabinet" is nowhere mentioned in the Constitution of India. Constitution only contains provisions related to Council of Ministers [Article 74]. A PM can effect changes to his CoM any number of times. . Minimum Government, maximum Governance: Article 72 of the Constitution prescribes that the total number of Ministers, including the Prime Minister, in the Council of Ministers shall not exceed 15 per cent of the number of members of the House of the People. . Prior to January 1,2004 (effective date of 91st Amendment of the Constitution) the Prime Minister had discretion to appoint any number in his council of ministers. But the Constitution (Ninety-first Amendment) Act in 2003 added clause (IA) in this Article which made a specific provision that, the total number of Ministers, including Prime Minister, in no case can exceed I5 per cent of the total number of Lok Sabha members.
Page-I I: Diplomacy must to solve conflicts: Xi Theme of 9th BRICS Summit: "Stronger Partnership for a Brighter Future'". Itinerary PM will hold bilateral meetings with several leaders, including Russian President Vladimir Putin and President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi of Egypt, which is among the five counties Mexico, Guinea, Thailand and Tajikistan - invited by China as the part of BRICS outreach exercise. Emerging Markets and Developing Countries-Dialogue:Dialogue between Emerging Id under the theme of "Promoting Mutually Beneficial Cooperation for Common Development" BRICS bank: Prior to the meeting, Beijing focused on highlighting the maturing of the BRICS institutional architecture Question: What was the theme of Brics bank summit held in Goa?
New Development Bank: Agreed in 5th BRICS summit held in Durban, South Africa in 2013 6th BRICS summit held in Fortaleza, Brazil, 2014,signed the document for $100 billion BRICS Development Bank and a reserve currency pool worth over another $100 billion Headquarters: Shanghai with African Regional Centre at Johannesburg Ist President - from India . Primary focus of lending will be infrastructure projectswith authorized lending of up to $34 billion annually, increasing focus on green projects .Will have an initial capital of $50 billion, with capital increased to $100 billion over time. Brazil, Russia, India, China & South Africa will initially contribute $10 billion each to bring the total to $50 billion . No member can increase its share of capital without other 4 members agreeing- a primary concern of India The bank will allow new members to join but the BRICS capital share cannot fall below 55% Official Languages - Chinese, English, Russian, Portuguese, 22 official languages of India.
. Page-I 2:World News: US-Pakistan impasse continues Pakistan's National Assembly passed a unanimous resolution rejecting statements made by Mr. Trump and top U.S. commander General John Nicholson. The diplomatic impasse between the United States and Pakistan continues after U.S. President Donald Trump's policy review of South Asia. Since then, several high-level bilateral meetings have been rescheduled indefinitely. Reasons behind Pakistan's anger: I.The India connection: Pakistan has also condemned attempts by the Trump Administration to provide more space to India in Afghanistan, considering it a move highly detrimental to regional stability.Pakistan also denies the presence of leaders belonging to the Haqqani network on its soil. 2. Direct verbal attack on Pakistan for providing safe havens to the Haqqani network and Taliban Shura in Quetta and Peshawar are the core issues of dispute. Interestingly, the Dawn leaks controversy that put the powerful military in confrontation with civilian leadership last year was based on a report which claimed that the government had been telling the military to stop giving support to militant groups.
Things India should worry about: I. Element of unpredictability in the U.S. policy: U.S. support has been found to be wavering in the past as well (on and off) 2. Pakistan leaning more towards Russia and China, of late: Pakistan has always been dependent on the U.S., both for aid and for military supplies. With both gone now, Pakistan is looking towards China and Russia, which is a more dangerous phenomenon China's intentions. Officials also fear an eventual decision by the U.S. to end Pakistan's non-NATO ally status and more sanctions. U.S. will go to every extent to scapegoat Pakistan for its Afghanistan failure.With someone as unpredictable as Trump, the government believes that there is no hope for thaw in relations soon.
Page-14:Business Page Review: Stirring anxiety into a melting pot. On April 18,2017,Australian Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull announced that he proposed to safeguard Australian jobs by abolishing the Subclass 457 Visa for foreign workers and creating a new temporary visa restricted to critical skills shortages Changes galore:The most important changes included: [i] a reduction in the list of allowed occupations for the temporary skilled visa by about 200 (from an original list of around 650 occupations), i]the introduction of a two-tier system of skilled migration visas: short-term-two years and medium- to longer-term (four years but with a different occupations list), minimum mandated work experience for some occupations and assurance of a minimum salary level that would be expected to correlate to the skill level. [iij There is also now a heightened focus on English-language requirements, and those with salaries above A$96,400, who were exempted from some of these requirements, will now have to submit proof of the same. Job Protectionism: All of these measures certainly have a familiar ring to them, and raise questions about whether the current global mood of tightening national borders and immigration restrictions, led by the U.S., is catching on in Australia too