Jatin Verma is teaching live on Unacademy Plus
DAILY NEWS ANALYSIS from THE HINDU 7TH September 2017 By Jatin Verma Educator Unacademy
News Article to be discussed Today. I. PM gives call to respect Myanmar's integrity [GSM -2: Bilateral Rel.] 2. Fatalities on Indian roads hit all time high.[GSM-3] 3. Rajasthan clears PPP model in govt. schools 4. India, China rebooting ties post-Doklam 5. Probe assets of politicians: SC 6. What data do you share, court asks WhatsApp, FB. 7. Suu Kyi slams 'misinformation' 8. Military action against N. Korea not the fi rst choice, 9. District-wise plan to help boost manufacturing' 10. Centre sets up panel to suggest on new jobs
Page-l: PM gives call to respect Myanmar's integrity [GSM -2: Bilateral Rel.] . India said that it shares Myanmar's concerns over "extremist violence" in the Rakhine State, from where 1,25,000 Rohingya have fled to Bangladesh. PM urged all stakeholders to find a solution that respects the country's unity . Mr. Modi, who held wide-ranging talks with State Counsellor Aung San Suu Kyi, said it was important to maintain the security and stability of the land and maritime boundaries of the two countries. After the talks, I I agreements were signed between the two sides in areas like: [i] maritime security, [i]strengthening democratic institutions in Myanmar, health and information technology Mr. Modi, in his statement, stressed on scaling up security cooperation, saying that being neighbours, the two countries have similar security concerns
Page-7: Fatalities on Indian roads hit all time high.[GSM-3: Infrastructure] . According to the report, 'Road Accidents in India 2016 released by Ministry of Road Transport and Highways, Indian roads became deadlier than ever in 2016, with a total of 1.5l lakh people dying in 4.81 lakh accidents This denotes a 3% increase in fatalities over the previous year, even as the number of accidents declined by 4.l%, indicating a rise in the severity of accidents. In 2016,55 accidents and 17 deaths took place every hour, which works out to a death every 3.5 minutes on Indian roads. Findings of the report: [i] The share of fatal accidents and seriously injured accidents in total accidents rose to 28.3% and 251% of total road accidents during 2016, as against 26.3% and 23.9% respectively in 2015. [ii] The accident severity, a crucial indicator defined in terms of the number of persons killed by 100 accidents, stood at an all-time high of 31.4 in 2016, compared with 29.I in 2015, and 28.5 in 2014.The accident severity in 50 cities with over a million population rose sharply to 19.8 in 2016, as compared with 14.9% in 2015. [iii]The number of persons injured in road accidents declined by 1.1% and totaled 4.95 lakh in 2016.
[M 1.8% of the people killed were using their mobile phones while driving, and this behaviour is responsible for causing the accident [v] Two-wheeler riders were the most vulnerable road users, with their percentage share in fatalities at 34.8%, followed by car, taxi and van users at 17.9%. [vi]Out of the 52,500 two-wheeler riders killed in 2016, 19.3% were not wearing helmets. [vii] The fault of the driver in road accidents soared to 84% in 2016, compared to 77.1% in 2015, with the main fault being over-speeding. . Among cities, Chennai had the highest number of road accidents (7,486) while Delhi had the highest fatalities (1,591) in 2016. Among states, Tamil Nadu topped the total number of road accidents with a percentage share of 14.9%, followed by Madhya Pradesh (1 1.2 per cent), and Karnataka (9.2 per cent). The official figures revealed for the first time that drivers who were minors (younger than 18 years of age) were involved in 4% of the total accidents and 3.5% of the fatal accidents.
. Drivers aged 25-35 years were involved in the most number of accidents during 2016. Around 83% of the people killed in accidents belonged to the working age group of 18-60 years. Steps being taken to avert accidents: [i] Legislature/ Parliament Level: Motor Vehicles Act being amended to increase penalties; [i] Judicial Level: Liquor Ban [ii] Executive Level: (a)Separation of Traffic Police machinery form General Police machinery. (b) Two/Four laning of Highways Still, better implementation of laws is found wanting. A district-level road safety committee will be formed to monitor the road safety record in the area. This committee would be headed by the Member of Parliament of the constituency
Seventh Schedule Entries: Union List: List-I Entry 23:Highways declared by or under law made by Parliament to be national highways State List: List II Entry 13: Communications, that is to say, roads, bridges,ferries, and other means of communication not specified inList l; municipal tramways, ropeways, inland waterways and traffic thereon subject to the provisions of List I and List III with regard to such water-ways; vehicles other than mechanically propelled vehicles. Entry 57: Taxes on vehicles, whether mechanically propelled or not, suitable for use on roads, including tram-carssubject to the provisions of Entry 35 of List IIl [Concurrent list] Concurrent List: List III Entry 35: Mechanically propelled vehiclesincluding the principles on which taxes on such vehicles are to be levied
Page-6: Rajasthan clears PPP model in govt. schools Initially those schools where the results had been below average would be handed over to Private players and in the subsequent stages, 75% of schools in the rural areas and 25% in the towns would be run under the PPP model. What else is the way out???- Constructive Thinking Food for Thought- Is Education an Industry" Yes of course- the higher the fee, the better the package, later! No emphasis on humanities- that is why, no study on how we are evolving as a society Technocratisation of Education is leading to Roboticisation of Human beings
Page-7: SC allows 13-year-old girl to terminate pregnanc The Medical Termination of Pregnancy (MTP) Act of 1971 does not allow abortion if the pregnancy has crossed 20 weeks. Under the 1971 law, an exception to the 20-week cap is made if a registered medical practitioner certifies to a court that the continued pregnancy is life-threatening for either the mother or the baby. Page-7:Child marital rape: SC Bench questions exception in penal law Section 375 of the IPC, which defines the offence of rape, has an exception clause that says intercourse or sexual act by a man with his wife aged below 18 is not rape.
Page-10: India, China rebooting ties post-Doklam: India and China are rebooting their ties by opening new channels of official communication, which would address points of friction, before they develop into full-blown crises. Lingering Concerns: [i] Despite the fresh start in Xiamen, the impending leadership changes in China at next month's 19th National Party Congress, will impact the trajectory of India and Beijing ties. [ii]lt is widely anticipated that Yang Jiechi, State Counselor and China's Special Representative at the boundary talks with India, will retire [iij China's apparent policy shift on international terrorism will also be tested when the United Nations 1267 committee meets in October to discuss the designation of Masood Azhar, the head of the Pakistan-based Jaish-e-Mohammad, as an international terrorist. China has so far resisted bracketing Azhar in the list of global terrorists. . The new hands-on mechanism will supplement the already existing, but periodically held, "strategic dialogue" between the two countries. It is expected to address concerns of an aspirational India and rising China in the region, including the Indian Ocean and the Asia- Pacific.
e Chinese Concerns regarding India: [i] The thinking driving India's Act-East policy, with the ASEAN as its core, and China's Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) is far from aligned. [ii] India's Indo-Pacific doctrine, which covers the island territories of the Pacific, with a significant diaspora population, is raising apprehensions in China that instead of the pursuit of an independent policy, India is allowing itself to drift into a China-containment mode, with Tokyo and Washington as partners. Lii The conduct of the Malabar series of naval exercises among India, Japan and the United States is also fueling anxieties in the Chinese officialdom. India's concerns regarding China: [ilIndia on the other hand has its own concerns about Chinese intentions in the South China Sea and New Delhi's South Asian neighbourhood, including Sri Lanka, Nepal and the Maldives [i] India continued to differ with China and Russia on accommodating the Taliban,accused of terrorism, in diplomacy to restore calm in Afghanistan.Afghanistan was the major issue of discussion during Mr. Modi's lengthy conversation with President Vladimir Putin on the margins of the summit.
Page-12: Suu Kyi slams 'misinformation' Myanmar was counting on China and Russia, both permanent members of the Security Council, to block a UN resolution on the crisis. Hasina calls for UN intervention Bangladesh Foreign Office, for the fourth time since August 25, summoned the Myanmar envoy in Dhaka and handed a protest note expressing deep concern over the fresh influx of the Rohingya people. . The UN's migration agency, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) appealed for an immediate relief assistance of $18 million. Headquarters: Geneva, Switzerland Director General: William Lacy Swing Official languages: English, French and Spanish Founded: 1951
Page-12:'Military action against N. Korea not the fiOrst choice' U.S. President Donald Trump said that military action against North Korea was not the first choice" of his administration, edging away from his most bellicose threats against the regime Sanctions alone useless"- Putin. Russian President Vladimir Putin said that resolving the North Korean nuclear crisis is impossible with sanctions and pressure alone Mr. Putin met South Korea's Moon Jae-in on the sidelines of an economic summit in Vladivostok amid mounting international concern that their neighbour plans more weapons tests, possibly a long-range missile launch U.S. to send 3,500 troops toAfghanistan The U.S. will send about3,500 additional troops to Afghanistan
Business Page 13:'District-wise plan to help boost manufacturing' Make In India' to be re-evaluated. The new commerce and industry minister outlined his priorities. They include: [i]firming up a district-wise industrial investment plan to help boost the share of manufacturing in the country's GDP, [ii]improving India's economic diplomacy to spur exports and investments [ii]addressing challenges being faced by exporters owing to GST, [iv]integrating India's exports into the global supply chain, improving logistics to reduce transaction costs of exporters and bringing out an agricultural export policy 'Basis of decisions' After a meeting with 'Invest India' (the government's investment promotion and facilitation arm), a conclusion emerged that Ultimately every investor makes their investments in districts, and base their decisions on factors including the district's human resources, natural resources and the law and order situation. Noting that each district had core competencies, Commerce Ministry would work with state governments to bring out a District wise plan.
Business Centre sets up panel-to suggest on newjobs The government has constituted a new task force led by NITI Aayog vice-chairman Rajiv Kumar to recommend measures to increase employment by promoting labour-intensive exports. .While the Indian workforce has high aspirations, a majority of the workers are still employed in low-productivity, low-wage jobs in small, micro and own-account enterprises . An urgent and sustained expansion of the organized sector is essential to address India's unemployment and under-employment issue. Key strategy: An important strategy is to enable a shift towards more labour-intensive goods and services that are destined for exports. . Given the importance of exports in generating jobs, India needs to create an environment in which globally competitive exporters can emerge and flourish . The committee has been asked to submit its report by November 2017.
. The terms of reference for the task force which has been asked to help create 'well paid, formal sector jobs' include: -sector-specific policy interventions, measures to enhance services trade where there is high employment potential and identifying macro-economic factors holding back exports. -propose a comprehensive action plan to generate jobs and fix 'under-employment', - -ascertain the effectiveness of existing export p trade facilitation issues.