Jatin Verma is teaching live on Unacademy Plus
DAILY NEWS ANALYSIS from THE HINDU September 2017 By Jatin Verma Educator Unacademy
Page-8: Pay relief in cases of unnatural jail death: SC. Prison inmates: Custodial Deaths[GSM-2: Polity & Governance] The Supreme Court directed the Chief Justices of all High Courts to register petitions suo motu to identify the kin of prisoners who died unnatural deaths from 2012 and order the States to award them compensation. It is important for the Centre and the State governments to realise that persons who suffer an unnatural death in a prison are also victims sometimes of a crime and sometimes of negligence and apathy or both There is no reason at all to exclude their kin from receiving compensation only because the victim is a criminal. Why and how the compensation to the relatives of those died in Custody is denied: Normally, the National and State Human Rights Commissions award compensations in cases of custodial torture and deaths. However,compliance by State governments is low as these commissions do not exercise any power of contempt. [i]Besides, the States go for a long-drawn appeal in the High Courts and later on in the Supreme Court, if necessary. HCs in charge: This judgment is significant as the High Court will now directly award compensation and ensure compliance by the States.
Observations made by S.Ci Supreme Court referred to its judgment as a voice of the victims and an end to the silence of the dead. [i] The court said though laws had been made for payment of compensation to victims of crime, families of prisoners who had died unnatural deaths in custody are not paid their due. [i] Human rights in a welfare state is not dependent on the status of the person- whether he is a criminal or a victim. [ii] merely because a person is accused of a crime or is the perpetrator of a crime and in prison custody that person could nevertheless be a victim of an unnatural death. Hence the need to compensate the next of kin. The payment from the year 2012 was chosen because National Crime Records Bureau has records of unnatural deaths only from that year. . On Custodial Deaths of Children: The court pointed out how both the Centre and States had never bothered to compile data on how many children had died thus. The court said the pain of the families of these children was no less. [Juvenile Justice] Unnatural deaths of children in child care institutions are seriously looked into by all concerned if we are to provide the children of our country with a better future. The court put the Union Women and Child Development Ministry on a December 31 deadline to formulate procedures for tabulating children who died unnatural deaths in custody or in child care institutions.
Page-8: SC issues notice on student safety A plea seeking framing of "non- negotiable" child safety conditions and implementation of guidelines to protect school children from sexual abuse and murder prompted the Supreme Court to seek responses from the Centre and all State governments A Bench of SC sought the responses within three weeks from the Union Human Resource Development Ministry and all State governments and union territories on the plea filed by two women lawyers. What the Public Interest Litigator wants: [i] raised the issue of children "being exploited and subjected to child abuse repeatedly within the boundaries of the schools" and demanded that Central and State governments notify a set of [ii] sought proper implementation of existing guidelines of authorities including the Delhi [ii] Referring to the guidelines, it said every school is required to have a "child protection [iv]All new employees must go through a day-long orientation programme on issues relating to "non-negotiable" child safety conditions for schools Commission for Protection of Child Rights (DCPCR) on prevention of child abuse in schools. policy which should be understood, explained and signed by all employees or recruits. child protection within a month of their joining.
Page-8: Centre plans to borrow for infra development Incentives for well-performing States . To break the vicious cycle of low performance leading to low budgetary allocation, the Urban Affairs Ministry is planning to go for market borrowings to incentivise good performance by the States. To overcome the severe infrastructure deficit accumulated over long years, a huge order of investments is required. To meet various contingencies and to ensure fund availability to meet the targets under the new urban mission, we are thinking of mobilising resources from the market." . The concept stems from the eariler Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission, in which several projects remained incomplete when the Mission was wound up in 2014, primarily due to slow pace of execution and corresponding low provisioning of Central support
Page-9:Will push Myanmar on refugees, India tells Dhaka China Myanmar India Bangladesh India-Banglades . External Affairs Minister assured Bangladesh Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina that New Delhi has been putting pressure on the Myanmar government to ease the situation. MEA said India would push Myanmar both bilaterally and multilaterally to take back their refugees. . India and Bangladesh are "in close touch" over the issue, but that it was "too early" to say whether India and Bangladesh will present a united front at the UNGA, where Bangladesh has made it clear it will call for international pressure on Myanmar. Analysis: The telephone call brings into sharp focus India's continuing dilemma of balancing its interests between two neighbours Bangladesh and Myanmarover the issue, which has seen Delhi shift its position several times since last Thursday, when Prime Minister was in Myanmar for talks with State Councillor Aung San Suu Kyi Humanitarian Assistance: . Operation Insaniyat: India has launched operation Insaniyat (Humanity), demonstrating as it said in its reply to the UNHRC that criticised the deportation plan, that the concern for India's national security does not mean a"lack of compassion". India sent another consignment of aid for Rohingya refugees in Bangladesh.
Deportation row Adding to the complications for the MEA is the Ministry of Home Affairs's move to deport 40,000 Rohingyas who fled to India during violence in 2012. The UNHRC has criticised the move and the Supreme Court will deliberate on it on September 18. . The MHA's move has been particularly perplexing, as it has been unable to explain where the Rohingyas would be deported to, given that Myanmar has reportedly mined its borders to ensure they cannot return, and Bangladesh is filled to capacity with more than 800,000 refugees already. Myanmar refuses to accept around 1.3 million Rohingya that lived in its Rakhine state, bordering Bangladesh, as Myanmar citizens, and consequently, has refused to allow about 5,00,000 that fled earlier and 4,00,000 more that have fled in the last few weeks, to return. Question: Consider the following pair: [Prelims-2016] Community sometimes mentioned in the news In the affairs of I.Kurd Bangladesh 2.Madhesi - Nepal 3.R ohingya Myanma
Page-9: Indigenous artillery gun sets new record in range. [Balancing CAG criticism] . An indigenous artillery gun, Advanced Towed Artillery Gun System (ATAGS), being jointly developed by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) and the private sector has set a new world record in range by hitting targets at a distance of 48 km. surpassing the maximum ranges of 35-40 kms fired by any artillery gun system in this category. Developed by DRDO as a part of the Army's artillery modernisation Programme. During trial firings at Pokhran ranges, ATAGS registered the longest ever distance of 48.074 kms, . Technical Details: ATAGS is a l 55mm, 52 calibre towed artillery gun. The gun has several significant features including an all-electric drive, high mobility, quick deployability, auxiliary d and control system. power ->It has a six round magazine instead of a standard three round magazine. Also, the gun weighs slightly more than normal due to the larger chamber. The record was achieved with special ammunition, "high explosive - base bleed" (HE - BB) by the ATAGS variant developed by Kalyani Group
The Army has not inducted any new artillery gun since the Bofors in the 1980's. After decades of failed attempts, the service is gearing up to induct the Dhanush artillery gun which is an indigenously upgraded variant of the Bofors gun. In addition, last November India signed a contract for 145 M-777 Ultra-Light Howitzers from the US. Page-9: Astra missile completes development trials The indigenously developed BeyondVisual Range Air-to-Air Missile (BVRAAM)-Astra underwent a series of successful trials marking completion of its development phase. It makes India the country sixth nation in the world to have such capability. It could be the mainstay of the nation's territorial air defence in its category. Technical details: It is an all weather and all terrain Astra missile It is capable of being fired in the night Astra weapon system has a strike range of 20 km to 100 km.
Page-10:World News. North Korea fires missile over Japan. North Korea fired a ballistic missile over Japan and into the Pacific, responding to new UN sanctions with its furthest-ever missile flight in what analysts called a demonstration of its ability to target Guam North Korea has repeatedly vowed to continue these tests amid what it calls U.S. hostility, by which it means the presence of tens of thousands of U.S. troops in Japan and South Korea. That missile is linked to North Korea's declaration that it means to contain the U.S. Pacific island territory of Guam, which is the home of important U.S. military assets and appears well within the Hwasong-12's range. Missile travelled about 3,700 kilometres and reached a maximum height of 770 kilometres