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10th Sept To 17th Sept Part-2: Weekly Current Affairs
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Most Important News -A Recap

Jatin Verma is teaching live on Unacademy Plus

Jatin Verma
Have appeared in UPSC CSE thrice. Have been taking Unacademy Plus courses Academics- Polity, Economics & Current Affairs.

Unacademy user
in the last question where u have taken eg if 43212 divided by 53 calculation is wrong
alws thnku sir for ur hrdwrk for us....n sir in this analysis 10 to 14 sept. most news analysis 15 & 16 sept .......n today news ?
Jatin Verma
2 years ago
16th was just yesterday and 15th you have to watch full. Next week I will create three videos, if you guys want. Those who want three video of 15 minutes on Weekly Review, Just upvote this comment.
Monika Suthar
2 years ago
watch ur daily news analysis regularly...becoz u r only source for me for THE HINDU news...n ur weekly analysis also vry hlpful for us...i alws follow ur way of teching...(2&3 videos no matter for us,,,matter is analysis of news by u )....n agn thnku sir...plz keep it up.....(y)
That's fine... 3 videos... Unable to upvote as there is no option here...
Doli saini
2 years ago
no matter how many vedios a gud analysis matter....
thank u so much sir... aj to apne dara hi dya tha jese first part bola k mere dura jo in unacademy pe DNA upload hote h ab wo ap sun sakte h... mje lga ap bolne wale ho k ab wo. ......... upload nhi ho payenge...then jese hi suna k ab ap sun skte ho...then khush hua..????????????????????
Jatin Verma
2 years ago
Asif ali
2 years ago
????????. :) :)
Asif ali
2 years ago
sir apka skul background Nainital hai na???.. im from HAldwani...(:
thoda bich bich me gussa karte raho aap sir...isse hame push milte rehta hai
sir aap bhut acha kaam kr rhe ho....apni study k sath app hmare liye time nikaaaal k ye videos bnaate o...its very apprecisting sir.....u r ausm sir...:)
Thank you sir......Your DNA made me able how to analyse the news and how relate them to static GK..... Thank u sir...... plz keep uploading these vedios ......May you success in 2017 UPSC exam and become a great honest officer and help needy people bcoz our society needs an officer as pure hearted as you sir.
  1. WEEKLY CURRENT AFFAIRS 2nd Week of September 10th TO 16th September By Jatin Verma Educator Unacademy

  2. Page-10:Toilets first, temples later: PM 12h September 2017 Paying tributes to Swami Vivekananda on the anniversary of his speech at the World Congress of Religions in Chicago, Prime Minister juxtaposed it with the 9/11 terror attack in the U.S., saying the World Trade Center tragedy would not have taken place had the d of the speech been understood. The Prime Minister was speaking at a function attended by student groups in Vigyan Bhavan here to mark the anniversary of Vivekananda's speech in Chicago in 1893. GSM-1: World Parliament of Religions in Chicago. Q. Critically analyse the functioning of SBM on the completion of Q. Is Indian cinema Reactive or Proactive?

  3. Swacchh Bharat Mission: 12th September 2017 [Source: HT] Construction Stats: Since 2014, 40 million household toilets have been constructed. Between May I and May 21, 2017, 489,710 individual household latrines were constructed across the country.That's an average of nearly 25,000 toilets constructed per day. Usually, an ODF village, declaration is made by the village or gram panchayat. The state government is supposed to carry out a first verification within three months, and a second verification around six months after the self-declaration. Gap b/w Declaration & Verification : Gram panchayats have self-declared 193,081 villages to be ODE but 53.9% of these have not been verified, according to the Ministry of DrinkingWater and Sanitation, which is responsible for Swachh Bharat Mission-Gramin, which accounts for 85% of SBM's budget. Villages are considered 'open defecation-free' when no faeces are openly visible and every household and public/community institution uses safe technology to dispose of faeces in such a way that there is no contamination of surface soil, groundwater or surface water; excreta is inaccessible to flies or animals, with no manual handling of excreta;and there are no odour and unsightly conditions

  4. Toilet Built Vs.Toilet used:[Output budget Vs. Outcome Budget] National Family Health Survey 4 Data: As of 2016, 36.7% of rural households and 70.3% of urban households-48.4% of households overall-used improved sanitation facility, data from the National Family Health Survey 4,which was conducted between January 2015 and December 20 16, show. A majority, 5 1 .6%, did not. Improved sanitation facility means having a system that separates human excreta from human contact which includes piped sewer system, septic tank, pit latrine, etc. A study by Research Institute for Compassionate Economics : About 47% of those who defecated in the open said they did so because it was pleasant, convenient and comfortable, a 2014 survey of 3,200 households in five states with the highest rates of open defecation found Among households that had built a toilet, 40% had at least one family member defecating in the open Reasons behind poor statistics: Swachh Bharat Mission has to focus more on behaviour change and promoting toilet use, rather than building latrines. Indians' preference for open defecation has to do with the practice of untouchability and beliefs about purity, according to this 2017 study by the same institute. 12th September 2017

  5. Solution-whatis alreadybeingdone needs to be done in a better way: Information, education and communication needed:12th September 2017 Since the focus of Swachh Bharat Mission-Gramin is on behaviour change, the guidelines require that 8% of the funds be allocated for information, education and communication (IEC) activities. During the 2016-17 financial year, 1% of the total expenditure had been made on IEC up to January 2017, according to Accountability Initiative's budget brief. In contrast, 98% of the funds had been spent on construction of toilets in individual households. Duplicate entries, ghost beneficiaries and missing households were the first stumbling block that researchers from the Accountability Initiative of the Centre for Policy Research faced while tracking beneficiaries of the government's sanitation interventions across 7,500 households in 10 districts and five states in a December 2015 study. [Solution: Aadhar, GPS technology being used-Geo Tagging is already being done] Social Audit: Eventually, they studied 1,500 households that they could identify from the list. They found that a third of the households that government records showed as having achieved "sanitation status" actually had toilets, while 36% that had constructed toilets said these were unusable . Of the households with a toilet which had at least one member of the family defecating in the open, the most common reasons cited were absence of water and the pit being too small

  6. My Suggestion: It is good that in the first phase, rapid toilet construction has taken place, in the coming years, we can institutionalise Behavioural changes as well. [Analogy- Digital Bankingl In any case, Behavioural changes are hard to come by. Having said that, water supply should precede Toilet construction. Independent monitoring While Swachh Bharat Mission-Gramin guidelines clearly envisage a yearly,country-wide, independent third-party assessment of the sanitation status of rural areas, there has been no independent monitoring so far. The World Bank, which had promised a loan of $1.5 billion for Swachh Bharat Mission-Gramin- the rural arm of the mission, has not released the first instalment which was due in July 2016 because India has not fulfilled the condition of conducting and announcing results of an independent verification survey. It has rated the overall implementation progress of the programme as "moderately unsatisfactory" 12th September 2017

  7. World News Page 12:A textbook example of ethnic cleansing: UN rights head. The situation in Myanmar is a"textbook example of ethnic cleansing", the United Nations rights chief said, as the number of Rohingya Muslims fleeing the country for Bangladesh topped 3,00,000. diansing the as the number of Rongya hlusimy Dalai Lama's appeal: Dalai Lama had joined fellow Nobel peace laureates Malala Yousafzai and Archbishop Desmond Tutu in urging Ms. Suu Kyi to intervene. Bangladesh Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina will visit the Myanmar-Bangladesh border to express her concern at the situation. Dhaka has also urged the international community to come up with urgent humanitarian assistance and put pressure on Myanmar to solve the crisis. 2th September 2017

  8. Page-ll: India to further aid Afghan troops. 12th September 2017 Afghanistan-IndiaPartnership Council meeting i] India agreed to enhance existing assistance to Afghan security forces, including in capacity building and training of Afghan soldiers in India. ii] New scholarships: It announced 500 new scholarships for children and kin of the Afghan National Defence and Security Forces (ANDSF) to honour their sacrifices "for the cause of entire humanity" and ensuring the safety of Indians working in Afghanistan. . Afghanistan hopes also that India, as a good friend of other countries in the region like Russia and Iran, can convince those countries to work with the Afghan government to support the peace process in Afghanistan. . It was second such meeting since the Strategic Partnership Agreement (SPA) was signed in 2011, External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj said the strategic relationship is an "article of faith".

  9. World News 12: Irma's Cuba toll touches 10 I 2th September 2017 Downgraded from a hurricane to a tropical storm, Irma flooded several north- ern Florida cities with heavy rain and high storm surge on Monday as it headed out of the State after cutting power to millions and ripping roofs off homes The Cuban government reported that 10 people had been killed after Irma battered the island's north coast Northern Europe Eastern Europe Western Europe Central Asia Lastern Asia North America Southern Europe Northern Africa Western Asia Southern Asia Caribbean Western Afric a Micronesia America Southeastern Asia Middle Africa Eastern Polynesia Africa South America Melanesia Southern Africa Australia and New Zealand

  10. Business Page 13: Jio wants TRAl to act against Bharti Airtel, 12th September 2017 The term 'interconnection' refers to an arrangement under which telecom players connect their equipment, networks and services with other Telecom Services Providers. The regulator,TRAI, addresses the various issues related to interconnection arrangements. It also regulates the IUC. This is a charge payable by a service provider, whose subscriber originates the call, to the service provider in whose network the call terminates. In a calling-party pays regime (CPP), if you originate a call, you pay your access provider, who in turn pays termination charges to the network you placed the call.This is paid to cover the network usage costs as the operator, on whose network the call terminates, carries the call on its network to the customers. This requires infrastructure investment. Thus, IUC ensures operators make appropriate investments to carry voice calls without terminations Why is it important? The incumbent players such as Bharti Airtel, Idea and Vodfone would prefer a hike in IUC or a status quo because a significant part of their network is still on 2G for which network costs are higher.Also most of the calls terminate on these companies' networks. But the new entrant, Jio, would prefer lower or even nil termination charges as the number of calls originated by it are more than the calls terminated TRAI is considering bringing down termination charges due to cost efficiency due to the adoption of 4G technology

  11. Page-10: Corrupt MPs, MLAs return to power: Supreme Court. 13th September GSM-2: Probity in Public Life: Monetisation of Politics MLAs and MPs who face investigation for possessing wealth disproportionate to their known sources of income, always tend to bounce back to power.This is a phenomenon seen in the past 25 to 30 years, the Supreme Court observed. . The hearing, on a petition filed by Lok Prahari seeking a mechanism to investigate the source of income of politicians, saw the Centre give details of a probe into the assets of 26 Lok Sabha members, two Rajya Sabha members and 215 MLAs in a sealed cover. A Bench of S.C. asked if this phenomenon of returning to power,coupled with the mercurial rise in the assets of politicians just within a span of five years between two successive elections, was a product of ineffective investigation or of some "immunity" provided to them. If an MLA's or MP's assets have seen a 10 times rise in 2019 from what he revealed in 2014 should you not conduct an inquiry into the very propriety of a person holding public office enjoying such phenomenal rise in his assets.

  12. Crux of what S.C.said: 13th September 2017 1.The moment a candidate has shown 1,000% increase in his income in the past five years, please have a mechanism to conduct an enquiry. 2. Income and Asset are two different things: Income under each head should be probed: It is not enough that a legislator discloses a legitimate source of income. It is important to inquire that how did the person get in that position to earn that income 3.'Notify Fast-track courts': The Bench observed the government should notify special fast- track criminal courts to try MPs and MLAs in corruption cases. Reasons: Social Glorification of Corruption or Money. I. It is unrealistic and simplistic to expect perfection in politics in an ethically imperfect environment 2. India was fortunate that high standards of ethical conduct were an integral part of the freedom struggle. Unfortunately, ethical capital started getting eroded after the transfer of power.

  13. 13th September 2017 Any procedure on deportation of Rohingya will be an extrapolation of the existing policy on Bangladesh. First step is to identify them as most of them claim they are Indians o Identifying an undocumented citizen was a long process The local police will have to enquire if the person is not an Indian citizen. Then he or she will be declared a foreigner.A foreigner not having a document is an illegal immigrant.A communication will be sent to the Myanmar government to verify their address Deporting them will be the last step and the process has not been finalised yet. UPSC Prelims Previous year Question: Pre-2005 Consider the following statements: I.Articles 37l A to 371 I were inserted in the Constitution of India to meet regional demands of Mizoram,Arunachal Pradesh and Goa. Nagaland, Assam, Manipur, Andhra Pradesh, Sikkim, 2. Constitutions of India and the United States of America envisage a dual policy (The Union and the States) but a single citizenship 3.A naturalized citizen of India can never be deprived of his citizenship Which of the above statements islare correct? A. 1,2 and 3. B. land 3. C.3 only D. Ionly

  14. Higher Education Financing Agency (HEFA) is a not-for-profit agency with initial capital base of Rs. 1000 Crore. It was announced in Union Budget 2016-17. 13th September 2017 Organization I. The HEFA will be set up with joint participation by the government and philanthropic donors. 2. It would be set up under Companies Act, 2013 and will be registered with RBl as Non-banking Finance Company (NBFC). 3. It will be headed by a banker and will have a board with five donors and five institutions selected on rotation basis. 4. All Centrally Funded higher educational institutions will automatically be added as members. Funding and Finances Total corpus of the body is Rs. 2,000 crore. Out of this, the initial government contribution will be Rs. 1,000 crore. Remaining Rs. 1000 Cr would be collected from 5 other corporate donors {Rs.200 Crore Each of which the sponsoring bank would be one. Further, the body will be allowed to raise debt funding of up to Rs. 10,000 crore from the financial markets, including pension and insurance funds.Thus, there is a 1:5 ratio of own funds to debt ratio for HEFA. The debts would be returned back [debt servicel from the money received

  15. An Educational Institute will be eligible for a credit limit of 5 times the annual inflow of the student fee from the institution. The institute can then draw interest-free funds against an approved capital or research project and repay the amount over 5-10 years through the escrowed student fee. Each institute will have to prepare a detailed master plan on infrastructure gaps that will be assessed by an independent group before releasing amount sought. Uchatar Avishkar Yojna: HRD ministry earmarked Rs.250 crore per annum for fostering"very high quality" research in the IITs under the scheme which will have industry partners with the institutions of excellence. The move is to give research relevant to the industry and the campaign to 'Make in India' a leg up, the proposal has been received with scepticism in the academic and research circles, given the implications of allowing private players to collaborate with institutions that have been set up with public money The objective is to make IITs to help in the Make in India campaign, by investing in research and link innovation to the industry to make the latter competitive in the global markets. The Rs.250-crore purse will be used to fund several projects for up to Rs.5 crore, provided they meet the standards stipulated. 13th September 2017

  16. . Business Page: 'Stringent action to prevent data misuse'. 13th September 2017 . Pitching for use of big data analytics for inclusive growth, IT Minister said any unauthorised use of data would be dealt with an "iron-hand to ensure that nothing comes in the way of making data analytics a national movement. Precision Governance:The government is committed to making the best use of big data in establishing rule of precision governance.While doing so, every care would be taken to strictly ensure that privacy rights of individuals are protected," Information, Education and Communication: A 24-hour Hackathon, wherein participants will use government data platform to make applications and infographics on themes such as Drinking Water and Sanitation, Transport, Education and Crime and Health. The Hackathon, that will take place in seven cities, is being conducted by NIC and IAMAl as part of the Startup Eco-system Development programme.The applications developed will be evaluated by jury and winners will receive support, including mentorship and funding. Data Availability Vs. Data utilisation:IT Secretary said, there is big gap between data being available and data being utilized. . In this context, Open Government Data Platform was set up in 2012 to provide access to government- owned shareable data.

  17. Business: BSNL towers hived off as 'separate company' 1 3th September 2017 The Union Cabinet approved hiving off the mobile tower assets of BSNL into a separate company It has authorised BSNL to monetise its telecom tower infrastructure with the formation of a separate subsidiary BSNL owns 66,000 telecom towers in the country. The Govt. is looking at external tenancies and garnering revenues for the new,"independent dedicated" tower company of BSNL . The telecom tower industry has emerged as an independent business to harness the potential for sharing of infrastructure. The business model arose from the need to achieve economies of scale and to reduce capital investment costs for providing mobile services . A tower infrastructure company essentially owns the passive infrastructure assets and leases it to telecom service providers enabling them to minimise duplication of investments and economise on costs of Operation and Maintenance (O&M), thereby, improving profitability. .Besides the captive model in BSNL and MTNL, where the service provider owns its passive infrastructure also, there are three different business models within the telecom tower industry. These are companies created by hiving off the tower assets portfolios of service providers into subsidiaries; companies established as independent joint venture entities by service providers jointly; and companies promoted by specific service providers but established as independent entities with the promoter being the anchor tenant for the tower company.

  18. Telecom industry: Tower, Telephone Exchange(Active service), Distribution,

  19. Transmission & Distribution losses: Hying off Unbundling of Power sector

  20. Page-l: Shinzo Abe promises peace in Indo-Pacific region, 14th September 2017 Highlighting common 'strategic interests,' Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe said India-Japan ties will shape the Asia-Pacific region. India-Japan annual summit: Mr:Abe will hold talks with Prime Minister Narendra Modi during the India-Japan annual summit, when both sides will firm up military and strategic ties. Universal values: Both India and Japan place importance on the universal values and strategic interests that we commonly share. Both countries are major Asian democracies and global powers The visit of Mr.Abe is significant in view of two recent developments: [i] Doklam issue: standoff between India and China at the Doklam plateau of Bhutan; [ii] Dual threat:Japan would seek ballistic and cruise missiles to deal with the dual threat of 'expansionist' China and a nuclear armed North Korea.

  21. Page-7: India has narrow pool of mustard varieties, say agricultural scientists Background: In June, a 230-member quorum of the NAAS had passed a resolution unanimously supporting the commercial release of Dhara Mustard Hybrid II (DMH-1 1),a transgenic food crop that had been cleared by the Genetic Engineering Appraisal Committee (GEAC) for commercial release. Then, a valid point was made that when India has 9000 mustard seed varities, what is the need to bring Genetically modified varities of mustard: It was among the key arguments made in the Supreme Court, as part of a petition by activist Aruna Rodrigues Earlier a Supreme Court-appointed Technical Advisory Committee had also recommended a stay on GM mustard citing the breadth of India's genetic diversity in mustard and that introducing it would lead to "irreversible" contamination. But Now, A report by the National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS), a 600- member body of agricultural scientists, says- Contrary to GM basher's propaganda - that very high diversity is available in Indian mustard scientific analysis has shown that the Indian gene pool of mustard is very narrow. As a consequence, in spite of extensive efforts by our plant breeders - there is very little impact of pure-line breeding on mustard yields in recent years. 14th September 2017

  22. Economic Backwardness OR Backwardness in Public Employment. 14th September Article16. Equality of opportunity in matters of public employment (I) There shall be equality of opportunity for all citizens in matters relating to employment or appointment to any office under the State (2) No citizen shall, on grounds only of religion, race, caste, sex, descent, place of birth, residence or any of them, be ineligible for, or discriminated against in respect or, any employment or office under the State (3) Nothing in this article shall prevent Parliament from making any law prescribing, in regard to a class or classes of employment or appointment to an office under the Government of, or any local or other authority within, a State or Union territory, any requirement as to residence within that State or Union territory prior to such employment or appointment. (4) Nothing in this article shall prevent the State from making any provision for the reservation of appointments or posts in favor of any backward class of citizens which, in the opinion of the State, is not adequately represented in the services under the State

  23. Page-ll: Govt. puts 1,200 NGOs on notice, 14th September 2017 The Home Ministry has sent notices to over I,200 NGOs, asking them to validate the designated bank accounts in which they receive foreign contribution, failure of which will invite punitive action. Ministry said all NGOs registered under the Foreign Contribution Regulation Act (FCRA) should receive foreign donations in a single designated bank account. However, it is seen that a number of such organisations have not validated their foreigr contribution designated accounts, causing problems for the banks to comply with the FCRA provisions that banks report to the Central government within 48 hours of such receiptor utilisation of foreign contribution. FCRA is implemented by MHA NGOs receiving Foreign funding come under MHA Overall, NGOs are regulated by NITI Aayog. Council for Advancement of People's Action and Rural Technology (CAPART), a body under MoRD also regulates the activities of Domestic NGOs S.C. directed Centre to come up with a comprehensive law on NGOs under Entry 97

  24. Page-10: Plea against NOTA not valid: EC. 14th September 2017 Background: The Supreme court had on August 3 agreed to examine the constitutional validity of the NOTA provision in the Rajya Sabha polls saying the issue needed to be debated Now, The Election Commission has told the Supreme Court that a plea by a Gujarat political leader challenging the use of None of the Above (NOTA) option in the Raiya Sabha polls in the State is not maintainable. easons given by ECl: [] NOTA option was a part of every Rajya Sabha elections held since 2014; [i] The provisions of NOTA in the ballot papers for the elections to the council of states has been made by the EC to effectuate this right of electors guaranteed to them under the said section 79(A) of the Representation of the People Act, 1951. [ii] It referred to the constitutional provisions and said that any election to the Rajya Sabha can only be called into question by way of an election petition only.

  25. Page-l1:A push for cooperation in S&T and medical research. 14th September 2017 In the light of Japan's Prime Minister Shinzo Abe's visit to India, the two countries have signed a host of agreements to further cooperation in science and technology [i] Regenerative medicine: Research into stem-cells for making bone-marrow transplants more accessible The Department of Biotechnology (DBT) already has an India-Japan cooperative Programme that has Christian Medical College & Hospital, Vellore, and Kyoto University, Japan, as participants. Though the DBT and Japan's National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST) have been collaborating in these areas, they renewed the agreement for five more years The aim of the Programme is to develop infrastructure and expertise for India to be a competitive force in regenerative medicine and induced pluripotent stem cell biology. The focus of the collaboration is on developing treatments for sickle-cell anaemia, Beta thalassemia and brain disorders, and creating a haplobank relevant to Indian populations.

  26. What is Haplobank:A Haplobank refers to a specially maintained collection of embryonic cells that can, in theory, be directed to become any kind of cell and thus progenitor of replacement organs Japanese scientist Shinya Yamanaka was a co-recipient of the Nobel Prize for medicine for discovering ways to reprogram mature stem cells Through this programme, Indian scientists will be part of a global network that shares research into and knowledge of these aspects of stem cell technology. Sickle cell anaemia: If a person has defective genes, his bone marrow will produce RBC with sickle shape (agricultural tool) Home work: Induced pluripotent stem cell biology. Induced pluripotent stem cells (also known as iPS cells or iPSCs) are a type of pluripotent stem cell that can be generated directly from adult cells. Embryonic stem cells have the ability to become a cell for any part of the body (nerve, muscle, blood, etc.).This ability to become any type of cell in the body is called pluripotent. 14th September 2017

  27. World News: Russia comes forward to rebuild Aleppo 14th September 2017 After helping Assad capture the city, Moscow is o ering help on infrastructure and law and order Syria's second city was battered by four years of fighting between rebels in the east and government forces in the west, until an evacuation deal at the end of 2016 brought it under regime control. . In September 2015, Moscow began carrying out air strikes that have allowed Syrian troops to retake swathes of territory including Aleppo. Now that it is back under government control, Russia appears keen to help rebuild it. Syria signed a memorandum of understanding with Tehran for the provision of five gas units to help generate electricity and restore power to Aleppo

  28. 4. Mediterranean Sea is a border of which of the following countries? [2017] I. Jordan. 2. Lebanon 3. Syria. 4. Iraq Q. River Euphrates passes through which countries? Iran, Iraq,Syria, Turkey SO TURKEY Aleppo 36 Ar Raqqah takia niyas Hims Tadmur LEB IRAG DAMASCU Q'unay tirah AS Sunvavda Goan tsJORDAN 30 3AU.AR

  29. Business page 13: RBl is not comfortable with bitcoins, says Sen. 14th September 2017 The Reserve Bank is uncomfortable with "non-fiat" cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin. As regards non-fiat cryptocurrencies, I think we are not comfortable," Mr. Sen said, addressing the India Fintech Day conference here. The fiat cryptocurrency was a digital currency which would be issued by the Reserve Bank of India (RBlI) in place of the physical one at present, he said, adding that the central bank was studying this aspect at present. Right now, we have a group of people who are looking at fiat cryptocurrencies, something that is an alternative to the Indian rupee, so to speak. The RBl has been repeatedly cautioning everyone about the usage of cryptocurrencies, flagging a slew of concerns. It had stated that Bitoins posed potential risks.

  30. Page-l: N. Korea:Japan draws in India 1 5th September Strategic Convergence: Displaying strategic convergence, India and Japan asked North Korea to shut down its nuclear and missile programmes. Both sides also hinted at Pakistan's past involvement with North Korean nuclear and missile programmes and sought accountability of "all parties" who helped Pyongyang acquire nuclear technology even as Japan promised to help India deal with cross-border terrorism. Japan's concerns over the recent test of a hydrogen bomb by Pyongyang, which also fired a long- range missile over the northern Japanese island of Hokkaido on August 29 High-level sources hinted that Mr.Abe's speech, which draws India into the escalating crisis over North Korean nuclear tests, reflects India's growing "aspiration" to play a role befitting New Delhi's rising status. Both sides also pledged to mount pressure on North Korea. A Joint statement issued after the summit sought the implementation of Resolution 1267 of the UN Security Council to counter cross-border terrorism

  31. Page-ll: 'Fly' on train from Mumbai by 2022. 15th September A Strong India is in Japan's interest and a strong Japan is India's interest Our PM and his Japanese counterpart laid the foundation stone in Ahmedabad for the country's first Rs. 1,10,000 crore, 508 km high-speed rail project between Mumbai and Ahmedabad. Financialaspect:The ambitious project is being implemented with nearly 90% financial support and technology from Japan. Technical Aspect: To be built on elevated corridor with a seven-km undersea tunnel in Mumbai, the project will be based on the famed Japanese Shinkansen high-speed railway system with a record of zero casualties in its 50 years of operation. Ambitious deadline to complete the project on August 15, 2022 when India marks 75 years of Independence.The project will be executed through a special purpose vehicle, the National High Speed Rail Corporation Ltd.

  32. Technology angle: Maglev is short for Magnetic Levitation in which trains float on a guideway using the principle of magnetic repulsion. Each magnet has two poles. Now if you play with two magnets, you'll realize that opposite poles attract, whereas similar poles repel. Magnetic levitation, maglev, or magnetic suspension is a method by which an object is suspended with no support other than magnetic fields. Magnetic force is used to counteract the effects of the gravitational acceleration and any other accelerations The two primary issues involved in magnetic levitation are Lifting forces: providing an upward force sufficient to counteract gravity, and Stability: ensuring that the system does not spontaneously slide or flip into a configuration where the lift is neutralized. 15th September

  33. Details of Bullet Train Project: Estimated Cost: Rs. 1,10,000 Crore Over 80% in the form of extremely friendly loan from Japan Repayment period: 50 years Rate of Inter TotalHigh speed bullet train railf length: 4643 kms. est: O. 1 % pa

  34. 15th September Analysis: By connecting "two oceans" and two continents", Japan is quietly challenging China's aggressive plans in the South China Sea that pose a threat to the energy lane that sustains Japanese economy The government of Japan believes that connectivity between Asia and Africa through a free and open Indo-Pacific, is expected to support stability and prosperity of the region. East Africa: Keiaja Pyata

  35. Business Page-13: Suzuki to invest 3,900 crore in Gujarat for third car plant Car Production facility: Japanese auto giant Suzuki Motor Corp.announced fresh investments of about 3,900 crore in Gujarat to add a third car production plant at the Hansalpur facility. This will take the Japanese firm's total investment in the facility to about 3,400 crore,An investment of 9,600 crore was committed earlier for setting up two plants besides an engine and transmission production unit. Employment Potential: It expects to generate employment for I0,000 people, including suppliers, with the new investment. It will also construct a hospital and school near the Hansalpur facility. The Hansalpur-based plant is Suzuki Motor Corp's first wholly-owned car plant in India Lithium ion Battery unit for Hybrid vehicles: The company, along with its partners Toshiba and Denso, will also invest $180 million (about 1,150 crore) in a separate unit to manufacture lithium ion batteries. . The lithium ion batteries plant is expected to go operational by 2020 The batteries will be used for "hybrid vehicles manufactured in India and the company would export these genuinely manufactured-in-India vehicles to international market. 15th Sept

  36. Business Page 14: Govt.committee to review exporters' '$10 bn.-problem. 15th Sept A government panel headed by the Revenue Secretary will meet on September 19 to resolve a $10 billion-problem, troubling India's exporters and its potential adverse impact on jobs. . 'Committee on Exports'- set up on September 12 to address exporters' concerns over the Goods and Services Tax (GST) regime would, among other things, take up the issue of "inordinate delay in refund of GST to exporters" and the consequent blockage of working capital that is severely affecting exporters' liquidity and enhancing their tax burden. Tax credit refund: Exporters were expecting that the Integrated GST (IGST) refund or refund of input tax credit (ITC) would be available to them in August, 2017 for the exports made during July However, since the filing of (GST returns) GSTR-1,2 and 3 for July has been extended till October 10, October 31 and November 10, respectively, exporters will not be able to get the refund by November Since exporters would have to wait till around December (considering 15 days for issuance of acknowledgement and another seven days for getting provisional refund of 90% of the total refund claim) for availing refund of the GST on exports, it would mean that they would have to arrange funds from their own sources to pay GST for the July-October period. The blocked amount for the four months time is estimated to be about $10 billion.

  37. Effect of Rupee appreciation on import price of Goods: Rs70,000 I$ equal to Rs 70]. Rs 63,000 I eual to Rs. 63] Result: More Imports Price $ 1000 Effect of Rupee appreciation on Exporters Cost= 6500 Rs Intex Phone Rs. 7000 in India I$Rs 70 Price in 100 Intex Phone Rs. 7000 in India. I$Rs 63. Price in 100 Rs. 6300

  38. Business Page 13: External debt dips 2.7% to $471.9 bn as NRI deposits fall Long-term debt declines 4.4%, short-term debt drops 5.5% Total external debt for the financial year 2016-17 stood at $471.9 billion, declining 2.7% from the previous year's level. India's external debt stock stood at $471.9 billion at end-March 2017, decreasing by $13.1 billion (2.7%) over the level at end-March 2016. . The decline in external debt was due to the decrease in long-term debt particularly NRI deposits and commercial borrowings. At end-March 20 17, long-term external debt was $383.9 billion, showing a decrease of 4.4% over the level at end-March 2016," the release said. Long-term external debt accounted for 81.4% of total external debt as compared to 82.8% at end-March 2016. Short-term external debt increased by 5.5% to $88 billion as of the end of March 2017 This was due to the increase in trade related credits.

  39. Business Page-13:Unions toughen stand on reforms A Group of Ministers on labour reforms led by Finance Minister asked the Labour Ministry to discuss five contentious proposals in the Code on Industrial Relations Bill with central trade unions.These include: [i] allowing bigger companies to retrench workers without the government's permission, [ii]increasing the severance pay by three times, in trade union leadership. [iv]changing the definition of workers' and [vlprocedure for recognition of trade unions. Central trade unions continue to oppose the government's plans to ease retrenchment norms and to restrict trade union membership under the Industrial Disputes Act. What are the demands of Trade Unions: -The government should discuss the industrial relations Bill in full detail. -It should not interfere [with] the trade union composition and -not allow factories to retrench workers without the government's nod.

  40. PAGE-5: 'Recurving' cyclones reduced rain in August. The India Meteorological Department (IMD) had predicted normal monsoon rains in August, typically the second most bountiful monsoon month after July . A strange pattern of tropical cyclones (TC) in the Western Pacific appear to be the reason for the drying up of monsoon rains in August across India. During the monsoon months, cyclones in the Western Pacific move westwards towards India and aid rain-bearing systems over the sub-continent. But during some years they 'recurve',or start to swing north-east, and do not give as much of a push to the rains as they do in the good monsoon years. . This re-curving frequently happens during the El Nino years but this time it inexplicably occurred when an El Nino hasn't yet taken shape. El Nino years are those when sea surface temperatures in the east equatorial Pacific rise, and often dampen the monsoon. While several international meteorological agencies had raised concerns about a likely El Nino forming in August or September this year, it didn't happen.

  41. Page-8: Pay relief in cases of unnatural jail death: SC. Prison inmates: Custodial Deaths[GSM-2: Polity & Governance] The Supreme Court directed the Chief Justices of all High Courts to register petitions suo motu to identify the kin of prisoners who died unnatural deaths from 2012 and order the States to award them compensation. It is important for the Centre and the State governments to realise that persons who suffer an unnatural death in a prison are also victims sometimes of a crime and sometimes of negligence and apathy or both There is no reason at all to exclude their kin from receiving compensation only because the victim is a criminal. Why and how the compensation to the relatives of those died in Custody is denied: []Normally, the National and State Human Rights Commissions award compensations in cases of custodial torture and deaths. However,compliance by State governments is low as these commissions do not exercise any power of contempt. [i]Besides, the States go for a long-drawn appeal in the High Courts and later on in the Supreme Court, if necessary. HCs in charge: This judgment is significant as the High Court will now directly award compensation and ensure compliance by the States.

  42. Deportation row Adding to the complications for the MEA is the Ministry of Home Affairs's move to deport 40,000 Rohingyas who fled to India during violence in 2012. The UNHRC has criticised the move and the Supreme Court will deliberate on it on September 18. . The MHA's move has been particularly perplexing, as it has been unable to explain where the Rohingyas would be deported to, given that Myanmar has reportedly mined its borders to ensure they cannot return, and Bangladesh is filled to capacity with more than 800,000 refugees already. Myanmar refuses to accept around 1.3 million Rohingya that lived in its Rakhine state, b Bangladesh, as Myanmar citizens, and consequently, has refused to allow about 5,00,000 that fled earlier and 4,00,000 more that have fled in the last few weeks, to return. Question: Consider the following pair: [Prelims-2016] Community sometimes mentioned in the news In the affairs of I.Kurd Bangladesh 2.Madhesi - Nepal 3.Rohingya - Myanma