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DAILY NEWS ANALYSIS from THE HINDU 28th September 2017 By Jatin Verma Educator Unacademy
Page-l l: Our call to deport Rohingya: Centre. The Home Ministry has replied to a notice issued by the National Human Rights Commission over the planned deportation of Rohingya Muslims The Ministry is learnt to have defended its decision, deeming Rohingya illegal immigrants" from Myanmar.The deportations would be done as per the laid-down procedure. . Various provisions of Foreigners Act and Passport Act, which bar foreigners from illegally staying in the country,have been mentioned in the reply. The decision to deport the Rohingya rests with the executive.This was told to the Supreme Court as well.The same reply has been given to the National Human Rights Commission The Home Ministry is learnt to have told the NHRC that a procedure for detection and deportation of illegal immigrants existed under the Foreigners Act, 1946 and that consolidated instructions were issued afresh on April 19, 2014
Page-ll:CSIR's biggest global deal stalled. . The biggest international deal signed by the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) to transfer technology and training to a company in Ethiopia has stalled The CSIR had signed a $7 million (45 crore approximately) agreement with the Metal Industries Development Institute (MIDI) on June 13 The three-year contract involved personnel from both the organisations and, according to a press statement issued in June, was expected to begin technical collaboration from the next month. Strapped for funds The CSIR-known to be strapped for research funds-had committed to securing 10% to 15% of its 24,000-crore budget through external projects and sources. Red tape blamed: The Ethiopian agency, reportedly, had not released funds. There seems to be some red tape and has got to do with the conversion of foreign currency
Page-12 World News:Women rejoice as Saudi ban ends. . Saudi Arabia's historic decision to allow women to drive won plaudits internationally and inside the conservative kingdom as euphoria mixed with disbelief among activists who long fought the ban. . King Salman's decree, which takes effect next June, is part of an ambitious reform push that runs the risk of a backlash from religious hard-liners Saudi Arabia was the only country in the world to impose a ban on women driving and its maintenance was seen as a symbol of repression in the Gulf kingdom around the world. Conservative clerics in Saudi Arabia, an absolute monarchy ruled according to Islamic sharia law, have long opposed lifting the ban, arguing that it would lead to promiscuity. One of them even claimed that driving harmed women's ovaries. Under the country's guardianship system, a male family member-normally the father, husband or brother must grant permission for a woman's study, travel and other activities. Plaudits from leaders U.S. President Donald Trump welcomed the decision to end the ban as a positive step toward promoting the rights and opportunities of women in Saudi Arabia.
Page-13 Business:'GST.PMLA may spur gold smuggling' Gold smuggling in India, the world's second-biggest consumer of the metal, is likely to rise during the country's peak holiday season as buyers try to avoid paying a new sales tax and to dodge nevw transparency rules. New Rules for Gold Transactions: In August, India moved to include gold sales under the Prevention of Money Laundering Act (PMLA). The law makes it mandatory for jewellers to keep records of customers' personal identification numbers or tax code number for transactions above 50,000. Besides, the sales tax on gold rose to 3% from 1.2 % as part of a new nationwide sales tax regime that started on July I. Rise in demand: Indian gold demand typically rises in the last three months of the year as consumers buy more for the wedding season as well as for festivals such as Diwali and Dussehra. . What India Bullion and Jewellers Association has to comment on New Rules: The unintended consequences of decision to raise import taxes on gold to 10% is tax avoidance. i] The government implemented the PMLA rule but it didn't take efforts to popularise. [ii]Customers are not aware of the rule and are hesitating in giving necessary details [iijUnaccounted sale will rise in the festive season as customers are trying to buy without bills.
. In India, less than 4% of the people pay income tax. Many tax evaders choose to park their illicit wealth in gold as it is nearly as liquid as currency in the country The new limit of 50,000 is too low and makes it mandatory to seek identification details of almost each customer. World Gold Council estimates The duty failed to curb demand but revived smuggling networks which, the World Gold Council estimates, imported 120 tonnes of gold in 2016, over one-fifth of total annual arrivals.
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