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DAILY NEWS ANALYSIS from THE HINDU 25TH September 2017 By Jatin Verma Educator Unacademy
Page-l: Private players may run rail lines. The Union government is open to the idea of giving operations of railway lines to private players for enhancing competition, Railway Minister Piyush Goyal said It's an exciting proposition. We will be able to generate competition in the process and improve customer satisfaction. The Railways are the largest transportation network in the world, running 12,000 trains a day over 65,000 route km. Various models: Govt. is studying various models for attracting more private players. . Railway Minister is also re-tuning policy to attract private companies for modernising railway stations. To begin with, the Railways have decided to do away with the 'Swiss Challenge' model of awarding railway stations to private players and taken a slew of measures to lease out at least 100 stations.
. Government of India in August, 2014 notified the following areas for Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) (i) Suburban corridors through Public Private Partnership (PPP); (ii) High speed train projects; (iii) Dedicated freight lines; (iv) Rolling stock including trains sets and locomotive/coaches manufacturing maintenance facilities; (v) Railway electrification; (vi) Signaling system; (vii) Freight terminal; (viii) Passenger terminal; (ix) Infrastructure in industrial park pertaining to railway line/siding; (x) Mass Rapid Transport System by allowing 100 percent FDI in the above mentioned areas e A Dutch auction is a type of auction in which the auctioneer begins with a high asking price which is lowered until some participant is willing to accept the auctioneer's price, or a predetermined reserve price (the seller's minimum acceptable price) is reached.The winning participant pays the last announced price.
Swiss challenge method is a new process of giving contracts. Any person with credentials can submit a development proposal to the government.That proposal will be made online and a second person can give suggestions to improve and beat that proposal An expert committee will accept the best proposal and the original proposer will get a chance to accept it if it is an improvement on his proposal In case the original proposer is not able to match the more attractive and competing counter proposal, the project will be awarded to the counter-proposal ls it new in India? The Swiss challenge method is one that has been used in India by various states including Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, Punjab and Gujarat for roads and housing projects. In 2009, the Supreme Court approved the method for award of contracts. How different is it from the public-private partnership (PPP)? This method can be applied to projects that are taken up on a PPP basis but can also be used to supplement PPP in sectors that are not covered under the PPP framework
Page-l: UN must call upon India to halt provocations, says Pak. Pakistan's Permanent Representative to the U.N. sought to turn the table on India by accusing India of promoting terrorism against it, violation of human rights in Jammu and Kashmir and the spread of Hindu nationalism in India. . If the international community wishes to "avoid a dangerous escalation between India and Pakistan", it must call on India to halt its "provocations and aggressive actions". Pakistan told the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) on September 24, responding to Minister of External Affairs Sushma Swaraj's scathing attack on Islamabad's promotion of Islamist terrorism.
Page-11 : lapan keen on friendship with northeast. Japan is reciprocating India's move of allowing Japanese FDI in North-eastern states of India. At the 4th Northeast Connectivity Summit in Kohima in September2017, a representative of the Embassy of Japan said Tokyo would invest in the region's infrastructure, education and people-to- people sectors. It was announced that Tokyo would invite 25 young people from Manipur and Nagaland to Japan this year. Japanese embassy officials said the northeastern region is located at a strategically and economically important juncture between India and Southeast Asia as well as within the Bimstec community. The summit included diplomatic participation from Bhutan, Russia, Bangladesh, Laos and Thailand. Road network: For the northeast, Japan had undertaken works on road connectivity, energy projects, water supply and sanitation, forest resources management, Japanese language education and post-war reconciliation, which aimed to build a deeper understanding of the actions of Japanese forces in the region during the Second World War.
During the latest visit of Prime Minister Abe to Ahmedabad, Japanese officials said Tokyo was committed to undertaking two major road and infrastructure building projects in Mizoram and Meghalaya. The next edition of Connectivity Summit in Tawang,Arunachal Pradesh is expected to take Japan's representation into the strategically located region that borders China Myanmar's interest The summit also indicated Myanmar's interest in the potential of the region. Myanmar's Minister of Cultural Affairs Sai Kyaw Zaw urged people from Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Mizoram and Manipur to forge closer ties with Myanmar as the country shared long borders with all four States. Nagaland's Chief Secretary also urged improved connectivity with Myanmar for unlocking the regional trade potential.
BIMSTEC (Bay of Bengal Initiative on Multi Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation) The BIMSTEC is the sub-regional group of seven countries in South Asia and South East Asia lying in the littoral and adjacent areas of the Bay of Bengal They are India, Nepal, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Sri Lanka from South Asia and Myanmar,Thailand from South East Asia. Established: 6 June 1997 through the the Bangkok Declaration. Headquarters: Dhaka, Bangladesh. Objectives: Technological and economical cooperation among south Asian and south East Asian Asian countries along the coast of the Bay of Bengal It also covers cooperation in commerce, technology, investment, agriculture, tourism, human resource development, fisheries, transport and communication VIndia is going to conduct first BIMSTEC Disaster Management Exercise- 2017 (DMEx-2017) from October 10-13, 2017.
BIMSTEC and Trans-Asian Highwa India, Nepal, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Sri Lanka from South Asia and Myanmar, Thailand from South East Asia. Utar Pradesh Pradesh kkim Bhutan OLucknow Kanpur Patnao Bihar JharkhandBangladesh India West Bengal Myanmar urma Ha Noi Tripura Odisha oBhubaneswar Mizoram Laos Arabian Sea Bay of Bengal rabad Visakhapatnam adesh ailand Ban Bay of re Chennai Cambodia
Page-l l: Navy's dilemma: US-2 planes or helicopters? India and Japan have been negotiating a deal for 12 ShinMaywa-built US-2 amphibious aircraft at a cost of around $1.3 billion, but differences over the pricing offset clause have held it up. The Joint Statement issued after talks between Prime Minister Narendra Modi and his visiting Japanese counterpart, Shinzo Abe, earlier this month noted Japan's readiness to provide its state- of-the-art US-2 amphibian aircraft, and the two governments decided to continue their discussions in this regard. The Navy's urgent priorities include helicopters and minesweepers, while India continue discussions with Japan for buying the US-2 amphibious aircraft. The US-2 is a good capability addition, but it is not a top priority. There is a constraint of resources and there are other things on that list. The Navy is in urgent need of helicopters, minesweepers and submarines among others. . While the aircraft will be a great force multiplier for the Navy, they will divert precious resources from other pressing needs. Of these, the most pressing need is for helicopters, which are crucial in clearing way for ships and are also the first responders in any emergency on the seas.
Page-11: M777 broke due to faulty shell Last November, India signed a $737 million deal with the U.S. government under the Foreign Military Sales Program for 145 M777 guns at a cost of $737 million. As part of the agreement, two guns arrived in India in April for calibrating range tables and three more would arrive in September 2018 for training. On September 2, the gun manufactured by BAE Systems of the U.S. was undergoing field firing for compilation of range tables when the accident occurred.The ammunition exiting the barrel broke into multiple pieces damaging it. A preliminary investigation has found faulty ammunition to be the cause of the accident involving an M777 ultralight Howitzer during firing trials early this month . A preliminary inquiry has found that the explosion took place due to faulty ammunition supplied by the Ordnance Factory Board (OFB), and a further probe into the matter is orn. Any such failure is attributable to a complex phenomenon pertaining to internal ballistics as the shell moves at a very high speed inside the barrel
Page-13: Nasscom sees green shoots, demand uptick Industry body Nasscom is expecting the $150-billion Indian IT sector to deliver a strong performance next scal on revival in tech spends of the nancial sector and demand growth from the U.S. clients. The National Association of Software and Services Companies (NASSCOM) is a trade association of Indian Information Technology (IT) and Business Process Outsourcing (BPO) industry. Established in 1988, NASSCOM is a non-profit organisation