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DAILY NEWS ANALYSIS from THE HINDU 21st September 2017 By Jatin Verma Educator Unacademy
News Articles I. G.S. Mains-3:"Chunk of GST claims ineligible for refunds, 2. G.S. Mains-2: No floor test, no bypoll for 18 constituencies in T.N.: HC 3. G.S. Mains-2: SC reserves Cauvery verdict. 4. G.S. Mains-2:GTA reconstituted, rebel GJM leader Tamang is chairperson. 5. G.S. Mains-2: Bound by Paris deal, says India. 6. G.S. Mains-2&3: Plan to build fighter jets hits air pocket? U.S. companies claim Proprietary Technology. 7. G.S. Mains 283: Call to wipe out modern slavery. 8. G.S. Mains-2: CJl bars senior advocates from out-of-turn hearing of cases 9. G.S. Mains-3: GM mustard in for a long wait 10. G.S. Mains 2 & 3:Will complete Chahbahar port fast, says Minister of Shipping. 1 1 . International: UNGA: Sirisena seeks support for a moderate, reconciliation 12. International: UNGA: Visits by Modi, Trump were truly historic: Israel. 13. International: UNGA: Hasina proposes safe zones' for Rohingya 14. International: Powerful Mexican quake kills 225. 15. Business: 'Cutting termination charge retrograde step'.
".11 81 96 1 1 : 56 Jatin Verma Follow 155k Followers Ratings & Reviews Roman Saini A great course by Jatin Verma where he has literally covered all the important news from The Hindu. Must watch Mohit Rai If i achieve my aim, my first salary will go to this great individual making this great informative and well-researched viddeos I should take this opportunity to thank and congratulate him for the wonderful work he is doing for all the aspirants. He is meticulous and almost perfect in his approach and understanding. Please keep making such videos as a single 26k Enrollments Enroll
Page-l:'Chunk of GST claims ineligible for refunds' . Firms can claim transitional credits for inputs bought and taxes paid before GST rollout. The official pointed out that even where claims were accepted, refunds would be done in a staggered manner over months, and not as a single lump sum. The investigation and audit of these 65,000 crore worth of transitional credit claims are under way, but we have already found that a large amount of them are not eligible for refunds. Authorities are also finding that the companies behind these claims are just trying their luck.They know these claims are not eligible, but still they try Let States cut fuel tax: FM. As the voices are being raised over 3.36% inflation, Finance minister clarified that statutorily fixed monetary policy target for Monetary Policy Committee for 2017-18 inflation is 4% Of the Central tax receipts from petrol, 42% of that goes to the states. On the top of it, State Government increase their own VAT on petrol.This is what becomes a double whammy for consumer. Besides, in the monsoon months, due to vegetable prices, there is a spike period.And in this spike period, it is 3.36%, so it is in keeping with traditional Indian standards.
Page-l: No floor test, no bypoll for 18 constituencies in T.N.: HC The Madras High Court extended its stay on conducting a floor test in the Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly until further orders and also restrained authorities from conducting by-elections to 18 ies, which were declared vacant, pursuant to the disqualification of dissident AIADMK MLAs. Fact (Prelims): Speaker can take the decision to disqualify the Memebrs of the house under Anti-defection law without consulting the Election Commission of India under Article 190(3). Practice question: Q1. Consider the following two statements regarding the implementation of anti- defection law: I. If an elected member voluntarily gives up his membership of a political party; 2. If an elected member votes or abstains from voting in such House contrary to any direction issued by his political party, without obtaining any prior permission 3. Political Party can pardon such an action of its member
Page-5: SC reserves Cauvery verdict. The Tamil Nadu government insisted that the Supreme Court itself should finally appoint an authority and frame a scheme for sharing and management of Cauvery river waters among Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Kerala and Puducherry,and not leave the responsibility to the Centre. The day-long hearing saw the court chide the Centre for not implementing the final award of the Cauvery Tribunal in 2007 . Centre questioned: The court questioned the reluctance shown by the Centre to set up of the Cauvery Management Board and frame a scheme for implementation of the tribunal award despite it having been notified in 2013. boing been no The court asked the Centre that it was Centre's responsibility to frame a scheme. The Court was informed that Centre did set up the Cauvery River Water Authority and ry Committee following the Supreme Court's direction. Centre's response: The Centre said it had been waiting for some clarifications on the tribunal award & the Centre had decided to wait till the Supreme Court took a final call on the tribunal award as the tribunal award was not clear about water release during times of distress(drought, deficit rainfall and the like circumsatnces)
Page-7: GTA reconstituted, rebel GIM leader Tamang is chairperson. In a significant move that may impact on the ongoing agitation in the Darjeeling hills, West Bengal Chief Minister reconstituted the Gorkhaland Territorial Administration and appointed rebel Gorkha Janmukti Morcha leader Binoy Tamang its chairperson . The GTA, is the regional autonomous body set up as a result of a tripartite agreement between the Centre, the State and the GJM in 201 I GJM president Bimal Gurung was elected as the chief executive of the body in 2012, but he and other office bearers of the GTA resigned on June 23, 2017 when the agitation for the separate Gorkhaland State gained ground in the hills. . Under Section 65 of the GTA Act we have appointed Board of Administrators comprising eight members to look after functioning of GTA West Bengal Govt. had tried to accommodate people from all regions in the hills in the body. [For In-depth analysis, You can watch- 20th June 2017 Editorial-l: End the violence: On Darjeeling imbroglio]
Page-10: Bound by Paris deal, says India. External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj, at a U.N. 'Leadership Summit on Environment Pact' said that India was at the forefront of the debate on environment and development. The Minister's remarks came amid uncertainty over the United States' role in the deal after President Donald Trump, in June, announced that his country was withdrawing from the Paris deal, arguing that it gives undue advantage to countries like India and China. Facts: India, which is the world's third-largest carbon polluter, along with more than 190 nations, reached a pact in December 2015 with an aim to prevent an increase in the global average temperature and keep it well below 2 degrees Celsius. The deal, which replaced the 1997 Kyoto Protocol, was ratified in October 2016. India was willing to work "above and beyond" the Paris agreement. The summit was presided over by French President Emmanuel Macron. India took the climate change issue very seriously. For detailed analysis: 3rd June & 9th June 2017 Editorial-3:Is the Paris Agreement necessary-A Debate
Plan to build fighter jets hits air pocket? US. companies claim Proprietary Technology The contenders in the race are Lockheed Martin with its F-16 and Sweden's SAAB with its Gripen.While the F-l6 is a U.S. military platform, the Gripen is powered by engines built by General Electric of the U.S. In addition, the same engines have been selected to power the indigenously developed Tejas Light Combat Aircraft, 123 of which have been already ordered by the IAF . While SAAB has promised full transfer of technology, it would still require U.S. government clearance for transferring specific components. Proprietary Technology: A recent letter by a U.S. business body to the Defence Ministry expressing its reluctance to transfer proprietary technologies could complicate India's efforts to build a fighter jet locally with technology transfer from abroad. Both the competing aircraft have significant U.S.components. . This is a test for the ambitious new Strategic Partnership (SP) model for promoting domestic defence manufacturing under which multi-billion dollar deals are about to be initiated. Fallout: Without real technology transfer, the whole idea of SP will fall apart. We will once again be doing assembling as has been happening for the past four decades.
In the next couple of months, the Air Force is expected to initiate the process to select a single- engine fighter jet under the SP model which will be built in India with significant technology transfer The deal for over a 100 jets is estimated to cost over 60,000 crore by present projection, but the final order could end up at around 200 jets. Background: In May 2017, Strategic Partnership model for Defence was approved by Defence Acquisition Council headed by Defence Minister Under the "strategic partnership" model, the government will shortlist and then pick Indian companies to join forces with foreign firms to make fighter jets, helicopters, armoured vehicles and submarines. Norms for FDI In Defence: As per the policy, foreign investment up to 49 per cent has been permitted in the defence sector through automatic route, and beyond that limit through government route on case to case basis, wherever it is likely to result in access to modern and state-of-art technology The condition of access to state-of-art, technology in the country has been done away with, as many foreign investors had complained about the ambiguity regarding that term.
Page-1l: Call to wipe out modern slavery. . Coinciding with the International Labour Organisation (ILO) release of new global estimates of modern slavery,a group of over 40 activists and academics from different parts of the world have released a 25-point signed statement urging India to ensure a more effective implementation of labour law protections to eliminate modern slavery and forced labour in line with the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Observing that "the current targets and indicators proposed by the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation as of March 8, 2017 for the realisation of SDG 8.7 are wholly inadequate," the statement noted that "a more robust labour governance system in the form of increased inspections and better resources for the labour inspectorate is essential for the realisation of SDG 8.7 A multi-pronged strategy that responds to the needs of all affected constituencies, including bonded labourers, contract workers, domestic workers, intra- and inter-state as well as international migrant workers, and sex workers is necessary in order to achieve SDG 8.7
The SDG 8.7 calls for "immediate and effective measures to eradicate forced labour, end modern slavery and human trafficking, and secure the prohibition and elimination of the worst forms of child labour, including recruitment and use of child soldiers, and by 2025 end child labour in all its forms. . Collective bargaining: The most effective and durable way to prevent all forms of extreme exploitation lies in the self-organisation of workers and in their efforts at collective bargaining, especially through trade unions and workers' collectives. . Expressing concerns over the proposed anti-trafficking law, the academics pointed out that the problem of trafficking can only be addressed through a multi-faceted legal and economic strategy that strengthens the implementation of labour protections such as those guaranteed by the Constitution. Among the signatories to the statement were activists from organisations such as Aid et Action, The Global Alliance Against Traffic in Women, Open Democracy, Self-EmployedWomen's Association (SEWA), and National Network of Sex Workers.
Page-l11: GM mustard in for a long wait Union Environment Minister Harsh Vardhan has indicated that a decision on releasing genetically modified (GM) mustard commercially was unlikely any time soon. There are compelling arguments from those who support it and those against it (NAAS scientists) The Genetic Engineering Appraisal Committee (GEAC), India's regulator for genetically modified seeds, had on May 12 this year cleared GM mustard for environmental release and use in fields Final say:Though it was cleared by scientists, the Environment Minister's approval is required. Dhara Mustard Hybrid (DMH -1I), the transgenic mustard in question, has been developed by a team of scientists at Delhi University and the project was part-funded by the Department of Biotechnology, a division of the Science Ministry. A Parliamentary Standing Committee last month said that there was a paucity of studies on the impact of GM crops on human health. Should the Minister's consent be obtained, GM mustard would be the first transgenic food crop to be allowed for commercial cultivation in India. It could pave the way for several other GM food crops in the country.
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International: UNGA: Visits by Modi, Trump were truly historic: Israel. Visits to Israel earlier this year by Prime Minister Narendra Modi and United States President Donald Trump were"tw truly historic" ones for his country, Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said at UNGA meet, mentioning both in the same breath in his address to the UN General Assembly. The Israeli Prime Minister said Mr. Trump's decision to include Israel in his first visit abroad in May was equally historic. President Trump stood at the Western Wall, at the foot of the Temple Mount, where the Jewish people's Temples stood for nearly a thousand years. UN- e Taking potshots at the United Nations and its affiliated bodies for allegedly biased views on Israel, the PM asked: "So is there no limit to the UN's absurdities when it comes to Israel?," adding that the world body has been for years the "epicenter of anti-Semitism epicenter of anti-Semitism 3 beginning to change, he. . He said Mr.Trump's criticism Nuclear deal with Iran was a clear message in support of Israel.
Page-13 International News. UNGA: Hasina proposes safezones, for Rohingya Bangladesh's Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina called upon members states of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) to take a united stand to resolve the Rohingya issue "before it is too late" and placed a set of proposals. The proposals, placed at the OIC Contact Group at the United Nations headquarters included i] a call for an immediate end to atrocities against Rohingya Muslims, [ii]the creation of'safe zones' in Myanmar for the protection of civilians and an immediate and [iii]unconditional implementation of the recommendations put forward by the Kofi Annan Commission Stating that that the crisis has its roots in Myanmar and hence its solution also has to be found in Myanmar: Bangladesh has continued our diplomatic efforts to return all the Rohingya to their homeland, but Myanmar is not responding. . Also, Bangladesh's ruling 14-party alliance rejected the speech of Myanmarese leader Aung Sang Suu Kyi. The alliance's spokesperson Mohammad Nasim said that it was unfortunate that Ms. Suu Kyi did not even mention the word 'Rohingya' in her speech
. She also criticised Myanmar for labelling Rohingya as "illegal migrants" and "Bengalis from Bangladesh A Planned move: Myanmar is forcibly driving out the Rohingya Muslims through a planned and organised process First, they were excluded from the list of recognised ethnic groups of Myanmar. Then in 1982, they were denied their right to citizenship Later,they were sent to IDP camps in their own country.
Business Page 13:'Cutting termination charge retrograde step'. Terming telecom regulator TRAI's decision to cut mobile termination charges by 57% "retrograde", leading telecom operators Bharti Airtel and Vodafone said the move would benefit just one operator and would worsen the financial health of the already stressed industry. Industry is extremely disappointed with the latest regulation on the IUC, especially at a time when the industry is facing severe financial stress Bharti added that the interconnect usage charges (IUC) rate of 6 paise fixed by TRAl had been arrived at in a completely non-transparent fashion and benefits only one operator which enjoys a huge traffic asymmetry in its favour.