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25th September 2017 Part-2:Daily News Analysis
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Graded Surveillance Mechanism

Jatin Verma is teaching live on Unacademy Plus

Jatin Verma
Have appeared in UPSC CSE thrice. Have been taking Unacademy Plus courses Academics- Polity, Economics & Current Affairs.

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Germany election system- mixed election system or dual election system where every voter has two votesa) The first vote allows the elector to vote for a direct candidate of their constituency , who applies for a direct mandate. b) the second vote is more important than the first vote. This second vote allows the elector to vote for a party whose candidates are put together on the regional electoral list. 
Shashank jain
2 years ago
sir review it is it correct
germany has dual vote system in which voter have to exercise his franchise in two ways first he have to choose a direct candidate and second he have to choose a party ... election system is roughly mixture of proportional representation system and direct election system
In Germany .... half is done via first pass the post and half is done via proportional representation...
Doli saini
2 years ago
u mean hybrid
Doli saini
2 years ago
if I m wrong pls correct
Satish Yadav
2 years ago
The first vote allows the elector to vote for a direct candidate of their constituency and for the distribution of seats in the German Bundestag, the second vote is more important than the first vote,this allows the elector to vote for the party... I'm not that sure if it can be called as hybrid or not.. But I am sharing some of these details.. hope this will help you to make your own views..Thank you.. @Doli_saini
Ankit Sharma
2 years ago
exactly hybrid, mixture of both
sir pricing offset clause not understand
A C
2 years ago
if we buy Japan made weapons we have to pay for it right.. thus losing that amount of money. This PRICE OFFSET CLAUSE makes it mandatory for japan to buy weapons (a portion of the amount that we bought from them).. this will reduce the amount of money that we loose. got it???
Akash Jindal
2 years ago
Thnx buddy
Mohini sharma
2 years ago
it is valid only in case of weapons only or in other import export...??
Akash Jindal
2 years ago
i think this is valid in every trade. if i m wrong so correct me
A C
2 years ago
Indian Government issued a Defense Procurement Procedure in 2006, revised in 2008 and 2011. The latter came into effect in August, 2012. The threshold is 3 billion RS (65 mil USD), 30% of offset. Multipliers exist. Above 300 billion RS (697 mil USD), there is a requirement of “indigenization,” that is a Buy Indian requirement for 30% or greater of the contract value. Indian companies and joint ventures are exempted from offset obligations provided the indigenous content is over 50%. For offset are also accepted subcontract in outsourced services, such as engineering, design, and defense software.
A C
2 years ago
@ Mohini - I think its for defense but i'm not sure.. anyone who has a clear understanding please help...
Mohini sharma
2 years ago
thanks Aarav...
germany has dual vote system in which voter have to exercise his franchise in two ways first he have to choose a direct candidate and second he have to choose a party ... election system is roughly mixture of proportional representation system and direct election system
  1. DAILY NEWS ANALYSIS from THE HINDU 25TH September 2017 By Jatin Verma Educator Unacademy


  2. Page-11 : lapan keen on friendship with northeast. Japan is reciprocating India's move of allowing Japanese FDI in North-eastern states of India. At the 4th Northeast Connectivity Summit in Kohima in September2017, a representative of the Embassy of Japan said Tokyo would invest in the region's infrastructure, education and people-to- people sectors. It was announced that Tokyo would invite 25 young people from Manipur and Nagaland to Japan this year. Japanese embassy officials said the northeastern region is located at a strategically and economically important juncture between India and Southeast Asia as well as within the Bimstec community. The summit included diplomatic participation from Bhutan, Russia, Bangladesh, Laos and Thailand. Road network: For the northeast, Japan had undertaken works on road connectivity, energy projects, water supply and sanitation, forest resources management, Japanese language education and post-war reconciliation, which aimed to build a deeper understanding of the actions of Japanese forces in the region during the Second World War.


  3. During the latest visit of Prime Minister Abe to Ahmedabad, Japanese officials said Tokyo was committed to undertaking two major road and infrastructure building projects in Mizoram and Meghalaya. The next edition of Connectivity Summit in Tawang,Arunachal Pradesh is expected to take Japan's representation into the strategically located region that borders China Myanmar's interest The summit also indicated Myanmar's interest in the potential of the region. Myanmar's Minister of Cultural Affairs Sai Kyaw Zaw urged people from Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Mizoram and Manipur to forge closer ties with Myanmar as the country shared long borders with all four States. Nagaland's Chief Secretary also urged improved connectivity with Myanmar for unlocking the regional trade potential.


  4. BIMSTEC (Bay of Bengal Initiative on Multi Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation) The BIMSTEC is the sub-regional group of seven countries in South Asia and South East Asia lying in the littoral and adjacent areas of the Bay of Bengal They are India, Nepal, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Sri Lanka from South Asia and Myanmar,Thailand from South East Asia. Established: 6 June 1997 through the the Bangkok Declaration. Headquarters: Dhaka, Bangladesh. Objectives: Technological and economical cooperation among south Asian and south East Asian Asian countries along the coast of the Bay of Bengal It also covers cooperation in commerce, technology, investment, agriculture, tourism, human resource development, fisheries, transport and communication VIndia is going to conduct first BIMSTEC Disaster Management Exercise- 2017 (DMEx-2017) from October 10-13, 2017.


  5. BIMSTEC and Trans-Asian Highwa India, Nepal, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Sri Lanka from South Asia and Myanmar, Thailand from South East Asia. Utar Pradesh Pradesh kkim Bhutan OLucknow Kanpur Patnao Bihar JharkhandBangladesh India West Bengal Myanmar urma Ha Noi Tripura Odisha oBhubaneswar Mizoram Laos Arabian Sea Bay of Bengal rabad Visakhapatnam adesh ailand Ban Bay of re Chennai Cambodia


  6. Page-l l: Navy's dilemma: US-2 planes or helicopters? India and Japan have been negotiating a deal for 12 ShinMaywa-built US-2 amphibious aircraft at a cost of around $1.3 billion, but differences over the pricing offset clause have held it up. The Joint Statement issued after talks between Prime Minister Narendra Modi and his visiting Japanese counterpart, Shinzo Abe, earlier this month noted Japan's readiness to provide its state- of-the-art US-2 amphibian aircraft, and the two governments decided to continue their discussions in this regard. The Navy's urgent priorities include helicopters and minesweepers, while India continue discussions with Japan for buying the US-2 amphibious aircraft. The US-2 is a good capability addition, but it is not a top priority. There is a constraint of resources and there are other things on that list. The Navy is in urgent need of helicopters, minesweepers and submarines among others. . While the aircraft will be a great force multiplier for the Navy, they will divert precious resources from other pressing needs. Of these, the most pressing need is for helicopters, which are crucial in clearing way for ships and are also the first responders in any emergency on the seas.


  7. Surprisingly, while the force is inducting modern stealth ships, most of the decks lie vacant because of a lack of copters. Beyond the off-shore patrol vessels, all ships can accommodate two helicopters each. To meet these, there is a requirement of over 123 naval multi-role helicopters. These helicopters are needed to santise the area around the high-value assets and carry out attacks against enemy submarines at stand-off ranges. Early this month, the Request for Information (RFI) was issued to global vendors for procurement of 123 NMRH and I I Naval Utility Helicopters (NUH). The procurement would be under the recently approved Strategic Partnership (SP) model of the Defence Procurement Procedure (DPP). Past efforts to acquire new helicopters have repeatedly failed. In addition to helicopters, the Navy recently floated the tender for a new line of six submarines under Project-751, estimated to cost over 50,000 crore. Talks for procurement of 12 minesweepers estimated at 2,000 crore are in advanced stages.


  8. Page-11: M777 broke due to faulty shell Last November, India signed a $737 million deal with the U.S. government under the Foreign Military Sales Program for 145 M777 guns at a cost of $737 million. As part of the agreement, two guns arrived in India in April for calibrating range tables and three more would arrive in September 2018 for training. On September 2, the gun manufactured by BAE Systems of the U.S. was undergoing field firing for compilation of range tables when the accident occurred.The ammunition exiting the barrel broke into multiple pieces damaging it. A preliminary investigation has found faulty ammunition to be the cause of the accident involving an M777 ultralight Howitzer during firing trials early this month . A preliminary inquiry has found that the explosion took place due to faulty ammunition supplied by the Ordnance Factory Board (OFB), and a further probe into the matter is orn. Any such failure is attributable to a complex phenomenon pertaining to internal ballistics as the shell moves at a very high speed inside the barrel


  9. Page-12: Merkel wins 4th term as Chancellor . German Chancellor Angela Merkel won a fourth term in office but will have to build an uneasy coalition to form a German govt after her conservatives haemorrhaged support in the face of a surge by the far-right. The anti-immigration Alternative for Germany (AID) stunned the establishment by winning 13.1% of the vote, projected results showed, a result that will bring a far-right party into Parliament for the first time in more than half a century. Lowest vote share Ms. Merkel's conservative bloc emerged as the largest parliamentary party but, with just 33.2% of the vote, saw its support slump to the lowest since 1949 Anchor of stability After shock election results last year, from the Brexit vote to the election of U.S. President Donald Trump, leaders of Europe's establishment have looked to Ms. Merkel to rally the liberal Western order. . But after acting as an anchor of stability in Europe and beyond, she now faces an unstable situation at home as she must now form a coalition, an arduous process that could take months.


  10. Page-13: Nasscom sees green shoots, demand uptick Industry body Nasscom is expecting the $150-billion Indian IT sector to deliver a strong performance next scal on revival in tech spends of the nancial sector and demand growth from the U.S. clients. The National Association of Software and Services Companies (NASSCOM) is a trade association of Indian Information Technology (IT) and Business Process Outsourcing (BPO) industry. Established in 1988, NASSCOM is a non-profit organisation


  11. ..al 81%. 11:56 stl 81 % 11 :57 Jatin Verma Follow 155k Followers Daily Current Affairs MCQs for August 2017 Ratings & Reviews 421 Ratings WhatsApp Roman Saini Facebook A great course by Jatin Verma where he has literally covered all the important news from The Hindu. Must watch Copy to Clipboard Mohit Rai + More If i achieve my aim, my first salary will go to this great individual making this great informative and well-researched videos. I should take this opportunity to thank and congratulate him for the wonderful work he is doing for all the aspirants. He is meticulous and almost perfect in his approach and understanding. Please keen making such videos as a single Targeted For All G.K. based Government Exams Objective This is a daily recurring course on impartant 26k Enrollments Enroll 5.4k Enrollments