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DAILY NEWS ANALYSIS from THE HINDU 24th September 2017 By Jatin Verma Educator Unacademy
Page-11: U.S. Secretary Mattis to meet PM, Defence Minister. In the first-ever Cabinet level visit from the Trump administration, U.S. Secretary of Defence Jim Mattis will be in New Delhi for a series of meetings with PM and Defence Minister. Indications are that he could stop over in Kabul before reaching New Delhi. It said the Secretary would emphasise that the United States viewed India as a "valued and influential partner, with broad mutual interests extending well beyond South Asia Mr. Mattis will also express American appreciation for India's important contributions toward Afghanistan's democracy, stability, prosperity and security. Joint Exercise under way le, the two sides are holding a joint training exercise, Yudh Abhyas 2017, which began on September 14 in Washington State, U.S. The exercise is an "ideal platform for the two countries to share their expertise on military operations The theme of the exercise is to build and develop positive military relations and inter- operability to conduct counter terrorism, counter insurgency, regional security operations and peace keeping operations under the UN Charter
Page-1l: India third in nuclear power installations: study. The World Nuclear Industry Status Report 2017 shows that India is third in the world in the number of nuclear reactors being installed, at six, while China is leading at 20. Findings: [i]The number of nuclear reactor units under construction is, however, declining globally for the fourth year in a row, from 68 reactors at the end of 2013 to 53 by mid-2017 ii] Most nuclear reactor constructions are behind schedule, with delays resulting in increase in project costs and delay in power generation. liijThere are 37 reactor constructions behind schedule, of which 19 reported further delays over the past year iv]Eight nuclear power projects have been under construction globally for a decade or more, of which three have been so for over 30 years. In India itself, five out of the six reactors under construction are behind schedule Russia and the U.S. shut down reactors in 2016, while Sweden and South Korea both closed their oldest units in the first half of 2017, the report notes.
The most decisive part of this report is the final section Nuclear Power vs Renewable Energy Development. It reveals that: [i] Since 1997, worldwide, renewable energy has produced four times as many new kilowatt-hours of electricity than nuclear power. [ii] The world no longer needs to build nuclear power plants to avoid climate change and certainly not to save money [iii]Data gathered shows that global nuclear power generation increased by 1.4% in 2016 due to a 23% increase in China, though the share of nuclear energy in electricity generation stagnated at 10.5%. [N] By comparison, globally, wind power output grew by 16% and solar power by 30%. [v]Wind power increased generation by 132TWh (terawatt hours) or 3.8 times, and solar power by 77 TWh or 2.2 times more than nuclear power's 35 TWh respectively. Renewables represented 62% of global power generating capacity additions.
Page-12: WHOWHAT WHY WHEN WHERE Why Is it diifficult to grant citizenship to Chakmas? Why has the issue been raked up? On September 13, Home Ministry officials held a meeting with Arunachal Pradesh Chief Minister Pema Khandu and Union Minister of State for Home Kiren Riju, who represents the State in Parliament, on various administrative issues. The subject of granting citizenship to the Chakma-Hajongs was also discussed. After the meeting, Mr. Rijju said a"middle ground" would be chosen so that the Supreme Court's 2015 order to grant citizenship to Chakma-Hajong refugees could be honoured and the rights of the local population not diluted. Chakmas are settled in Arunachal Pradesh since 1964. But the Scheduled Tribe status and indigenous people's rights won't be diluted Chief Minisg a for Parament on anh dMi What was the Supreme Court order? In September 2015, the court, after hearing a petition filed by the Committee for Citizenship Rights of the Chakmas, directed the State government to grant citizenship to Chakmas and Hajongs within three months. The State government had opposed the move in court.
After giving a statement that the order had to be honoured, Mr. Rijiju changed his stand duly taking into a/c the ethnic equilibrium in the State. He clarified that since the Home Ministry was the implementing authority for granting citizenship, it would approach the Supreme Court to modify its order. What is the controversy now? The state of Arunachal is not ready to accept any infringement on the constitutional protection bestowed on the tribals of the State. State's unique history was governed by a special Act and the Constitution gives special protection rights to the predominantly tribal State These provisions were legislated with the singular objective to protect the tribes of the State from the onslaught of alien culture and overwhelming influx of non-Arunachalese in the State. Originally 2,700 families were settled in Arunachal Pradesh by the then Congress government from 1964 to 1969. The settlement itself was not as per regulations. The settlement violates the Bengal Eastern Frontier Regulation, 1873, or the Inner Line Permit system. Since Arunachal Pradesh is a protected State, any outsider visiting the State needs a permit to do so.
When did Chakmas flee to India? . In the 1960s, over one lakh Chakmas and Hajong refugees, Buddhists and Hindus, fled to India from the Chittagong Hill Tract area in the then East Pakistan (now Bangladesh), facing religious persecution The areas where the Chakma-Hajongs lived was submerged following the construction of the Kaptai Dam. They were made to settle in the Tirap division of Arunachal Pradesh, then known as the North East Frontier Agency, administered by the Ministry of External Affairs through the Governor of Assam, Arunachal Pradesh became a Union Territory in 1972, which coincided with the formation of Bangladesh, and soon local political parties began protesting against the settlement of outsiders in the State. The agitation gained momentum in 1987 when Arunachal Pradesh became a State. What's the road ahead? The logjam persists even as the government looks for damage control. Govt says, Chakma- Hajongs were entitled to live anywhere in India but their stay in Arunachal Pradesh would violate the constitutional rights of indigenous tribes protected by Article 37 IH
What is Inner Line Permit? The inner line permit (ILP) system, required by Indian citizens to enter Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland and Mizoram is issued under the Bengal Eastern Frontier Regulation, 1873, by the state governments Inner line Permit: Inner Line Permit is an official travel document issued by the Government of India to allow inward travel of an Indian citizen into a protected/restricted area for a limited period. It is obligatory for Indian citizens from outside those states to obtain permit for entering into the protected state. The document is an effort by the Government to regulate movement to certain areas located near the international border of India. It is applicable for the following states [i]Arunachal Pradesh Issued by the Government of Arunachal Pradesh. It is required for entering the Indian state of Arunachal Pradesh through any of the check gates across the inter- state border with Assam or Nagaland. [ii]Mizoram Issued by the Government of Mizoram. It is required for entering the Indian state of Mizoram through any of the check gates across the inter-state borders. liii] Nagaland -It is mandatory for a mainland Indian citizen entering the state of Nagaland through any of the check gates across the inter-state borders.
Article 371 H:Special provision with respect to the State of Arunachal Pradesh Notwithstanding anything in this Constitution, (a) the Governor of Arunachal Pradesh shall have special responsibility with respect to law and order in the State of Arunachal Pradesh and in the discharge of his functions in relation thereto, the Governor shall, after consulting the Council of Ministers, exercise his individual judgment as to the action to be taken: . Provided that if any question arises whether any matter is or is not a matter as respects which the Governor is under this clause required to act in the exercise of his individual judgment, the decision of the Governor in his discretion shall be final, and the validity of anything done by the Governor shall not be called in question on the ground that he ought or ought not to have acted in the exercise of his individual judgment.
Hindu Section-2 Page-l: Banished Manipuri script stages a comeback. The Manipuri script, over 3,500 years old by some accounts and edged out by a Bengali import, is on a revival course, with street signs, newspapers, literature and even records of Assembly proceedings adopting it. The script was lost to the speakers of the language when Shantidas Gosai, a Hindu missionary, spread Vaishnavism in the region in 1709, during the reign of Pamheiba. The King, who assumed the name Garib Niwaz, decreed its replacement with that of Bengali. . Books and other written materials in Manipuri were then incinerated. But many of his subjects opposed the imposition and continued to follow dual religions, Vaishnava and Sanamahi.They also preserved the Manipuri script. June 20 marked a milestone in the revival efforts, when college teachers completed a 10-day reorientation programme Manipur's Education Minister said it is a must for college and university teachers to be well acquainted with the Manipuri script. In due course, it will be taught at the university level.
Page-3: Iran tries to reconcile Syria and Hamas, rebuilding alliance. Iran is working to restore a lost link in its network of alliances in West Asia, trying to bring Hamas fully back into the fold after the Palestinian militant group had a bitter fall-out with Iranian ally Syria over that country's civil war Iran and its Lebanese ally Hezbollah are quietly trying to mediate a reconciliation between Syria and Hamas. If they succeed, it would shore up a weak spot in the alliance at a time when Iran has strengthened ties with Syria and Iraq, building a bloc of support across the region to counter Israel and the United States' Arab allies. But when Syria tipped into civil war, Hamas broke with President Bashar al-Assad and sided with the rebels fighting to oust him. The Syrian rebels are largely Sunni Muslims, like Hamas, and scenes of Sunni civilian deaths raised an outcry across the region against Mr.Assad, who belongs to the minority Alawite sect.
West Asia: MILODLE EAST UZBEKISTAn TURKMENISTAN EGYPT SAU D I * .yadh ARABIA OMA SUDAN Arabian Sea
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