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18th September 2017 Part 1: Daily News Analysis
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What is Concrete Gravity Dam

Jatin Verma is teaching live on Unacademy Plus

Jatin Verma
Have appeared in UPSC CSE thrice. Have been taking Unacademy Plus courses Academics- Polity, Economics & Current Affairs.

U
Unacademy user
Diego garcia islands belong to United Kingdom
No brother Diego garcia islands belong to USA Initially it is territory of uk but now its belong to usa.
Vivek kumar
a year ago
Thanks for that bro I just looked into history of it Never knew that it presently belongs to USA So thanks for that once again🙏😊
Advantages of cash system over PDS a) Cash transfers in form of PDS would involve the transfer of money directly into bank accounts of identified card holders. b) Instead of going to their local ration shops to take subsidized grains, recipients would withdraw this money to buy the food of their choice from the market. c) to enormous leakages into the black market, and high waste in costs of transferring subsidies in the form of food transfers. d) replacing food with direct cash transfers would greatly reduce corruption and leakages. It would enable the poor to access goods currently denied them by a PDS beset by corruption. Further, it would enable people to buy better quality food of their choice from the open market e) not be restricted to items sold in the PDS, which are often inferior in quality and limited in range. f) it would both bypass brokers as well as reduce the waste and holding costs of storing grains in government silos. The amount of grain actually required for India’s buffer stock needs could be held in better-quality warehouses, eliminating waste and rotting. g) Cash transfers would help reduce fiscal deficit (currently we are facing with it) by curbing expenditures earmarked for the PDS that are siphoned off through corruption, as well as avoiding substantially higher costs of transferring food rather than cash. Disadvantages- a) Irregularities are empirically found to be high in existing cash transfer programmes. the difference between the corruption or probity of delivery of welfare programmes is not dependent on whether cash or food is delivered, but on political and administrative will and capacities, and public vigilance and organization. b) It is also possible for people to spend cash transfers not on more nutritious food,but instead on non-food items, which would decrease the amount of household money left for buying food. c) There are significant gendered differences of choice here. culturally decisions relating to cash in households tend to be made by men, who may or may not spend the money on food. Decisions relating to food are made by women in almost all cultures, and therefore food rather than cash in a household is more likely to end up as food in a child’s stomach. d) There are also worries about how genuinely inclusive of people in remote rural regions is India’s banking system. e) Fair price shops exist in three of every four villages, and are therefore generally accessible. f) average distance to the nearest bank branch is between 6.5km to 10km. Distances would be much longer in remote regions, entailing high additional costs of transport and time. g) Another advantage of PDS over cash transfers from the perspective of the poor is that PDS supplies rations at a constant price, irrespective of the fluctuations in market prices. cash transfers cannot match. h) PDS requires the government to procure food from farmers. The government builds up stocks of grains which are also useful for price stabilization. Indeed, the guarantee of minimum support price purchase by the government for wheat and rice is the most important instrument for the protection of farmers’ income in India, and this would become unfeasible if the government could not offload a lot of this grain back through the PDS and it will affect farmers.
Shashank jain
2 years ago
sir please review my answer. i used to make my own notes on notepad so it become easy for me to answer. sir please review it
Joshna Rani
2 years ago
i got some points to add in my notes.so thanks a lot for sharing these.:)))))
Shashank jain
2 years ago
my pleasure..
Adding some points related to Narmada River in the hope it might be helpful in answering MCQ. Narmada River originates from Amarkantak In M.P and flows westward (1312 km) and meets Arabian Sea. It flows between rift valley of Satpura and Vindhyan range.It does not forms delta at its mouth because it originates from western ghats and also ends in west, so it does not follow a long path (unlike the rivers which originates in Western ghats and ends in East). In addition to this there is no silt deposition in Narmada beacuse it flows through rift valley.
Jatin Verma
2 years ago
good job:)
Also-It extends over states of M.P.,MAHARASHTRA,Gujarat and Chhattisgarh
Doli saini
2 years ago
thx Sushama
Doli saini
2 years ago
thx Sushama
Hii..i was in army , due to unfortunate accident there i had to quit and now hv made a nw start in this "field of preparation". u are doing a very great job, got a minni heart attack yesterday when i read some comments and presumed that u are quitting this series. A sigh of relief after seeing this course being uploaded. Keep it up, HM SABKI DUAAen zaroor lagengi !!!!
Have improved a lot while listening to u and today read it myself and all the articles ...one more thing sir I'm in 2nd yr so everyone ask me to just learn facts and read editorials..is it correct that I shouldn't make much notes or rather start it next yr ..plz reply if u have some time :-)
or sir plzz editorials sirf mention kr dia krein ki kaun se important hain so that even if u r not able to post them we will read them and not waste our time on others as it's a little cumbersome process to deal with regular clg stuffs
  1. DAILY NEWS ANALYSIS from THE HINDU 18th September 2017 By Jatin Verma Educator Unacademy


  2. News Articles I. Narmada dam built despite attempts to stop it. What is Concrete Gravity Dam? 2. India under U.S.pressure to scale down ties with North Korea. 3. High Courts don't have regular Chief Justices 4. PDS digitisation moving at snail's pace. 5. Russia denies bombing U.S.-backed forces 6. International: U.S. could stay in Paris act:Tillerson. 7. Gold imports increase threefold to $15 billion. 8. Tweaks to pact with S. Korea mooted. 9. GST Composition Scheme registration open till Sept. 30


  3. ..al 81%. 11:56 stl 81 % 11 :57 Jatin Verma Follow 155k Followers Daily Current Affairs MCQs for August 2017 Ratings & Reviews 421 Ratings WhatsApp Roman Saini Facebook A great course by Jatin Verma where he has literally covered all the important news from The Hindu. Must watch Copy to Clipboard Mohit Rai + More If i achieve my aim, my first salary will go to this great individual making this great informative and well-researched videos. I should take this opportunity to thank and congratulate him for the wonderful work he is doing for all the aspirants. He is meticulous and almost perfect in his approach and understanding. Please keen making such videos as a single Targeted For All G.K. based Government Exams Objective This is a daily recurring course on impartant 26k Enrollments Enroll 5.4k Enrollments


  4. Page-l:Narmada dam built despite attempts to stop it, says PM. GSM-3: DevelopmentVs. Displacement: Second biggest:The Narmada is the second biggest concrete gravity dam by volume after the Grand Coulee Dam in the U.S. e Benefits:- [i] Drinking water to 131 urban centres in Gujarat [ii] The Narmada canal would irrigate 2,46,000 hectares of desert districts of Barmer and Jalore in Rajasthan [ii] The dam would help irrigate 800,000 hectares of land in the state and will provide drinking water to 131 urban centres and 9,633 villages (53 per cent of a total of 18,144 villages of Gujarat) [iv] Environmental Benefits: In addition to generating electricity, the dam is said to have a large positive impact on the environment, increasing tree plantation rate by 100 times, and gains due to carbon dioxide fixation will be up to 70 times. Recently, the height of the dam was raised from 121 metres to 138 metres by erecting 30 radial sluice gates, a task that had been held up for several years . This has helped the storage capacity to be increased 3.75 times to 4.73 million acre-feet.


  5. Problems on the way: In 1985, Medha Patkar, along with other civil society activists came together and conducted a study of the problems the projects would lead to post-completion. They inferred that the govt had overlooked the severe environmental impact of the projects as certain agricultural tracts would be submerged. Moreover, millions would be displaced by the dams and there was concrete rehabilitation programme to take care of the people affected. Slowly, several movements were launched protesting against the SSP. In time, these movements came under the umbrella of the Narmada Bachao Andolan. According to the SSP website, for one tribal displaced by the dam, seven will benefit. Historical Background: First PM Jawaharlal Nehru, inaugurated the project on April 5, 1961. However, the project was halted several times due to an interstate river water sharing dispute and protests against the human and environmental implications it would have. In 1964, A.N. Khosla panel was appointed to resolve the dispute but in vain.


  6. What is Concrete Gravity Dam? Used to hold back water by self weight alone to resist the horizontal pressure of water pushing against it These are designed so that each section of Dam is stable independent of any other dam section Their main advantage is that these dams can tolerate minor over-toppings as concrete is resistant to scourging Lift joint


  7. Page-l: India under U.S. pressure to scale down ties with North Korea. . American pressure on the issue has been rising over the last few months even as India joined Japan in describing North Korea as a common threat. . The American message was communicated shortly before Mr.Abe's visit. . It was the second time in two months that the U.S. conveyed such a message. Analysis: [i] The American insistence that India reduce ties with North Korea is an important move as it aims to draw New Delhi more strongly into the East Asian crisis. [ii] The message also reflects recent Indian arguments about North Korea as stated by a high- level diplomat who recounted Pakistan's role in arming it with nuclear knowhow as a reason for India's continued concern with the country. The India Japa Joint Statement stated that those countries that supported the North Korean nuclear programme should be held "accountable." Mr.Abe also discussed the role of Pakistan's A.Q. Khan network in supporting the clandestine nuclear programme of North Korea. India has repeatedly deplored the recent missile and nuclear tests by Pyongyang though bilateral ties with the government of Kim Jong-un have remained more or less undisturbed.


  8. Historically, India played a key role in the resolution of the Korean war during the early 1950s and has maintained diplomatic ties with Pyongyang . However, a report in 2016 had revealed that the Dehradun-based Centre for Space Science and Technology Education in Asia and the Pacific (CSSTEAP) was one of the institutes that trained North Korean scientists, in violation of U.N. sanctions In April this year, India supported the U.N. in banning trade with North Korea though the Ministry of External Affairs has maintained that Indian trade has consisted of humanitarian ingredients like food items and medicines. The past collaboration is likely to be discontinued indicating that ties with North Korea is part of the vestiges of the NAM era diplomacy. . India would like to play a proactive role in the Far East if need arises.


  9. Page-l: 6 High Courts don't have regular Chief Justices JudicialBacklogVs Judicial Vacancies Six High Courts in the country are without regular Chief Justices for the past several months, and at least four Chief Justices of various High Courts will be retiring in 2017 Temporary arrangement: Acting Chief Justices take over the responsibilities of the top judge of the State judiciary as a temporary arrangement. They are meant to fill the vacuum for a short time till the formalities for the appointment of a regular Chief Justice are completed. Analysis: Last week, we saw that CJl made a proposal for HCs to work on Saturdays. Better would be to clear the Vacancies' backlog at all the levels of Judiciary. For that to happen, radical steps like All India Judicial Service type institutional rreeforms are required.


  10. Page-11: PDS digitisation moving at snail's pace. . The Govt's claim to ensure end-to-end digitisation of the Public Distribution System (PDS) is coming to naught even after three years of being in mission mode The project was launched in 201 2 at a cost of 84 crore to ensure that at every step from field to fork, the government would be able to track the movement of foodgrains so that they reached the right beneficiaries . Components of Digitisation project [i] Automation of the supply chainonline monitoring of stock positions in godowns, [i] Digitisation of food procurement system (FPS) data, Tiij Tracking the movement of the food grains from the godowns to the fair price shops, [iv] open transparency portals [v] SMS alerts to beneficiaries. [v] Digitisation of Ration cards and [vii]seed Aadhaar card data. Progress so far: [i] Out of 5.26 lakh ration shops, only 51% have been digitised in three years. Thirteen States are yet to take the first step in this direction [i] At least II States have not taken the elementary step of digitising fair price shops and nine other States, including Uttar Pradesh, have hardly made any progress. In Bihar, less than 1% of ration shops are digitised;


  11. Page-12: Russia denies bombing U.S.- backed forces Maono 4 SYRIAN ARAB REPUBLIC al Bid TURKEY kbc . U.S.-backed militias in Syria came under attack on Saturday from Russian jets and Syrian government forces in Deir al-Zor province, a flashpoint in an increasingly complex battlefield. RIS AR RAQQAH Ac Raman . Russia's Defence Ministry rejected allegations it k to n DAYRAZZA Dayr az Zam had bombed U.S.-backed militias in Syria, saying its planes only targeted Islamic State militants and that it had warned the United States well in advance of its operational plans. The Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF), an alliance of Kurdish and Arab militias fighting with the U.S.-led coalition, said six of its fighters Sm had been wounded in the strike MEDITERRANEAN TARTUSY Ash IRAQ Tmam), Jubay National cal Provincial cap LEBANON Arpon aDIMAS Expresay Main road Secondary road AS SUWAYDA JORDAN ISRAEL


  12. . Page-13 Business:Gold imports increase threefold to $15 billion. The country's gold imports recorded a three-fold jump to $15.24 billion during the April-August period of the current fiscal. . Gold imports, which has a bearing on the country's current account deficit (CAD), stood at Rs. 5.08 billion in April-August 2016-17 Increase in gold imports last month contributed to the widening of trade deficit to $11.64 billion as against $7.7 billion in August 2016. . The imports are expected to increase on account of the forthcoming festival season, which will start from the end of this month. . Increase in inbound shipments of gold is also one of the reasons for higher CAD. CAD rose sharply to $14.3 billion-or 2.4% of GDP-at the end of first quarter of 2017-18. In general terms, CAD refers to the difference between inflow and outflow of foreign exchange that has an impact on exchange rate. Worried over surge in gold imports from South Korea, with which India has a free trade agreement, the government has restricted inbound shipments of the precious metal.


  13. [ii]Only those furnishing the required certificate, stating the criteria have been met, will be allowed FTA benefits. [iii]Else, such imports from South Korea will attract 10% duty. Since gold is a sensitive item for India, the other plan is to shift gold and articles to the negative list in the FTA Work is also on to impose safeguard duty (12.5%) on gold imports from South Korea. Dubai. South Korea[FTA] Pendant


  14. Business: GST Composition Scheme registration open till Sept. 30 The Goods and Services Tax Network announced the opening of the registration window for the Composition Scheme again till September 30. . Under the Scheme, small taxpayers with a turnover of 75 lakh can file quarterly returns instead of the normal monthly returns Many taxpayers who migrated after August 16 could not avail this facility as it was open till August 16, 2017 only. To make this facility available to all those who could not opt for Composition, the facility has been opened again by the GST Council.This is also open to those who registered afresh under GST but did not avail the facility at the time of registration. Advantages: i] For Business: Businesses opting for the composition scheme will see a lesser compliance burden as they will have to file returns only once in a quarter. [ii] For Govt: Govt, in anyway, effectively gets 2-3% tax revenue from these small traders.