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SUNDAY WEEKLY REVIEW DAILY NEWS ANALYSIS 20 August 2017 By JATIN VERMA Educator Unacademy For Daily The Hindu News & Editorial analysis- Visit my Unacademy profile- www.unacademy.com/user/studiousjatin
Page Il:A deadly disease, Japanese Encephilitis, explained 14th AUGUST 2017 Gorakhpur offers the only tertiary care centre for Japanese Encephalitis with 100 dedicated beds What is Japanese Encephalitis? Japanese Encephalitis (E) is a mosquito-borne viral infection of the brain.There is, however, a debate about the origin of the disease and whether it is enteroviruses caused by virus found in pigs and birds.There is no cure for JE Why only Gorakhpur? . While Gorakhpur has a considerable burden of disease, it is incorrect to assume that JE cases are clustered in Gorakhpur district alone. JE epidemics are reported from many parts of India however, it is highly endemic in Eastern Uttar Pradesh. Gorakhpur is a nodal point not because there are more cases in the district but because the only tertiary care centre with 100 beds dedicated to JE is in Gorakhpur. So, cases from nearby districts like Kushinagar and Deoria districts are referred to there for treatment. Why does vaccination not work? It is a misconception that the JE vaccine will eradicate the disease in a short span of time. While vaccination is critical, at the heart of U.P's crisis is lack of infrastructure, unclear data on disease burden and lack of access to clean water and toilets. In March, the State government launched a JE vaccination drive in 38 districts in U.P. but it was not supplemented with access to clean water and sanitation
Killer The bulk of the deaths-nearly 96%-in the last five years due to Acute Encephalitis Syndrome (AES), including Japanese encephalitis (JE), were in four States: Uttar Pradesh, Assam, West Bengal and Bihar Map shows total incidence across States for which data is available disease 0 295 590 0 1,231 2,463 Japanese encephalitis is caused by a mosquito- borne virus. It is a kind of encephalitis which falls under a spectrum of diseases called Acute Encephalitis Syndrome and is caused by a flavivirus Deaths due to Japanese encephalitis Deaths due to Acute Encephalitis Syndrome Uttar Pradesh Assam Uttar Pradesh Assam 1,205 199 590 2,463 West Bengal 213 West Bengal 1,255 Bihar Bihar No data :NATIONAL VECTOR-BORNE DISEASE CONTROL PROGRAMME For Indian Polity Crash course, Visit my Unacademy profile- www.unacademy.com/user/studiousjatin
Page-10:India, China to join Indian Ocean exercise. I 4th AUGUST 2017 . Despite growing tensions with China, Indian Navy would join the People's Liberation Army (PLA) Navy in a maiden maritime search and rescue exercise to be chaired by Bangladesh at the Indian Ocean Naval Symposium (IONS) in November this year. . Bangladesh, the current Chair, is scheduling a maiden International Maritime Search and Rescue Exercise (IMMSAREX) in November in the Bay of Bengal to be attended by ships and aircraft of the members and observers of the IONS. What is 1ONS The IONS is a regional forum of Indian Ocean littoral states, represented by their Navy chiefs, launched by India in February 2008. It presently has 23 members and nine observers . Conclave of chiefs:_The exercise comes at a time of intensifying competition among regional navies for dominance in the Indian Ocean -navies of China and Japan, presently observers, in addition to member states like India, France, Iran and the U.K. . In addition, Bangladesh is also scheduling an "extraordinary conclave of Chiefs," a meeting of chiefs of Navy before it hands over the Chair to Iran next year
The 'Indian Ocean Naval Symposium' (IONS) is a voluntary initiative that seeks to increase maritime co-operation among navies of the littoral states of the Indian Ocean Region by providing an open and inclusive forum for discussion of regionally relevant maritime issues. In the process, it endeavours to generate a flow of information between naval professionals that would lead to common understanding and possibly cooperative solutions on the way ahead. There are 35 members - navies of the IONS which have been geographically grouped into the following four sub-regions:- . South Asian LittoralsBangladesh, India, Maldives, Pakistan, Seychelles and Sri Lanka West Asian Littorals East African Littorals Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, UAE and Yemen Comoros, Djibouti, Egypt, Eriteria, France, Kenya, Madagascar, Mauritius, Mozambique, Somalia, South Africa, Sudan and Tanzania. . South East Asian and Australian Littorals - Australia, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Singapore, Thailand and Timor Leste 14th AUGUST 2017
Page-l: NHRC seeks report on Gorakhpur deaths I5th August 2017 NHRC can take suo-moto cognizance of Human Rights violations on the basis of Human Rights violations. Is NHRC a Toothless Tiger?? I-NHRC does not have the backing of the Protection of Human Rights Act to penalise authorities which do not implement its orders. 2-Act does not extend to Jammu and Kashmir, the commission has to keep its eyes closed to human rights violations there. 3-Act does not categorically empower the NHRC to act when human rights violations through private parties take place. A private company had acquired large tracts of land in Odisha but had not taken steps to rehabilitate or compensate the erstwhile land owners. NHRC had stepped in and directed the private company to do the needful. But the company moved the HC and NHRC's directions were stayed by the HC on the ground that NHRC could not have taken up the case as there was no involvement of official machinery in the alleged human rights violation. For Daily News & Editorial Analysis, you can follow me on Unacademy https://unacademy.com/user/studiousjatin
Suggestions to ensure Independence of NHRC from Executive: There has to be a "cooling off" period as suggested by Justice Lodha, former CJl to avoid the impression that the offer is an attempt of bring undue influence while the Chief Justice is a sitting judge. Many have suggested that retiring judges should not give judgment in sensitive matters, to avoid the impression that they have been given in the hope of getting spot retirement benefit The act is flawed in that it permits such appointments and required to be amended to provide for a cooling off period. 15th August 2017 Questions. National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) in India can be most effective when its tasks are adequately supported by other mechanisms that ensure the accountability of a government. In light of the above observation assess the role of NHRC as an effective complement to the judiciary and other institutions in promoting and protecting human rights standards. [MAINS 2014]
Page-l:Centre likely to differ with J&K on Article 35A. 15th August 2017 Centre is likely to take a divergent opinion from that of the Jammu and Kashmir government on Article 35(A), on the grounds that it discriminates against women who marry outside the State from applying for jobs or buying property, which is in violation of Article 14 of the Constitution Article 14 says the "State shall not deny to any person equality before the law or the equal protection of the laws within the territory of India, Prohibition of discrimination on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth.'" . Potential for unrest: There were apprehensions that any adverse order against the provisiorn, could give the separatists a chance to stoke violence in the Valley. . The Supreme Court is hearing a Public Interest Litigation (PIL) petition challenging the constitutional validity of Article 35(A), which prohibits a non-J&K resident from buying property in the State and ensures job reservation for J&K residents. A 2002 order by the J&K High Court in the State of Jammu and Kashmir Versus Dr Sushila Sawhney and Others had said the daughter of a permanent resident marrying a person outside the State would not lose the status of permanent resident of J&K . Article 35(A) is a provision, which has been inserted in the Constitution through a "presidential order" and not ratified by the Parliament. There is an option with the Centre to ratify the provision by sending it to Parliament.
. Busness Page: Retail,WPl inflation accelerate. 15th August 2017 Retail inflation as measured by the consumer price index (CPI) accelerated to 2.36% in July after easing for three straight months. . The gains in retail prices were driven by a hardening of prices in sugar and confectionery items, pan, tobacco and intoxicants. However, there was disinflation in the food basket. The Reserve Bank of India (RBI), which factors in CPl for arriving at its monetary policy,had earlier this month slashed the key interest rate (repo rate) by 25 basis points to 6%. Separately, skyrocketing tomato prices propelled inflation at the wholesale level to 1.88% in July from 0.9% in June, with food category overall contributing significantly to the uptick in WPI terms. Inflation in the food segment of the primary articles category in July came in at 2 15%, snapping a two-month contraction.Within this, the fruits and vegetables segment contributed the most, with inflation coming in at 29%. ,'Seasonal, temporary":What we have to recognise is that these are seasonal influences and are therefore temporary in nature."We must look at core WPl inflation and see if there are any factors pushing it up. Otherwise, this increase will subside shortly.As far as fuel is concerned, there has not been any significant movement in crude oil prices, so that wouldn't put any pressure in either direction.
Page-10 News: Assam, Manipur can now decide on AFSPA. 16th August 2017 [G.S.MAINS-2&3: Polity & Governance and Internal Security] The Centre has decided to rescind the power of invoking the AFSPA in two States for now:Assam and Manipur.The States are competent to decide whether they want to continue with it in entirety or impose it in a few pockets where disturbance is expected But there was no such proposal for Jammu and Kashmir. Earlier, the Home Ministry used to issue a notification declaring States"disturbed areas" every six months. The duration was later changed to three months, pending a periodic review. On August 4, the Ministry extended the AFSPA in Assam for 27 days. . It is effective in the whole of Nagaland, Assam and Manipur (excluding seven Assembly constituencies of Imphal). In Arunachal Pradesh, it is in force in 16 police station areas and in Tirap, Longding and Changlang districts bordering Assam. Tripura withdrew the AFSPA in 2015.It is not in force in Meghalaya (except in a 20-km area along the border with Assam) and Mizoram.
. What is the Armed Forces Special Powers Act? 16th August 2017 . AFSPA was enacted by Parliament on September I I, 1958. It was first implemented in the Northeast,and then in Punjab. In September 1990, Parliament passed the Armed Forces (Jammu and Kashmir) Special Powers Act, which was "deemed to have come into force" retrospectively from July 5, 1990. When is AFSPA applicable? Only after an area has been declared "disturbed".The power to declare a territory "disturbed" initially lay with the states,but passed to the Centre in 1972. Section 3 of AFSPA (in J&K) says that an area can be declared disturbed if it is the "opinion of the Governor of the state or the central government" which makes the use of armed forces in aid of the civil power necessary" . What are the provisions of AFSPA? . The "armed forces" may shoot to kill or destroy a building on mere suspicion.A non-commissioned officer or anyone of equivalent rank and above may use force based on opinion and suspicion, to arrest without warrant,or to kill He can fire at anyone carrying anything that may be used as a weapon, with only"such due warning as he may consider necessary Once AFSPA is implemented, "no prosecution... shall be instituted except with the previous sanction of the central government, in respect of anything done or purported to be done" under this Act.
Page-10: India moves to revive TAPI gas pipeline6th August 2017 TG.S. MAINS PAPER-2:International Relations] [I]India's effort is to tap Turkmenistan's Galynysh gasfields, which are the fourth largest in the world. India will host the next steering committee meeting of the proposed 1,814 kilometre-long Turkmenistan-. 2JThe move is also an effort by the government to Afghanistan-Pakistan-India (TAPI) gas pipeline. The decision was came during the sixth joint Inter- Governmental Committee (IGC) meeting on trade, economic, scientific and technological cooperation. Beijing is the largest buyer of its gas. stave off any Chinese interest in project, given that Turkmenistan is a close partner of China in its Belt and Road initiative ac ross Central Asia, and-- Galkynysh gas basin is being developed under a loan from the Chinese Development Bank (CDB). India's commitment to TAPI first proposed in 1995 - "remains strong",and Prime Minister Narendra Modi had made the proposal to hold the  Chinese Cheque-book Diplomacy TAPl steering committee meet in Delhi when he met the Turkmenistan President in Ashgkabad in 2016, which he has now accepted. The pipeline, that had its ground-breaking ceremony in December 2015, has seen flagging interest then for a number of reasons: Responding to Indian sovereignty concerns about China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC), which passes through Pakistan-occupied Kashmir, Mr. Meredov said Turkmenistan was "open to all economic cooperation, which is how all such projects should be seen. India is and will be one f the most important countries for Turkmenistan. since
Page 12: N. Korea shelves Guam missile plan.[G.S. MAINS PAPER-3: International] North Korea's leader has delayed a decision on firing missiles towards Guam while he waits to see what the U.S. does next, as South Korea's President said Seoul would seek to prevent war by all means. 16th August 2017 . South Korean President Moon Jae-in said there would be no military action without Seoul's consent and his government would prevent war by all means. . Military action on the Korean Peninsula can only be decided by South Korea and no one else can decide to take military action without the consent of South Korea, Mr. Moon said in a speech to commemorate the anniversary of the nation's liberation from Japanese military rule in 1945 Asia
*Business: Centre's eBiz initiative stutters. [G.S. MAINS PAPER-3: Economy- EoDB] . The eBiz portal project unveiled to serve as an online, single-window entry point for investors . Even services that were available on the portal, such as registrations with the Corporate Affairs Parliamentary Standing Committee questions DIPP on progress of eBiz portal launched in 2013 looking to set up a business anywhere in the country is still struggling to become fully operational Ministry and the Employees' Provident Fund, have been 'impacted' due to technical issues. Reasons: [I]While State governments have not come on board for critical components of the eBiz project, technical glitches have arisen in the plan to integrate all clearances onto a single system owing to government departments opting for different technology platforms -Partner ministries and departments offering their services through eBiz portal have migrated their existing applications to new technology platforms (Employees' Provident Fund Organisation migrated to Oracle and Ministry of Corporate Affairs migrated to SAPV2) f their services on the eBiz portal. -Such changes require additional efforts to resolve technology migration issues and the 'limited availability of technical resources' at individual departments causes delays in integration with the National eGovernance Service Delivery Gateway (NSDG, the middleware to integrate services between departments and the portal)
Page-7:Union Cabinet approves new metro rail policy. [G.S. Mains-3: Infrastructure] . Under the new policy cleared by the Union cabinet: l 7 August 2017 [i]The central government will approve and aid metro rail projects only if they have private participation and ensure last-mile connectivity for users [i]States will get powers to make rules and regulations and set up permanent fare fixation authorities. [iii] In line with global best practices, metro projects will be approved on the basis of 'Economic Internal Rate of Return of 14%, a change from the existing 'Financial Internal Rate of Return of 8%, [iv]Private participation either for complete provision of metro rail or for some unbundled components (like automatic fare collection, operation and maintenance of services, etc) will form an essential requirement for all metro rail projects seeking central financial assistance. Urban development Ministry outlined three options for states wishing to take up metro projects and are keen on central assistance. One, public-private partnership with central assistance under the finance ministry's viability gap funding scheme; -Two, central govt grant under which I 0% of project cost will be given as central aid in a lump sum; Three, 50:50 equity sharing model between central and state governments
o Private participation will be mandatory under all three options. 17August 2017 Metro rail projects are capital-intensive and are generally financed by central and state governments with equity and grants. . The rest is raised from multilateral agencies like Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) and European Investment Bank (EIB). Under the new policy, states need to adopt innovative mechanisms like value capture financing tools to mobilize resources for financing metro projects by capturing a share of increase in the asset values through 'Betterment Levy . States will also be required to enable low-cost debt capital by issuing corporate bonds for metro projects . The new policy also says states must commit to building last-mile connectivity through feeder services, non-motorised transport infrastructure like walking and cycling pathways and para- transport facilities. States proposing such projects will be required to indicate in their project report the proposals and investments that would be made for such services.
Page-7:Corpus fund for proceeds of education cess. 17August 2017 The Cabinet approved the setting up of a single corpus fund, in which all proceeds of secondary and higher education cess will be credited.These will be utilised for the government's schemes in the education sector. The HRD Ministry will be responsible for the administration and maintenance of the non-lapsable pool that will be known as "Madhyamik and Uchchtar Shiksha Kosh (MUSK). . The funds arising from the MUSK will be utilised for schemes in the education sector which would be available for the benefit of students of secondary and higher education. Background (i) During the 10th Plan, an education cess of 2% on all central taxes. Finance Minister, in his budget speech of 2007 proposed an additional cess of 1% on central taxes for secondary and higher education. (ii) A cess @ 1% on central taxes, called the "Secondary and Higher Education Cess" was levied through Finance Act, 2007 to "fulfil the commitment of the Government to provide and finance secondary and higher education" (Section 136 of the Act).
Business Page 13: India aims to widen oil import sources l7August 2017 Indian Oil Corporation placed India's first ever shale oil order two days ago with the U.S. The prices from the U.S. were very competitive even when compared with those from Gulf nations. Speaking after his meeting with Turkmenistan Deputy Prime Minister in New Delhi on August 14, Petroleum Minister said that, regardless of the current tensions between India and China on the border, China was showing keen interest in maintaining business relations between the two countries Increasing oil imports from new sources such as the U.S. was also putting pressure on OPEC countries to reduce the Asian premium' on oil prices they charge Asian countries, including India. India used to buy oil on an FOB (Free On Board) basis. Now, these small shale producers cannot give a complete supply, so we have allowed them to aggregate and ship it to us. It is their ship that will deliver to us. . Under the FOB model, the buyer takes delivery of the item as soon as it leaves the seller's shores, which means that shipping costs are borne by the buyer.The deal with U.S. companies by lOC and BPCL,for 3.5 million barrels and 1.9 million barrels respectively, has PetroChina transporting the oil on behalf of the U.S. companies.
Page-8: Northern States reel under swine flu 19th August 2017 Swine influenza virus was first isolated from pigs in 1930 in the U.S. and has been recognized by pork producers and veterinarians to cause infections in pigs worldwide Swine flu" strain, first seen in Mexico, termed novel HINI flu since it was mainly found infecting people and exhibits two main surface antigens, HI (hemagglutinin type ) and NI (neuraminidase typel) The eight RNA strands from novel HINI flu have one strand derived from human flu strains, two from avian (bird) strains, and fve from swine strains What are the Symptoms of Swine Flu? The symptoms of swine flu are very similar to regular flu and include: Fever; Headaches; Tiredness; Chills; Cough and sneezing; Headache;Weakness and fatigue;:Aching muscles and joints;Sore throat; Runny nose; Diarrhoea or stomach upset and Loss of appetite Why India is more vulnerable to swine flu? India is even more vulnerable because of its climate.While in most countries the swine flu virus makes an appearance during the winter season, in India it surfaces twice a year during the monsoon and winter seasons. Add to that the fact, that our population density is very high, public places and transport is overcrowded and there's utter disregard for sanitation and hygiene.There's also a lack of awareness about the disease and many people still believe that virus spreads from pigs.The swine flu situation actually points out the deficiencies of India's public health system
Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), also known as the UN Refugee Agency, is a United Nations programme mandated to protect and support refugees at the request of a government or the UN itself and assists in their voluntary repatriation, local integration or resettlement to a third country, UNHCR was established on 14 December 1950 and succeeded the earlier United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration. Its headquarters: Geneva, Switzerland, and it is a member of the United Nations t Group. Accolades: Til The UNHCR has won two Nobel Peace Prizes, once in 1954 and again in 1981. ii The UNHCR has been chosen for the prestigious Indira Gandhi Prize for Peace, Disarmament and Development 2015. Database: UNHCR maintains a database of refugee information, ProGres, which was created during the Kosovo War in the 1990s. The database today contains data on over l 1 million refugees, or about 1 1% of all displaced ersons globally Phe dnabade cyntains biometric daza including fingerprints and iris scans and is used to . The database contains biometric data, including fingerprints and iris scans and is used to determine aid distribution for recipients.The results of using biometric verification has been successful. 19th August 2017
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i Chrome File Edit View History Bookmarks People Window Help 70% wed 9:53 PM aE unacademy Exptore QSearch Courses, Topics & Educators Jatin O credits Jatin Verma Follow Worked at Citi Bank. Books, movies, travelling, share trading. Have appeared in UPSC CSE twice. Preparing again Activity 29 Courses128.9kFollowers5 Fol Impact Jatin Verma added a new lesson th 3,024,634 9th August 2017 Editorial-1: Food for Action (on NFSA) National Food Security Act 2013 A Complete Analysis Jatin Verma replied on a comment 2h "sir will this state food commission be a quasijudicial body?? Harpreet Singh Kalsi Jatin Verma 2h you can say.... in loose sense of the term, though Show AR .
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