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DAILY NEWS ANALYSIS from THE HINDU 1 4th August 2017 By JATIN VERMA Educator Unacademy For Daily The Hindu News & Editorial analysis- Visit my Unacademy profile- www.unacademy.com/user/studiousjatin
Page I I:A deadly disease, Japanese Encephilitis, explained . Gorakhpur offers the only tertiary care centre for Japanese Encephalitis with 100 dedicated beds. what is Japanese Encephalitis? . Japanese Encephalitis (E) is a mosquito-borne viral infection of the brain.There is, however, a debate about the origin of the disease and whether it is enteroviruses no cure for JE Why only Gorakhpur? caused by virus found in pigs and birds.There is . While Gorakhpur has a considerable burden of disease, it is incorrect to assume that JE cases are clustered in Gorakhpur district alone.JE epidemics are reported from many parts of India however, it is highly endemic in Eastern Uttar Pradesh Gorakhpur is a nodal point not because there are more cases in the district but because the only tertiary care centre with I00 beds dedicated to JE is in Gorakhpur. so, cases from nearby districts like Kushinagar and Deoria districts are referred to there for treatment. Why does vaccination not work? It is a misconception that the JE vaccine will eradicate the disease in a short span of time. While vaccination is critical, at the heart of U.P.s crisis is lack of infrastructure, unclear data on disease burden and lack of access to clean water and toilets. In March, the State government launched a JE vaccination drive in 38 districts in U.P. but it was not supplemented with access to clean water and sanitation.
The efficacy of the JE vaccine is between 85-90% The lessons learnt from polio vaccination drives is that people left out of each round of vaccination are the most disenfranchised, most likely to take ill and least likely to seek medical care in time. The Gorakhpur mystery: Over the years, there have been cases in the area which are clinically different from one another JE is one kind of encephalitis which falls under a spectrum of diseases called Acute Encephalitis Syndrome (AES). Doctors in endemic regions in U.P. have found cases with similar symptoms but without the virus, leading to some debate over the cause of the disease. While public health experts have found a difference in case definitions across Eastern districts of U.P, this is something Indian scientific community is still trying to understand. However, specific research on this has not been supported by the government so far, despite decades of annual outbreaks. Due to lack of research, U.P government gets their burden of disease data from hospitals, essentially leaving out cases that do not come into public health facilities. This results in wrong forecasts as the government budget for next year's JE intervention. Because of the lack of reliable data & research, UPs policy intervention to curb JE cases has failed for decades.
Killer The bulk of the deaths-nearly 96%-in the last five years due to Acute Encephalitis Syndrome (AES), including Japanese encephalitis (JE), were in four States: Uttar Pradesh, Assam, West Bengal and Bihar Map shows total incidence across States for which data is available disease 0 295 590 0 1,231 2,463 Japanese encephalitis is caused by a mosquito- borne virus. It is a kind of encephalitis which falls under a spectrum of diseases called Acute Encephalitis Syndrome and is caused by a flavivirus Deaths due to Japanese encephalitis Deaths due to Acute Encephalitis Syndrome Uttar Pradesh Assam Uttar Pradesh Assam 1,205 199 590 2,463 West Bengal 213 West Bengal 1,255 Bihar Bihar No data OURCE: NATIONAL VECTOR-BORNE DISEASE CONTROL PROGRAMME For Indian Polity Crash course, Visit my Unacademy profile- www.unacademy.com/user/studiousiatin
Page-10: India, China to join Indian Ocean exercise Despite growing tensions with China, Indian Navy would join the People's Liberation Army (PLA) Navy in a maiden maritime search and rescue exercise to be chaired by Bangladesh at the Indian Ocean Naval Symposium (IONS) in November this year . Bangladesh, the current Chair, is scheduling a maiden International Maritime Search and Rescue Exercise (IMMSAREX) in November in the Bay of Bengal to be attended by ships and aircraft of the members and observers of the IONS. . What is IONS? The IONS is a regional forum of Indian Ocean littoral states, represented by their Navy chiefs, launched by India in February 2008. It presently has 23 members and nine observers. . Conclave of chiefs:_The exercise comes at a time of intensifying competition among regional navies for dominance in the Indian Ocean navies of China and Japan, presently observers, in addition to member states like India, France, Iran and the U.K. . In addition, Bangladesh is also scheduling an "extraordinary conclave of Chiefs," a meeting of chiefs of Navy before it hands over the Chair to Iran next year.
. Under the charter of business adopted in 2014, the grouping has working groups on: [I] Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief (HADR), Information Security and Interoperability (IS&l) and [Il] Anti-piracy now renamed as maritime security India has considerably expanded its engagement with countries to further its own interests as well as to check the rapid expansion of Chinese naval forays in the Indian Ocean. Other countries in the region are also engaged in rapid expansion of their military capabilities. The working group's conferences are held annually and India had chaired the one on HADR in May this year and Pakistan had chaired the meeting on IS&l in July.
The 'Indian Ocean Naval Symposium' (IONS) is a voluntary initiative that seeks to increase maritime co-operation among navies of the littoral states of the Indian Ocean Region by providing an open and inclusive forum for discussion of regionally relevant maritime issues. In the process, it endeavours to generate a flow of information between naval professionals that would lead to common understanding and possibly cooperative solutions on the way ahead. There are 35 members navies of the IONS which have been geographically grouped into the following four sub-regions:- . South Asian Littorals Bangladesh, India, Maldives, Pakistan, Seychelles and Sri Lanka .West Asian Littorals- Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, UAE and Yemen East African Littorals Comoros, Djibouti, Egypt, Eriteria, France, Kenya, Madagascar, Mauritius, Mozambique, Somalia, South Africa, Sudan and Tanzania. South East Asian and Australian Littorals - Australia, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Singapore, Thailand and Timor Leste
Page-5: Satellite built by ISRO-industry partnership set for launch The 1,400-kg IRNSS-1H satellite, is due to be deployed in space from Sriharikota this month-end. It will back up the crippled IRNSS-IA, on which all three rubidium atomic clocks have failed. Until now, public and private sector industries have only supplied satellite parts, hardware or material required by the Indian Space Research Organisation. With IRNSS-IH, they are being readied to build satellites too. ISRO, which says it has only half the satellites it needs, has been trying in recent years to quickly make more satellites and now wants to prepare domestic industry to produce them, as also its launch vehicles Uses of Rubidium Rubidium is used in vacuum tubes as a getter, a material that combines with and removes trace gases from vacuum tubes [i]lt is also used in the manufacture of photocells and in special glasses. [ii|jSince it is easily ionized, it might be used as a propellant in ion engines on spacecraft. Where do you find rubidium? Rubidium is far too reactive to be found as the free metal in nature. It is relatively rare, although it is the 16th most abundant element in the earth's crust. Rubidium is present in some minerals found in North America, South Africa, Russia, and Canada.
Business Page: GIS-enabled portal maps land-related information The Centre has brought out an online database of more than half a million hectares of land assisting industry.The Geographic Information System-enabled database also has details of close to 3,000 industrial parks/clusters, as well as area wise availability of agricultural/horticultural crops,and mineral production . The database Developer: Database is being developed by the Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP) and the National e-Governance Division in the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology as well as the BISAG -an institute for space applications and geo-informatics under the Gujarat Government. Purpose:The exercise is to eliminate the information asymmetry that is currently adversely affecting the country's industrial policy-making and investments in the manufacturing sector The portal will soon incorporate information on warehouses, power-grid and financial institutions as well as the demand for industrial infrastructure captured on the basis of applications from entrepreneurs for projects. Boosting employment: The development comes in the backdrop of the Centre firming up a new industrial and manufacturing policy to push up the contribution of the manufacturing sector in India's GDP to 25% by 2020 from the current level of about 16% The aim is to make India a global manufacturing hub and in the process generate employment locally.The details on the database about government-approved technical institutions will indicate the availability of skilled and semi-skilled talent. At present, the database has mapped 539,501 hectares of land and 2,978 industrial clusters/estates/parks/regions/areas/corridor/zones including Special Economic Zones and National Investment and Manufacturing Zones
e It currently has specific area-wise details in each state on industrial parks/clusters, the focus sectors, common facilities available for industry, industrial land in use and available industrial land,approved and pending projects, infrastructure including state/national highways, airport,ports and railway stations and electricity, Central/state government incentives, investment/employment-targets and what has been achieved.range of land sale price and lease/rent rates, waste disposal facilities, and contact details of nodal officials. . The database also has information on the distance from airport/port to each industrial area/cluster and a satellite map view of the area. Data is available on agricultural crops such as fibre crops, food grains, oilseeds, plantation crops,pulses and spices, and horticultural crops, including most fruits and vegetables.Also available are the details of mineral production including that of agate, apatite,bauxite, chromite, copper, diamond,flint stone, fluorite, garnet,gold,graphite,iron ore, kyanite, lead and zinc ore, lead, limeshell,limestone, magnesite,manganese ore, moulding sand,phosphorite,selenite, sillimanite, silver, sulphur,tin, vermiculite, wollastonite and zinc. Challenges: The success of the project depends on the proactive participation of the state governments.Currently, the states most engaged in the project are Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh,and to a certain extent, Odisha, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu.The Centre will soon hold workshops with other states to make them understand the importance of the database in attracting investments into the manufacturing sector and boost employment. .