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DAILY NEWS ANALYSIS THE HINDU, INDIAN EXPRESS, LIVEMINT August,2017 By JATIN VERMA Educator Unacademy
4 August 2017 Page-I : NOTA option to stay in Rajya Sabha polls. [Polity & Governance- Parliamentary Functioning] The Supreme Court refused to stay an Election Commission circular issued in January 2014 that introduced NOTA in the Rajya Sabha elections. . Refusing to also quash a circular to include NOTA in the ballot papers, the court paid scant regard to submissions made by a senior advocate that NOTA would be a "recipe for corruption" Senior Advocate raised the concern that MLAs could defy the party whip and invalidate their votes by opting for NOTA. .The court issued notice to the Election Commission of India, saying the poll body should be heard in detail as any judicial decision on NOTA may have a ripple effect on elections conducted from January 24, 2014, to the present day. The court asked why the Congress was challenging the circular now, while noting that so many elections were held since January 24,2014. Arguments against NOTA in Rajya Sabha: The system of NOTA makes the system of proportional representation by means of single transferable vote nugatory and otiose and cannot be made applicable in Rajya Sabha elections.
4 August 2017 ot in favour of In the Kuldip Nayar case, amendments Page-1l:Congress, BJP n NOTA in Rajya Sabha polls. Since there was no secrecy in Rajya Sabha election, NOTA is not of much Rajya Sabha, parties issue whip for these elections and NOTA option went against the nature of the whip introducing the open ballot system were under challenge, but were dismissed by the court. The Supreme contention that the right of expression of the voter at an election for the Rajya Sabha is affected by open ballot is not tenable, as an elected MLA would not face any disqualification from the membership of the House for voting in a particular manner. The Court said the member may at the most attract action from the political party to which he belongs." Court observed:"The Party A. Party B NOTA Kuldip Nayar case:The Supreme Court's judgment in Kuldip Nayar vs Union Of India & Ors is significant in this regard.
4 August 2017 Single Transferrable vote Explained: Candidate 1 Party A 1 2 3 Rank any number of options in your order Candidate 2 Party B 1 2 of preference. Joe Smith 1John Citizen Jane Doe Party C Party D Candidate 5 Party E 1 23 Fred Rubble 2 Mary Hil 6 Independent NOTA
4 August 2017 Impact of NOTA: The impact of the decision of MLAs to exercise the NOTA (none of the above) option in elections to the Rajya Sabha will be the same as that of an abstention. . Nor does it attract the anti-defection law, though it can be a sign that an MLA is dissatisfied with his party leadership or official candidate Process of Rajya Sabha election: -In the Rajya Sabha polls, a winning candidate should get a required number of votes calculated through a formula. The total number of votes are divided by the number of seats going to the polls from the State, adding one vote to the number.To this whole, a value of one vote is again added. . The polls are held by means of a single, transferable vote, and the candidates reaching the requisite number are declared elected If a candidate from a party exercises the NOTA option, the total votes will go down and this will bring down the number required to win. . This can benefit a candidate from another party, in case MLAs from that party vote for their official candidate, neither abstaining nor exercising the NOTA option. . Abstentions-an option even before NOTA - produced the same results by bringing down the total number of votes.
4 August 2017 Page-1l: Centre mulls changing minimum wages formula. [G.S. Mains-2: Governance: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors] The Central government is mulling a revision in the formula to calculate minimum wages that may increase income levels of workers across the country. The Central Advisory Committee on Minimum Wages, headed by Labour and Employment Minister decided to constitute a committee to deliberate the proposed changes in the calculation of minimum wages for workers. He said the committee would deliberate upon the following factors while recommending a new formula for minimum wages number of units per family, inclusion of dependent parents and treatment of women and children at par with the male family member Norms criteria: The norms to fix the minimum wages are not commensurate for the present day workers. The norms for fixing minimum wages today are based on recommendations of the Indian Labour Conference - Under it, the minimum wage level for industries is fixed based on spending estimates for a working class family on -A standard working class family consists of three consumption units for one earner with earnings of women, in 1957 2,700 calories of food per person, 72 yards clothes, minimum housing rent and education and light and fuel. children and adolescents being disregarded Bharatiya Mazdoor Sangh recommended the government to increase the total units for calculating minimum wages for a family from three to six. However, employer representatives, part of the Central Advisory Board, highlighted the inability to pay higher wage levels in case the formula for minimum wages is revised .
4 August 2017 World news: Trump blames Congress as Russia ties hit 'dangerous low'TGSM-2: INTERNATIONAL] U.S. President Donald Trump said that relations with Russia had hit an all-time and "very dangerous" low, putting the blame on Congress after he reluctantly approved sanctions against Moscow . Mr.Trump's outburst came a day after he grudgingly signed off on the sanctions, calling the legislation "significantly flawed" and adding that some of its provisions were unconstitutional. It underlines the lack of trust from lawmakers, even though his own Republican Party controls both houses Background: I. Mr. Trump's presidency has been overshadowed by allegations that his campaign team colluded with Moscow during last year's U.S. presidential campaign in which he defeated Hillary Clinton. 2. After meeting his Russian counterpart at a G20 summit in Germany last month, Mr. Trump said he wanted to work more closely with Moscow on areas such as the conflict in Syria. Effect of Sanction on Russia, Iran & North Korea: The legislation which includes sanctions against North Korea and Iran greatly limits Trump's room for manoeuvre. The sanctions target the Russian energy sector in particular, giving Washington the ability to sanction companies involved in developing Russian pipelines. It also places curbs on some Russian weapons exporters and constrains Trump's ability to waive the penalties. Russia's reaction: I.Russia has asked U.S. to cut its diplomatic staff posted at U.S. Embassy in Russia. 2. Moscow called the sanctions a declaration of "economic war" 3. Russia says, sanctions exposed the U.S. president's weakness, thereby making the angry Trump lashing his own Republican party lawmakers who had overwhelmingly approved the sanctions.
4 August 2017 Benefits of Russia and U.S. coming closer for the rest of the World Mardin 0 41 SYRIAN ARAB REPUBLIC TURKE Y Ra's al Ayn TairAtab AL H Antakya (Antiocho MR RAOQAH Ar Raqgah CYPRUS Thawrah lLadhigiyah Dayr az Zawr AMA10As Saan MEDITERRANEAN TARTOS SEA Tartus As Sukhnah Himg (Homs) IRAO Tiyas AbO Kama Ba Bayr t (Beirut) O National capital Provincial capital LEBANONAz O Town, village Airport Damascus) DIMASHO At Tant Main road Secondary road As SUWAY Haita JORDAN ISRAELNazaroth 507 100 km a ash al Jufur Mafreg 75 m
4 August 2017 Page-12:World News-Latin America: No GSM-2: INTERNATIONAL] manipulation, says Maduro Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro defiantly dismissed allegations that official turnout figures for the election of a Constituent Assembly were manipulated, accusing the international software firm behind the claim of bowing to U.S. pressure to cast doubt over the vote North Atlantic Ocean . According to the opposition, voter turnout was PERU BRAZIL South Pacific ocean closer to 12 percent, a figure more aligned with the lack of lines that were seen at many polling stations. The new Assembly is made up solely of members of Maduro's ruling Socialist Party as the opposition boycotted the vote South Atlantic
4 August 2017 13 Why did the government hold this vote? The government said it was to bring peace to the conflicted country, but it was widely seen as a move to avoid holding other scheduled elections that the government expected to lose - including elections for governors and mayors in 2017 and for president in 2018. The government's approval rating has hovered around 20 percent because of the weakening economy, shortages of food and medicine, and the Supreme Court's controversial decision to curtail the authority of the legislature. What is a constituent assembly? It was intended to give the people "originary" power. Venezuelan constituent assemblies have the authority not only to change the constitution but also to dismiss existing officials and institutions. The newly elected assembly is expected to dismiss the rebellious attorney general and perhaps even the ted legislature. After the elections, Maduro called on the assembly to lift the immunity of legislators and to hold them accountable via a new Truth and Reparations Commission Theoretically, the Constituent Assembly could assert yet more power and even cancel the presidential election next year.
4 August 2017 14 13 Business Page:'GPS facility to raise handset costs'-Indian Cellular Association. IGSM- 283: Women safety, Internal Security & Technology] Issue: The government has made it mandatory to install GPS in all mobile phones that will be sold in India, January I,2018 onwards with an aim to locate subscribers in emergency situations Industry's response: Indian Cellular Association said GPS in such phones would increase the production cost to $9-11 per unit, it had said.An industry representative said that the telecom ministry may meet handset makers over the issue as early as Friday. . Government's Response:With the industry raising a red flag over the government's decision to make GPS mandatory in all mobile phones, including features phones, the Telecom Ministry will hold a meeting with handset makers shortly to review the policy's implications Is it really challenging for Mobile companies Mobile phone companies pointed out that adding the GPS or the Global Positioning System, a feature that enables tracking the location of a device - to a feature phone is not only technically challenging, but will also lead to at least a 40%-50% jump in the price of such devices. The representative said that more that 40% of the mobile market still comprises features phones which are sold at an average of about 1,500 To add GPS component to that is not only technically challenging as the device will need more power and memory & it will also increase the cost by 40-50%
4 August 2017 17 Various parameters: How do Rating Agencies like Fitch, Moody's assign Ratings? [I] The four major global credit rating agencies assign different weights to indicators, but for sovereigns, they primarily look at: [i] macro-economic environment, lii]public finances external finances and [iv]risk as well as governance factors. (This is how Good Governance impacts Economy)  Even in external finances, there are sub-categories like: [i] foreign exchange reserves, [i]commodity dependence, [iiJexternal interest service, and [iv]current account plus FDI. [Thus FDI has a relatively small weight in the total criteria.] India fares well in the case of FDl but because the debt and deficit indicators are not favourable, ratings are not improved.
4 August 2017 age-7: Red light for Spanish racer's dream run. [G.S.M.-3:ECONOMY INFRA] . The train from Spain that could have drastically cut journey times appears to have hit a dead end, with the government unable to move forward on its plan to rope in Spanish locomotive firm Talgo, despite a successful trial run last year . Railway Ministry committee has highlighted a series of problems with the ambitious project: [i]the inability to enlist a single bidder for a large order size, [i]technical changes to train design, and [ii]high lease costs. The Indian Railways had conducted trials of Talgo coaches last year to validate their speed potential and examine the time saved for a journey between New Delhi and Mumbai. . This was the first time that the Indian Railways had allowed a foreign train company to conduct a field trial on its tracks. . Indian Railways had also considered leasing four Talgo trains. But that, too, would be subject to a tendering process. Talgo says, it didn't conduct such a big and successful trial to lease just four trains. Our target is to manufacture in India. Incidentally, the Indo-Spanish joint statement issued after Prime Minister's visit to Spain in May 2017 didn't mention Talgo's successful trial run.
4 August 2017 Page-10:'Blue Whale' game discussed in Rajya Sabha. [Cyber Security- Impact of Social Media>Role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges ] Block sites that prompt youngsters to break the law say Raiya Sabha members What's the Game: The Blue Whale challenge is an online social media game wherein the participants are given a series of tasks to complete over a period of time. The online game starts by asking participants via social media to draw a blue whale on a piece of paper.The participants are then asked to carve the whale on their body.They are given other tasks, like waking up at odd hours, listening to psychedelic rock and watching a horror movie alone.The tasks have to be recorded on video and uploaded to access the next stage of the game. The final task is to commit suicide. . In Russia, from where the game originated,more than 130 children have allegedly committed suicide in a bid to compete the game tasks. The creator of the game has been arrested and sentenced to three years in jail in Russia For Daily Multiple Choice Questions, Visit my Unacademy profile- www.unacademy.com/user/jatinverma7
4 August 2017 Page-6: Commercially valuable fish in Chilika face threat of depletion. G.S Mains-3:Ecology] The Central Inland Fisheries Research Institute (CIFRI), Barrackpore, has identified five fish species Khainga, Dangala, Boraga, Sahala and Kundala, which find adverse ecosystems to grow . The CIFRI had carried out biological and ecological survey for measuring the length, frequency, spawning season, spawning ground and fishery resources in the Chilika lagoon. Findings: [I]There has been a marked fall in the length, size and spawning stock biomass (SSB) the total group of the fish in a stock that are old enough to spawn. The fall in SSB is a matter of concern, said a senior official of the Chilika Development Authority (CDA) The sharp decline means the SSB is assessed below 20% in all five fish varieties Reasons:There is rampant use of small and zero mesh size nets in the lake to catch all size groups of fish. This causes serious biodiversity loss besides destruction of larval & juvenile stages of a number of commercial fish species Fishery of the lake depends to a large extent on species migrating into the lagoon through the sea mouth. Dense deployment of destructive nets blocks free movement of larvae, juveniles and adults. Destructive fishing practice especially fish enclosure (ghery) for aquaculture is the biggest obstruction for migration of fish between the sea and the lake. Satellite imageries found 14,590 hectares of Chilika under man-made gheries for illegal prawn cultivation . Remedial Action taken: As of now, more than 2,000 ha of gheries have been removed
4 August 2017 Other Courses by me: Mediumm 1. The Hindu News Analysis 2. The Hindu Editorial Analysis 3. Daily PIB Summary 4. Daily MCQs on Current Affairs 5. Yojana/Kurukshetra Analysis Coming son. [Hindi & English] 6. Indian Polity Crash Course 7. Most Important Current Affairs. [Hindi & English] [Hindi & English] [Hindi & English] [Hindi & English] [Hindi for now] [Hindi & English]. Sunday-weekly DNA Review: Sunday-weekly Editorial Review: A re-cap of Most Important News of the week A re-cap of Most useful Editorials of the week
4 August 2017 23 For Daily PRESS INFORMATION BUREAU updates, Visit my Unacademy profile- www.unacademy.com/user/studiousjatin