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DAILY NEWS ANALYSIS from THE HINDU 22nd August 2017 By JATIN VERMA Educator Unacademy For Daily The Hindu News & Editorial analysis- Visit my Unacademy profile- www.unacademy.com/user/studiousjatin
Page 5 South Storage in Cauvery basin less than half of last year use of table salt is becoming more popular. Project 'Varshadhari'- Karnataka Cloud Seeding: Using an aircraft dispersion devices located on the ground (generators, firing canisters from anti-aircraft guns or even rockets) the chemicals are dispersed in the atmosphere. If an aircraft is used, the silver iodide flares are ignited and dispersed as the plane flies through the cloud. If ground based devices are used, then chemicals are simply fired at the cloud. . Common chemicals used for cloud seeding include silver iodide and dry ice (solid carbon dioxide), Liquid propane (which expands into a gas). The
Page-10: China wants to go back to'l959 LAC'. China urged India to abide by the Line of Actual Control (LAC) position of 1959,followinglast week's scuffle between troops of the two countries along the Pangong lake in Ladakh. ndertak ing "violent actions" an . China accused Indian troops of u . China urged India to abide by the "1959 LAC" d injuring Chinese personnel. an apparent reference to the alignment espoused by former Chinese Premier Zhou en Lai in a letter to Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru. In his 2016 book, Choices: Inside the Making of India's Foreign Policy, former National Security Adviser Shivshankar Menon points out that in the proposal of November 1959, the Chinese describe the LAC only in general terms on maps not to scale". India rejected the proposal in 1959 and 1962. Zhou en Lai then wrote to Nehru that in the eastern sector, the line coincides in the main with the so-called McMahon Line, and in the western and middle sectors, it coincides in the main with the traditional customary line which has consistently been pointed out by China.
Page-10:AIADMK must report merger to EC . The AIADMK factions, led by Tamil Nadu Chief Minister Edappadi K. Palaniswami and O. Panneerselvam, which announced their merger will have to report the development to the Election Commission for withdrawal of their petitions staking claim to the party symbol. . Verification process . The two groups had earlier filed petitions for the party symbol. They also submitted affidavits of their supporters. The process for verification. Q. Consider the following statements: [UPSC PRELIMS 2017] er body. 2. Union Ministry of Home Affairs decides the election schedule for the conduct of both general elections and by-elections 3. Election Commission resolves disputes relating to splits/mergers of recognized political parties . Which of the statements given above is/are correct? A. I and 2 only. B. 3 only C. 2 and 3 only D. 2 only
Page-1l: Now,passport without police verification, Home Minister launched the CCTNS project, which aims to connect the country's all 15,398 police stations. The physical police verification for getting a passport may soon be dispensed with as the Centre plans to connect the procedure with the Crime and Criminal Tracking Network and Systems Project (CCTNS), a project first conceptualised by the UPA government in 2009. CCTNS, an exhaustive national database of crimes and criminals that will check the antecedents of applicants at the click of a mouse, was expected to be linked with the passport service of the External Affairs Ministry. National database Police will be given handheld devices to go to an applicant's address and his or her details will be uploaded on the network.lt will minimise contact of an individual with police and reduce time (for getting passport) MHA launched CCTNS project, which aims to connect the country's all 15,398 police stations.
. The mandate of CCTNS had been expanded by incorporating citizen-centric services like [iltenant verification, which could be done with the consent of the person being verified, [ii]quick registration of FIR in any crime and connecting the network with criminal justice delivery system. [ii]Digital police portal would provide citizens facilities for online complaint registration [iv]request for antecedent verification [v] Maintaining a record of Habitual offenders- Stalking, Pick pockets . Asked about the safety of the database, the Home Secretary said possibility of hacking was always there but enough safeguards had been put in place and the National Critical Information Infrastructure Protection Centre had been roped in for the task. The police portal will provide I I searches and 46 reports from the national database for state police and central investigation agen- cies. Central investigating and research agencies have also been provided logins to the digital police database to access crime statistics" Mr. Singh said. Mr. Singh said the CCTNS has enabled 13,775 out of 15,398 police stations to enter 100 per cent data into the software.
Page-11: Will SC end personal laws' immunity? The Supreme Court's judgment on the constitutionality of triple talag may also decide the age- old debate whether personal laws can be brought under the ambit of Article 13 (laws inconsistent with or in derogation of the fundamental rights) of the Constitution. . While the All India Muslim Personal Law Board (AIMPLB) has argued that the Supreme Court does not have jurisdiction to strike down provisions of personal law, organisations calling for reform and Muslim women from various walks of life across the country have urged court to declare triple talaq and polygamy as "un-lslamic" This is the first time that aggrieved persons -individual Muslim women themselves have approached the apex court in person to settle the law on whether religious law is immune from constitutional standards enshrined under fundamental rights . Article 13 includes in its ambit any "ordinance, order, by-law, rule, regulation, notification and even customs and usages" passed or made by the Legislature or any other "competent authority". It mandates that any law in force in the country before or after the commencement of Constitution should not violate the fundamental rights of citizens enshrined in Part III
. A judicial declaration from a Constitution Bench under Article 13 that personal laws are liable to comply with the fundamental rights guaranteed by Constitution would bring religious law, even uncodified practices, under judicial review Discordant notes . In the past, courts have made discordant notes about the immunity enjoyed by personal laws. . In 1951, the Bombay High Court in State of Bombay versus Narasu Appa Mali held that personal law is not 'law' under Article 13.The judgment was never challenged in the Supreme Court. . In Ahmedabad Women Action Group versus Union of India, the Supreme Court was asked to consider that unilateral divorce by talaq and polygamy violated Articles 14 and 15 The court rejected the claim, saying it was for the legislature to determine.Whether this Constitution Bench will resolve the age-old dispute or leave it to the legislature to decide is to be seen.
Business Page: Infosys compliance: SEBI seeks data. The Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) is examining whether there were any lapses re requirements by Infosys. The SEBI move comes reportedly after a few shareholders approached the regulator following the resignation of Vishal Sikka as the chief executive officer amidst allegations by co-founder N.R. Narayana Murthy. The regulator had asked the stock exchanges to look into this matter by seeking clarification from the company. Exchanges, being the first-level regulators, often seek clarification from companies based on regulatory directions or media reports. Impact on buyback? . The SEBI move could affect the proposed 13,000-crore buyback of Infosys shares as well.The regulator could insist on getting a complete clarity on investor complaints before giving a final go-ahead for the buy-back proposal.
Business Page- 13: will Infosys face class action law suits in India? A class action suit allows a number of claimants, who have a common grouse, to pool their resources and file a suit against a company. Such option for company law cases is a well-established principle in foreign jurisdictions, especially in the U.S. * The Satyam episode forced company law formulators to incorporate a rule providing for such action in India. Section 245 of the Companies Act, 2013 provides for such an option for Indian investors. Such a suit can be filed before the National Company Law Tribunal (NCLT) Sec. 245 also gives the option to claim damages or compensation or demand any other suitable action against "the company or its directors for any fraudulent, unlawful or wrongful act or omission or conduct or any likely act or omission or conduct on its or their part. 9 One can sue the firm, its directors, auditors and technical advisers who are party to alleged fraud Once the suit is admitted, NCLT will issue a public notice to allow those not having enough qualifying shares to join. Similar applications in other jurisdictions will be consolidated into a single application.
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