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DAILY NEWS ANALYSIS from THE HINDU 30th August 2017 By JATIN VERMA Educator Unacademy For Daily The Hindu News & Editorial analysis- Visit my Unacademy profile- www.unacademy.com/user/studiousjatin
News Articles to be discussed Today10. Minimum wage to vary across to standstill; no relief in sight. may become a tool to harass husbands" industry [Make in India in Sciencel states I. Urban Drainage: Rain pounds Mumbai 2. Social issues:'Criminalising marital rape 3. ISRO opens up satellite making to 4. Judiciary:Top court sets aside HC order 5. 6. With Doklam standoff resolved, PM to 7 World: N. Korea res ballistic missile News Editorials I. Lead: Lessons fro m Doklam on riot recompense Nasheed flags presence of Chinese warships in Male visit China over Japan hingyas in Bangladesh 9. Centre to unveil future-ready, industrial policy.
Page-l: Rain pounds Mumbai to standstill; no relief in sight . Urban Drainage system 2015- Chennai Floods Recent water-logging problem in Chandigarh, Gurgaon Solutions: Making the country's metropolis as 'city states,' Since these megapolises have grown many folds in all aspects of urban development they can no more be seen as cities in the traditional sense. Re-development: Is ir feasible in Countries like India? Question. Are Municipalities equipped legislatively, financially and technically to deal with waterlogging problems? . Flood control as a subject has no clear cut legislative marking.As a subject it is not included in any of the legislative lists of the country that is the Union, the State or the Concurrent lists Issues related to drainage and embankments find a mention in Entry 17 of List II of the State List. That entails that preventing and fighting floods is primarily the responsibility of the state governments Issues related to drainage and embankments find a mention in Entry 17 of List " of
Radial Pattern of Development: FEATURES OF ON RADIAL PLANNING Features of radial city pattern Inner outer ring roads linked by radiating roads Core has the business area. Industrial area interspersed within the residential. Periphery has green belts.
what should be done?? Advance town planning and yearly preparations should be done to mitigate the effects of urban planning. Cleaning of drains and rivulets near the cities should be accorded top priority. . Construction of embankments, flood walls, ring bunds, flood control reservoirs should be scientifically carried on. Improvement of river channels and surface drainage and most importantly checking erosion of land on river banks. The Centre-states mechanism needs to be further strengthen with focus on greater coordination. This has to be a continuous and ongoing system rather than waking up at the time of the calamity only. The Centre and the states through a joint plan should undertake various measures to control floods. Institutional Response so far: The state level set up has water resources departments, flood control board and state technical advisory committee. The Central mechanism has a network of organisations and expert committees constituted from time to time to study advice on flood management.[At best, Ad-Hoc]
Page-l:'Criminalising marital rape may become a tool to harass husbands' TG.S.M. 1,2] Facts of the Matter: [ilIn India, marital rape is not defined in any statute or law. Section 375 that defines rape also says sexual intercourse by a man with his wife aged 15 years or above is not rape even if it is without her consent. Section 376B deals with sexual intercourse by man with his wife during separation. Issue: Rights activists want it to be made a criminal offence, saying it forces women to suffer the worst form of sexual violence in their homes. Petitioners NGO RIT Foundation, All India Democratic Women's Association and a marital rape victim have challenged as unconstitutional an exception to Section 375 of IPC & Section 376B The Centre's stance before Delhi High Court: [i] Criminalising marital rape may destabilise the institution of marriage and would become an easy tool for harassing husbands, a position slammed as retrograde by rights activists. [i] Supreme Court and high courts had already pointed to the misuse of Section 498A of Indian Penal Code (IPC) that prescribes punishment for husband for subjecting his wife to cruelty. [ii]As to what constitutes marital rape and what would constitute marital non-rape needs to be defined precisely before a view on its criminalisation is taken
[iv]lf all sexual acts by a man with his own wife qualify to be marital rape, then the judgment as to whether it is a marital rape or not will singularly rest with the wife, adding there could be no lasting evidence of such acts between a man and his own wife.  Defining marital rape would need a broad-based consensus and a change in the attitude of prosecutors, police officers and society in general. Petitioners' Stance before Delhi High Court: Marriage cannot be viewed as licence for a husband to rape his wife with impunity and a married woman has the same right of full control over her body as an unmarried woman. . A reference was made to Judgments of foreign countries, mostly western ones, where marital rape is criminalised To this, the Centre said it does not necessarily mean India should follow them blindly. . Counter-point by Govt:_This country has its own unique problems due to various factors like literacy, lack of financial empowerment of the majority of females, mindset of the society, vast diversity, poverty, etc. and these should be considered carefully before criminalising marital rape. Social awareness:"Moral and social awareness" plays a vital role in stopping such an act. . If all sexual acts by a man with his own wife will qualify to be marital rape, then the judgment as to whether it is marital rape or not will singularly rest with the wife
Page-7:ISRO opensupsatellitemakingtoindustry [Make in India in Science or PPP in Science] The Indian Space Research Organisation has opened the door to domestic entities that can give it up to 18 spacecraft a year starting mid to late 2018 Currently, about eight satellites are being produced in a year for national programmes; a 2,000-kg spacecraft costs ISRO about?200 crore. Present bid is about AIT: The Bengaluru-based ISRO Satellite Centre (ISAC), which has so far produced about 90 Indian spacecraft, invited single or combined industries to apply for this opportunity. The centre expected to select five or six contenders from this exercise if they are found technically suitable. e Three-year contract ISAC would sign a three-year contract with the finalists, train, handhold and supervise their teams in making its range of satellites at its facility. The first lot of spacecraft from this exercise was expected in about six months from the signing of the contracts. This is also roughly the normal time taken to assemble a satellite.
. The Indian Space Research Organisation currently makes four categories of spacecraft communication, remote sensing, navigation and scientific missions-and in three sizes of 1,000 kg to 4,000 kg. . The outsourcing of assembly, integration and testing [AlT] in a way covers operational spacecraft, mostly repeat types that ISRO routinely requires. About the cost of industry-made spacecraft versus those made in-house: ISRO does not envisage any cost increase The contract mentions milestone payments, assigning of new spacecraft upon delivery;and a possible renewal of contract after three years Benefits for ISRO Right now, the manpower of ISAC/ISRO is not adequate for meeting both the increased load of making more satellites; and also for the R&D that we need for future satellites. [iilt would also aid self-reliance by way of an independent Indian satellite industry. . Long term goal is to get vendors to make satellites "end to end In the $ 339-billion global space industry, satellite manufacturing accounts for 8% or $13.9 billion ( data as per the Satellite Industry Association's 2017 report). . This segment is led by established players from the United States and Europe who supply satellites to their government and commercial users.
Page-7:Top court sets aside HC order on riot recompense The Supreme Court set aside a Gujarat High Court order directing the State to pay compensation to shrines destroyed in the 2002 communal riots. The court agreed with State government that taxpayers' money cannot be spent to promote a particular religion. The court expressed satisfaction with the Gujarat government's scheme to pay up to 50,000 as ex-gratia assistance to authorised religious places damaged, destroyed or desecrated during the riots. Endorsing earlier view: A Bench of SC. said the scheme placed the riot-affected religious structures "on par" with "houses destroyed or damaged" in the violence. Supreme Court endorsed an earlier view of the Supreme Court in the Prafull Goradia judgment that using "substantial part" of the tax-payers' money for paying damages to destroyed religious structures would violate Article 27 of the Constitution Article 27 forbids the state from compelling a person to pay taxes for promotion or maintenance of any particular religion or religious denomination.
Page-10: Nasheed flags presence of Chinese warships in Male The presence of three Chinese Naval warships on a five-day "goodwill visit" in the Maldives is unprecedented and could indicate Beijing's larger military presence in the Indian Ocean island nation in the future, says former Maldivian president Mohamed Nasheed. . China-Maldives friendship bridge: He said apart from the warships, it was China's growing influence in constructing major infrastructure projects including the $200 million "China Maldives friendship bridge" from Male to Hulhule island that should be viewed with some concern Strategic infrastructure often does facilitate military use. So it is very possible that President Yameen is offering China more than just infrastructure projects Maldives High Commissioner to India denied the Chinese warships represented a significant shift in Maldivian policy, citing a previous occasion in 2014, when the PLA's naval supply ship rushed to Male with fresh water supplies during a treatment plant collapse. India too had sent in tonnes of water and filtration equipment on two naval warships then. India maintains silence: Significantly, India has made no statement on the development, in contrast to the critical comments made when Chinese submarines docked in Colombo harbour in 2014
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The 'illustrative outcomes' of the policy outlined in the paper include increasing the number of global-Indian firms in the Fortune-500 category in the long-term, in the medium-term helping attract $100 billion inward FDI annually and supporting outward FDI to assert Indian presence in world markets, and addressing the problem of low job creation in the formal sector. developing alternatives to banks and improving access to capital for MSMEs through peer to peer lending, and crowd funding, providing a credit rating mechanism for MSMEs, addressing the problem of inverted-duty structure and also balancing it against obligations under multilateral or bilateral trade agreements, studying the impact of automation on jobs and employment, ensuring minimal/zero waste from industrial activities and targeting certain sectors to radically cut emissions.
Minimum wage to vary across states. [GSM-2&3: Polity & Economy] The Code on Wages Bill proposed by the Union govt will not fix a single national level minimum wage for the whole country, but will vary across states and geographies It provides for national minimum wage for different geographical areas so as to ensure that no State Government fixes the minimum wage below the national minimum wage, notified for that area by the Central Government," the text of the Code on Wages Bill 2017 introduced in Lok Sabha reads. wage levels would vary state-wise and in some cases, may differ based on geographies - coastal, hilly or plains recognising that India is a vast country with cost of living varying across states. The Centre will fix different wages through a notification after consulting the Central Advisory Board. . If the minimum wages fixed by the states are already higher than the national minimum wage, the states will not be allowed to lower their wage levels, according to the provisions of the Bill. The Code on Wages Bill combines four labour laws Payment of Wages Act, 1936, [ii] Minimum Wages Act, 1948, Liii] Payment of Bonus Act, 1965 and [iv]Equal Remuneratiom Act, 1976.
. Further, the Bill proposes that the minimum wages so fixed by the Central government be applicable to all employments covering both organised and unorganised sector.The present law, Minimum Wages Act of 1948, applies to employees working in 45 scheduled employments. Presently: [ilvarious states are free to fix their own level of minimum wages as per the local conditions, cost of living and other factors [il Centre fixes a National Floor Level Minimum Wage - a non-statutory measure to ensure that states fix their minimum wages beyond this floor level. This is one of the reasons why the changes to the minimum wage law assumes significance as through this Bill, the minimum wages set by the Centre will become statutory. . With effect from July I this year, the Labour Ministry announced a hike in the National Floor Level Minimum Wage from 160 Per day to 76 a day and sent advisories to states for compliance. . However, till April I this year,at least II States, including Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat,Arunachal Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Manipur, Nagaland, Tripura and Tamil Nadu, had fixed their minimum wage level below the National Floor Level Minimum Wage of 60 recommended by the Central government as on that date.
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