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DAILY NEWS ANALYSIS from THE HINDU 23rd AUGUST 2017 By JATIN VERMA Educator Unacademy For Daily The Hindu News & Editorial analysis- Visit my Unacademy profile- www.unacademy.com/user/studiousjatin
Pg-7: Hindi is not and cannot be the national language: Karnataka TG.S. Mains Paper-2: National Integration, Hindi agitation] Constitutional and legal position of the State having its own flag. S.R. Bommai v/s Union of India (Supreme Court 1994) case. .In Bommai's case, the Supreme Court has declared that federalism is a basic feature of the Constitution and States are supreme in their sphere. This being the Constitutional position, there is no prohibition in the Constitution for the State to have its own flag. national flag. It has to be always below the national flag. by the court. So State flag is not unauthorised under the Constitution. . However, the manner in which the State flag is hoisted should not dishonour the . The national flag code specifically authorises use of other flags subject to the regulation Ministry of Home Affairs administers the Flag Code of India There is no specific law enforcing Flag Code The Prevention of Insults to National Honour Act, 197 .
Flag Code- India, 2002 In lts Judgement, the Delhi High Court held that the right to fly the National Flag is a fundamental right within the meaning of Article 19(I) (a) of the Constitution and reasonable restrictions can be imposed by law.The High Court also held that the restrictions imposed by the Flag Code India had not been authorised by any law within the meaning of clause (2) of Article I9 of the Constitution and could not, therefore, stand in view of the earlier decisions of the Supreme Court holding that no curbs could be imposed on the rights of the citizens through executive instructions. The Delhi High Court held that "it could not be disputed that right to fly the National Flag at the premises of a person, whether at his residence factory or office, is a part of his fundamental right of freedom of expression and that right can be restricted only by Parliament in the circumstances mentioned in Clause (2) of Article 19 of the Constitution. . The restrictions imposed by the Flag Code on flying the National Flag have not been authorized by any law framed under Clause (2) of Article 19 of the Constitution
. Page-7: Huge haul-ofpainting-brushes made of mongoose hair Wildlife Crime Control Bureau (WCCB) and West Bengal Forest Department have seized 32,985 mongoose-hair painting brushes from Kolkata's Burrabazar area. Protected species: Mongoose is a protected species under Schedule I and part Il of the Wildlife Protection Act, 972 and any trade of its body parts involves similar punishment as is laid down for tigers and rhinoceros.Those convicted face a minimum three years in jail Inter-State network: While the arrests have revealed an inter-State network of illegal wildlife trade of mongoose hair, it is a village in West Bengal's South 24 Parganas that has emerged at the centre of trade. Use of Brushes: Experts pointed out that artists preferred brushes made of mongoose hair over synthetic brushes. These brushes are primarily used for water colour.Across the globe using animal hair for making brushes is considered a crime and there are laws to deal to with it.
Question. In India, if a species of tortoise is declared protected under Schedule I of the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, what does it imply? (a) It enjoys the same level of protection as the tiger. (b) It no longer exists in the wild, a few individuals are under captive protection; and now it is impossible to prevent its extinction. (c) It is endemic to a particular region of India. (d) Both (b) and (c) stated above are correct in this context. [UPSC PRE- 2017]
BusinessPage:Uranium saletalksatadvancedstage' Discussions are at a 'well-advanced' stage for Australia's uranium sale to India, to fuel nuclear power plants in the energy-starved developing nation, according to an rnment body's top official. . Dismissing allegations that uranium supply was facing 'delays' due to the Australian coal mining sector "lobbying' to protect its interests, the official, however, said coal exports will not slow down any time soon from Australia for use in India's thermal power stations. . The process of uranium sale was progressing as anticipated by the two sides and without delays. -Rejecting reports regarding the alleged efforts by Australian coal mining sector to delay' uranium supply to India, Ms. Muldoon said, "lt's [the allegations] more of a domestic issue in Australia... it's not appropriate for me to comment."
Australia-India Relations: Mr. Turnbull and Prime Minister Narendra Modi had a one-on-one meeting in April, 2017 as they were enthusiastic about energy and energy solutions Australia-India CEO Forum being co-chaired by Gautam Adani, chairman, Adani Group, and Sam Walsh, CEO, Rio Tinto Group, both with interests in coal mining, as well as the Adani Group's planned multi-billion dollar coalmine project in Australia. . Reported environmental concerns over such mining projects: In Australia, we have very tough environmental regulations. Therefore, Australian companies have developed a range of technology solutions to deal with these aspects and to ensure that the environment remains protected . Australia Business Week in India' (ABW1) to be held between August 28-September I to promote Australian capability and expand Australia's trade, investment and education relationships. In the ABWI, the mining sector will be a key focus area. . Australia produces 60% of the world's mining computer software that helps in improving the sector's productivity, and in ensuring workers' safety.
Pfizer getsIndian-pneumonia vaccinepatentin blow to aid group,Panacea. India has granted Pfizer Inc. a patent for its powerful pneumonia vaccine Prevenar 13. The decision by India's patent office bars other companies from making cheaper copies of the vaccine and allows Pfizer to exclusively sell it in India until 2026 This would put the treatment out of reach of thousands in poorer nations. The patent grant means Indian companies won't be able to make the vaccine for domestic use, or exports. Global generics impact It's a big victory for the U.S. drugmaker in a market that has the world's largest number of pneumonia cases, a lung disease that kills nearly a million children a year globally. The decision also has international implications, as several poorer nations rely on India's robust drugs industry to supply cheaper copies of medicines and vaccines. Analysis: It also comes at a time of ongoing U.S. pressure on India to tighten its patent laws. The United States Trade Representative expressed concerns about India's intellectual property laws in a report in June, and listed it among countries whose IP laws unfairly favour local companies.
What's the way out: Medecins Sans Frontieres (MSF) said that manufacturers will have to find new routes to develop a non-infringing (pneumonia) vaccine. F filed an objection to Pfizer's patent request last year. . At least one Indian firm, Panacea Biotec Ltd., is developing a cheaper form of the vaccine, and had also filed against Pfizer's request. Pneumonia is an inflammatory condition of the lung affecting primarily the microscopic air sacs known as alveoli. Typical signs and symptoms include a varying severity and combination of productive or dry cough, chest pain, fever, and trouble breathing, depending on the underlying cause e Risk factors include other lung diseases such as cystic fibrosis, COPD, and asthma, diabetes, heart failure, a history of smoking, a poor ability to cough such as following a stroke, or a weak immune systenm. . Diagnosis is often based on examination of Chest X-ray, blood tests, and culture of the sputum may help confirm the diagnosis. Methods of prevention include handwashing and not smoking
Disease Burden: In 2016, a total of 2,96,279 deaths from pneumonia and diarrhoea The Pneumonia and Diarrhoea Progress Report published annually by the International Vaccine Access Center (IVAC) at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, puts India at the top of the list of I15 nations. The report, however, does indicate some consolation can be found in the fact that India is among the 12 nations that have improved their Global Action Plan for the Prevention and Control of Pneumonia and Diarrhoea (GAPPD) score in 2016. In 2015, these two diseases together were responsible for nearly one of every four deaths that occurred in children under five. . Nearly 15 years after the introduction of the pneumococcal conjugate vaccines in 2000, five countries among those with the highest pneumonia burden India, Indonesia, Chad, China and Somalia. Pfizer's vaccine protects children and adults from 13 types of pneumococcal bacteria, and a full vaccination course costs about $170 on India's private market. India started giving out the vaccine for free under its national immunisation program earlier this year, but the rollout like that of most vaccines in the program, is in phases, so only about 2.1 million of the 25 million eligible people in the country will get it this year.