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DAILY NEWS ANALYSIS from THE HINDU 26th August 2017 By JATIN VERMA Educator Unacademy For Daily The Hindu News & Editorial analysis- Visit my Unacademy profile- www.unacademy.com/user/studiousjatin
Page-8: Political freedoms necessary, rules SC A free environment for exercising political freedoms such as the right to dissent is necessary to end the malaise of corruption and diversion of funds and welfare benefits that re meant for the poor, the Supreme Court said in its privacy judgment. Government leaders in authoritarian states" who choke citizens' political freedoms find th often ill-prepared to resolve national crises. This is because lack of free flow of information and criticism has crippled the ability of the leadership to introspect on their actions and self-correct, the apex court added. Enabling atmosphere:An enabling atmosphere for citizens to dissent and scrutinise government measures add to the vibrancy of democracy . Quoting from Nobel laureate Amartya Sen, Justice D.Y. Chandrachud said: Mr. Sen's analysis reveals that the political immunity enjoyed by government leaders in authoritarian states prevents effective measures being taken in critical situations like famine. . The court was replying to the Centre's argument that privacy of a few should be sacrificed at the altar of government's drive to end corruption and money-laundering Attorney-General AG said Aadhaar aids the economic right of the poor to get their wages under the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Empolyment Guarantee Scheme, shelter and food. Only a few elite are concerned about the collection and use of biometric details for Aadhaar. For the poor,Aadhaar is a god-send
Transparent systems: The conditions necessary for realising or fulfilling socio-economic rights do not postulate the subversion of political freedom.The reason for this is simple. Capture of social welfare benefits can be obviated only when political systems are transparent and when there is a free flow of information. Opacity ensures to the benefit of those who monopolise scarce economic resources On the other hand, conditions where civil and political freedoms flourish ensure that governmental policies are subjected to critique and assessment. . Conditions of freedom and a vibrant assertion of civil and political rights promote a constant review of the justness of socio-economic programmes and of their effectiveness in addressing deprivation and want. Scrutiny of public affairs is founded upon the existence of freedom Hence civil and political rights and socio-economic rights are complementary and not mutually exclusive What's the alternative to Aadhar? Social audit Whistle Blowers' Protection Act Jobless engineer made over 1OO fake Aaddhaar cards EDABAD: When Sole his residence in ney not
Page-8:Privacy realms span from abortion to euthanasia The realm of the fundamental right to privacy span from women's reproductive choice and choice of food or faith to euthanasia. Neither the State nor private persons have any business to intrude . A woman's freedom of choice whether to bear a child or abort her pregnancy are areas which fall in the realm of privacy. These women and girl children, including victims of rape, are fighting a battle for the right to abort their foetuses. Abortion is legally barred if the pregnancy has crossed 20 weeks. e Similarly another burning issue in the Supreme Court is a person's right to active euthanasia. This is a crime under attempt to suicide.A person who helps a terminally ill person to take his own life is booked under abetment to suicide. An individual's rights to refuse life prolonging medical treatment or terminate his life is another freedom which fall within the zone of the right of privacy . The judge condemns any State intrusion into what a person should "read or think" as a "conditioning process" of the masses' thoughts. The freedom of the belief or faith in any religion is a matter of conscience falling within the zone of purely private thought process and is an aspect of liberty" the judge wrote. An individual's political belief form part of his freedom of conscience and comes under the fundamental right to life and liberty of which privacy is a core value
Page-8: Govt.'s target on housing scheme cut. Midway through the government's ambitious Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (PMAY), which promises housing for all by 2022, the Urban Development Ministry has cut down the scheme's target. . when the project was launched in June 2015, the government had promised to construct l .87 crore houses.The estimation of 1.87 crore houses was based on a 2012 survey.When we did a ground survey, which is still going on, we found that the demand is less.We now peg it at 1.2 crore. . Despite the revised estimates, the speed with which the project is being implemented is less than satisfactory. By 2017-18, the government was to construct 12 lakh houses under the PMAY, out of this till last year only 1.49 lakh houses have been constructed. The Centre seeks to construct 26 lakh houses in 2018-19,26 lakh in 2019-20,30 lakh in 2020-21 and 29.80 lakh in the 2021-22 period. Budget 2017 has proposed infrastructure status for affordable housing and also increased the allocation for the Prime Minister Awas Yojana from Rs 15,000 crore to Rs 23,000 crore.With this, the segment will now be given priority lending status.
Page-9: International news: 71 killed in Myanmar militant attack The Rohingya are denied citizenship and are seen by many in Myanmar as illegal immigrants from Bangladesh, despite claiming roots in the region that go back centuries, with communities marginalised and occasionally subjected to communal violence The UN said Myanmar's security forces likely committed crimes against humanity in the offensive that began in October. The military said about 150 Rohingya attacked an army base in Taung Bazar village in Buthidaung township The attack took place hours after a panel led by the former U.N. chief Kofi Annan advised the government on long-term solutions for the violence-riven state.
Business Page: MPs fret over trade deficit with ASEAN. The Parliamentary Standing Committee on Commerce has questioned the government for suggesting that the country's increasing trade deficit with ASEAN nations is due to imports of essential commodities and has strongly recommended that India seek better market access for its products and services with the 10-nation bloc. The Ministry of Commerce apprised the panel that the imports of essential commodities- coal, petroleum and edible oils from ASEAN constitute a significant percentage of India's imports and that 'if these essential commodities are excluded, India will have a better or positive balance of trade position . ASEAN comprises of Indonesia, Singapore, Philippines, Malaysia, Brunei, Thailand, Cambodia, Laco PDR, Myanmar andVietnam. India has suffered a trade deficit in respect of five ASEAN members Malaysia, Indonesia,Thailand, Brunei and Lao PDR over 2015-16 and 2016-17, with the biggest deficit emerging in trade with Indonesia. . Indonesia tariffs: Under the existing trade agreement, Indonesia has committed a tariff elimination on 50. 1% of its items which is the least in comparison to other ASEAN member States, the committee said in its report on Indo-ASEAN trade issues. The least tariff elimination by Indonesia has resultedin higgest trade deficit from India amongst allASEAN memher States
* Taking a strong exception to this stance, the committee held that'if this approach or argument is subscribed, then there was no need for the trade agreement with ASEAN. The import of essential commodities will continue with or without the trade agreements. The better market access in terms of higher export has not materialised and this is a matter of concern. . As per official data: Findings of Committee [i] Among the 'essential commodities' cited by the government, imports of coal fell by 2.5% in 2016- 17 from a year earlier, while vegetable oil imports grew by 3.7% to touch $6 19 billion in 201 6-7 [ii]Crude petroleum imports rose by almost 50% in 201 6-17, but exports of petroleum products (India's top export product to the ASEAN bloc) surged 58.4%. .[ii]Among the other top 10 commodities imported from ASEAN, consumer electronics grew at the highest pace in 201 6-17,followed by ships and boats, electronic components and telecom instruments. India's second-largest export commodity to ASEAN-buffalo meat-saw a 4.92% increase in 2016-17 to reach $2.78 billion. ASEAN is India's fourth largest trading partner with total trade in 2016-17 at $71.69 billion, constituting almost l 1% of India's overall global trade of $660.6 billion Total exports to ASEAN in 2016-17 stood at $31.07 billion, while imports were $40.63 billion, creating an adverse trade balance of$9.56 STlion.
Tariff Barriers The committee found that while exports of agricultural products from India faced high import tariffs and barriers, leading to a sharp drop in trade, India's food processing sector had raised concerns about the 'near absence of quality norms' for import of cheap processed food products from ASEAN countries. The Committee recommends the Department to look into cheap import of poor quality . Concerns have been raised by the committee about the imposition of safeguards and non-tariff . It demanded that the government must ensure reciprocity in the reduction of tariffs in .It has also sought efforts to improve India's access to services trade in ASEAN, with a focus . India must seek better market access for goods where India has an edge over ASEAN nations, processed food products. barriers by ASEAN nations on exports of India's textiles and pharmaceuticals, products like steel. on increasing the footprint of Indian banks and financial institutions in the region. like leather goods and pharmaceuticals, to improve the trade balance.The committee stressed that its examination of the Indo-ASEAN trade dynamics assumed significance given that this year marks 25 years of the formal partnership.
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