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Daily The Hindu News Analysis 15th AUGUST 2017 By Jatin Verma Educator Unacademy unacademy
Happy Independence Day Droud to be Indian
Page-l:NHRC seeks report on Gorakhpur deaths NHRC can take suo-moto cognizance of Human Rights violations on the basis of Human Rights violations. Is NHRC a Toothless Tiger?? I-NHRC does not have the backing of the Protection of Human Rights Act to penalise authorities which do not implement its orders. 2-Act does not extend to Jammu and Kashmir, the commission has to keep its eyes closed to human rights violations there. 3-Act does not categorically empower the NHRC to act when human rights violations through private parties take place. A private company had acquired large tracts of land in Odisha but had not taken steps to rehabilitate or compensate the erstwhile land owners. NHRC had stepped in and directed the private company to do the needful. But the company moved the HC and NHRC's directions were stayed by the HC on the ground that NHRC could not have taken up the case as there was no involvement of official machinery in the alleged human rights violation. For Daily News & Editorial Analysis, you can follow me on Unacademy https://unacademy.com/user/studiousjatin
Suggestions to ensure Independence of NHRC from Executive: There has to be a "cooling off" period as suggested by Justice Lodha, former CJl to avoid the impression that the offer is an attempt of bring undue influence while the Chief Justice is a sitting judge. Many have suggested that retiring judges should not give judgment in sensitive matters, to avoid the impression that they have been given in the hope of getting spot retirement benefit The act is flawed in that it permits such appointments and required to be amended to provide for a cooling off period. Questions. National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) in India can be most effective when its tasks are adequately supported by other mechanisms that ensure the accountability of a government. In light of the above observation assess the role of NHRC as an effective complement to the judiciary and other institutions in promoting and protecting human rights standards. [MAINS 2014]
Page-l: Centre likely to di er with J&K on Article 35A. Centre is likely to take a divergent opinion from that of the Jammu and Kashmir government on Article 35(A), on the grounds that it discriminates against women who marry outside the State from applying for jobs or buying property, which is in violation of Article 14 of the Constitution. Article 14 says the "State shall not deny to any person equality before the law or the equal protection of the laws within the territory of India, Prohibition of discrimination on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth Potential for unrest: There were apprehensions that any adverse order against the provision, could give the separatists a chance to stoke violence in the Valley. The Supreme Court is hearing a Public Interest Litigation (PIL) petition challenging the constitutional validity of Article 35(A), which prohibits a non-j&K resident from buying property in the State and ensures job reservation for J&K residents. . A 2002 order by the J&K High Court in the State of Jammu and Kashmir Versus Dr Sushila Sawhney and Others had said the daughter of a permanent resident marrying a person outside the State would not lose the status of permanent resident of J&K. Article 35(A) is a provision, which has been inserted in the Constitution through a "presidential order" and not ratified by the Parliament.There is an option with the Centre to ratify the provision by sending it to Parliament.
Consultations between Ministries Home Ministry has held a series of consultations with the Law Ministry on the Provision. J&K Chief Minister Mehbooba Mufti and former chief minister and National Conference leader Omar Abdullah, have vehemently objected to any tinkering with Article 35A. Ms Mufti has held multiple meetings with Prime Minister and Home Minister and claims to have got an assurance that"status quo" will be maintained Attorney General informed the Supreme Court on July 17 that the issue being discussed in the apex court was a matter of interpretation of law for which "no affidavit was required." The State government had filed a counter affidavit against the petition Centre also told the Supreme Court that it wanted a "larger debate" on the subject. It was for the Supreme Court to decide whether the issue is to be treated as a "procedural issue" as per the PIL or a "substantive issue." .
Page-I:TN submits draft ordinance to Centre . The draft Indian Medical Council (Tamil Nadu Amendment) Ordinance, 2017, said:"Replacing the present system of admissions in State government seats based on marks secured in NEET examinations from 2017-18 is a very emotive issue. . There is unanimity among all political parties of the State that the existing policy of admissions to the Medical and Dental colleges, which has protected the interests of poor students from rural areas and also ensured that medical personnel are available in all remote parts of the State, should not be replaced without addressing the concerns of the student community.." The Home Ministry will have to obtain the instructions of the President for the ordinance to be promulgated by the Governor before August 30 For Daily News & Editorial Analysis, you can follow me on Unacademy https://unacademy.com/user/studiousjatin
Even though this recurring epidemic has killed over 5,000 people since 2010, its primary cause wasn't identified until early this year.Now, researchers have learnt that a majority of the children being admitted to BRD have scrub typhus a mite-borne disease endemic in U.P. Because they weren't treated during early stages of the disease, the scrub typhus triggered brain inflammation, which can be very hard to cure The confused history of research into the Gorakhpur pestilence begins in 1978. Today, researchers suspect that Japanese encephalitis wasn't the only cause even then. Scrub typhus was hiding in the encephalitis burden during the seventies as well. . Wrong approach . Why did it take so long to pinpoint scrub typhus? First, because we were too focused on the usual suspects to look beyond them. Over the past few decades, organisations such as the National Institute of Virology and the National Centre for Disease Control, visited BRD Hospital repeatedly and ran lab tests for dozens of pathogens known to cause encephalitis, such as enteroviruses, the chikungunya, herpes simplex and dengue viruses, and the malaria parasite. . But researchers who first found scrub typhus in BRD's encephalitis wards, say this was the wrong approach The scientists should have studied the symptoms of each patient in detail, logging data such as the length of fever before encephalitis,and involvement of organs other than the brain, like the liver and the spleen.
These symptoms would have revealed that the epidemic wasn't due to typical viruses, but the scrub- typhus bacterium that is not known to trigger encephalitis outbreaks. . Instead, the focus remained on lab testing, allowing the disease to continue killing, unseern. Deaf to data: Once Japanese encephalitis vaccinations began in 2007, incidence of this disease at the hospital fell to less than 20%, but encephalitis cases kept coming. It was obvious to researchers that something other than Japanese encephalitis was at work. For a brief period, doctors at BRD suspected that enteroviruses, a class of viruses to which the poliovirus belongs, were the top cause for the epidemic. But research didn't bear out this suspicion either. Yet, even today, the government is talking of poor sanitation as the reason behind the pestilence at the hospital (enteroviruses spread through contaminated water).And while pushing Japanese encephalitis vaccination campaigns is crucial, as the government is doing, this won't make a dent in the hospital's burden. The government can't ignore the science for a number of reasons. First, it's going to take a miraculous effort by the government to weed out scrub typhus in the State. Most patients who develop fever, the first sign of scrub typhus, go to private healthcare practitioners and not government hospitals.So, these private practitioners, many of whom aren't medically qualified, must be targeted in training programmes. Unless they suspect scrub typhus in children and treat it before it advances to encephalitis, children will keep coming to BRD
Page 14World News: China bans imports from N. Korea China will halt iron, iron ore and seafood imports from North Korea, following through on new UN sanctions after U.S. pressure for Beijing to strong arm Pyongyang over its ally's nuclear programme e Beijing had pledged to fully enforce the latest sanctions after the United States accused China of not doing enough to rein in its neighbour, which relies heavily on the Asian giant for its economic survival. . The United Nations Security Council, including permanent member Beijing, approved tough sanctions against Pyongyang on August 6 that could cost the country $I billion a year. China, which is suspected of failing to enforce past UN measures, accounts for 90% of North Korea's trade. For Daily News & Editorial Analysis, you can follow me on Unacademy https://unacademy.com/user/studiousjatin
Chrome File Edit View History Bookmarks People Window Help 70% Wed 9:53 PM UPSC PRSI x, G PAVERx New Tab e Secure https://unacademy.com/usenjatinverna71 Explore Search Courses, Topics & Educators Jatin @ D credas Jatin Verma Follow Worked at Citi Bank Books, movies, travelling, share trading. Have appeared in UPSC CSE twice. Preparing again Activity 29 Courses 128.9k Followers 5 Following Impact Jatin Verma added a new lesson Th 3,024,634 9th August 2017 Editorial-1: Food for Action (on NFSA) National Food Security Act 2013: A Complete Analysis Jatin Verma replied on a comment 2h sir will this state food commission be a quasijudicial body??" Harpreet Singh Kalsi Jatin Verma 2h you can say... in loose sense of the term, though. how Al