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DAILY NEWS ANALYsIS from HINDU, HT, INDIAN EXPRESS st August 2017 By JATIN VERMA Educator Unacademy For Daily The Hindu News & Editorial analysis- Visit my Unacademy profile- www.unacademy.com/user/studiousjatin
. Page-7:5 Chemicals banned from firecrackers [G.S. Mains Paper-3: Environment & Ecology; Prelims: India Year Book] Supreme Court prohibited the use of five chemicals, labelled as toxic by the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB), in the manufacture of firecrackers . Antimony, lithium, mercury, arsenic and lead in any form. . It is the responsibility of the Petroleum and Explosive Safety Organisation (PESO) to ensure compliance. . The court asked the CPCB to clarify on the use of strontium, another chemical branded toxic by the pollution body, in fire- crackers. Petroleum And Explosives Safety Organisation formerly Department of Explosives, comes under, Ministry of Commerce and Industry, Department of Industrial Policy & Promotion.The agency issues licenses for Operation of Petrol Stations. HQ at Nagpur It deals with matters relating to safety in manufacture, storage, transport and handling of explosives, petroleum, compressed gases and other hazardous substances through comprehensive administration of: -Explosives Act, 1884, -Petroleum Act, 1934, -Inflammable Substances Act, 1952 and Rules: Calcium Carbide Rules, 1987 & Cinematographic Films Rules, 1948
seas off India and Pakistan, which is easily accessible from several countries, for running their rackets. heroin and other drugs come down from Afghanistan and is loaded into fishing Page-7: Drug-smuggling route reveals itself again. [G.S. Mains Paper-3: internal Security One of the world's biggest drug smuggling routes, spread across Afghanistan, Pakistan and the Indian Ocean, with recipients spread in several countries, has revealed itself yet again with the seizure of 1,500 kg of heroin worth over 3,500 crore off Gujarat coast. For the past many years there have been several intercepts, occasional seizures and significant suspicious boat movements to reaffirm the intelligence assessment about the massive flow of HOW DRUGS FLOOD IN drugs from Afghanistan into the Indian Ocean, and its distribution to the rest of the world Drug syndicates have been exploiting the vast THE GOLDEN CRESCENT INDIA THE COLDENTRIANGLE
Page-7: Madras HC dismisses appeals against NEET [G.S. Mains Paper-2: Polity & Governance] The Tamil Nadu government suffered another setback on the NEET issue with the Madras High Court upholding the order of a single judge who quashed the government notification providing 85% reservation for students from the State Board in admissions to MBBS/BDS courses under the State quota. . The court, while dismissing writ appeals in the case, directed the government to take steps to complete the admission process before the August 3l deadline. For Detailed Analysis; 15th July 2017 Editorial-2: Unsurprising Verdict- On NEET based Medical admissions
Page-10: Roll-out of GM mustard will be challenged, says SC IG.S. Mains Paper-3:Agriculture- Food Sustainability] . The Supreme Court said a government decision favouring a commercial roll-out of genetically modified (GM) mustard seeds will not go unchallenged. . A Bench of SC noted that the court would hear pleas highlighting the health hazards involved in case the government frames a policy favouring the release of GM mustard seeds into the market. In short, such a policy would have to survive judicial scrutiny Page-I l:LPG prices to be hiked by 54 every month TG.S. Mains Paper-3: Subsidies] The government has ordered State-run oil companies to raise the price of subsidised cooking gas (LPG) by 4 a cylinder every month to eliminate all subsidies by March next year. The government had previously asked Indian Oil, Bharat Petroleum and Hindustan Petroleum to raise rates of subsidised domestic LPG by 32 a 14.2-kg cylinder per month (excludingVAT). . Now, the quantum has been doubled to bring down the subsidy to nil . On July I,rates were up by a steep 32 per cylinderthe steepest increase in six years. This hike reflected the higher tax rates under the GST regime.
The total subsidies include food subsidy, fertiliser subsidy, petroleum subsidy, interest subsidies and many others. Food, fertiliser and petroleum: subsidies are the three major subsidies constituting currently 88.3 per cent of the total budgeted estimates for 2017/18. Of this, food subsidy accounts for the largest chunk of the total subsidy. The share of food subsidy as a per cent of total subsidises has been constantly rising over the past five years, with an exception in 2015-16 when the revised estimates of food subsidy as a per cent of the total inched down compared t 9% 9% Food subsidy Fertillizer subsidy 53% Petroleum subsidy Interest Subsidies Other subsidies 26% Subsidies as % of total subsidies
Page-1 l: National Commission for Socially and Educationally Backward Classes (NSEBC). [G.S. Mains Paper-2:Constitutional Bodies; Social empowerment] The government faced embarrassment in the Rajya Sabha as many MPs from the ruling BJP were missing when a Bill granting constitutional status to the Other Backward Castes (OBC) Commission came up for amendment. The Constitution (123rd Amendment) Bill to grant constitutional status to the National Commission for Backward Classes (NCBC) It gives the Commission the power to investigate complaints and powers equivalent to that of a civil court. The Bill, already cleared by the Lok Sabha, was passed in the Rajya Sabha without Clause- regarding the composition of the committee. . Congress MPs moved an amendment to Clause III that a woman from the backward community and a member from the minority community be included in the OBC Commission. When the amendment was put to vote, it received 74 votes and 52 MPs voted against it. Composition of NCBC: Mr. Jaitley said there was already a women's commission and a minority commission and the OBC Commission's formula was the same as the SC/ST Commission brought by the UPA government in 2004. . Like the NCBC, the new body too will comprise of a chairperson, a vice-chairperson and three other members.
Background & Analysis: According to Indira Jaising, the new body is likely to be similar to the National Commission for Scheduled Castes under Article 338 and the National Commission for Scheduled Tribes under Section 338A which were introduced in the Constitution by way of two constitutional amendments in 1990 and 2003. Source: Livemint March 2017 . In the case of Indra Sawhney versus Union of India, the Supreme Court in 1992 found that it was not invalid to identify a group by any criteria like occupation, social, educational or economic situations .However, it noted that social and educationally backward class under Article 340 had to be construed in a limited sense and did not have the wide sweep as under the fundamental right guaranteed to backward classes in Article 16(4) This provision empowers the government to make reservations in appointments in favour of "any backward class of citizens". . Article 340: Appointment of a Commission to investigate the conditions of backward classes
Rejected Apple's demand for duty rebate: Centre [G.S. Mains Paper-3: FDl; Local Sourcing; Make in India] Apple has started local manufacturing of iPhone. . The Govt. has not accepted the requests for a rebate in customs duty on equipment imported to manufacture mobile phones, including iPhone. What is the FDI Policy for Mobile phones and Laptops? Foreign investment up to 100% is permitted for a company engaged in the business of manufacturing mobile phones. . As regards local sourcing requirement,in the case of "state-of-art" and"cutting-edge technology", sourcing norms could be relaxed subject to government approval. To promote domestic manufacturing capacities and value addition, this relaxation would be valid for three years from the opening of the first store, and thereafter, such entities would be required to meet the domestic sourcing norms. . However, the government received representations seeking concessions on 30% local sourcing of components and duty exemption on manufacturing and repair units, components, capital equipment and consumables.
12 World News: Putin's bet on aTrump presidency backfires. .[G.S. Mains Paper-2: International Relations] A little more than a year after the alleged Russian effort to interfere in the U.S. presidential election came to light, the diplomatic fallout an unravelling of the relationship between Moscow and Washington on a scale not seen in decadesis taking its toll President Vladimir Putin bet that Donald Trump, who had spoken fondly of Russia and its authoritarian leader for years, would treat his nation as Mr. Putin has longed to have it treated by the West. . That is, as the superpower it once was, or at least a major force to be reckoned with, from Syria to Europe, and boasting a military revived after two decades of neglect. That bet has backfired, spectacularly. If the sanctions overwhelmingly passed by Congress last week sent any message to Moscow, it was that Mr. Trump's hands are now tied in dealing with Moscow, probably for years to come. For Indian Polity rash course, Visit my Unacademy profile- www.unacademy.com/user/studiousjatin
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C secure https://unacademy. Jatin unacademy Explore a Search Courses, Topics&Educators O credits Jatin Verma Follow Worked at Citi Bank. Books, movies, travelling, share trading Have appeared in UPSC CSE twice. Preparing again Activity 20 Courses73.7k Followe5 Folowing Impact Jatin Verma added 2 new lessons 15m 1,307,471 6th July 2017 Part-2: Press Information Bureau Summary and Analysis Gold Bond series-2 6th July 2017 Part-1: Press information Bureau Summary & Analysis Insolvency& Bankruptcy Board of India; Presidential elections Facts and details not given in the basic books Jatin Verma added 2 new lessons 11h 7th July 2017 Editorial-2: Mr Modi in Israel Saudi Arabla-Palestine For Daily Multiple Choice Questions, Visit my Unacademy profile- www.unacademy.com/user/studiousjatin