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24th August 2017 Part-1: Daily News Analysis
6,491 plays

Right to Privacy; Liquor Ban

Jatin Verma is teaching live on Unacademy Plus

Jatin Verma
Have appeared in UPSC CSE thrice. Have been taking Unacademy Plus courses Academics- Polity, Economics & Current Affairs.

Unacademy user
Sir,everyone here are not active on facebook.Please try sharing everything here..thank you..
hello jatin .... regarding SC judgment on Right to we need to remember the name of 9 judges and same for 5 judges in case of triple talaq
Jatin Verma
2 years ago
no need at all:)
Ankur Sonkar
2 years ago
thanks you very much
Sir can u plz throw more light on the statement that u made here-"Judicial activism is being negated by colorable legislation"
Ayush Butoliya
2 years ago
colorable legislation is something that eclipses one judgement(say some IPC or article) by the other hence making both the judgements contradictory to each other(as percieved by the judgement)... thats why though judiciary shows its activism but bcz of contradicting perceptions vis a vis any law it is negated by colorable legislation(or superceded by colorable legislation) .. hope it helps
thanks a lot sir. i got it :-)
sir why not adding daily MCQs? Please give reply
Sir can an obc candidate who is economically well off can appears to government jobs in general category status with out taking reservation benefits .or He need to mention cast as obc with about the creamy later .
Ankita Purohit
2 years ago
I don't have answer to your question. .but yeah..if one has guts to do this..kudos to him /her..for at least trying to make a positive change and help the really needing person
  1. DAILY NEWS ANALYSIS from THE HINDU 24th August 2017 By JATIN VERMA Educator Unacademy For Daily The Hindu News & Editorial analysis- Visit my Unacademy profile-

  2. Page-l SC: liquor sale ban does not extend to municipal areas [G.S. Mains Paper-2: Polity & Governance] The Supreme Court has clarified that its nationwide ban on sale of liquor within a distance of 500 metres along National and State Highways does not extend to municipal areas The court explained that the December 15,2016 ban on liquor sale only extends along and in proximity to highways which provide connectivity between cities, towns and villages. . The order does not prohibit licensed establishments within municipal areas. This clarification shall govern other municipal areas as well The clarification comes as a huge relief for bar and hotel owners who were forced to shut down operations post the December 15 ban. Thousands were left jobless after these establishments were closed down. . On March 3l, the court dismissed their plea for modification of the ban and confirmed that it was restricted not just to liquor vends along the highways but also to larger establishments, including pubs and hotels.

  3. *Page-l:OBC list to be sub-categorised [G.S.M. Paper-2: Polity & Governance] Union Cabinet approved a proposal to set up a commission which will examine the issue of sub-categorisation of the Other Backward Classes (OBC) The committee has a three-point mandate. [I]One, it has to examine the "extent of inequitable distribution of benefits of reservation" among various castes & communities that come under Central OBC list. [ii] It has to work out the mechanism, criteria and parameters for the actual sub-categorisation. [ii] The third task is bringing order to the Central list of OBCs by removing any repetitions. . This will be tricky The actual reservation will continue to be 27% and within this the committee will have to do the re-arranging Some castes will suffer a few cuts, but ultimately it will facilitate better distribution of benefits. The National Commission for Backward Classes had recommended it in 20 and a standing committee too had repeated this. Already II States, including Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Jharkhand, West Bengal and Jammu region have such a categorisation in State government jobs

  4. Creamy layer cap raised The Union Cabinet also increased the "creamy layer" ceiling for the Other Backward Classes to lakh per annum from the existing 6 lakh for Central government jobs This means that the umbrella of reservation is widened and those earning up to 8 lakh per annum would now get the benefits. What will be the remit of the commission? . The Cabinet has approved the setting up of the commission to report on the extent of in within castes listed as OBCs on the Central list and find out scientific ways of sub-categorising the most backward among them.This will pave the way for the provision of sub-quotas for the most castes within the OBCs.This means that the most backward OBC groups will compete among themselves for government jobs, educational seats, fellowships and so on rather than with the better-off OBC castes. How are OBC reservations offered at present? . At present, there is a single Central OBC list, with entries from each State. People belonging to all of these castes can seek reservation from within the single 27% OBC reservation pie for Central government jobs and Central educational institutions. Nine States, however, have already sub- categorised OBCs.

  5. . Article 16. Equality of opportunity in matters of public employment (I)There shall be equality of opportunity for all citizens in matters relating to employment or appointment to any office under the State. (2)No citizen shall, on grounds only of religion, race, caste, sex, descent, place of birth, residence or any of them, be ineligible for,or discriminated against in respect of, any employment or (3)Nothing in this article shall prevent Parliament from making any law prescribing, in regard to a local or other authority within, a State or Union territory, any requirement as to residence office under the State. class or classes of employment or appointment to an office under the Government of, or any within that State or Union territory prior to such employment or appointment. (4) Nothing in this article shall prevent the State from making any provision for the reservation of appointments or posts in favour of any backward class of citizens which, in the opinion of the State, is not adequately represented in the services under the State. (4A) Nothing in this article shall prevent the State from making any provision for reservation in matters of promotion to any class or classes of posts in the services under the State in favour of the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes which, in the opinion of the State, are not adequately represented in the services under the State.

  6. Page 7: Sasikala's review plea dismissed TG.S. Mains Paper-2: Polity& Governance] I) Once a decision has been made by the Supreme Court, a review petition can be filed with new evidences (and/or arguments). The Court may or may not accept the review petition 2) lIf Supreme Court has rejected the review petition, the grieved can apply for curative petition if his/her rights to natural justice are violated. The Court may or may not accept the petition. The Curative petition is circulated to the three senior most judges and the judges who delivered the impugned judgement, if available. No time limit is given for filing Curative petition.

  7. Page 10: SC to rule onRight to Privacy today TG.S. Mains Paper-2: Polity & Governance- Fundamental Rights] . A nine-judge Constitution Bench of the Supreme Court will deliver the judgment on the question whether right to privacy of citizens is a fundamental right under the Constitution. The question under consideration is important as, in the words of one of the judges on the Bench, privacy means the right to choose solitude if I want solitude or the freedom to socially co-habit, that is, if I want it. Privacy can also extend to other aspects, including bodily integrity, personal autonomy informational self-determination, protection from State surveillance, dignity, confidentiality, compelled speech, freedom to dissent or move or think. . The Supreme Court's judgment gains international significance as privacy enjoys a robust legal framework internationally, though India has remained circumspect. The judgment, if it declares privacy as a fundamental right, would finally reconcile our laws with the spirit of Article 12 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, 1948 and Article 17 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR), 1966, which legally protects persons against the "arbitrary interference" with one's privacy, family, home, correspondence, honour and reputation.

  8. . The immediate effect of the judgment would be felt on the government's Aadhaar scheme that collects personal details, biometrics to identify beneficiaries for accessing social benefits and government welfare scheme. . The petitioners argued that Aadhaar enrollment is the means to a "Totalitarian State" and an open invitation for personal data leakage. Both the government and the service providers collect personal data like mobile phone numbers, bank details, addresses, date of birth, sexual identities, health records, ownership of property and taxes without providing safeguards from third parties. National programmes like Aadhaar, NATGRID, CCTNS, RSYB, DNA profiling, reproductive rights of women, privileged communications and brain mapping involve collection of personal data, including fingerprints, iris scans, bodily samples, and their storage in electronic form. The Law Commission recently forwarded a Bill on Human DNA profiling. All this adds to the danger of data leakage. The Supreme Court has repeatedly asked the government whether it has plans to set up a "robust data protection mechanism".

  9. Page-l l: PM Modi breaks protocol to meet Nepal PM Deuba [GSM-2: IR] Nepal Prime Minister Sher Bahadur Deuba, who arrived in India asserted Kathmandu's role in regional affairs, and committed himself to the new democratic Constitution of his country . Though the official visit will begin only on Thursday, Prime Minister Narendra Modi broke protocol and held a formal meeting with Mr. Deuba in the evening. Political reform goes hand in hand with social and economic reforms. Nepal has a highly progressive Constitution and the Nepali people are at a new turn of reforms.He welcomed India's initiatives to ensure steady petroleum supply to his landlocked country. The new Constitution of Nepal has been in the middle of protracted bilateral diplomatioc tension as India has been demanding amendments to the document to ensure greater role for the Madhesi population. Mr. Deuba's visit comes in the backdrop of the India-China standoff at Doklam.There had been reports earlier that Nepal is under pressure from New Delhi and Beijing to take sides in the standoff. Elections in November: The visit is also significant as it came two days after Nepal announced that the next Prime ministerial election will be held in November.

  10. Page-12: US, may carry out strikes inside Pak, US, Secretary GSM-2:LR. The US. may carry out strikes in Pakistan as part of its new regional strategy for stabilising Afghanistan.The aid being provided to Pakistan, and its status as a non-NATO ally are on the review table as Washington begins to reset its ties with Islamabad, . During the last year of the previous Barack Obama presidency, a U.S drone strike inside Pakistan had killed Taliban leader Mullah Mansour Mr.Tillerson said that India is "emerging as a very important regional strategic partner" and that the U.S. will seek its help in efforts to change Pakistan's behaviour."The U.S. alone is not going to change this dynamic with Pakistan. India and Pakistan, they have their own issues that they have to continue to work through, but I think there are areas where perhaps even India can take some steps of rapprochement on issues with Pakistan to improve the stability within Pakistan and remove some of the reasons why they deal with these unstable elements inside their own country" he said in response to a question asking whether America fears destabilisation and collapse of Pakistan in the absence of American support. Asked whether air strikes on targets in Pakistan will be part ofthe new strategy Mr.Tillerson said: "We are going to attack terrorists wherever they live, and we have put people on notice that if you are harbouring and providing safe haven to terrorists, be warned.

  11. . Page-12: 3,500 Rohingya reach Bangladesh in August. GSM-2: INTERNATIONAL . Thousands of Rohingya have crossed into Bangladesh since Myanmar announced a military build- up in Rakhine State earlier this month, Rakhine in northern Myanmar has been gripped by violence since October, when militants attacked police posts. . Rohingya leaders in Bangladesh told that at least 3,500 had arrived since then, piling pressure onto already overcrowded refugee camps in the Cox's Bazaar area near the Naf river that divides the two countries. Myanmar has long faced criticism for its treatment of more than one million Rohingya who live in Rakhine, who are seen as interlopers from Bangladesh, denied citizenship & access to basic rights. . Dhaka estimates that nearly 4,00,000 Rohingya refugees are living in squalid refugee camps and makeshift settlements in Cox's Bazar. They included more than 70,000 who arrived in the months that followed the crisis in October . But Rohingya are also increasingly unwelcome in Muslim-majority Bangladesh, where police often blame them for crimes such as drug trafficking. Dhaka has floated the idea of relocating tens of thousands of Rohingya refugees to a remote, flood-prone island off its coast, despite opposition from rights groups.

  12. Business Page:'RBl not for NBFCs taking deposits' IGS-283: Regulatory Authorities & Economy] . Taking deposits will bring with it the treasury function, which would make business tougher for NBFCs.The RBl is not in favour of allowing NBFCs to take public deposits," the Deputy Governor added. The RBl will not issue any more licenses to NBFCs to accept public deposits. But it will not revoke the licenses already given NBFCs were one of the bright spots of the Indian economy, with the rate of growth of advances growing by 1 4-1 5%, which is higher than banks. The RBl regulates NBFCs for three reasons: [i]depositor protection, [ijMany NBFCs rely on banks to finance their liabilities, [iijto regulate the interface between customers and NBFCs.

  13. The Hindu-Daily Editorial Analysis for August 2017 Enroll 4.9k 16 lessons, 3h 47m unacademy <prev next The order of the Securities and Exchange Board of India imposing trading restrictions on 331 companies suspected of being shell entities is an example of rash regulatory action. The Securities Appellate Tribunal has since rightly ordered the lifting of the trading restrictions imposed on two of the companies that approached it, namely J Kumar Infraprojects and Prakash Industries. In fact, the tribunal stated in its order that"it is apparent that SEBI passed the impugned order without any investigation." Interestingly, the regulatory body had acted on a list of suspect companies that the Ministry of curb invisible money (Electoral... 6 4th August 2017 Editorial-1: Restoring Parliament's Primacy Corporate Affairs had forwarded after consultation with the Serious Fraud Investigation Office and the Income Tax department. >Instead of conducting an independent investigation into these suspect companies, SEBI passed 7. 5th August 2017 Editorial-1: Punishing the Victim (On Dowry Law the buck to the exchanges and asked them to impose immediate trading restrictions on the companies. 8. 8th August 2017 Editorial-1: A gatheringBefore a proper investigation by SEBI or the exchanges,the companies were put under stage four of the Graded Surveillance Measure, whereby trading is limited to one day a month, the trading price is capped, and buyers are required to deposit money, It is suspected that trading on the shares of these shell" companies was used as a way to launder black money In fact, 169 out of the total list of 331 companies had already been suspended from trading before the order. But on the list were also companies with huge market capitalisations,and it is reasonable to assume that the crisis (On groundwater depletion) 9. 8th August 2017 Editorial-2: Raging Rupee (Fundamental Economics explained) inant share of trading on any given day is legitimate. 10. 9th August 2017 Editorial-1: Food for Action (on NFSA) 1:34/ 14:59 1 9th August 2017 Editorial-2: Rouhani's 15th August 2017 Editorial-1: A Hasty Order- On Sebi's Trade Restrictions 52 challenge 12. 10th August 2017 Editorial-1: Working on the App based model.. 809 plays

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