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DAILY NEWS ANALYSIS from THE HINDU 25th August 2017 By JATIN VERMA Educator Unacademy For Daily The Hindu News & Editorial analysis- Visit my Unacademy profile- www.unacademy.com/user/studiousjatin
Page-6: The return of the Irrawaddy dolphin. [GS-3: Environment] . The first sighting of the endangered Irrawaddy dolphins in the Rambha sector of Chilika lake in . Chilika had registered a marginal drop in population of Irrawaddy dolphins from 144 in 2015 to .Authority's move: three decades has brought much cheer to nature lovers. 134 this year. Dolphins are usually seen in Satapada sector of the lake. The rare sighting of the endangered mammal is a result of the Chilika Development Authority's (CDA) removing illegal prawn enclosures from the vast lake waters leading to unhindered movement of the dolphins. .We have almost completed the eviction of enclosures under Ganjam district. The heartening aspect of the drive is that locals have seen four dolphins in Rambha for the first time since the late 1980s. Why did Irrawady Dolphins stop coming to the lake in thie first place? The dolphins did not have free movement due to the presence of prawn enclosures. Their prey base had also been squeezed. Unregulated boating: Dolphins had been under stress in Chilika due to unregulated boating by tourists.
. Steps taken: -> In a massive eviction drive, the CDA cleared almost 4,000 hectare of encroachment from the Ganjam district portion of the lake alone. Substantial enclosures detected in the lake at Khordha district jurisdiction were also weeded out. Satellite imageries found 14,590 hectare of the lagoon under manmade gheres (enclosures) for illegal prawn. Background: -Chilika is the natural abode of the highly endangered Irrawaddy dolphin ( Orcaella brevirostris). -The total population of these animals in the world is estimated to be less than 7,500. -Of these, the highest (6,400)was reported from Bangladesh. -The population in Chilika is considered to be the highest single lagoonal population -Rambha is the ideal sector for dolphins to play, flock and mate because of the stillness of the water in the bay area -Rambha sector is one of extreme ends of Chilika. If the dolphins can travel up to Rambha, their habitat will only get better in the coming days.
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Page-10:SC overrules Emergency-era habeas corpus verdict.[GS-2: Polity & Gov.] . Over 40 years after the Supreme Court's darkest hour when it said citizens have no right to life and liberty during the Emergency period, a nine-judge Bench condemned the decision in the infamous ADM Jabalpur case, or better known as the habeas corpus case, as "seriously flawed." . The habeas corpus judgment in 1976 upheld the government's move to unlawfully detain citizens, including political rivals, during the Emergency years. Cost of dissent: Of the five judges on that Bench, only Justice H.R. Khanna dissented with the majority opinion of then CJl A.N. Ray, Justices M.H. Beg, Y.V. Chandrachud and P.N. Bhagwati. Justice Khanna's dissent cost him the chief justiceship. He was superceded by Justice Beg following which Justice Khanna resigned. Khehar, officially condemned the Supreme Court's majority opinion in habeas corpus case. Chandrachud, "expressly overruled" the 1976 majority judgment and removed a long-pending . For the first time in Supreme Court's history, a nine-judge Bench, led by Chief Justice of India J.S. . The judgment, authored by Justice D.Y. Chandrachud, who, incidentally, is the son of Justice YV. taint on the court's history as a people's champion . Judges held that the judgments rendered by all the four judges constituting the majority in ADM Jabalpur are seriously flawed. Life and personal liberty are inalienable to human existence
Page-ll: On Doklam, Nepal walks a tightrope.[G.S-2: International] The two-month old standoff between India and China at Doklam did not feature in the official talks between visiting Nepali Prime Minister Sher Bahadur Deuba and PM Modi. Nepal PM- We have excellent relations with China and don't face problems from them. India need not have any apprehensions about that. However, under no circumstances would Nepal allow its soil to be used against India. . Referring to the strain in ties between India and Nepal in 2015, when a blockade during protests by Madhesi groups at the India Nepal border had cut essential goods and fuel supplies to Kathmandu, Indian side said these were common in "families 3 . Mr. Deuba's comments reflect the tightrope that Nepal has been attempting to walk in the past few months, especially after it joined China's Belt and Road Initiative, which India has objected to on sovereignty issues. On his last visit to India in November 2016 as head of the Nepali Congress, he had faced questions over an alleged meeting between him and the Tibetan "government in exile's'" Sikyong or leader Lobsang Sangay at a conference in Goa also organised by the India Foundation.
Page-12 International: China slams India over road-building in Ladakh China slammed India for apparently building a new road in the Ladakh sector, but lavished praise on Pakistan, which it said was a key partner . "It seems that the Indian side is slapping its own face" Chinese Foreign Ministry said in response to reports that India was building a road between Marsimik La and Hot Spring The area is not far from the Pangong lake in Ladakh, where there was an unarmed clash between Indian and Chinese troops earlier this month. Now, the current road construction in that area by the Indian side is not conducive to peace and stability. . Indian side is closely following China's road-building recently but India's action itself has proven that the Indian side says something and does another Countering Trump: I. China also backed Pakistan as its partner in the China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC). 2.China cited a conversation between U.S. Secretary of State Rex Tillerson and China's State Councillor where he commended Pakistan on its role in Afghanistan. China and Pakistan are "all-weather strategic partners.
Page-12:US reviewing lethal aid policy for Ukraine: Mattis [GS-2 International] U.S. Defense Secretary Jim Mattis on a visit to Ukraine said Washington would keep up pressure on Russia over what he called its aggressive behaviour and signalled his personal support for providing weapons to Kiev. . Mr. Mattis said Russia had not abided by the Minsk ceasefire agreement meant to end the separatist conflict in eastern Ukraine and that the U.S. would maintain sanctions on Moscow. Despite Russia's denials, we know they are seeking to redraw international borders by force, undermining the sovereign and free nations of Europe. . Ukraine has counted on U.S. support against Russia since a pro-Western government took power following street protests in 2014. But some of President Donald Trump's comments during the election campaign last year, such as appearing to recognise Crimea as part of Russia, stoked fears in Kiev that Trump might mend ties with Moscow at Ukraine's expense. While emphasising Mr. Trump had yet to take a decision on the issue, Mr. Mattis signalled his personal support for a long-standing Ukrainian request for defensive weapons, which could include anti-tank Javelin missiles and anti-aircaft systems
'Not an escalation, Mr. Mattis also played down fears, voiced by the previous White House administration under Barack Obama, that supplying weapons could escalate the situation. Defensive weapons are not provocative unless you are an aggressor and clearly Ukraine is not an aggressor since it is their own territory where the fighting is happening. 2014 Pro-Russian Unrest in Ukraine Kiev Kharkiv Luhansk Dnipropetrovsk Donetsk Mykolaiv Odessa Zaporizhia Annexed by Russia Armed insurgency Kherson Occupation of RSA Pro-Russian protest Crimea Sevastopol
Business Page-13: NITI Aayog's action agenda has great potential: FM IGS-3: Economy] Niti Aayog's three-year action agenda has the potential to trigger much more economic activity and development in the country than we have today . The government think tank, in its first three-year action agenda (2017-18 to 2019-20), which talks about reforms in the judiciary and social sectors, among other things, has said that "there are good prospects that we will return to the 8% plus growth trajectory in another two to three years if not sooner. Poverty rate In its expenditure proposals for three years based on revenue forecasts, Niti Aayog recommended a massive increase in outlays on healthcare, defence and railways and road sectorS
New Railway Baord Chairperson calls for large-scale safety audit Newly-appointed Railway Board Chairman Ashwani Lohani has promised to undertake a large-scale audit of rail systems, end corruption and VIP culture in the Indian Railways, even as safety concerns are back into focus after a spate of train accidents. ials to communicate organisational goals with ground. level staff more effectively, in a maiden interaction with about 500 employees. . Field visits should replace Circulars
C Secure https://u unacademy xplore Q Search Courses, Topics & Educators Jatin O credits Jatin Verma Follow Worked at Citi Bank. Books, movies, travelling, share trading, Have appeared in UPSC CSE twice. Preparing again Activity 20 Courses73.7k Folowers 5 Following Impact Jatin Verma added 2 new lessons 15m 1,307,471 6th July 2017 Part-2: Press Information Bureau Summary and Analysis Gold Bond series-2 6th July 2017 Part-1: Press Information Bureau Summary & Analysis Insolvency & Bankruptcy Board of India; Presidential elections- Facts and details not given in the basic books Jatin Verma added 2 new lessons 11h 7th July 2017 Editorial-2: Mr Modi in Israel Saudi Arabia- Palestino For Daily Multiple Choice Questions, Visit my Unacademy profile- www.unacademy.com/user/studiousjatin