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DAILY NEWS ANALYSIS from The Hindu, Tol, Indian Express. 16th August 2017. By Jatin Verma Educator Unacademy.
News Articles to be Discussed Today News Editorials To be Discussed Today I. Assam, Manipur can now decide on AFSPA. 1. Caution from a sobering Survey 2. Trump, Modi review progress of June 2. No case for an all India judicial service 3.'Why can't the government provide a higher initiatives income for farmers? 3. India moves to revive TAPl gas pipeline 4. Only some children with fever progress to AES, says doctor 5. Aeroplanes may be affecting ozone, monsoon 6. N. K 7. Iran threatens to restart n-programme 8. "SOFTER BREXIT": U.K. to seek 'temporary orea shelves Guam missile plan customs union 9. Centre's eBiz initiative stutters 10. Defaulters owe 92,000 crore to public sector lenders
Page-10 News: Assam, Manipur can now decide on AFSPA. [G.S.MAINS-2&3: Polity & Governance and Internal Security] The Centre has decided to rescind the power of invoking the AFSPA in two States for now: Assam and Manipur. The States are competent to decide whether they want to continue with it in entirety or impose it in a few pockets where disturbance is expected. But there was no such proposal for Jammu and Kashmir Earlier, the Home Ministry used to issue a notification declaring States "disturbed areas" every six months The duration was later changed to three months, pending a periodic review. On August 4, the Ministry extended the AFSPA in Assam for 27 days. . It is effective in the whole of Nagaland, Assam and Manipur (excluding seven Assembly constituencies of Imphal). In Arunachal Pradesh, it is in force in 16 police station areas and in Tirap, Longding and Changlang districts bordering Assam. Tripura withdrew the AFSPA in 2015. It is not in force in Meghalaya (except in a 20-km area along the border with Assam) and Mizoram.
. What is the Armed Forces Special Powers Act? AFSPA was enacted by Parliament on September 1, 1958.lt was first implemented in the Northeast,and then in Punjab.In September 1990,Parliament passed the Armed Forces (Jammu and Kashmir) Special Powers Act, which was"deemed to have come into force" retrospectively from July 5, 1990. When is AFSPA applicable? . Only after an area has been declared'"disturbed".The power to declare a territory"'disturbed" initially lay with the states, but passed to the Centre in 1972.Section 3 of AFSPA (in J&K) says that an area can be declared disturbed if it is the "opinion of the Governor of the state or the central government" which makes the use of armed forces in aid of the civil power necessary What are the provisions of AFSPA? The"armed forces" may shoot to kill or destroy a building on mere suspicion.A non-commissioned officer or anyone of equivalent rank and above may use force based on opinion and suspicion, to arrest without warrant,or to kill. He can fire at anyone carrying anything that may be used as a weapon, with only "such due warning as he may consider necessary" Once AFSPA is implemented,"no prosecution... shall be instituted except with the previous sanction of the central government,in respect of anything done or purported to be done" under this Act.
Why is AFSPA required? The government (either the state or centre) considers those areas to be 'disturbed' "by reason of differences or disputes between members of different religious, racial, language or regional groups or castes or communities How does one officially declare a region to be 'disturbed'? Section (3) of the AFSPA Act empowers the governor of the state or Union territory to issue an official notification on The Gazette of India, following which the centre has the authority to send in armed forces for civilian aid. Once declared 'disturbed', the region has to maintain status quo for a minimum of three months, according to The Disturbed Areas (Special Courts) Act, 1976. . What is the state government's role? The state governments, as in Tripura's case, can suggest whether the Act is required to be enforced or not. But under Section (3) of the Act, their opinion can still be overruled by the governor or the centre. Is the Act uniform in nature? . Originally, it came into being as an ordinance in 1958 and within months was repealed and passed as an Act. But, this was meant only for Assam and Manipur, where there was insurgency by Naga militants. But after the northeastern states were reorganized in 1971, the creation of new states (some of them union territories originally) like Manipur,Tripura, Meghalaya, Mizoram and Arunachal Pradesh paved the way for the AFSPA Act to be amended, so that it could be applied to each of them. They may contain different sections as applicable to the situation in each state.
Page 10 News: Trump, Modi review progress of June initiatives [G.S. MAINS PAPER-3: International Relations] . I. Crude and natural gas imports to India from the U.S is a new thrust area of bilateral cooperation, and the first shipment of American crude for India will leave from Texas soon Energy exports is a key area of economic expansion that Mr. Trump has announced ever since he assumed power. 2. The leaders resolved to enhance peace and stability across the Indo-Pacific region by establishing a new 2-by-2 ministerial dialogue that will elevate their strategic consultations. The 2-by-2 ministerial dialogue, involving defence and foreign ministers was announced during Mr. Modi's visits. 3.The Trump administration has raised concerns about India's IPR regime also earlier. President Trump and Prime Minister Modi looked forward to the Global Entrepreneurship Summit in India this Novemb
age-I 0:India moves to revive TAPI gas pipeline [G.S. MAINS PAPER-2:International Relations] [I]India's effort is to tap Turkmenistan's Galkynysh e India wil host the next steering committee meeting gasfields, which are the fourth largest in the worl of the proposed 1,814 Afghanistan-Pakistan-India (TAPI) gas pipeline. ilometre-long Turkmenistan-. The move is also an effort by the government to The decision was came during the sixth joint Inter- Governmental Committee (IGC) meeting on trade, economic,scientific and technological cooperation stave off any Chinese interest in project,given that Turkmenistan is a close partner of China in its Belt and Road initiative across Central Asia, and- Beijing is the largest buyer of its gas -c alkynysh gas basin is being developed under a loan from the Chinese Development Bank (CDB) . India's commitment to TAPI first proposed in 1995- remains strong" and Prime Minister Narendra Modi had made the proposal to hold the TAPI steering committee meet in Delhi when he met the Turkmenistan President in Ashgkabad in 2016,which he has now accepted.  Chinese Cheque-book Diplomacy Responding to Indian sovereignty concerns about China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC), which passes through Pakistan-occupied Kashmir, Mr. Meredov said Turkmenistan was"open to all e The pipeline, that had its ground-breaking ceremony economic cooDeration, which is how all such in December 2015,has seen flagging interest since then for a number of reasons: roiects should be seen. India is and will be one of the most important countries for Turkmenistan
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Page l News: Only some children with fever progress to AES, says doctor [G.S. MAINS PAPER-3:Health] The study found scrub typhus to be responsible for acute encephalitis syndrome (AES) in 63% of patients admitted to the BRD Medical College Hospital in Gorakhpur It found that AES patients had 35 times greater possibility of having antibodies against scrub typhus compared with healthy children thereby confirming that AES was caused by scrub typhus. -Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) causes less than 10% of AES in children below 15 years. There is vaccination for JE virus but no intervention has been implemented widely for scrub typhus. Aeroplanes may be affecting ozone, monsoon Aeroplanes may be ejecting significant amounts of black carbon (BC)--a pollutant known to aggravate breathing disorders, upset the monsoon and quicken glacier melt-and may be depleting the ozone layer. Though airborne, BC is known to dissipate and settle down in a few months under the influence of rain and wind and is unlikely to travel upward of 4 km.There is now evidence of such particles existing up to 18 km into the stratosphere and there are about 10,000 of them in every cubic centimetre. The stratosphere is a stable region of the atmosphere and because BC particles absorb heat, they warm the surrounding air, become lighter and rise to greater heights by a process called 'self lift' and persist in the at
Page 12: N.Korea shelves Guam missile plan. [G.S. MAINS PAPER-3: International] North Korea's leader has delayed a decision on firing missiles towards Guam while he waits to see what the U.S. does next, as South Korea's President said Seoul would seek to prevent war by all South Korean President Moon Jae-in said there would be no military action without Seoul's o Military action on the Korean Peninsula can only be decided by South Korea and no one else can commemorate the anniversary of the nation's liberation from Japanese military rule in 1945. means consent and his government would prevent war by all means decide to take military action without the consent of South Korea, Mr. Moon said in a speech to Asia