Jatin Verma is teaching live on Unacademy Plus
DAILY NEWS ANALYSIS from THE HINDU 10thAUGUST, 2017 By JATIN VERMA Educator Unacademy For Daily The Hindu News & Editorial analysis- Visit my Unacademy profile- www.unacademy.com/user/studiousjatin
Thursday August 10,2017 News Articles to be discussed today.News Articles to be discussed today. I. ISRO to develop full- fledged earth I. Working on the app-based model observation satellite. 2. Castles in the air? 2. SC seeks details of convictions under Child Marriage Act. fire and fury' election. 19.1% 3. Trump threatens North Korea with 4. Protests erupt over disputed Kenya 5. Net direct tax mop up increases
2 Thursday August 10,2017 Page-7:ISRO to develop full- fledged earth observation satellite. [G.S. MAINS PAPER-2: Polity & Governance] . A new set of future satellites called hyperspectral imaging satellites is set to add teeth to the way India is gleaned from about 600 km in space. The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) says it plans to launch a full-fledged niche Earth observation (EO) satellite called the Hyperspectral Imaging Satellite or HySISusing a critical chip it has developed. The new chip, technically called an "optical imaging detector array," that they have created for it would be tested and perfected. It said it decided to develop the chip that suited Indian requirements. Hyperspectral or hyspex imaging is said to be an EO trend that is being experimented globally. . Advantages: Adding a new dimension to plain-vanilla optical imagers, it can be used for a range of activities from: monitoring the environment, crops, looking for oil and minerals all the way up to military surveillance -all of which need images that show a high level of differentiation of the object or scene
Thursday August 10,2017 dmcrowave o Past experiences: About a decade ago, ISRO Laboratory, Chandigarh. added another EO niche with microwave or radar imaging satellites RISAT-I and 2 tha see' through clouds and the dark-an important feature useful for the military and security agencies 'Hyspex imaging is said to enable distinct identification of objects, materials or processes on Earth by reading the spectrum for each pixel of a scene from space ISRO first tried it out in an 83-kg IMS-I experimental satellite in May 2008.The same year, a hyperspectral camera was put on Chandrayaan-l and used to map lunar minera resources. T he payloads development centre, Space Applications Centre, Ahmedabad, designed the architecture of the chip which was made at ISRO's electronics arm, the Semi-Conductor EO experts called it the 'CATSCAN equivalent of Earth from space. et cd spac could hyperspectral sensor Swath width of imaging sensor Earth surface Soil Water Each pixel contains a sampled spectrum that is used to identify the materials present in the pixel by their Swath width Wavelength Spectral images taken simultaneously
4 Thursday August 10,2017 Page-7:SC seeks details of convictions under Child Marriage Act [G.S. MAINS PAPER- 1&2: Society & Social Issues & Polity & Governance] . As the Centre said Parliament must have thought it 'pragmatic' to reduce the age of consent for sexual relations for married girls from 18 to 15 as the child marriage system still exists in the country, the Supreme Court asked the government to provide details of the number of child marriage prohibition officers and prosecutions initiated under the Child Marriage Act in the past three years. . Supreme Court is hearing a petition filed by NGO Independent Thought challenging the Exception 2 to Section 375 (rape) of the Indian Penal Code, which permits"intrusive sexual intercourse with a girl aged between 15 and 18 only on the ground that she is married" Discriminatory law The NGO submitted that this statutory exception to rape was violative of right to life, liberty, equality and was discriminatory.The Exception is part of the Criminal Law (Amendment) Act of 2013 and is contrary to the anti-child sex abuse law, the Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Act of 2012 (POCSO). Mr.Agarwal said the law "violates the health of not only the girl child concerned,but also generations to come." He said there were 23 million child brides in India,and there had hardly been over six convictions under the anti-child marriage law.
Thursday August 10,2017 . We see a girl under 18 as a child in POCSo, but once she is married, she is no more a child under the Exception 2 to Section 375 of the IPC. This is totally inconsistent. The truth is that a girl under 18 is still a child, married or not. Court's caution . However, Justice said there may be a flip side if the court quashed this exception. "Let's say a 17- year-old boy gets married to a 16-year-old girl..The boy stands the chance of getting convicted for seven years. But the parents, the real culprits, may get off with a few months' imprisonment. not understand the consequences of her actions. be tried by an adult court. . Justice Lokur observed that it cannot be"presumed that just because a girl is less than 18, she does . Under the new Juvenile Justice Act, a girl between the age of 16 and 18, if she commits murder, can Prohibition of Child Marriage Act states that a girl in India can't marry before the age of 18, and a boy before 21 According to UNICEF, 47% of girls are married by 18 years of age, and 18% are married by 15 years of age.These marriages are often performed without the consent of the girls involved in the marriage.
6 Thursday August 10,2017 Page-12:Trump threatens North Korea. Mr. Trump issued his strongest warning yet for with fire and fury [G.S. MAINS PAPER-2: International Relations] South Korea and the U.S. remain technically still at war with North Korea after the 1950-53 Korean conflict ended with a truce, not a peace treaty North Korea in comments to reporters in New Jersey, saying that "North Korea best not make any more threats to the United States. They will be met with fire and fury like the world has never seen North Korea, which is pursuing missile and nuclear weapons programmes in defiance of UN Security Council resolutions, also accused the U.S. of devising a "preventive war" . Washington has warned it is ready to use force if needed to stop North Korea's ballistic missile and nuclear programmes but that it prefers global diplomatic action, including sanctions. The UN Security Council unanimously imposed new sanctions on North Korea.
7 Thursday August 10,2017 Page 12 WORLD NEWS: Protests erupt over disputed Kenya election Unofficial results give President Uhuru Kenyatta 54% of the votes compared to his rival's 44.7%, but Opposition alleges fraud [G.S. MAINS PAPER-2: International Relations] KENYA SOUTH SUDAN ETHIOPIA Lake Turkana UGANDA SOMALIA Kakamega Kisumu . Nyeri Garissa Lake Fictoria Nakuru Embu <Nairobi INDIAN OCEAN Mombasa UNITED REPUBLIC OF TANZZANIA 50 km
Thursday August 10,2017 Business: Net direct tax mop up increases 19.1% [G.S. MAINS PAPER-3] . Direct tax collections up to July 2017 in the current financial year 2017-18 continue to register steady growth. . Direct tax collection during the said period, net of refunds, stands at 1.90 lakh crore which is 19.1% higher than the net collections for the corresponding period of last year. This collection is 19.5% of the total Budget Estimates (BE) of direct taxes for the Financial Year 2017-18. Taxes in India FROM WHERETHE MONEY COMES Indirect Taxes Direct Taxes 4p. Non-debt Capital receipts Borrowings & Other liabilities Income Tax Nontax & others taxes Center State Wealth Tax 9p. Service tax & other taxes Service Tax Excise Duty CST Custom VAT Entry Tax Octroi Luxury Tax Corporation Tax 20p Replaced by GST Union Excise Duties Customs tax
Thursday August 10,2017 Other Courses by me: Medium l. The Hindu News Analysis 2. The Hindu Editorial Analysis 3. Daily PIB Summary Live Now 4. Daily MCQs on Current Affairs 5. YojanalKurukshetra Analysis Coming soon [Hindi & English] 6. Indian Polity- Crash Course 7. Most Important Current Affairs [Hindi & English] [Hindi & English] Hindi & English [Hindi & English] [Hindi for now] [Hindi & English]. Sunday-weekly DNA Review: -Sunday-Weekly Editorial Review: A re-cap of Most Important News of the week A re-cap of Most useful Editorials of the week