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SUNDAY WEEKLY REVIEW DAILY NEWS ANALYSIS MOST IMPORTANT NEWS ARTICLES 7th |2 th August 2017 By JATIN VERMA Educator Unacademy
Page-l: Subsidise Rail Losses. 7 August The Prime Minister's ffice (PMO) has directed the Ministry of Finance to fund the losses incurred by the railways in operating non-profitable trains on strategic lines and backward areas. . The directive ends a tussle that began after the merger of the Railway and Union Budgets, as the Finance Ministry discontinued the practice of providing annual subsidy to the railways. PMO directed the Finance Ministry to reimburse the losses incurred on strategic rail lines discontinued following the merger of the Budgets. The decision comes as a relief to the railways, which feels that the social service obligation borne by it in running non-profitable lines of national and strategic importance should be funded by the Central government. The losses on operating the strategic lines accounts for a small fraction of the estimated over 34,000 crore borne by the railways towards social service obligation. Every year, the Ministry of Finance reimburses the railways' operational losses incurred on six strategic lines and the lines in hilly, coastal and backward areas. . Standing Committee on Railways & Estimates Committee in their reports have also recommended that the railways should get back the money invested in loss-making lines of national importance.
. Page-7:After SC order, focus is on chemicals in firecrackers.7 August The Supreme Court ban on the use of antimony, lithium, mercury, arsenic and lead in the manufacture of firecrackers to prevent air pollution has turned the focus on what chemicals are used to produce spectacular visual effects and noise. The Tamil Nadu Fireworks and Amorces Manufacturers' Association, which produces most of the fireworks in the country, says none of the specific products banned by the court are used. A Supreme Court Bench had on July 31, in an order, directed that no firecrackers manufactured by the respondents shall contain the chemicals in any form, whatsoever.The court entrusted the Petroleum and Explosive Safety Organisation (PESO) with the responsibility of ensuring compliancoe particularly in Sivakasi. Over 90% of cracker production is done in Sivakasi. Claim denied Incidentally, the court also noted it appeared that no standards have been laid down by the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) with regard to air pollution caused by the bursting of firecrackers.
Antimony sulphides are used in the production of the heads of safety matches, military ammunition, explosives and fireworks.Risks: The elemental antimony metal does not affect human and environmental health. Inhalation of antimony trioxide (and similar poorly soluble sulphides of antimony) is considered harmful and suspected of causing cancer. A mercury compound called "Mercury(I) fulminate" is a primary explosive lt is extremely sensitive to friction, heat and shock and is mainly used as a trigger for other explosives in percussion caps and blasting caps. Antimony Mercury Arsenic is generally non-combustible. But certain compounds of arsenic are highly explosive and figure on the health hazard lists of several countries and thinktanks.Arsine, for instance, is a flammable,pyrophoric, rsenicand highly toxic gas while being one of the simplest compounds of arsenic.Arsine is used as an agent in chemical warfare, thus several countries have regulations on its use owing to its highly inflammable nature. The most common primary explosives are lead azide and lead styphnate, compounds of lead found in most heavy grade explosives. Due to its explosive nature, lead azide is used in most detonators to initiate big explosions. Lead styphnate is also an explosive used as a component in primer and detonator mixtures for less sensitive secondary explosives A highly volatile element, lithium is flammable, and it is potentially explosive when exposed to air and especially to water, though less so than other alkali metals Lead Lithium
Nine High Courts oppose all-India judicial service.7 August Nine high courts have opposed a proposal to have an all-India service for lower judiciary, eight have sought changes in the proposed framework and only two have supported the idea. The document, sent to all members of the parliamentary consultative committee on law and justice, also states that most of the 24 high courts want control over the subordinate judiciary. Government has given a fresh push to the long-pending proposal to set up the new service to have a separate cadre for lower judiciary in the country.The idea was first mooted in the 1960s. The Allahabad, Chhattisgarh, Himachal Pradesh, Kerala, Manipur, Meghalaya, Orissa and Uttarakhand high courts have suggested changes in age at induction level, qualifications, training and quota of vacancies to filled through the proposed service. Most of the high courts want the administrative control over the subordinate judiciary to remain with the respective high courts. There were vacancies of 4,452 judges in subordinate courts in the country as per the figures released on December 31,2015.While the sanctioned strength is 20,502, the actual number of judges and judicial officers in subordinate courts is 16,050. Adoption of the model followed by the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) for conducting the National- Eligibility-cum-Entrance Test (NEET) for admission to undergraduate and postgraduate medical courses could also be explored.
. Debt-laden Essar's oil asset sale may only aid promoters.7 August Essar Group Essar Steel[Debt laden, owing Rs 45000Crore to to Selling ESSAR oil. Russian Rosneft Banks]
Page-7: Food security:SC raps Centre, States. 8th August 2017 We can only feel sorry for the people of Haryana, the Supreme Court noted in a judgment on how the State Food Commission, set up under the National Food Security Act in Haryana, sits jobless and without proper infrastructure owing to the State government's lacklustre response to the four- year-old welfare legislation. The judgment by a Bench listed nine other States who came under its scanner for their damp response to the food security law meant to quell the hunger pangs of millions of poor families, women and children living below the poverty line. - The Supreme Court said the Centre cannot look the other way. passing the buck on to the States for not implementing the law. . Referring to Article 256 of the Constitution, the judgment said the "Government of India cannot 93 plead helplessness in requiring State Governments to implement parliamentary laws." Article 256 256. Obligation of States and the Union: The executive power of every State shall be so exercised as to ensure compliance with the laws made by Parliament and any existing laws which apply in that State, and the executive power of the Union shall extend to the giving of such directions to a State as may appear to the Government of India to be necessary for that purpose
. Page-Cess limit on motor vehicles raised to 25%. 8th August 201 7 . The GST Council recommended that the Central Government may move legislative amendments required for increase in the maximum ceiling of cess leviable on motor vehicles falling under headings 8702 and 8703, including SUVs, to 25% instead of the present l 5%. The reason for this, according to the GST Council's Fitment Committee, was that the post-GST tax incidence on motor vehicles across most categories was significantly lower than the pre-GST tax. The reason for levying cess is to compenstae States in case of any revenue shortfall Analysis: I. Big SUVs are diesel guzzlers 2. Buying car in India is easier than Buying homes 3.Automobile industry lobbying- During diesel price de-regulation, during registration fee hike[Workers' wages- recurrent strikes in Maruti's Manesar Plant?] 4. Industry says- it will affect their "Make in India" plans- Employment, industry,revenue but Oil import??? 5. Congestion on Roads; China does a draw for only I lakh vehicles sales per year
States cold to stricter anti-racial law. 8th August 2017 . The Home Ministry's proposal to amend the law to insert two stricter anti-racial discrimination provisions in the Indian Penal Code has got a lukewarm response from the States. Only four of them Uttar Pradesh, apart from Manipur, Meghalaya and Mizoram in the northeast have given their assent to the proposed law. Three Union TerritoriesAndaman and Nicobar, Dadra and Nagar Haveli, and Lakshwadeep have also agreed to the Centre's proposal. . The Home Ministry has proposed to amend two provisions in the IPC, that is, Section 153A and Section 509A. Since this matter comes under the Concurrent List, Centre has to obtain the opinion of the State Governments. . Panel recommendations: Amendments were based on the recommendations of the Bezbaruah Committee, constituted by the Centre in February 2014 in the wake of a series of racial attacks on persons belonging to the northeast. . The draft 153 C IPC provision says,"whoever promotes or attempts to promote, on the ground of race, racial features, behaviour, culture, customs or way of living, any act which is prejudicial to human dignity or dignity of members belonging to particular race and uses criminal force or violence in furtherance of such act, or likely to cause fear or feeling of insecurity amongst the members of such race, shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to five years and fine." Wary of misuse: The Govt is also examining the possibility of the provisions being misused. Especially Section 509A IPC, which makes making a word or gesture, punishable by three years, difficult to prove. We do not want the culprits to go scot-free but no innocent should be punished eithen
Business Page: Profit petroleum may be exempt from levy of GST.8th August 2017 . The oil and gas exploration and production business is likely to get a boost following a proposal to exempt the profit petroleum paid to the Centre from the Goods and Services Tax (GS The production sharing contracts (PSCs) signed for exploration and development of oil fields require operators to pay a pre-determined share of the surplus petroleum output to the Centre as a form of royalty.Currently, such profit petroleum is subject to GST as it has been construed as a payment made by firms for a service. Though profit petroleum is legally taxable, the levy of GST doesn't appear to be in sync with the PSCs signed under the New Exploration Licensing Policy or NELP 'Implicit cost": The PSC allows contractors to recover all expenses incurred in exploration, development, production and this includes costs of all inputs and indirect taxes paid thereon (except corporate income tax) If profit petroleum is a consideration paid to the government for the right to explore, it is also an implicit cost. However, operators are not allowed to recover the profit petroleum paid to the government as a cost under the PSC. Moreover, if GST is to be levied on the government's share of profit petroleum, disputes could arise on whether the contractor can pay the GST out of his own profit petroleum
Page-7:Kerala, Haryana top sanitation survey [GSM Polity- Schemes].9th August The Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation released the findings of the survey of 1.4 lakh rural households, undertaken by the Quality Council of India (QCI) between May and June this year. The survey, covering 4626 villages across all States and Union territories, claimed that 62.45% of the households had access to a toilet. Findings of Survey: [i] The survey also pointed that 9 1.29% of the people who had access to a toilet also used it, indicating a change in sanitation behaviour. [i]Northeastern States of Sikkim, Manipur and Nagaland were top performers with 95% rural households covered by toilets.And so were the Himalayan States of Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand with over 90% toilet coverage of the rural houses. [ii] Uttar Pradesh and Bihar were among the worst performers in terms of rural sanitation. In Bihar, only 30% of the rural household had access to toilets while Uttar Pradesh was marginally better at 37%. Jharkhand, too scored the same as U.P Gujarat fared better in terms of rural sanitation as 85% of rural households had access to toilets. [iv]Apart from Kerala,Tamil Nadu was the other performer as 79% rural households had access to a toilet. However, neighbouring Puducherry scored poorly with just 43%
Steps to be taken by Ministry in future: To instil a competitive spirit at the ground level, ministry would now start ranking all districts in terms of sanitation coverage and solid and liquid waste management. The Minister reiterated that 77 Central Ministries had a sum o 12,000 crore for t campaign and every Ministry should pitch in. Background:The Ministry of DrinkingWater and Sanitation which implements the SBA has been allocated Rs 20,01 1 crore in the Union Budget 2017 There is clearly an upward trend in allocations from 2012 to 201 7 in terms of budget allocation The Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM) has two sub-missions-SBM (Rural) and SBM (Urban) and budgetary provisions for both of them are provided separately through the MDWS and the Ministry of Urban Development (MoUD) respectively International commitment of India: Goal 6 of the Sustainable Development Goals committed the countries of the world to achieve universal access to safe drinking water and adequate sanitation and hygiene to all in the next 15 years. 9th August
Page-1+10: Mehbooba, Farooq talk Article 35AIGS MAINs Paper-2: Federalism] 9th August Question. What Is Article 35A? Article 35A of the constitution of India empowers J&K legislature to define state's "permanent residents" and their special rights and privileges It was added to the constitution through a presidential order of 1954 with the then J&K government's concurrence Question.what is its significance t |&K? Through 1927 and 1932 notifications, Dogra ruler of the princely state of J&K, Maharaja Hani Singh imposed a law that defined state subjects and their rights.The law also regulated migrants to the state.J&K joined India through instrument of accession signed by its ruler Hari Singh in October 1947 After J&K's accession, popular leader Sheikh Abdullah took over reins from Dogra ruler. In 1949, he negotiated J&K's political relationship with New Delhi, which led to the inclusion of Article 370 in the Constitution . Article 370 guarantees special status to J&K,restricting Union's legislative powers over three areas: defence, foreign affairs and communications. . However,under the 1952 Delhi Agreement between Abdullah and Nehru, several provisions of the Constitution were extended to J&K via presidential order in 1954.Article 35A was inserted then.
From Second ARC 10th Report.[Topic- GSM-2: Role of civil services in a democracy.] 11.4.3 The focus still continues to be on ratings and evaluation rather than on performance planning, analysis, review development and improvements which ultimately enables employees to achieve superior performance. The gaps which exist between the desired and the present performance appraisal system are indicated in the Figure 11.1 Fig. 11.1: Gaps in the Performance Management System Present Desired . Individual rankings - Appraisal . Periodicity - - Process -Joint review Periodicity -more periodic Outputs/Outcomes Performance annual - Outputs Performance and pay not related - Ratings related pay - Ratings Top-down Directive Consultative - Supportive . Flexible Monolithic 225
Page-7:ISRO to develop full- fledged earth observation satellite. 1 0th August 2017 TG.S. MAINS PAPER-2: Polity & Governance] A new set of future satellites called hyperspectral imaging satellites is set to add teeth to the way India is gleaned from about 600 km in space. . The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) says it plans to launch a full-fledged niche Earth observation (EO) satellite-called the Hyperspectral Imaging Satellite or HySISusing a critical chip it has developed. The new chip, technically called an "optical imaging detector array," that they have created for it would be tested and perfected. It said it decided to develop the chip that suited Indian requirements Hyperspectral or hyspex imaging is said to be an EO trend that is being experimented globally. Advantages: Adding a new dimension to plain-vanilla optical imagers, it can be used for a range of activities from: monitoring the environment, crops, looking for oil and minerals all the way up to military surveillance scene. all of which need images that show a high level of differentiation of the object or
. Past experiences:About a decade ago, ISRO Laboratory, Chandigarh. 10th August 2017 added another EO niche with microwave or EO experts called it the 'CATSCAN' radar imaging satellites RISAT-I and 2 that could equivalent of Earth from space. see' through clouds and the dark an important feature useful for the military and security agencies. Hyspex' imaging is said to enable distinct identification of objects, materials or processes on Earth by reading the spectrum for each pixel of a scene from space. Spaceborne hyperspectral sensor Swath width of imaging sensor orEarth Soil surface Wavelength . ISRO first tried it out in an 83-kg IMS-I Water experimental satellite in May 2008.The same year, a hyperspectral camera was put on Chandrayaan-I and used to map lunar mineral resources. The payloads development centre, Space Applications Centre,Ahmedabad, designed the architecture of the chip which was made at ISRO's electronics arm, the Semi-Conductor Wavelength Each pixel contains a sampled spectrum that is used to identify the materials present in the pixel by their reflectance egetatio th Wavelength Spectral images taken simultaneously
Page-7:SC seeks details of convictions under Child Marriage Act. 10th August 2017 [G.S. MAINS PAPER- 1&2: Society & Social Issues & Polity & Governance] . As the Centre said Parliament must have thought it 'pragmatic' to reduce the age of consent for sexual relations for married girls from 18 to 15 as the child marriage system still exists in the country, the Supreme Court asked the government to provide details of the number of child marriage prohibition officers and prosecutions initiated under the Child Marriage Act in the past three years. Supreme Court is hearing a petition filed by NGO Independent Thought challenging the Exception 2 to Section 375 (rape) of the Indian Penal Code, which permits"intrusive sexual intercourse with a girl aged between 15 and 18 only on the ground that she is married." 'Discriminatory law The NGO submitted that this statutory exception to rape was violative of right to life, liberty, equality and was discriminatory.The Exception is part of the Criminal Law (Amendment) Act of 2013 and is contrary to the anti-child sex abuse law, the Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Act of 2012 (POCSO) Mr.Agarwal said the law "violates the health of not only the girl child concerned, but also generations to come." He said there were 23 million child brides in India, and there had hardly been over six convictions under the anti-child marriage law
We see a girl under 18 as a child in POCSO, but once she is married, she is no more a child under the Exception 2 to Section 375 of the IPC.This is totally inconsistent.The truth is that a girl under 18 is still a child, married or not. . Court's caution . However, Justice said there may be a flip side if the court quashed this exception. "Let's say a 17- year-old boy gets married to a 16-year-old girl....The boy stands the chance of getting convicted for seven years. But the parents, the real culprits, may get off with a few months' imprisonment. . Justice Lokur observed that it cannot be "presumed that just because a girl is less than 18, she does not understand the consequences of her actions. Under the new Juvenile Justice Act, a girl between the age of 16 and 18, if she commits murder, can be tried by an adult court. Poarrige Act states that gr in India can't marry before the age of 18.and a boy before 21 -According to UNICEF 47% of girls are married by l 8 years of age, and i 8% are married by 15 years of age. These marriages are often performed without the consent of the girls involved in the marriage.
Page-10: VAE joins chorus of concern over Doklam. I th August Foreign Minister of UAE is in Delhi on his fifth trip this year to: [i] discuss deepening bilateral ties, [ii] discuss diplomatic offensive by Gulf states following their economic blockade over what they call Qatar's broken promises on ending support to"extremism, jihadism and terrorism. [ii] Discuss Military escalation between India and China. On Bilateral Relations: [iThe Minister said he had assured the Indian leadership that Indian expatriates would not"suffer" because of the blockade imposed on Qatar [ii] Indian economic interests in the region would not be affected by the clash between Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, UAE and Egypt against Qatar that has dragged on since June 3. [iij Delayed Investment: Mr. Gargash accepted that movement on proposed investment from the UAE sovereign wealth fund (SWF) into Indian infrastructure projects had been delayed over procedural negotiations,and specifically the mandate of the governing body of the National Infrastructure Investment Fund (NIIF). The minister wouldn't confirm that the figure of $75 billion-announced during Mr. Modi's visit- would flow into the NIlFs coffers, saying only that "UAE has said we have a huge appetite for India." The investment has been delayed despite two visits by UAE Crown Prince to India in the past two years,and a visit by Prime Minister of India to the Emirates.
Page-11:AmendedBanking Regulation BillgetsRaya Sabha's nod. I l th August . It empowers the Reserve Bank of India to issue instructions to PSBs to act against major defaulters by amending Banking Companies (Regulation) Act, l949. . The Rajya Sabha passed the Banking Regulation (Amendment) Bill, which empowers the Reserve Bank of India to issue instructions to the banks to act against major defaulters.The Bill earlier passed by the Lok Sabha, will replace the Banking Regulation (Amendment) Ordinance, 2017 Finance Minister said there was nothing wrong in banks giving out loans and trying to recover them. Since RBI also performed other functions like public debt management,apart from regulation. Responding to demands for making the names of big defaulters public, FM said it was being done in the case of wilful defaulters. Only in cases of normal commercial transactions were the names not made public. Asked about the Panama cases, he said action had been taken pertaining to all foreign account details that had come. . On the concerns raised by Congress member about rising non-performing assets (NPA), Mr. Jaitley said they stood at Rs. 6.41 lakh crore by March this year.They were growing because of accumulated interests Along with the stressed assets,they amounted to over Rs. 8 lakh crore. After the insolvency law, which provides for a window of 180 days for debtors to settle the matter or face eviction and subsequent takeover of management by debt reconstruction companies, things had started improving. Debtors were now coming forward to settle unresolved issues with lenders
Ith August Public Expenditure: Indicating a continued thrust on public spending to spur the economy(Keynesian Theory, the finance ministry expects government's capex to rise by 25% to 3.9 lakh crore by 2019-20, driven largely by greater spending on defence, Railways, road transport and urban development. Tax Collection: Finance ministry has asserted that any shocks to tax collections due to the introduction of the Goods and Services Tax (GST) will be absorbed in the current financial year itself, so the tax to GDP ratio may persist at the same level this year as last year-11.3%. But in the next two years, the government is betting on an expansion of the tax base, citing gains from GST and increased surveillance efforts post-demonetisation The tax-GDP ratios are projected to be l 1.6% and 1 1.9%, in 2018-19 and 2019-20, respectively. The tax-to-GDP ratio is the ratio of tax collected compared to national gross domestic product (GDP). Some countries aim to increase the tax-to-GDP ratio by a certain percentage to address deficiencies in their budgets. For Indian Polity Crash course, Visit my Unacademy profile- www.unacademy.com/user/studiousjatin
. Page-I : Growth likely to be in the lower range, closer to 6.5%. 12th August Second volume of the Economic Survey tabled in Parliament. The Indian economy's growth in 20 17-18 is more likely to be closer to 6.5% than 7.5%, according to Chief Economic Adviser Arvind Subramanian Many indicators all point to the same direction of deceleration in growth [i]. credit growth, [ii] index of industrial production, fii] Gross Value Added(GDP), [iv] manufacturing [v] investment. . Growth forecast has not been changed (a range of 6.5%-7.5% estimated in February, it is just that because of all these risks, it's less likely that we will see outcomes towards the upper end of the forecast. The balance of risks to the growth outlook has clearly shifted to the downside. significant 'deleveraging' in the Indian economy last year, which could have intensified owing to demonetisation . It would be premature to say that growth can rebound very quickly unless there is a clean-up, and . There has been an celeration in real activity_since the first or second quarter of
. The economy grew by 7. I % in 201 6-1 7 12th August There are various steps taken with medium-term benefits. The real challenge now is short-term growth and we need to bring to bear all the policy tools that we have to revive short-term growth Loan waivers:waivers will act as a 'drag on growth' rather than have an inflationary impact. To accommodate the loan waiver, States will have to cut down either expenditure or raise taxes which will be deflationary. Look at the Uttar Pradesh Budget-capital expenditure has been slashed by l 3% or so."That represents less demand, less growth, suggesting this could impact demand by as much as 0.7% of GDP, drag down growth in the short run and worsen States' aggregate fiscal deficit indicators Page-l:30 children die in Gorakhpur hospital Day Meal (MDM) scheme is beginnings in Madras Presidency in pre-independent India. The scheme has again been given impetus in most states in the last two decades. Critically examine its twin objectives, latest mandates and success. [UPSC Mains 2013]
Page-8: Let Housework:Vice President. [G.S.-2: Polity & Governance-Constitution] 12th Aug President administers the oath of office to Vice President. The Vice-President Of India (Articles 63-73) . Article 69 (Oath or affirmation by the Vice-President): Every Vice-President shall, before entering upon his office, make and subscribe before the President, or some person appointed in that behalf by him, an oath or affirmation in the prescribed form . Page-9: Law itself allows cattle slaughter, SC tells govt.[G.S. -2: Polity & Governance] If slaughtering cattle for food or religious sacrifice is allowed under the Prevention of Cruelty Act, why did the government ban the sale of cattle for these purposes in the new livestock market rules, the Supreme Court asked the Centre. . A Bench of S.C. pointed out that the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act,1960 allowed slaughter for food and religious sacrifices . On the other hand, the Prevention of Cruelty to Animal (Regulation of Live- stock Market) Rules of 201Z require a person coming to the market to give a written undertaking that he will not sell his cattle for slaughter. . How can the Centre insist that a person should give a written under- taking that he is not bringing cattle to the market for sale for slaughter? This is an interference of his funda- mental right to carry on trade, protected under the Prevention of Cruelty Act.
12th August Push for law to ensure transparency rules [G.S. -2&3: Governance & Ease of Doing Business] Need for Transparency of Rules Act CTORA) Arguing that India would benefit enormously if the average citizen could easily access the latest rules and regulations in a comprehensible format, the survey suggests a Transparency of Rules Act (TORA) as a possible solution Rationale: [i] opaque mesh, of regulations prevalent in India not only make life difficult for citizens who cannot feign ignorance of rules as a valid defence, but also act as a magnet for corruption and endless litigation. [i] It is not easy for ordinary citizens [and businesses] in India to navigate the multitude of rules regulations, forms, taxes and procedures imposed by various tiers of government. [iii] Moreover, these rules frequently change and sometimes contradict each other e It is solely about the ease of finding out what the citizen is expected to do, the Survey said even government officials struggle to keep up with 'the latest version' of complicated rules. . 'Attempt to change': The TORA is an attempt to change in some ways the relationship between the average normal citizen and the State. All forms of governance are based on citizens being expected to follow the rules. Unfortunately. in India, very often, the rules are not so transparent
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Chrome File Edit View History Bookmarks People window Help 70% Wed 9:53 PM Q :E UPSC , Secure https://unacademy.com/useriatinverma7 1 Jatin unacademy a Explore search Courses, Topics & Educators O credits Jatin Verma Follow Worked at Citi Bank. Books, movies, travelling, share trading. Have appeared in UPSC CSE twice. Preparing again. Activity 29 Courses 128.9k Followers 5 Following Impact Jatin Verma added a new lesson Th 3,024,634 9th August 2017 Editorial-1: Food for Action (on NFSA) Views recelved National Food Security Act 2013: A Complete Analysis Jatin Verma replied on a comment 2h "sir will this state food commission be a quasijudicial body??" Harpreet Singh Kalsi Jatin Verma 2h you can say.... in loose sense of the term, though Show All
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