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DAILY NEWS ANALYSIS from THE HINDU 26th August 2017 By JATIN VERMA Educator Unacademy For Daily The Hindu News & Editorial analysis- Visit my Unacademy profile- www.unacademy.com/user/studiousjatin
Messenger of God- A Rapist! Page-l: Dera will have to foot bill, warns HC Prevention of Damage to Public Properties Act, 1984, and the other making the leaders accountable for acts of vandalism during agitations. Dr. B.R.Ambedkar's Advice: The second thing we must do is to observe the caution which John Stuart Mill has given to all who are interested in the maintenance of democracy, namely, not "to lay their liberties at the feet of even a great man, or to trust him with power which enable him to subvert their institutions". There is nothing wrong in being grateful to great men who have rendered life-long services to the country. But there are limits to gratefulness.As has been well said by the Irish Patriot Daniel O'Connel, no man can be grateful at the cost of his honour, no woman can be grateful at the cost of her chastity and no nation can be grateful at the cost of its liberty. This caution is far more necessary in the case of India than in the case of any other country. For in India, Bhakti or what may be called the path of devotion or hero-worship, plays a part in its politics unequalled in magnitude by the part it plays in the politics of any other country in the world. Bhakti in religion may be a road to the salvation of the soul. But in politics, Bhakti or hero- worship is a sure road to degradation and to eventual dictatorship.
Section V of our Constitution, Article 51A on 'Fundamental Duties' begins by saying:"lt shall be the duty of every citizen of India...". In the enumeration of such duties, sub- clause (h) says:"To develop the scientific temper, humanism and the spirit of inquiry and reform". RELATED ESSAY TOPICS: I.True religion cannot be misused. -1997 2. New cults and godmen: a threat to traditional religion 1996 3. Search for truth can only be a spiritual problem. -2002
Page-l:Claims on Bt cotton need to be probed, says panel Reigniting the debate on GM crops, a Parliamentary panel report said the government agencies have portrayed "a rosy picture" on Bt Cotton which is far removed from the truth. Report of the Standing Committee on Science and Technology claimed that [il Govt cited only overall cotton output and not the average yield in area. India's cotton yields increased by 69% in the five years (2000-2005) when Bt Cotton was less than 6% of total cotton area, but by only 1 0% in the l 0 years from 2005-2015 when Bt Cotton grew to 94% of the total cotton area [i] No study was carried out on impact of GM crops on human or animal health. All the studies that the government have been quoting are done in other countries growing GM crops. Lii] 20 years after introduction of GM crops in 1996,only six countries continue to account for over 90 % of all GM crop area globally including U.S., Brazil,Argentina, Canada, China and India. If GM technology was so good then why would all the countries not embrace it? The Ministry of Agriculture conceded to the committee that herbicide-tolerant gene may escape through pollen into nearby farm and fields, to another GM or non-GM crop. So if we allow GM crops in the midst of our indigenous crops there is no way contamination can be stopped, which means that we could lose the competitive edge of some of our unique products.
. Finally, unless bio-safety and socio-economic desirability studies are done through a participatory, independent and transparent process, the committee has recommended that no GM crop should be introduced.
Page-2: Rajasthan seeks relaxation in norms for flood relief . State Disaster Response Fund (SDRF) is the primary fund available with States for disaster response & is constituted under Section 48 of the Disaster Management Act, 2005 (DM Act) . The SDRF is used for meeting expenditures for providing immediate relief to the victims of cyclone, drought, earthquake, fire, flood, tsunami, hailstorm, landslide, avalanche, cloud burst, pest attack, and frost and cold wave. Besides, for providing immediate relief to the victims of State-specific disaster within the local context, which are not included in the list of the above notified natural calamities, Ministry of Home Affairs has authorized the State Governments to incur an expenditure of 10% of funds available under SDRE, subject to the procedures laid down therein. This flexibility is applicable only after the state has listed the natural disasters for inclusion and has notified clear and transparent guidelines for relief, in case such disasters occur. Any amount spent by the state for such disasters over and above the specified ceiling would have to be borne out of its own resources and it would be subject to the same accounting norms. . . If the amount available under SDRF is not sufficient, states can request for making available assistance from a similar fund managed by Central Govt- National Disaster Response Fund.
Financial assistance from SDRFINDRF is not compensation for loss/damage to properties /crops. . Further, the provision for disaster preparedness, restoration, reconstruction and mitigation are not a part of SDRF (The DM Act specifies that for such activities a separate fund called Disaster Mitigation Fund has to be constituted. However, 5% of the annual allocation to SDRF can be kept for specified capacity building activities by the states in the area of disaster management. Disaster Management Act, 2005 mandates that States shall constitute SDRF once the constitution of the State Disaster Management Authority is notified. . Source of Financing SDRF: The hitherto existing calamity relief Fund (CRF) / Disaster Relief Funds with the state Government was renamed as State Disaster Response Fund (SDRF) and the balance in the former was merged with SDRF While the DM Act clearly provides two sources of financing the NDRF, no source has been laid down for the SDRF. It is implied that the corpus of the SDRF will be the grant recommended by the Finance Commission under Article 275 (1) of the Constitution. Thus, financing of the SDRF is based on the recommendations of the Finance Commissions, which determine the annual size of the Funds as well as the respective contributions of the Union and State Governments. Since 2010-11,the Union Govt has been financing the NDRF through the levy of a cess and the SDRF as grants-in-aid
Page-8: Political freedoms necessary, rules SC A free environment for exercising political freedoms such as the right to dissent is necessary to end the malaise of corruption and diversion of funds and welfare benefits that re meant for the poor, the Supreme Court said in its privacy judgment. Government leaders in authoritarian states" who choke citizens' political freedoms find th often ill-prepared to resolve national crises. This is because lack of free flow of information and criticism has crippled the ability of the leadership to introspect on their actions and self-correct, the apex court added. Enabling atmosphere:An enabling atmosphere for citizens to dissent and scrutinise government measures add to the vibrancy of democracy . Quoting from Nobel laureate Amartya Sen, Justice D.Y. Chandrachud said: Mr. Sen's analysis reveals that the political immunity enjoyed by government leaders in authoritarian states prevents effective measures being taken in critical situations like famine. . The court was replying to the Centre's argument that privacy of a few should be sacrificed at the altar of government's drive to end corruption and money-laundering Attorney-General AG said Aadhaar aids the economic right of the poor to get their wages under the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Empolyment Guarantee Scheme, shelter and food. Only a few elite are concerned about the collection and use of biometric details for Aadhaar. For the poor,Aadhaar is a god-send
Transparent systems: The conditions necessary for realising or fulfilling socio-economic rights do not postulate the subversion of political freedom.The reason for this is simple. Capture of social welfare benefits can be obviated only when political systems are transparent and when there is a free flow of information. Opacity ensures to the benefit of those who monopolise scarce economic resources On the other hand, conditions where civil and political freedoms flourish ensure that governmental policies are subjected to critique and assessment. . Conditions of freedom and a vibrant assertion of civil and political rights promote a constant review of the justness of socio-economic programmes and of their effectiveness in addressing deprivation and want. Scrutiny of public affairs is founded upon the existence of freedom Hence civil and political rights and socio-economic rights are complementary and not mutually exclusive What's the alternative to Aadhar? Social audit Whistle Blowers' Protection Act Jobless engineer made over 1OO fake Aaddhaar cards EDABAD: When Sole his residence in ney not
Page-8:Privacy realms span from abortion to euthanasia The realm of the fundamental right to privacy span from women's reproductive choice and choice of food or faith to euthanasia. Neither the State nor private persons have any business to intrude . A woman's freedom of choice whether to bear a child or abort her pregnancy are areas which fall in the realm of privacy. These women and girl children, including victims of rape, are fighting a battle for the right to abort their foetuses. Abortion is legally barred if the pregnancy has crossed 20 weeks. e Similarly another burning issue in the Supreme Court is a person's right to active euthanasia. This is a crime under attempt to suicide.A person who helps a terminally ill person to take his own life is booked under abetment to suicide. An individual's rights to refuse life prolonging medical treatment or terminate his life is another freedom which fall within the zone of the right of privacy . The judge condemns any State intrusion into what a person should "read or think" as a "conditioning process" of the masses' thoughts. The freedom of the belief or faith in any religion is a matter of conscience falling within the zone of purely private thought process and is an aspect of liberty" the judge wrote. An individual's political belief form part of his freedom of conscience and comes under the fundamental right to life and liberty of which privacy is a core value
* Taking a strong exception to this stance, the committee held that'if this approach or argument is subscribed, then there was no need for the trade agreement with ASEAN. The import of essential commodities will continue with or without the trade agreements. The better market access in terms of higher export has not materialised and this is a matter of concern. . As per official data: Findings of Committee [i] Among the 'essential commodities' cited by the government, imports of coal fell by 2.5% in 2016- 17 from a year earlier, while vegetable oil imports grew by 3.7% to touch $6 19 billion in 201 6-7 [ii]Crude petroleum imports rose by almost 50% in 201 6-17, but exports of petroleum products (India's top export product to the ASEAN bloc) surged 58.4%. .[ii]Among the other top 10 commodities imported from ASEAN, consumer electronics grew at the highest pace in 201 6-17,followed by ships and boats, electronic components and telecom instruments. India's second-largest export commodity to ASEAN-buffalo meat-saw a 4.92% increase in 2016-17 to reach $2.78 billion. ASEAN is India's fourth largest trading partner with total trade in 2016-17 at $71.69 billion, constituting almost l 1% of India's overall global trade of $660.6 billion Total exports to ASEAN in 2016-17 stood at $31.07 billion, while imports were $40.63 billion, creating an adverse trade balance of$9.56 STlion.
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