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DAILY NEWS ANALYSIS from THE HINDU 19th August 2017 By JATIN VERMA Educator Unacademy For Daily The Hindu News & Editorial analysis- Visit my Unacademy profile- www.unacademy.com/user/studiousjatin
. Page-8:China bristles at Japan's remarks on Doklam. China has reacted sharply to Japanese Ambassador to India's comments supporting India's position on Doklam. However, India has refused to react to the comments that came as the first clear show of backing from a major power on the two-month long standoff at the India-China-Bhutan tri- unction. "1 have seen the Japanese Ambassador in India really wants to support India. I want to remind him not to randomly make comments before clarifying the facts. e Consistent position According to the Japanese Embassy in Delhi made a statement "consistent with our position on the international rule of law", when he advised all parties concerned with the Doklam standoff not to "resort to unilateral attempts to change the status quo by force, and resolve the dispute in a peaceful manner . A Japanese embassy that these comments should be read as a reiteration of Japan's traditional position on resolving disputes, and added that Japan welcomes External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj's statement that the Doklam standoff should be ended through early dialogue.
Page-8: No data from China on Brahmaputra this year. The Ministry of External Affairs said under an agreement, China had committed to share annual hydrological data with India but the same has not been shared this year. . Hinting at China's responsibility for the current spate of floods across the northeastern States India said Beijing had not shared any water-related data about the Himalayan rivers in the currentyear . There is an existing mechanism named India-China Expert-Level mechanism started in 2006 to share hydrological data during the flood season for Brahmaputra and Satluj rivers. Under the MoUs, the hydrological data is to be shared between May 15 to October 15 every year but from May 15 till now, we have no data from China. The last meeting of the mechanism was held in April 2016 Cooperation necessary There is a necessity for regional cooperation to control floods and the responsibility of sharing data is with China as it hosts the points of origin of the Brahmaputra and Satluj . Nepal's role in controlling floods in Bihar, saying External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj had discussed the issue with Nepal's Deputy PM.
Page-8:Northern States reel under swine flu . Swine influenza virus was first isolated from pigs in 1930 in the U.S. and has been recognized by pork producers and veterinarians to cause infections in pigs worldwide . "Swine flu" strain, first seen in Mexico, termed novel HINI flu since it was mainly found infecting people and exhibits two main surface antigens, HI (hemagglutinin type I) and NI (neuraminidase typel) The eight RNA strands from novel HINI flu have one strand derived from human flu strains, two from avian (bird) strains, and five from swine strains. What are the Symptoms of Swine Flu? The symptoms of swine flu are very similar to regular flu and include: Fever; Headaches;Tiredness; Chills; Cough and sneezing; Headache; Weakness and fatigue;Aching muscles and joints; Sore throat; Runny nose; Diarrhoea or stomach upset and Loss of appetite. Why India is more vulnerable to swine flu? India is even more vulnerable because of its climate.While in most countries the swine flu virus makes an appearance during the winter season, in India it surfaces twice a year - during the monsoon and winter seasons. Add to that the fact, that our population density is very high, public places and transport is overcrowded and there's utter disregard for sanitation and hygiene.There's also a lack of awareness about the disease and many people still believe that virus spreads from pigs.The swine flu situation actually points out the deficiencies of India's public health system
What needs to be done? Provide vaccination for the at-risk population and make swine flu drugs more easily available to the public. The only forward would be to make the available remedies like Tamiflu, Relenza and others more widely available by allowing qualified medical practitioners and chemist shops to stock and dispense the anti-flu drugs and give strict instructions on their usage. Page-8: Rajasthan govt. grants reservation for Gujjars The Rajasthan government will raise the other backward class (OBC) quota from 21% to 26% for granting 5% reservation to Gujjars and other castes. The government has assured the Gujjar leaders that the OBC quota will be split after increasing it to 26% to grant them 5% reservation The total reservation in the state stands at 49% at present and this is set to once again crossed the 50% legal ceiling, taking total reservation to 54% Two issues: [I] A bill for conferring constitutional status on National Commission for Backward Classes;  S.C. Judgement mandating 50% cap
Page-9: Lack of diagnostic facilities forces doctors to do guesswork' It would be unfair to say that all the reported deaths occurred due to one reason alone-be it drop in oxygen level or anything else, says ICMR chief . ICMR research from 2014 to 2017 shows that 40-60% ofAES in this region is caused by scrub typhus infection. There may be other risk factors in this region that make scrub typhus present as AES, which need to be explored. . AES is a syndrome and the causative agent of AES is known to vary with season and geographical location . Of course, early diagnosis is key to controlling patient load and reducing mortality. But we have to understand that this disease itself presents with fever and scrub typhus is not easy to distinguish from any other fever, without good diagnostics ICMR has provided a clinical algorithm to assist in early diagnosis.
PAGE-9: NHRC issues notice on Rohingyas. The NHRC observed that "refugees are no doubt foreign nationals but they are human beings and before taking a big step, the government of India has to look into every aspect of the situation". The Commission has also o fundamental right enshrined under Article 21 of the Constitution regarding the right to life and personal liberty, "applies to all, irrespective of the fact whether they are citizens of India or not". Il d that the Supreme Court has consistently held that the . India has continued to receive a large number of refugees from different countries. India is not a signatory to the 1951 Convention on Refugees and also the 1967 Protocol. . But India is a signatory to a number of United Nations and World Conventions on Human Rights. Till today (Friday), the country has evolved a practical balance between human and humanitarian obligations on the one hand and security and national interest on the other. The Rohingyas, who fled to India after violence in the Western Rakhine State of Myanmar, have settled in Jammu, Hyderabad, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Delhi-NCR, and Rajasthan.
Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), also known as the UN Refugee Agency, is a United Nations programme mandated to protect and support refugees at the request of a government or the UN itself and assists in their voluntary repatriation, local integration or resettlement to a third country, UNHCR was established on 14 December I950 and succeeded the earlier United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration . Its headquarters: Geneva, Switzerland, and it is a member of the United Nations Development Group Accolades: [i] The UNHCR has won two Nobel Peace Prizes, once in 1954 and again in 198 ii] The UNHCR has been chosen for the prestigious Indira Gandhi Prize for Peace, 015. Disarmament and Development 2 Database: UNHCR maintains a database of refugee information, ProGres, which was created during the Kosovo War in the 1990s S. The database today contains data on over l 1 million refugees, or about l 1% of all displaced persons globally. The database contains biometric data, including fingerprints and iris scans and is used to determine aid distribution for recipients.The results of using biometric verification has been successful
Page 10 World News: Setting agenda for next BRICS meet As the countdown for the September summit of the Brazil-Russia-India-China- South Africa (BRICS) grouping begins, scholars, academics and government officials have been brainstorming ways in which the emerging economies can set the global agenda, based on new rules of governance . Delegates to a BRICS seminar, organised by the Communist Party of China (CPC) in the southeast city of Quanzhou, analysed and debated the Chinese model of development as the template for rapid growth, especially of the global South.The BRICS summit is being held in China's coastal city of Xiamen on September 3-5.It highlights the theme BRICS: stronger partnership for a brighter future. . Former World Bank chief economist Justin Lin Yifu said that: iJamong nearly 200 developing economies since the end of the Second World War, only two have transitioned from low-income to high-income economies, with China possibly emerging as the third by 2025. [i] He attributed the failure to the avoidance of either the middle-income or the low-income [iii]A right balance between the role of the market and the state was required in order to [iv]He highlighted that the"secret of China's success is its use of both the invisible hand and the [v]Technological innovation and industrial upgrading could proceed smoothly,only when the market trap and to the pursuit of western mainstream economic theories structuralism, and neoliberalism achieve breakthroughs visible hand. and the state played their complementary roles.
Four Comprehensives: A chinese expert focussed on the pursuit of 'Four Comprehensives' by Chinese leaders as an overarching framework to achieve rapid development goals. The 'Four Comprehensives' cover: [ilefforts to pursue a moderately prosperous society- internet, cars, freedoms [ii]reform [ii]rule of law and iv]Party discipline. The brainstorming was preceded by a conference earlier this month of the BRICS trade minister in Shanghai, which focussed on the continued relevance of globalisation. In the wake of protectionist sentiments in the U.S. and Europe, it underscored the need for a united stand of the emerging economies against protectionism, and backing for a multilateral trade system. . In late July, a BRICS security meeting was held in Beijing, with discussions on global governance, anti-terrorism, the Internet, energy, national security and development.
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