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DAILY NEWS ANALYSIS from HINDU, TOI, INDIAN EXPRESS 9th August 2017 By JATIN VERMA Educator Unacademy
PAGEI Wednesday August 09,2017 News Articles to be discussed today. survey. [From Tol] invalidate votes of 2 rebels. News Editorials to be Discussed l. Kerala, Haryana top sanitation I. Food for action [G.S. Mains 3] 2. Mehbooba, Farooq talk Article 35A 2. Rouhani's challenge 3. Video proof helps Congress 4. Dipak Misra to be 45th Chief 3. Today, we do not talk of inclusive nationalism 4. From Indian Express: The Case for Justice of India [Table of Precedence] Lateral Entry into IAS 5. ndian Express: New system for rating bureaucr open to bias: 6. Food security: SC raps Centr States 8th August Hindu
PAGE 2 Wednesday August 09,2017 Page-7: Kerala, Haryana top sanitation survey [GSM Polity- Schemes] The Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation released the findings of the survey of 1.4 lakh rural households, undertaken by the Quality Council of India (QCI) between May and June this year The survey, covering 4626 villages across all States and Union territories, claimed that 62.45% of the households had access to a toilet. Findings of Survey: [i] The survey also pointed that 91.29% of the people who had access to a toilet also used it, indicating a change in sanitation behaviour. [ii]Northeastern States of Sikkim, Manipur and Nagaland were top performers with 95% rural households covered by toilets. And so were the Himalayan States of Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand with over 90% toilet coverage of the rural houses. iii]Uttar Pradesh and Bihar were among the worst performers in terms of rural sanitation. In Bihar, only 30% of the rural household had access to toilets while Uttar Pradesh was marginally better at 37% . Jharkhand, too scored the same as U.P Gujarat fared better in terms of rural sanitation as 85% of rural households had access to toilets. [N]Apart from Kerala, Tamil Nadu was the other performer as 79% rural households had access to a toilet. However, neighbouring Puducherry scored poorly with just 43%
PAGE3 Wednesday August 09,2017 Steps to be taken by Ministry in future: To instil a competitive spirit at the ground level, ministry would now start ranking all districts in terms of sanitation coverage and solid and liquid waste management. The Minister reiterated that 77 Central Ministries had a sum of 12,000 crore for the Swachh Bharat campaign and every Ministry should pitch in. Background:The Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation which implements the SBA has been allocated Rs 20,011 crore in the Union Budget 2017 There is clearly an upward trend in allocations from 2012 to 2017 in terms of budget allocation The Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM) has two sub-missions-SBM (Rural) and SBM (Urban) and budgetary provisions for both of them are provided separately through the MDWS and the Ministry of Urban Development (MoUD) respectively. International commitment of India: Goal 6 of the Sustainable Development Goals committed the countries of the world to achieve universal access to safe drinking water and adequate sanitation and hygiene to all in the next 15 years.
PAGE4 Wednesday August 09,2017 64.With reference to Quality Council of India (QCI), consider the following statements: I. QCI was set up jointly by the Government of India and the Indian Industry 2. Chairman of QCl is appointed by the Prime Minister on the recommendations of the industry to the Government. Which of the above statements is/are correct? (a) I only (b) 2 only [UPSC Prelims 2017] (c) Both I and 2 (d) Neither I nor 2 ractice Question for Mains: Q Critically assess the country-wide performance of SBM Background Quality Council of India was set up as a non-profit autonomous society registered under Societies Registration Act 1860 to establish an accreditation structure in the country and to spread quality movement in India by undertaking a National Quality Campaign The council runs autonomously under Ministry of Commerce and Industry and is a non- profit organization with its own Memorandum of Association. A council of 38 members with equal representations of government, industry and consumers govern Qcl
PAGE5 Wednesday August 09,2017 Page-I+10: Mehbooba, Farooq talk Article 35A [GS MAINs Paper-2: Federalism] Question. What Is Article 35A? Article 35A of the constitution of India empowers J&K legislature to define state's "permanent residents" and their special rights and privileges. It was added to the constitution through a presidential order of 1954 with the then J&K government's concurrence Question.What is its significance to J&K? Through 1927 and 1932 notifications, Dogra ruler of the princely state of J&K, Maharaja Hari Singh imposed a law that defined state subjects and their rights.The law also regulated migrants to the state.J&K joined India through instrument of accession signed by its ruler Hari Singh in October 1947 After J&K's accession, popular leader Sheikh Abdullah took over reins from Dogra ruler. In 1949,he negotiated J&K's political relationship with New Delhi, which led to the inclusion of Article 370 in the Constitution. . Article 370 guarantees special status to J&K,restricting Union's legislative powers over three areas: defence,foreign affairs and communications. However, under the 1952 Delhi Agreement between Abdullah and Nehru,several provisions of the Constitution were extended to J&K via presidential order in 1954.Article 35A was inserted then.
PAGE6 Wednesday August 09,2017 &K's Constitution was framed in 1956. It retained Maharaja's definition of permanent residents: All persons born or settled within the state before 191I or after having lawfully acquired immovable property resident in the state for not less than ten years prior to that date. All emigrants from Jammu and Kashmir, including those who migrated to Pakistan, are considered state subjects The descendants of emigrants are considered State subjects for two generations. Permanent residents law prohibits non-permanent residents from permanent settlement in the state, acquiring immovable property, govt jobs, scholarships and aid It was also interpreted as discriminatory against J&K women It disqualified them from their state subject rights if they married non-permanent residents. But, in a landmark judgment in October 2002, J&K high court held that women married to non- permanent residents will not lose their rights. The children of such women don't have succession rights. WHY is Article 35A being debated? . An NGO,We the Citizens, challenged 35A in SC in 2014 on grounds that it was not added to the Constitution through amendment under Article 368. It was never presented before Parliament, and came into effect immediately, the group argued
PAGE7 Wednesday August 09,2017 Page-I I:Video p roof helps Cong ress invalidate votes of 2 rebels. Violation of Rule 39 of the Conduct of Election Rules and the EC's circular on security of ballots . Vote of one of its MLAs was rejected as the ballot paper had been shown to unauthorised persons UPSC Previous Years Ouestio Question. Which of the following is/are among the functions of the Election Commission of India? I. Conduct of election for the posts of the Speaker and the Deputy Speaker, Lok Sabha and the 4 Deputy Chairman, Rajya Sabha. Il. Conduct of election to the Corporations and Municipalities. II. Deciding on all doubts and disputes arising out of the elections. Select the correct answer from the codes given below Codes: (a) I and II (b) I and IlI (c) Il and III (d) None of thes
PAGE8 Wednesday August 09,2017 Page I +10: Dipak Misra to be 45th Chief Justice of India Table of Precedence. [Ministry of Home Affairs through a notification] l. President 2.Vice-President 3. Prime Minister 4. Governors of States within their respective States 5. Former Presidents 5A. Deputy Prime Minister 6. Chief Justice of India Speaker of Lok Sabha 7. Cabinet Ministers of the Union; Chief Ministers of States within their respective States Deputy Chairman, Planning Commission Former Prime Ministers Leaders of Opposition in Rajya Sabha and Lok Sabha 7A. Holders of Bharat Ratna decoration 8.Ambassadors Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary and High Commissioners of Commonwealth countries accredited to India Chief Ministers of States outside their respective States Governors of States outside their respective States) 9.Judges of Supreme Court 9A. Chairperson, Union Public Service Commission Chief Election Commissioner Comptroller & Auditor General of India
PAGE9 OLAs per ndian Frotocol who among the fllowing ranks highet h the order of precedence Wednesday August 09,2017 [CSP 2003] (a) Deputy Prime Minister Former President (c) Governor of a State within his State (d) Speaker of Lok Sabha. o) CGovernorof'a State within his State Q2.Which one of the following is the correct sequence in the descending order of precedence in the warrant of precedence? Attorney General of Indiajudges of the supreme Court Members of ParliamentDeputy Chairman of Rajya Sabha. [CSP 2004] A. Judges of the Supreme CourtDeputy Chairman of Rajya Sabha Attorney General of IndiaMembers of Parliament B. Attorney General of IndiaDeputy Chairman of Rajya Sabha Judges of the Supreme CourtMembers C. Judges of the Supreme CourtAttorney General of IndiaDeputy Chairman of Rajya Sabha Members For Indian Polity Crash course, Visit my Unacademy profile- of Parliament of Parliament www.unacademy.com/user/studiousjatin