Jatin Verma is teaching live on Unacademy Plus
SUNDAY WEEKLY REVIEW DAILY NEWS ANALYSIS 21st To 26th AUGUST 2017 By JATIN VERMA Educator Unacademy For Daily The Hindu News & Editorial analysis- Visit my Unacademy profile- www.unacademy.com/user/studiousjatin
.Page-10: Justice Karnan to petition Calcutta HC on parole plea.[21 August] Article 16l of the Constitution, under which the Governor can grant pardon. Page-10: Hawala dealer sent to judicial custody City A City B Country U.S City C Country Dubai
. Page-I I :Yawning gaps in communication and track safety. [21 August] . A High Level Safety Review Committee under the chairmanship of Dr.Anil Kakodkar to review the safety of the Indian Railways and recommend improvements.. I. Passenger fares have not been increased in the last decade and the infrastructure is severely strained.All safety margins have been squeezed.This has led to a neglect of infrastructure maintenance 2. In the present situation, the three vital functions (rule making, operations and the regulation) are all vested in the Railway Board. There is need for an independent mechanism for safety regulation.The Committee recommends the creation of a statutory Railway Safety Authority with enough powers to have a safety oversight on the operational mode of Railways. The Research Design and Standards Organization (RDSO), the apex technical wing of the Railways, is highly constrained.This has hampered the ability of the system to internalize emerging technologies.The Committee recommends restructuring of RDSO for greater empowerment. It also recommends that a Railway Research and Development Council (RRDC) be set up directly under the government. The Committee recommends the adoption of an Advanced Signalling System (akin to the European Train Control System) for the entire trunk route length of 19,000 km within 5 years. This is estim 3. 4. ted to cost Rs 2 re
Page-13: Corporate governance: focus on SEBI [21 August] SEBl had constituted a committee on corporate governance under the chairmanship of Uday Kotak in June this year.The committee is expected to submit its report within four months. 'Subjective views: In India, corporate governance continues to see subjective interpretation. While India is moving towards internationally accepted norms of corporate governance, we are bound to see this kind of volatility. . This is a fight between modern, free-market capitalism on the one side and the forces of 'compassionate capitalism' on the other. The governing board or a supervisory board would be an important top layer setting the direction for suchc The founders, perhaps, look at a quarter of a century while the market looks at the next quarter
Organisational Chart: [2l August] Philosophy of founders of Company, their values Board of Directors Management/CEO Targets, Competition,"New Values" Different Hierarchical Levels of Organisation
Page-13: Zip past toll barriers. [21 August] It is a device that uses Radio Frequency ldentification (RFID) technology for making toll payments directly from the prepaid account linked to it. It is affixed on the windscreen of your vehicle and enables you to drive through toll plazas without waiting as you would for a cash transaction. The tag has a validity of 5 years and after purchase, it only needs to be recharged or topped up. The service is applicable to all kinds of vehicles but use of the service is currently voluntary. The tag can be linked to the MyFastTag mobile app. Purchase and top ups can be done through the app.All lanes in 371 toll plazas in the country will be FASTag-enabled by October I All these plazas will have a dedicated FASTag lane by September I. How is it beneficial? illt helps quicken your passage through toll barriers and helps avoid use of cash. [i]lt helps reduce use of fuel and pollution due to high waiting-times at the barriers. [ii]It will help the government identify the quantum of road use and types of vehicles passing through, aiding budgets for road widening and other infrastructure expenses [iv]lt could help increase accruals to the government as some operators managing toll plazas have, in the past, have been suspected of under reporting their revenues.
Radio-frequency identification (RFID) uses electromagnetic fields to automatically identify and track tags attached to objects. The tags contain electronically stored information Passive tags collect energy from a nearby RFID reader's interrogating radio waves. Active tags have a local power source such as a battery and may operate at hundreds of meters from the RFID reader. . Unlike a barcode, the tag need not be within the line of sight of the reader,so it may be embedded in the tracked object. RFID is one method for Automatic Identification and Data Capture (AIDC) . RFID tags are used in many industries, for example, an RFID tag attached to an automobile during production can be used to track its progress through the assembly line; RFID-tagged pharmaceuticals can be tracked through warehouses; and implanting RFID microchips in livestock and pets allows for positive identification of animals. Since RFID tags can be attached to cash, clothing, and possessions, or implanted in animals and people, the possibility of reading personally-linked information without consent has raised serious privacy concerns
Page 5 South Storage in Cauvery basin use of table salt is becoming more popular. less than half of last year_22 August Project Varshadhari'- Karnataka Cloud Seeding: Using an aircraft dispersion devices located on the ground (generators, firing canisters from anti-aircraft guns or even rockets) the chemicals are dispersed in the atmosphere. If an aircraft is used, the silver iodide flares are ignited and dispersed as the plane flies through the cloud. If ground based devices are used, then chemicals are simply fired at the cloud. . Common chemicals used for cloud seeding include silver iodide and dry ice (solid carbon dioxide), Liquid propane (which expands into a gas). The
Page-10:AIADMK must report merger to EC 22 August . The AlADMK factions, led by Tamil Nadu Chief Minister Edappadi K. Palaniswami and O. Panneerselvam, which announced their merger will have to report the development to the Election Commission for withdrawal of their petitions staking claim to the party symbol. e Verification process . The two groups had earlier filed petitions for the party symbol.They also submitted affidavits of their supporters. The process for verification Q. Consider the following statements: [UPSC PRELIMS 2017] I. The Election Commission of India is a five-member body. Union Ministry of Home Affairs decides the election schedule for the conduct of both general elections and by-elections Election Commission resolves disputes relating to splits/mergers of recognized political parties. Which of the statements given above is/are correct? 2. 3. A. I and 2 only. B. 3 only C. 2 and 3 only D. 2 only
Page-1l: Now, passport without police verification. 22 August Home Minister launched the CCTNS project, which aims to connect the country's all 15,398 police stations. The physical police verification for getting a passport may soon be dispensed with as the Centre plans to connect the procedure with the Crime and Criminal Tracking Network and System:s Project (CCTNS), a project first conceptualised by the UPA government in 2009. CCTNS, an exhaustive national database of crimes and criminals that will check the antecedents of applicants at the click of a mouse, was expected to be linked with the passport service of the External Affairs Ministry. National database Police will be given handheld devices to go to an applicant's address and his or her details will be uploaded on the network.It will minimise contact of an individual with police and reduce time (for getting passport). MHA launched CCTNS project, which aims to connect the country's all 15,398 police stations.
Page-1:Will SC end personal laws' immunity? 22 August The Supreme Court's judgment on the constitutionality of triple talag may also decide the age- old debate whether personal laws can be brought under the ambit of Article 13 (laws inconsistent with or in derogation of the fundamental rights) of the Constitution. . While the All India Muslim Personal Law Board (AIMPLB) has argued that the Supreme Court does not have jurisdiction to strike down provisions of personal law, organisations calling for reformand Muslim women from various walks of life across the country have urged court to declare triple talaq and polygamy as "un-lslamic" This is the first time that aggrieved persons -individual Muslim women themselves have approached the apex court in person to settle the law on whether religious law is immune from constitutional standards enshrined under fundamental rights . Article 13 includes in its ambit any "ordinance, order, by-law, rule, regulation, notification and even customs and usages" passed or made by the Legislature or any other "competent authority". It mandates that any law in force in the country before or after the commencement of Constitution should not violate the fundamental rights of citizens enshrined in Part III
Business Page: Infosys compliance: SEBI seeks data, 22 August The Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) is examining whether there were any lapses re requirements by Infosys. The SEBI move comes reportedly after a few shareholders approached the regulator following the resignation of Vishal Sikka as the chief executive officer amidst allegations by co-founder N.R. Narayana Murthy. The regulator had asked the stock exchanges to look into this matter by seeking clarification from the company. Exchanges, being the first-level regulators, often seek clarification from companies based on regulatory directions or media reports. Impact on buyback . The SEBI move could affect the proposed 13,000-crore buyback of Infosys shares as well.The regulator could insist on getting a complete clarity on investor complaints before giving a final go-ahead for the buy-back proposal.
. Integral part of Religion or Not? 2. violative of Article 14 (right to equality)or not. VERSUS 1400 years old? 3. Should Personal Law practice be precedence over Fundamental Rights or vice versa? 4. It comes under the ambit of Article 13 (Definition of law) of the Constitution or not? 5. Antiquity of Law versus Modernity of Democracy In whose favour should 23 August 2017 the balance tilt?? En-gendering Developmen Question. Analyse the contribution of S.C. in Engendering women A lot of Ground needs to be covered.... Marital Rape? Representation ofwomen in Judiciary itself???
Flag Code -India, 2002 23 August 2017 In lts judgement, the Delhi High Court held that the right to fly the National Flag is a fundamental right within the meaning of Article 19(1) (a) of the Constitution and reasonable restrictions can be imposed by law.The High Court also held that the restrictions imposed by the Flag Code India had not been authorised by any law within the meaning of clause (2) of Article 19 of the Constitution and could not, therefore, stand in view of the earlier decisions of the Supreme Court holding that no curbs could be imposed on the rights of the citizens through executive instructions. . The Delhi High Court held that "it could not be disputed that right to fly the National Flag at the premises of a person, whether at his residence factory or office, is a part of his fundamental right of freedom of expression and that right can be restricted only by Parliament in the circumstances mentioned in Clause (2) of Article 19 of the Constitution The restrictions imposed by the Flag Code on flying the National Flag have not been authorized by any law framed under Clause (2) of Article 19 of the Constitution
23 August 2017 What's the way out: Medecins Sans Frontieres (MSF) said that manufacturers will have to find new routes to develop a non-infringing (pneumonia) vaccine. MSF filed an objection to Pfizer's patent request last year. . At least one Indian firm, Panacea Biotec Ltd., is developing a cheaper form of the vaccine, and had also filed against Pfizer's request. e Pneumonia Pneumonia is an inflammatory condition of the lung affecting primarily the microscopic air sacs known as alveoli. Typical signs and symptoms include a varying severity and combination of productive or dry cough, chest pain, fever,and trouble breathing, depending on the underlying cause Risk factors include other lung diseases such as cystic fibrosis, COPD, and asthma, diabetes, heart failure, a history of smoking, a poor ability to cough such as following a stroke, or a weak immune system. Diagnosis is often based on examination of Chest X-ray, blood tests, and culture of the sputum may help confirm the diagnosis. . Methods of prevention include handwashing and not smoking
Page-l SC: liquor sale ban does not extend to municipal areas [G.S. Mains Paper-2: Polity & Governance] 24 August 2017 The Supreme Court has clarified that its nationwide ban on sale of liquor within a distance of 500 metres along National and State Highways does not extend to municipal areas The court explained that the December 15,2016 ban on liquor sale only extends along and in proximity to highways which provide connectivity between cities, towns and villages. . The order does not prohibit licensed establishments within municipal areas. This clarification shall govern other municipal areas as well The clarification comes as a huge relief for bar and hotel owners who were forced to shut down operations post the December 15 ban. Thousands were left jobless after these establishments were closed down. . On March 3l, the court dismissed their plea for modification of the ban and confirmed that it was restricted not just to liquor vends along the highways but also to larger establishments, including pubs and hotels.
*Page-l:OBC list to be sub-categorised [G.S.M. Paper-2: Polity & Governance] Union Cabinet approved a proposal to set up a commission which will examine the issue of sub-categorisation of the Other Backward Classes (OBC) The committee has a three-point mandate. [I]One, it has to examine the extent of inequitable distribution of benefits of reservation" among various castes & communities that come under Central OBC list. [i] It has to work out the mechanism, criteria and parameters for the actual sub-categorisation. [ii] The third task is bringing order to the Central list of OBCs by removing any repetitions. . This will be tricky The actual reservation will continue to be 27% and within this the committee will have to do the re-arranging Some castes will suffer a few cuts, but ultimately it will facilitate better distribution of benefits. The National Commission for Backward Classes had recommended it in 20 and a standing committee too had repeated this. Already II States, including Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Jharkhand, West Bengal and Jammu region have such a categorisation in State government jobs. 24 August 2017
Page 7: Sasikala's review plea dismissed 24 August 2017 TG.S. Mains Paper-2: Polity& Governance] I) Once a decision has been made by the Supreme Court, a review petition can be filed with new evidences (and/or arguments). The Court may or may not accept the review petition 2) lIf Supreme Court has rejected the review petition, the grieved can apply for curative petition if his/her rights to natural justice are violated. The Court may or may not accept the petition. The Curative petition is circulated to the three senior most judges and the judges who delivered the impugned judgement, if available. No time limit is given for filing Curative petition.
Business Page 13: New mechanism to spur PSB mergers under consideration [GS-3] Paving the way for quicker consolidation among public sector banks, the Cabinet approved 'in- principle' the constitution of an alternative mechanism, likely to be a ministerial group, that will oversee the proposals for mergers among banks . Now, if the board of any other public sector bank proposes a consolidation, this mechanism will oversee that process. The Prime Minister will take a call on who will be members of this group. Stressing that the decision to create 'strong and competitive banks will be solely based on commercial considerations and such decisions must start from the boards of the banks. the proposals received from banks will be reviewed by the members of the alternative mechanism. e Following an in-principle nod from the group, banks will take necessary steps under the law and as per SEBl norms for amalgamation and the final scheme will be notified by the Centre in consultation with the Reserve Bank of India. ' The Centre's nudge towards consolidation among public sector banks assumes significance as most of them are grappling with huge levels of non-performing assets or NPAs, slow credit offtake and resultant pressures on capital adequacy 'First step? Rating agency Crisil termed the Cabinet decision as an important first step towards kick starting the consolidation process and said such mergers would improve NPA resolution following swifter decision making and an unified strategy. 24 August 2017
Question. With the reference of the Non Banking Financial Companies (NBFCs ) in India , Consider the following statements: I.They cannot engage in the acquisition of Securities issued by the government. 2.They can not accept demand deposit like Saving Account. Which of the statements given above is /are correct? [UPSC Prelims-2010] A.I only B. 2 only C. Both I and 2 D.Neither I nor 2 24 August
Page-10:Worried SC calls for robust data protection regime.[GS-2&3:Technology & FRI The Supreme Court urged the government to put in place a robust mechanism for data protection Noting that informational privacy is a facet of the right to privacy, a nine-judge Bench, led by Chief Justice of India said dangers to personal data originate not only from the government but also from private players. Legitimate aims of state: [iIThe court observed that the creation of a regime requires careful and sensitive balance between 25 August individual interest and legitimate concerns of the state. [ii] The legitimate aims of the state would include for instance -protecting national security, -preventing and investigating crime, -encouraging innovation and the spread of knowledge and -preventing the dissipation of social welfare benefits The court said the introduction of a "carefully structured" data protection regime and its contours were matters policy matters to bec The court also took note of the Centre's move to constitute a committee of experts led by former Supreme Court judge, Justice B.N. Srikrishna to identify"key data protection issues" and suggest a draft Data Protection Bill
Page-10:SC rips apart its 2014 ruling on Section 377, [GS-1 & 2: SOCIETY & FRI 2014 verdict pandered to a "majoritarian" view,says nine-judge bench The nine-judge Bench of the Supreme Court ripped apart its own judgment of 2014 upholding Section 377 of the Indian Penal Code, which criminalises consensual sexual acts of adults in private. The Bench observed that the chilling effect of Section 377 "poses a grave danger to the unhindered fulfilment of one's sexual orientation,as an element of privacy and dignity." In separate judgments, the Constitution Bench, led by Chief Justice of India J.S. Khehar, concluded that the 2014 verdict by a two-judge Bench of the apex court pandered to a "majoritarian" view to deny the LGBT community their inherent fundamental rights of life, personal liberty, equality and gender discrimination Section 377 of Indian Penal Code was struck down by the Delhi High Court in July 2009.However, over-ruling this judgment, the Supreme Court upheld Section 377 IPC in what is popularly referred to as the Kaushal judgment, . 2014 judgment:_The 2014 judgment's view that "a miniscule fraction of the country's population constitutes lesbians, gays, bisexuals or transgenders" was not a sustainable basis to deny the right to privacy 25 August
Page-10:SC overrules Emergency-era habeas corpus verdict. [GS-2: Polity & Gov.]25 Aug . Over 40 years after the Supreme Court's darkest hour when it said citizens have no right to life and liberty during the Emergency period, a nine-judge Bench condemned the decision in the infamous ADM Jabalpur case, or better known as the habeas corpus case, as "seriously flawed." The habeas corpus judgment in 1976 upheld the government's move to unlawfully detain citizens, including political rivals, during the Emergency years. Cost of dissent: Of the five judges on that Bench, only Justice H.R. Khanna dissented with the majority opinion of then CJl A.N. Ray, Justices M.H. Beg, Y.V. Chandrachud and P.N. Bhagwati. Justice Khanna's dissent cost him the chief justiceship. He was superceded by Justice Beg, following which Justice Khanna resigned. Khehar, officially condemned the Supreme Court's majority opinion in habeas corpus case Chandrachud, "expressly overruled" the 1976 majority judgment and removed a long-pending . For the first time in Supreme Court's history, a nine-judge Bench, led by Chief Justice of India J.S. . The judgment, authored by Justice D.Y. Chandrachud, who, incidentally, is the son of Justice Y.V. taint on the court's history as a people's champion. . Judges held that the judgments rendered by all the four judges constituting the majority in ADM Jabalpur are seriously flawed. Life and personal liberty are inalienable to human existence
Page-1l: On Doklam, Nepal walks a tightrope.[G.S-2: International] 25 August The two-month old standoff between India and China at Doklam did not feature in the official talks between visiting Nepali Prime Minister Sher Bahadur Deuba and PM Modi. Nepal PM- We have excellent relations with China and don't face problems from them. India need not have any apprehensions about that. However, under no circumstances would Nepal allow its soil to be used against India. . Referring to the strain in ties between India and Nepal in 2015, when a blockade during protests by Madhesi groups at the India Nepal border had cut essential goods and fuel supplies to Kathmandu, Indian side said these were common in "families 3 . Mr. Deuba's comments reflect the tightrope that Nepal has been attempting to walk in the past few months, especially after it joined China's Belt and Road Initiative, which India has objected to on sovereignty issues. On his last visit to India in November 2016 as head of the Nepali Congress, he had faced questions over an alleged meeting between him and the Tibetan "government in exile's'" Sikyong or leader Lobsang Sangay at a conference in Goa also organised by the India Foundation.
Business Page 13: Govt.tweaks norms to boost UDAN 25 August The Civil Aviation Ministry announced: [i] increasing viability gap funding for helicopter operators, [i] diluting exclusivity clause. [ii] abolished the 150-km minimum distance required between two airports to be qualified for operations under the scheme scheme to operate on the same route. [iv] all 1 3 passenger seats for helicopters will be considered for subsidy under the [vi] It said airline operators may issue no-objection certificates to other airlines willing . States including, Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, North Eastern region, Andaman and Nicobar and Lakshadweep islands have been designated as priority areas Airline operators flying from these priority areas will be allowed to operate 14 weekly departures as against the limit for seven weekly flights for other routes.
Page-8: Political freedoms necessary, rules SC 26 August A free environment for exercising political freedoms such as the right to dissent is necessary to end the malaise of corruption and diversion of funds and welfare benefits that re meant for the poor, the Supreme Court said in its privacy judgment. Government leaders in authoritarian states" who choke citizens' political freedoms find th often ill-prepared to resolve national crises.This is because lack of free flow of information and criticism has crippled the ability of the leadership to introspect on their actions and self-correct, the apex court added. Enabling atmosphere: An enabling atmosphere for citizens to dissent and scrutinise government measures add to the vibrancy of democracy. emselves Quoting from Nobel laureate Amartya Sen,Justice DY.Chandrachud said: Mr. Sen's analysis reveals that the political immunity enjoyed by government leaders in authoritarian states prevents effective measures being taken in critical situations like famine The court was replying to the Centre's argument that privacy of a few should be sacrificed at the altar of government's drive to end corruption and money-laundering Attorney-General AG said Aadhaar aids the economic right of the poor to get their wages under the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Empolyment Guarantee Scheme, shelter and food. Only a few elite are concerned about the collection and use of biometric details for Aadhaar. For the poor,Aadhaar is a god-send
Transparent systems: The conditions necessary for realising or fulfilling socio-economic rights do not postulate the subversion of political freedom.The reason for this is simple. Capture of social welfare benefits can be obviated only when political systems are transparent and when there is a free flow of information. Opacity ensures to the benefit of those who monopolise scarce economic resources On the other hand, conditions where civil and political freedoms flourish ensure that governmental policies are subjected to critique and assessment. Conditions of freedom and a vibrant assertion of civil and political rights promote a constant review of the justness of socio-economic programmes and of their effectiveness in addressing deprivation and want. Scrutiny of public affairs is founded upon the existence of freedom. Hence civil and political rights and socio-economic rights are complementary and not mutually exclusive What's the alternative to Aadhar social audit Whistle Blowers' Protection Act Jobless engineer made over 100 fake Aadhaar cards EDABAD: When Sole his residence in ney not 26 August
. Page-8: Privacy realms span from abortion to euthanasia 26 August The realm of the fundamental right to privacy span from women's reproductive choice and choice of food or faith to euthanasia. Neither the State nor private persons have any business to intrude. A woman's freedom of choice whether to bear a child or abort her pregnancy are areas which fall in the realm of privacy These women and girl children, including victims of rape, are fighting a battle for the right to abort their foetuses. Abortion is legally barred if the pregnancy has crossed 20 weeks. . Similarly another burning issue in the Supreme Court is a person's right to active euthanasia. This is a crime under attempt to suicide.A person who helps a terminally ill person to take his own life is booked under abetment to suicide. An individual's rights to refuse life prolonging medical treatment or terminate his life is another freedom which fall within the zone of the right of privacy The judge condemns any State intrusion into what a person should "read or think" as a "conditioning process" of the masses' thoughts. . The freedom of the belief or faith in any religion is a matter of conscience falling within the zone of purely private thought process and is an aspect of liberty," the judge wrote. An individual's political ef form part of his freedom of conscience and comes under the fundamental right to life and