Aartee Mishra is teaching live on Unacademy Plus
Spectrum's A brief history of Moderrn India Development of Education
wishing. stop start doing Star Educator Topper from Delhi University Top Educator on Unacademy Plus Pursuing P.G 2 Years of teaching experience of General Studies for competitive examination
WOOD'S DESPATCH (1854) EFFORTS OF THOMSON, James Thomson, lieutenant-governor of NW Provinces (1843-53), developed a comprehensive scheme of village education through the medium of vernacular languages. In these village schools, useful subjects such as mensuration and agriculture sciences were taught. The purpose was to train personnel for the newly set up Revenue and Public Works Department. WOOD'S DESPATCH (1854), In 1854, Charles Wood prepared a despatch on an educational system for India. Considered the "Magna Carta of English Education in. India", this document was the first comprehensive plan for the spread of education in India. 1. It asked the Government of India to assume responsibility for education of the masses, thus repudiating the 'downward filtration theory', at least on paper. 2. It systematized the hierarchy from vernacular primary schools in villages at bottom, followed by Anglo-Vernacular High Schools and an affiliated college at the district level, and affiliating universities in the presidency towns of Calcutta, Bombay and Madras. It recommended English as the medium of instruction for higher studies and vernaculars at school level 3. 4. It laid stress on female and vocational, education, and on teachers' training 5. It laid down that the education imparted in government institutions should be secular 6. It recommended a system of grants-in-aid to encourage private enterprise.
HUNTER EDUCATION COMMISSION (1882-83), emphasised that state's special care is required for extension and improvement of primary education, and that primary education should be imparted through vernacular recommended transfer of control of primary education to newly set up district and municipal boards recommended that secondary (High School) education should have two divisions-literary leading upto university. vocational-for commercial careers drew attention to inadequate facilities for female education, especially outside presidency towns and made recommendations for its spread. The next two decades saw rapid growth and expansion of secondary and collegiate education with the participation of Indians. Also, more teaching-cum-examining universities were set up like the Punjab University (1882) and the Allahabad University (1887). INDIAN UNIVERSITIES ACT, 1904, The dawn of 20th century saw political unrest. The official view was that under private management the quality of education had deteriorated and educational institutions acted as factories producing political revolutionaries. Nationalists accepted the decline in quality but accused the Government of not doing anything to eradicate illiteracy.
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