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Swarajist and No Changers (in Hindi)
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Chapter 5 part-F

Aartee Mishra is teaching live on Unacademy Plus

Aartee Mishra
Delhi University Topper Post Graduation in History YouTube & Telegram Channel - Rank secure. Successfully Taught 40 GS Batches/ Motivator

Unacademy user
swarajist shouldn't have gone there. because they must realised that they Will not be in majority as seats for Indians are limited.and also the supreme power of the governor general and viceroy will not allow them to do any productive things. pure democracy wasn't there as today in India so no use of little bit opposition at that time civil disobedience and non cooperation was much better option
Sonam saini
10 months ago
bt suddenly a big change never occur ....its all a process
here the story look like Kejriwal sir and Anna Hazare sir where one side think that they can cure the political condition by being part of it and one side think that it would lead to loss of faith in masses .... what you think mam
According to the situation at that time it was too complicated to tell because on this matter they were not united besides they understood the importance of leadership of mahatma gandhi .but technically to compete for legislation under a common front was wise decision
Hello ma'am your videos are good but revolutionary forces during 1920s ie bhagat singh is missing
Mam I think swarajist should go for election because some honourable members already doing constructive work so there is need to be feel gap between government and Congress. In this way both constructive and political work happen parallel.we can't create vacuum at political level , however Swarajist not make as much as impact on government that they want but they makes some sense in government.... thanks mam
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  4. SWARAJISTS AND NO-CHANGERS Genesis of Congress-Khilafat Swarajya Party: After Gandhi's arrest (March 1922), there was disintegration, disorganisation and demoralisation among nationalist ranks. A debate started among Congressmen on what to do during the transition period, i.e., the passive phase of the movement One section led by C.R. Das, Motilal Nehru and Ajmal Khan wanted an end to the boycott of legislative councils so that the nationalists could enter them to expose the basic weaknesses of these assemblies and use these councils as an arena of political struggle to arouse popular enthusiasm They wanted, in other words, to 'end or mend, these councils, i.e., if the Government did not respond to the nationalists' demands, then they would obstruct the working of these councils Those advocating entry into legislative councils came to be known as the Swarajists, while the other school of thought led by Vallabhbhai Patel, Rajendra Prasad, C. Rajagopalachari and M.A. Ansari came to be known as the 'No-changers The No-changers' opposed council entry, advocated ,concentration on constructive work, and continuation of boycott and noncooperation, and quiet preparation for resumption of the suspended civil disobedience programme

  5. SWARAJISTS AND NO-CHANGERS The differences over the question of council entry between the two schools of thought resulted in the defeat of the Swarajists' proposal of 'ending or mending the councils at the Gaya session of the Congress (December 1922) C.R Das and Motilal Nehru resigned from the presidentship and secretaryship respectively of the Congress and announced the formation of Congress-Khilafat Swarajya Party, with C.R. Das as the president and Motilal Nehru as one of the secretaries Swarajists' Arguments The Swarajists argued that entering the councils would not negate the non-cooperation programme; in fact, it would be like carrying on the movement through other means-opening a new front In a time of political vacuum, council work would serve to enthuse the masses and keep up their morale. Entry of nationalists would deter the Government from stuffing the councils with undesirable elements who may be used to provide legitimacy to government measures Their only intention was to use the councils as arena of political struggle; they had no intention to use the councils as organs for gradual transformation of colonial rule

  6. SWARAJISTS AND NO-CHANGERS No-Changers' Arguments The No-Changers argued that parliamentary work would lead to neglect of constructive work, loss of revolutionary zeal and to political corruption Constructive work would prepare everyone for the next phase of civil disobedience. But at the same time both sides wanted to avoid a 1907 type split and kept in touch with Gandhi who was in jail Both sides also realised the significance of putting up a united front to get a mass movement to force the Government to introduce reforms, and both sides accepted the necessity of Gandhi's leadership of a united nationalist front. Keeping these factors in mind, a compromise was reached at a meeting in Delhi in September 1923 The Swarajists were allowed to contest elections as a group within the Congress. The Swarajists accepted the Congress programme with only one difference-that they would join legislative councils. The elections to the newly constituted Central Legislative Assembly and to provincial assemblies were to be held in November 1923

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