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Daily Lecture Series Spectrum's A brief history of Modern India unacadeny By Aartee Mishra National Movement- Towards Freedom and Partition- 1939-1947 Part E Hindi
l am Aartee Mishra Graduated from Delhi University, Topper in all my semesters, Pursuing P.G and preparing for CSE. You can findall my courses at https:/unacademy.com/userIranianmishra2011 Also by Downloading the Unacademy Learning app from the Google Playstore
MOUNTBATTEN PLAN The freedom with partition formula was coming to be widely accepted well before Mountbatten came. One major innovation (actually suggested by V.P. Menon) was the immediate transfer of power on the basis of grant of dominion status (with "a right of secession), thus obviating the need to wait for an agreement in the Constituent Assembly on a new political structure Main Points The important points of the plan were Punjab and Bengal would meet in two, groups Hindus and Muslims, to vote for partition. If a simple majority of either group voted for partition, then these provinces would be partitioned In case of partition, two dominions and two constituent assemblies would be created Sindh would take its own decision Referendum: in NWFP and Sylhet district of Bengal would decide the fate of these areas Since the Congress had conceded a unified India, all their other points would be met Independence for princely states ruled out, they would either join India or Pakistan independence for Bengal ruled out accession of Hyderabad to Pakistan ruled out (Mountbatten supported the Congress on this)
MOUNTBATTEN PLAN Freedom would come on August 15, 1947 A boundary commission would be set up if partition was to be effected. Thus, the League's demand was conceded to the 'extent that Pakistan would be created and the Congress' position on unity was taken into account to make Pakistan as small as possible. Mountbatten's formula was to divide India but retain maximum unity Why Congress Accepted Dominion Status? The Congress was willing to accept dominion status despite its being against the Lahore Congress (1929) spirit because it would ensure a peaceful and very quick transfer of power it was more important for the Congress to assume authority to check the explosive situation it would allow for some much needed continuity in bureaucracy and army For Britain, the dominion status offered a chance to keep India in the Commonwealth, even if temporarily, considering the economic strength, defence potential and greater value of trade and investment in India
MOUNTBATTEN PLAN Rationale for an Early Date (August 15, 1947) Britain wanted to secure Congress' agreement to the dominion status. At the same time the British could escape the responsibility for the communal situation The plan was put into effect without the slightest delay. The Legislative Assemblies of Bengal and Punjab decided in favour of partition of these two provinces Thus, East Bengal and West Punjab joined Pakistan; West Bengal and East Punjab remained with the Indian Union The referendum in Syihet resulted in the orporation of that district in East Bengal. Two boundary commissions, one in respect of each province, were constituted to demarcate the boundaries of the new provinces The referendum in NWFP decided in favour of Pakistan, the Provincial Congress refraining from the referendum. Baluchistan and Sindh threw in their lot with Pakistan.
British India before partition KASHMIR (disputed territory) EAST PAKISTAN (Bangladesh from 1971) PAKISTAN DELHI ,- KARACHI KARACHI BOMB INDIA (MUMBAI) MADRAS (CHENNAI) INDIA PARTITION OF INDIA IN AUGUST 1947 CEYLON (SRI LANKA)
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