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Religious and Social Reform Movements - 2 (in Hindi)
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Chapter -2 Part:2

Aartee Mishra is teaching live on Unacademy Plus

Aartee Mishra
Delhi University Topper YouTube & Telegram Channel - RankSecure Academy Successfully Taught 40 GS Batches Made Free Courses on All Standard

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thank u shazli maam
hello maam how can i download pdf of this course please help
ple. check in chapter religious and social reform movement -2 ( indian women univercity at Bombay in 1906 not 1916 ) ple check.
बहुत बहुत धन्यवाद मैम,
MA"AM you had explained excellently .I had not learned this much in my school also.
  1. Daily Lecture Series Spectrum's A brief history of Modern India Religious and Social Reform Movements- Part B Hindi By Aartee Mishra


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  3. I am Aartee Mishra Graduated from Delhi University, Topper in all my semesters, Pursuing P.G and preparing for CSE. You can find all my courses at na AsO by Downloading the Unacademy Learning app from the Google Playstore


  4. Female Infanticide The practice of murdering female infants immediately after birth was common among upper class Bengalis and Rajputs who considered females to be an economic burden. The Bengal regulations of 1795 and 1804 declared infanticide illegal and equivalent to murder, while an Act passed in 1870 made, it compulsory for parents to register the birth of all babies and provided for verification of female MO 100W EMARRIA Widow Remarriage The Brahmo Samaj had the issue of widow remarriage high on its agenda and did much to -popularise it. But it was mainly due to the efforts of Pandit Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar (1820-91), the principal of Sanskrit College, Calcutta, that the Hindu Widows' Remarriage Act, 1856, which legalised marriage of widows and declared issues fromm such marriages as legitimate, was passed by the Government Vidyasagar cited Vedic texts to prove that the Hindu religion sanctioned widow remarriage. Jagannath Shankar Seth and Bhau Daji were among the active promoters of girls' schools in Maharashtra. Vishnu Shastri Pandit founded the Widow Remarriage Association in the 1850s Another prominent worker in this field was Karsondas Mulji who started the Satya Prakash in Gujarati in 1852 to advocate widow remarriage.


  5. Widow Remarriage Similar efforts were made by Professor D.K. Karve in western India and by Veerasalingarn Pantulu in Madras. Karve himself married a widow in 1893. He dedicated his life to the upliftment of Hindu widows and became the secretary of Association idow Remarriage He opened a widows' home in Poona to give the high caste widowsinterest in life by providing them with facilities for vocational training. He crowned his work by setting up an Indian Women's University at Bombay in 1916. The right of, widows to remarriage was also advocated by B.M. Malabari, Narmad, Justice Govind Mahadeo Ranade and K. Natarajan 'among others. Child Marriage The Native Marriage Act (or Civil Marriage Act) signified the coming of legislative action in prohibiting child marriage in 1872. It had a limited impact as the Act was not pplicable to Hindus, Muslims and other recognised faiths The relentless efforts of a Parsi reformer, B.M. Malabari, were rewarded, by the enactment of the Age of Consent Act (1891) which forbade the marriage of girls below the age of 12 The Sarda Act (1930) further pushed up the marriage age to 18 and 14 for boys and girls respectively. In free India, the Child Marriage Restraint (Amendment) Act, 1978 raised the age of marriage for girls from 15 to 18 years and for boys from 18 to 21


  6. Education of Women The Christian missionaries were the first to set up the Calcutta Female. he Bethune School, founded by J.E.D. Bethune, president of the Council of Education in Calcutta in 1849 was the first fruit of the powerful movement for women's education that arose in the 1840s and 1850s Pandit Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar was associated with no less than 35 girls' schools in Bengal and is considered one of the pioneers of women's education. Charles. Wood's Despatch on Education (1854) laid great stress on the need for female education In 1914, the Women's Medical Service did a lot of work in training nurses and midwives. The Indian Women's University started by Professor Karve in 1916 was one of the outstanding institutions imparting education to women. In the same year Lady Hardinge Medical College was opened in Delhi Sarojini Naidu went on to become the president of the Indian National Congress (1925) and later the governor of the United Provinces (194749)


  7. Legislative Measures in Free India Free India's Constitution provides legal equality to women and prokibits any discrimination by the state on the basis of gender (Articles 14 and 15) The Specially marriageAs1125 permits intercaste and interreligious marriage. The Hin Marriage Act, 1955 abolished bigamy and permitte is solution of marriage on specific grounds The Hindu Succession Act 1956 made the daughter equal co-eir with son, thus abolishing discrimination with respect to inheritance laws The Hindu Adoption and Maintenance Act enhanced the status of women in matters off adoption. was amended in April 1976 to cover women who do not fall within the purview of the Employees' State Insurance Act, 1948 The Directive Principles of State Policy provide for equal pay for equal work for both men and women. provided for equal remuneration to men and women workers and prevention of discrimination against women in matters of employment Gandhi always had in mind the objective of eradicating untouchability by root and branch. His ideas were based on the grounds of humanism and reason. He argued that the Shastras did not sanction untouchability and even if they did, they should be ignored since truth cannot be confined within the covers of a book. In 1932, he founded the All India Harijan Sangh


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