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28 months of Congress Rule in Provinces (in Hindi)
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Chapter 5 part- P

Aartee Mishra is teaching live on Unacademy Plus

Aartee Mishra
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  1. Daily Lecture Series Spectrum's A brief history of Modern India unacadeny By Aartee Mishra National Movement-1919-1939 Era of Mass Nationalism Movement Part P Hindi

  2. l am Aartee Mishra Graduated from Delhi University, Topper in all my semesters, Pursuing P.G and preparing for CSE. You can findall my courses at https:/ Also by Downloading the Unacademy Learning app from the Google Playstore

  3. THE SECOND STAGE DEBATE There were sharp differences over these questions among the nationalists. The two sides of the debate soon got identified with the emerging ideological divide along the left and right lines Nehru, Subhash, Congress socialists and communists were opposed to office acceptance and thereby in the working of the 1935 Act because they argued that it would negate the rejection of the Act by the nationalists It would be like assuming responsibility without power. Also, it would take away the revolutionary character of the movement as constitutional work would sidetrack the main issues of freedom, economic and social justice, and removal of poverty As a counter-strategy, the leftists proposed entry into the councils With an aim to create deadlocks, thus making the working of the Act impossible (older Swarajist strategy) And, as a long-term strategy, they advocated an increased reliance on workers and peasants, integration of their class organisations into the Congress, thus imparting a socialist direction to the Congress and preparing for the resumption of a mass movement

  4. The proponents of office acceptance The administrative field should not be left open to pro- government reactionary forces. Despite limited powers, provincial ministries could be used to promote constructive work Congress' Performance in Election: The Congress contested 716 out of 1161 seats. It got a majority in all provinces, except in Bengal, Assam, Punjab, Sindh and NWFP, and emerged as the largest party in Bengal, Assam and NWFP Work Under Congress Ministries Civil Liberties The Congress ministries did much to ease curbs on civil liberties: Laws giving emergency powers were repealed Ban on illegal organisations, such as the. Hindustan Seva Dal and youth Leagues, and or certain books and journals was lifted Press restrictions were lifted. Newspapers were taken out of black lists Confiscated arms and arms licences were restored Police powers were curbed and CID stopped shadowing politicians Political prisoners, and revolutionaries were released, and deportation and internment orders were revoked

  5. Work Under Congress Ministries In Bombay lands confiscated during the civil disobedience movement were restored Pensions of officials associated with civil disobedience movement were restored Gandhi urged Congressmen to prove that the Congress could rule with least assistance from the police and the Army Extra-Parliamentary Mass Activity of Congress Such activities included- Launching of mass literacy campaigns Setting up of Congress police stations Congress Grievance Committees presenting mass petitions to Government States peoples' movements and panchayats

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