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PYQs - Swadeshi Movement
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Aartee Mishra
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  1. Daily Lecture Series Spectrum's A brief history of unacadeny By Aartee Mishra Modern India MCQ Part 5 Hindi


  2. Comprehensive course of Art and Culture with Brief Indian History Comprehensively cover entire Art and Culture with Brief History Aartee Mishra of India Elaborately explain topics 24 detailed lessons covering all the essential topics related to History UPSC Civil Services Prelims and Mains Examination otho Art and Culture with Brief History from NCERT books Medieval History, Art & Culture from Tamil Nadu History book Course Starting from 18h June, ruam-12pm on At the end of the program adept and able to solve the exam Unacademy Plus based test papers


  3. After Quit India Movement, C. Rajagopalachari issued a pamphlet entitled "The Way Out". Which one of the following was a proposal in this pamphlet? a) The establishment of a "War Advisory Council" composed of representatives of British India and the Indian States b) Reconstitution of the Central Executive Council in such a way that all its members, except the Governor General and the Commander-in-Chief should be Indian leaders c) Fresh elections to the Central and Provincial Legislatures to be held at the end of 1945 and the Constitution making body to be convened as soon as possible d) A solution for the constitutional deadlock


  4. Answer (D) "In the last years of the war, Rajagopalachari was instrumental in negotiations between Gandhi and Jinnah. In 1944, he proposed a solution to the Indian Constitutional tangle. In the same year, Rajagopalachari proposed that 55% be the "absolute majority" threshold for deciding whether a district should be a part of India or Pakistan, triggering a huge controversy among nationalists."


  5. Who among the following Governor Generals created the Covenanted Civil Service of India which later came to be known as the Indian Civil Service? a) Warren Hastings b) Wellesley c) Cornwallis d) William Bentinck


  6. Answer (C) "Lord Cornwallis as Governor-General (1786-93) The first Governor-General under the new Act was Lord Cornwallis. He held office between 1786 and 1793 representing the British government and Answerable to the Board of Control. He was able to defy the mercenary interests of the East India Company when they conflicted with state policy. Cornwallis suspended the whole Board of Revenue for irregularities and enforced the new rules against private trade. He insisted on the company providing generous salaries in its place. He then reorganised the whole administration. From then on, a Company servant could join either the commercial or political branch of the East India Company, but not both. As a merchant, a man could still trade on his own account; as an official he had to be content with a large salary. This was the beginning of the Civil Service as known in the nineteenth century and the beginning of the end of the company's commercial activities


  7. Cornwallis' next major measure was the Europeanisation of the services. All high Indian officials were dismissed and all posts worth more than 500 a year were reserved for Europeans. He also settled the revenue and land system of Bengal by giving the tax-farmers ten year contracts. A third major reform was in the legal sphere. North's Regulating Act had introduced a Supreme Court which administered British law (to the confusion of Indian litigants who did not understand British law). Cornwallis took over criminal administration from the Indians and pruned the Muslim criminal code of some of its less humane features. The consequence was that the Indian legal code became one of the most enlightened in the world and was much more humane than the English system."


  8. What was the immediate cause for the launch of the Swadeshi movement? a) The partition of Bengal done by Lord Curzon b) A sentence of 18 months rigorous imprisonment imposed on Lokmanya Tilak c) The arrest and deportation of Lala Lajpat Rai and Ajit Singh; and passing of the Punjab Colonization Bill d) Death sentence pronounced on the Chapekar brothersa


  9. Answer (A) "In 1905, Lord Curzon, the Viceroy and Governor-General (1899-1905), ordered the partition of the province of Bengal supposedly for improvements in administrative efficiency in the huge and populous region. However the Indians viewed the partition as an attempt by the British to disrupt the growing national movement in Bengal and divide the Hindus and Muslims of the region The Bengali Hindu intelligentsia exerted considerable influence on local and national politics. The partition outraged Bengalis. Not only had the government failed to consult Indian public opinion, but the action appeared to reflect the British resolve to divide and rule. Widespread agitation ensued in the streets and in the press, and the Congress advocated boycotting British products under the banner of swadeshi. People showed unity by tying Rakhi on each other's wrists and observing Arandhan (not cooking any food). On June 22, 1897, a group of young men killed two British officers as they were returning from a party to celebrate the diamond jubilee of the accession of Queen Victoria. The murders set off a chain reaction. Three brothers Damodar, Balkrishna and Vasudeva Chapekar - went smiling to the gallows within a period of 13 months.


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