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Daily Lecture Series Spectrum's A brief history of unacadeny By Aartee Mishra Modern India MCQ Part 5 Hindi
Comprehensive course of Art and Culture with Brief Indian History Comprehensively cover entire Art and Culture with Brief History Aartee Mishra of India Elaborately explain topics 24 detailed lessons covering all the essential topics related to History UPSC Civil Services Prelims and Mains Examination otho Art and Culture with Brief History from NCERT books Medieval History, Art & Culture from Tamil Nadu History book Course Starting from 18h June, ruam-12pm on At the end of the program adept and able to solve the exam Unacademy Plus based test papers
Which amongst the following provided a common factor for tribal insurrection in India in the 19th century? a) Introduction of a new system of land revenue and taxation of tribal products b) Influence of foreign religious missionaries in tribal areas c) Rise of a large number of money lenders, traders and revenue farmers as middlemen in tribal areas d) The complete disruption of the old agrarian order of the' tribal communities
Ans: c Exp: The rebellion continued till the beginning of the 19th century and was marked by daring attacks on the East India Company's offices in different parts of Bihar and Bengal, killing of notorious Indian landlords and money-lenders as well as of oppressive British traders and army officers, and both guerilla and positional warfare against the British army. In 1820, the Ho tribal peasants of Chhotanagpur in Bihar, rose against the British rulers and the local money-lenders and zamindars. The establishment of British authority in the area, had led to dislocation in the socio-economic living pattern of the Ho people. A large number of Hindu, Muslim and Sikh traders and money-lenders had come and settled among them. Their lands were being occupied by these outsiders through contracts enforced by courts of law. Widespread discontent ensued among the Hos.
With reference to the period of colonial rule in India, "Home Charges" formed an important part of drain of wealth from India. Which of the following funds constituted "Home Charges"? 1. Funds used to support the India Office in London 2. Funds used to pay salaries and pensions of British personnel engaged in India 3. Funds used for waging wars outside India by the British Select the correct answer using the codes given below: a) 1 only b) and 2 only c) 2 and 3 only d) 1, 2 and 3
Ans: a Exp: During the period of direct British rule from 1858 to 1947, official transfers of funds to the UK by the colonial government were called the "Home Charges". They mainly represented debt service, pensions, India Office expenses in the UK, purchases of military items and railway equipment.
What was the reason for Mahatma Gandhi to organize a satyagraha on behalf of the peasants of Kheda? 1. The Administration did not suspend the land revenue collection in spite of a drought 2. The Administration proposed to introduce Permanent Settlement in Gujarat Which of the statements given above is/ are correct? a) 1 only b) 2 only c) Both 1 and 2 d) Neither 1 or 2
Ans: a Exp: The Kheda district of Gujarat was on the verge of famine owing to failure of the crops. The yield had been so low that the cultivators, especially the poorer section, were unable to pay the revenue. But the government insisted that the yield had not been so bad and that the cultivators should pay the tax. Gandhi saw the justice of the cause of the cultivators and advised them to offer Satyagraha by not paying their taxes. Many leaders, like Vallabhbhai Patel, Shankarlal Banker, Mahadev Desai and others, took an active part in this struggle. The campaign came to an unexpected end. There had been signs that it might fizzle out, but after four months' struggle there came an honourable settlement. The Government said that if well-to -do cultivators paid up the poorer section would be granted suspension. This was agreed to and the campaign ended.
With reference to Indian freedom struggle, Usha Mehta is well-known for a) Running the secret Congress Radio in the wake of Quit India Movement b) Participating in the Second Round Table Conference c) Leading a contingent of Indian National Army d) Assisting in the formation of Interim Government under Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru
Ans: a Exp: Usha Mehta (March 25, 1920 - August 11, 2000) was a renowned Gandhian and freedom fighter of India. She is also remembered for organizing the Congress Radio, also called the Secret Congress Radio, an underground radio station, which functioned for few months during the Quit India Movement of 1942. In 1998, the Government of India conferred on her Padma Vibhushan, the second highest civilian award of Republic of India.