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Daily Lecture Series Spectrum's A brief history of Modern India unacadeny By Aartee Mishra National Movement-1919-1939 Era of Mass Nationalism Movement Part O Hindi
l am Aartee Mishra Graduated from Delhi University, Topper in all my semesters, Pursuing P.G and preparing for CSE. You can findall my courses at https:/unacademy.com/userIranianmishra2011 Also by Downloading the Unacademy Learning app from the Google Playstore
GOVERNMENT OF INDIA ACT, 1935 the Third RTC was held in November, again without Congress participation. The discussions led to the formulation of the Act of 1935. Main Features The Government of India Act was passed by the British Parliament in August 1935. Its main provisions were as follows: n All India Federation It was to comprise all British Indian provinces, all chief commissioner's provinces and Indian states. The federation's formation was conditional on the fulfilment of two conditions: ()-states with allotment of 52 seats in the proposed Council of States should agree to join the federation; (i) aggregate population of states in the above category should be 50 per cent of the total population of all Indian states. Since these conditions were not fulfilled, the proposed federation never came up.The Central Government carried on upto 1946 as per the provisions of Government of India Act, 1919
GOVERNMENT OF INDIA ACT, 1935 Federal Level Executive Governor-general was the pivot of the entire Constitution. Subjects to be administered were divided into reserved and transferred subjects Governor-general could act in his individual judgement in the discharge of his special responsibilities for the security and tranquillity of India Legislature The bicameral legislature was to have an upper house (Council of States) and a lower house (Federal Assembly) Oddly enough, election to the Council of States was direct and that to the Federal Assembly, indirect Council of States was to be a permanent body with one-third members retiring every third year. The duration of the assembly was to be 5 years The three lists for legislation purposes were to be federal, provincial and concurrent Members of Federal Assembly could move a vote of no-confidence against ministers. Council of States could not move a vote of no-confidence The system of religion-based and class-based electorates was further extended
GOVERNMENT OF INDIA ACT, 1935 80 per cent of the budget was non-votable Governor-general had residuary powers. He could (a) restore cuts in grants (b) certify bills rejected by the legislature (c) issue ordinances (d) exercise his veto. Provincial Autonomy Provincial autonomy replaced diarchy Provinces were granted autonomy and separate legal identity Provinces were freed from "the superintendence, direction" of the secretary of state and governor-general. Provinces henceforth derived their legal authority directly from the British Crown Provinces were given independent financial powers and resources. Provincial governments could borrow money on their own security Executive Governor was to be the Crown's nominee and representative to exercise authority on the king's behalf in a province. Governor was to have special powers regarding minorities, rights of civil servants, law and order, British business interests, partially excluded areas princely states etc Governor could take over and indefinitely run administration
GOVERNMENT OF INDIA ACT, 1935 Executive Governor was to be the Crown's nominee and representative to exercise authority on the king's behalf in a province Governor was to have special powers regarding minorities, rights of civil servants, law and order, British business interests, partially excluded areas, princely states, etc. Governor could take over and indefinitely run administration. Legislature I Award were to be made operational All members were to be directly elected. Franchise was extended; women got the right on the same basis as men Evaluation of the Act Numerous 'safeguards' and 'special responsibilities' of the governorgeneral worked as brakes in proper functioning of the Act.