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Daily Lecture Series Spectrum's A brief history of Modern India unacadeny By Aartee Mishra National Movement-1919-1939 Era of Mass Nationalism Movement Part G Hindi
l am Aartee Mishra Graduated from Delhi University, Topper in all my semesters, Pursuing P.G and preparing for CSE. You can findall my courses at https:/unacademy.com/userIranianmishra2011 Also by Downloading the Unacademy Learning app from the Google Playstore
The Swarajist Manifesto for Elections Gandhi's Attitude Gandhi was initially opposed to the Swarajist proposal of council entry. But after his release from prison orn health grounds in February 1924, he gradually moved towards a reconciliation with the Swarajists because: He felt public opposition to the programme of council entry would be counter-productive In the November 1923 elections, the Swarajists had managed to win 42 out of 141 elected seats and a clear majority in the provincial assembly of Central Provinces and, in legislatures, had joined hands with the Liberals and the independents like Jinnah and Malaviya There was a government crackdown on revolutionary terrorists and the Swarajists towards the end of 1924; this angered Gandhi and he expressed his solidarity with the Swarajists by surrendering to their wishes
Swarajist Activity in Councils By 1924, the Swarajist position had weakened because of widespread communal riots, split among Swarajists themselves on communal and Responsivist Non- responsivist lines, and the death of C.R. Das in 1925 weakened it further In 1930, the Swarajists finally walked out as a result of the Lahore Congress resolution on purna swaraj and the beginning of the Civil Disobedience Movement (1930-34) Constructive Work by No-Changers Ashrams sprang up where young, men and women worked, among tribals and lower castes (especially in Kheda and Bardoli areas of Gujarat), and popularised charkha and khadi National schools and colleges were set up where students were trained in a non- colonial ideological framework Significant work was done for Hindu-Muslim unity, removing untouchability, boycott of foreign cloth and liquor, and for flood relief.
Growth of Trade Unionism The trade union movement was led by All India Trade Union Congress (AITUC) founded in 1920. Lala Lajpat Rai was its first president and Dewan Chaman Lal its general secretary Revolutionary Terrorism with a Turn towards Socialism This line was adopted by those dissatisfied with the nationalist strategy of the political struggle with its emphasis on non-violence. In this also, two strands developed Hindustan Republican Association (H.R.A.) in PunjabUP-Bihar Yugantar, Anushilan groups and later Chittagong Revolf Group under Surya Sen in Benga REVOLUTIONARY TERRORISM DURING THE 1920s Younger nationalists were not attracted to the parliamentary work of the Swarajists or to the patient, undramatic, constructive work of the No-changers, they were drawn to the idea that violent methods alone would free India. Thus, revolutionary terrorism was revived. Nearly all major leaders of revolutionary terrorist policies had been enthusiastic participants in the Non-Cooperation Movement and included Jogesh Chandra Chatterjee, Surya Sen, Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev, Chandrasekhar Azad, Shiv Verma, Bhagwaticharan Vohra, Jaidev Kapur and Jatin Das
Complete course of History Ancient, Medieval, Modern History with Art and Culture (Combined) Prelims & Mains 2018 Comprehensively cover entire History course of Ancient, Course Starting from Medieval, Modern with Art and Culture Elaborately explain topics 24 detailed lessons covering all the essential topics related to 23rd April ,1:30-3pmHistory UPSC Civil Services Prelims and Mains Examination on academy Plus Ancient History from NCERT book class 6 to12 Medieval History, Art & Culture from Tamil Nadu History book Modern History from Spectrum At the end of the program adept and able to solve the exam based test papers Modern Historyfrom oive the eam
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