"LOOK" EAST TO " ACT" EAST- POLICY CHANGES PRESENTED BY: AADITYA MISHRA
COLLECTION: INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS About me: Graduation from NIT, Bhopal- 2015 Wrote Mains Pdf of this lesson is available at ISSUU.COM (link in le at ISSUU.COM (link in the description below) Follow me: RATE, REVIEW & RECOMMEND Contribute if this helps you. Mishra
WHY "LOOK" OR "ACT" EAST?? . S. East Asia is one of the most dynamic regions - Economically & Geopolitically. Starting of the process of formation of ASEAN COMMUNITY in 2015, it is bound to be one of the most integrated regions after European Union. ASEAN, with a combined GDP of US$ 2.3 trillion (in 2013), a large market of 630 million people, good connectivity, and free trade agreements with major partners covers a dynamic region which exercises substantial collective economic influence regionally and globally . In combination with India this constitutes a community of more than 1.8 billion people-nearly a quarter of the world's population, and a combined GDP of about US$ 4 trillion.
HISTORICAL BACKGROUND India had good relations with East Asian countries from Chola period. Even British had boosted their relations by integration of Burma. But in Cold War we had gradual distancing Needed - proxy war in the regio n- not get embroiled in this quagmire of rivalry We deliberately were out of SEATO pact, because our stand was clear- NON ALIGNED Economic policy India had an inward looking, protectionist policies so not much economic integration.
1990'S DECADE OF CHANGE Geopolitical changes - Disintegration of a reliable partner USSR, hence we needed to focus on our extended neighbourhood for security apparatus. USSR was also a major trading partner, post 1991 India searched for newer markets and hence focus was on integration with East Asian Tigers. Balance Chinese ingressions in these areas. China had already eatsblised close economic relations with these countries . 1992 - India was made ASEAN Sectoral Dialogue partner; 1996- India was made full dialogue partner. . 2002- Summit level partnership and signing of Treaty of Amity and Coop in South east Asia . FTA in goods already in place; FTA in services also concluded in 2015 with Mode 4 also included. 2002- Summit level partnership and signing of Treaty of Amity and Coop in South east Asia.
1990'S DECADE OF CHANGE 1991 - here focus was on integration with SE asian economies, the so called Asian Tigers, India signed trade agreements and increased its investments in Burma; Tigers, India signed trade agrents and increased its Vajpayee in 2003 added the dimension of NE India and it became Look East through North East and also added strategic di mension Manmohan Singh - expanded the policy to include USA, Asia Pacific, Austr, Fiji. . Focus on greater economic integration FTA goods in 2009 - trade increased from 9.6 Bn $ to 76 bn $ in 2013-14 and 100 bn $ in 2015.
DIMENSIONS OF INDIA'S RELATIONS WITH ASEAN SECURITY, TRADE, INVESTMENT, CONNECTIVITY AND CAPACITY BUILDING, AND STRENGTHENING PEOPLE-TO -PEOPLE LINKAGES
DIMESIONS OF INDIA'S RELATIONS WITH ASEAN Economic Relations balanced trade based on complementarities; FTA in goods, ASEAN is India's fourth largest trading partner; our aspiration to double it to US$ 200 billion by 2022; the successful conclusion of RCEP negotiations would help in the realisation of regional economic integration., Developing a blue economy in our region would mean integrating its goals into our social, economic and environmental development; Leveraging of technology, such as marine spatial planning, to harvest marine resources in a sustainable manner, is a priority. Strategic open, transparent and cooperative Regional Security Architecture; Traditional security priorities compete with the non- traditional security requirements. Common challenges - the rise of some regional powers and the tension in the South China Sea; the security issues of terrorism, moderation, cyber-crime, South China Sea were addressed throughout the year culminating in the 10th East Asia Summit (EAS), India's peaceful settlement of the boundary with Bangladesh under UNCLOS was hailed as an example worthy of emulation by EAS more cooperative and integrated future for the region through overall development of an ocean-based blue economy: The EAS Conference on Maritime Security and Cooperation
PM MODI'S ACT EAST- NAME GAME OFR SOME REAL CHANGE
ACT EAST POLICY- ENGAGEMENTS Changes in the region starting from Bangladesh to USA, also includes China. New High level visits and High Octane Diplomay-> Bilateral engagement ( Myanmar made key pillar); Mongolia (1st time visit), S.Korea (special partnership); Japan( 1st country outside the S Asia and made Special and Strategic global partnership, increasing defence coop, Malabar exercise expansion); Deeper engagement with USA (LEMOA, Joint vision statement for Asia Pacific); Australia (rejuvenation of relationship PM visit after 3 decades) India's post on S china Sea and willingness to sell offensive weapons to Vietnam
POSSIBLE SOLUTIONS In the case of India's North East we have to proceed on three parallel tracks we must strengthen connectivity between the North East and the rest of India, . we must strengthen connectivity between the North East and the rest of we must improve connectivity among the States of North East themselves; and we must develop efficient cross border linkages between the NorthEast and neighbouring countries such as Nepal, Bhutan,Bangladesh and Myanmar.
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