IR- INDIA'S FOREIGN POLICY Presented by : Aaditya Mishra
Titles: 1.-World order- already covered 2. Foreign policy 3. India and it's neighbour- Pakistan, Afghanistan 4. India and it's neighbour- Nepal. 5. India and it's neighbour- Bhutan, Bangladesh. 6. India and it's neighbour- Sri Lanka, Mauritius, Seychelles. 7. India and it's neighbour- Myanmar, Great Game of East. 8. ACT East policy 9. India and China 10. Changing Economic Order- BRICS, AlB. 11. India- Russia 12. India and CAR( central Asian republic) 13. India and West Asia- IRAN, Syria, Yemen. 14. Israel-Palestine issue 15. India- USA
What is foreign policy? Foreign Policy "The system of activities evolved by communities for changing the behaviour of other states and for adjusting their own activities to the international environmen" George Modelski It aims at furthering a country's national interest in the international milieu . Country's foreign policy does not emerge in vacuum, it is guided and shaped by it's history, geography, culture and political system etc. . Some factors do not change e.g. geography, natural frontiers etcbrings "continuity." Some factors change like external and internal environment ==> brin 13 gs "change
HISTORY OF INDIA .OECD research by economic historians show a strange figure: Pre 1750's China had world trade around 20-25% India's share pre 1750's was 15-18% Post Independence (1947) it was 296. So Britishers mission did fuel industrial revolution, but only in their country.
Nehru's Dilemma Western educated, but attracted towards socialist ideology. No alignment would mean no help in terms of finances, technology etc. but alignment would mean loss of independence. Could not get away from Britishers immediately because of our trade limitations.
Nehru's Foreign Policy Objectives Even before Independence in 1946 he gave the following principles of Indian foreign policy-(IFP) . end of colonialism and racism independence from power blocs- we have already discussed in Bi-polarity( World Order Part 2) close ties with China and Asian neighbours
Nehru's Non Alignment It was answer to the dilemma he and nation faced at that time. Even George Washington after independence had said: "a new republic should cultivate just and amicable feelings towards all nations." C0 . So it Nehru's intellectual struggle against Bi- polar Worid order. C Raja Mohan: "It was India's effort to carve out a niche for itself."
What Nehru meant by NA? alliances (NATO vs Warsaw Pact) It did not mean neutrality in world politics .Neutrality is relevant in times of war. . Not getting entangled with any of the military NA meant "no a priori" commitment to support one or other nation in times of crisis * It was Nehru's attempt to prevent India from becoming a theatre of cold war.
Other IFP measures during Nehru Importance to United Nations => Kashmir issue to UN. Rather the issue got entangled in Cold War (Pak + USA vs Soviet)> Pak raises it now and then in UN UNSC instead of declaring Pak as aggressor kept the issue as an instrument for pressuring India politically . Dulles, USA's foreign secretary - "NA as immoral" and failure to take decision by Indian establishment. Intimate relations with commonwealth => buy security for India without entailing into alliance.
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