INDIA-CHINA RELATIONS PRESENTED BY: AADITYA MISHRA
Collection: International Relations me: . Graduation from NIT, Bhopal- 2015 Wrote Mains Pdf of this lesson is available at ISSUU.COM (ink in the description below) Follow me: https://unacademy.in/user/ AadityaMishra . RATE, REVIEW & RECOMMEND Contribute if this helps you.
INDIA-CHINA RELATIONS in the era of Geopolitical Transitions
CHI-USA * China has grown in it's comp nat power (eco, military etc.) & hence challenges USA's hegemony; China would not like to play with rules set by USA (see the NSG case); although it claims it's rise as peaceful but instances show it is willing to flex muscle (S China sea), undertake asymmetrical balancing (agns US in As-P), even confront if need be Chinese rise strain the relations( Ind & USA) and stress the existing security arrangements (have undermined the ability of ARE ADMM plus, EAM) compel a modernisation of military forces and doctrines, and undermine the current regional institutions (PCAs verdict on S China Sea) HENCE USA is undertaking 2012-USsAsia Pivot-rebalancing US military weight to Asia(60%) + strengthen trad alliances + forge new partnerships (India is made linchpin of this new strategy)
Indian Dilemma * India is faced with more complex dilemmas because Our celebrated tradition of Non Alignment (see the debate when we signed the LEMOA) self image of becoming natural leader in region + having a multi polar order and hence would not accept SIno Centric Asian Order India needs to balance Chinese rise but not be sucked into US-Chi rivalry; not loose strategic autonomy; not starting any confrontation with China; India's US relationship to balance China is on one hand inevitable but this put strains in our relationship with Russia.
Indian Options India needs to undertake both internal( increase internal strength) and external balancing ( make strong insts, partnerships) India needs to undertake both internall increase internal stren * India at the same time has to deepen cooperation with China because we cannot afford to have a two front rivalry India thus needs to 3C's Cooperate with China wherever possible (organisations, SCO, ASEAN, bilaterally) Compete economically wherever we can (Africa, LAC, CAR's etc.) Contain and Balance China wherever necessary (Act East Asia, Ind-USA statement on Asia Pacific; SP with Japan, Vietnam (oil exploration in S.C. Sea), Indonesia, Aust, visit to Mongolia, Partnership with S Korea)
India on S.China Sea- balancing act India's lately has been vocal about the need to ensure freedom of navigation in the South China Sea, even raising pointed concerns over the growing state of insecurity in the region. New Delhi, however, remains acutely conscious of its official position of neither being party to the disputes nor taking sides. Regardless of the magnitude of nautical developments in the region, India's security establishment fears that the perception of abandonment of its neutrality might be construed as strategic support for the United States still the principal source of resistance to Chinese unilateralism in the South China Sea, but whose deterrence strategy, Indian analysts suspect, could spark an intense reaction from Beijing. Indian strategists believe that, unless sustained pressure is brought to bear upon China, a negotiated solution to the dispute is unattainable. In at least three ASEAN-centric forums, Indian leaders have emphasised the need for freedom of navigation, the right to passage and overflight, and peaceful resolution of disputes in accordance with the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS). In November 2015, Prime Minister Narendra Modi made a reference to the South China Sea conflict in two successive events-at the thirteenth ASEAN-India summit and during a public lecture in Singapore suggesting the need for a mechanism that could enhance cooperation in maritime security, counter piracy, and humanitarian and disaster relief. - India also was widely reported to have taken this issue during the third meeting of the India-Philippines Joint Commission on Bilateral Cooperation in New Delhi.
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