INDIA-CHINA RELATIONS PRESENTED BY: AADITYA MISHRA
Collection: International Relations me: . Graduation from NIT, Bhopal- 2015 Wrote Mains, 2016 Pdf of this lesson is available at ISSUU.COM (ink in the description below) Follow me: https://unacademy.in/user/ AadityaMishra . RATE, REVIEW & RECOMMEND Contribute if this helps you.
INDIA PAKISTAN CHINA DISPUTED AREAS MAP CHINA PAKISTAN Gilgit Agency Sharsgam XINJIANG NORTAERN Vall NEPAL BHUTAN AaS Baltistan Siachen Glaci Aksai Chin INDIA MYANMAR JAMMU Kash AZAD KASHMI AND Ladakh KASHMIR NG TIB ammu N DIA t LAN
History of Border Dispute Chinese Position in three sectors * Western Sector China supports Mac Donald' line and claims Aksai Chin region; 1963 Agreement with Pakistan Shaksgam Valley taken over by China. Eastern Sector-claims keep on changing but it does not accept Madc Mohan line and claims Large parts of Arunachal as Southern Tibet. Middle Sector small claims in Sikkim region
History of Border Dispute Indian Positions based on equality, geographical markers, historical claims. x Western Sector- claims Johnson line and Aksai Chin as part of Ladakh region Eastern Sector MacMohan line is accepted according to which Arunachal Pradesh belongs to India. Middle Sector Sikkim state has been recognised by China also.
Why China Claims these areas ???? Western Sector Tibetan and Xinjiang EasternFertile area of Chicken's Sector this region Neck and Mallacca Dilemma Hydroelectric Spiritual potential angle
Oil Flow Lake Balkal Sea of Okhotsk RUSSIA UKRAIN KAZAKHSTAN Lake khash MONGOLIA Black Sea GEORGIA ZBEKISTAN YRGYZST ARMENI TURKEY /Z. Sea of Japan TuRKMENIS TAJIKISTAN KOREA ERBAIJAN UTH Yellow KOREA JARAN FGHANISTA Sea CHINA IRAQ IRAN East China Sea ' DA AIT BHUTAN PAKISTAN BAHRAIN QATAR EGYP SAUDI ARABIA OMAN BA TAIWAN Hong Kong INDIA MAN BURMA Philippine Sea SUDA Bay or RITRE YEMEN HAILAN PHILIPPINES Andama Sea Gulf of Adon South DJIBOUTI- Gu ETHIOPIASOMALIA SRI LANKA ina Sea MALAYSIA BRUNEI KENYA INGAP PAPUA NEW GUINEA TANZANIA INDONESIA Indian Ocean MOZAMBIQUE ADAGASCAR O AUSTRALIA
Progress so far in Border Dispute resolution 1960's China gave a "package proposalit would be prepared to accept an alignment in the Eastern Sector, in general conforming to the McMahon Line, but India would have to concede Aksai Chin to China in the Western Sector. Deng Xiaoping in 1982 again reiterated this offer 1985 Chinese Re-interpretation same as before +an explicit demand was made for the restitution" of Tawang as indispensable to any boundary settlement. * Why such change? Increasing power asymmetry between the two nations x Decreasing importance of Aksai Chin because now China had already build its infrastructure in Xinjiang region
Any "Out of Box Solutions" ??- EAM Why it is needed? power asymmetry going to increase in the near future and China's stand would harden Adversarial position on border affects the other areas of relationship. India might accept as Ama "Shyam Saran" states LAC plus Solution whereby the status quo in the Eastern Sector would be maintained, while China would make some, admittedly undefined, territorial concessions in the Western Sector (this was proposed once thru backchannel talks in 1980's) Indian side allow free movement of Tibetan pilgrims to the monastery town. In return, China could extend the same facility to Indian pilgrims going to Kailash Mansarovar.
Indus angtse Koshi maputra Red Ganges India China Water Issue China as a HYDRO HEGEMON
Consequences - thinking the rationale for such diversion Pollution of the Northern river North VS South China agricultural differences Projecting Using Overcapacit -y in steel, cement etc. it's strength in engineerino marvels
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