INDIA-CHINA RELATIONS PRESENTED BY: AADITYA MISHRA
Collection: International Relations me: . Graduation from NIT, Bhopal- 2015 Wrote Mains Pdf of this lesson is available at ISSUU.COM (ink in the description below) Follow me: https://unacademy.in/user/ AadityaMishra . RATE, REVIEW & RECOMMEND Contribute if this helps you.
DIMENSIONS OF INDIA-CHINA RELATIONS Background of India-China relations (from 1950's to 2016) Issues ranging fronm Border Dispute Trade disputes, Massod Azhar issue, OBOR initiative, Water sharing issue, NSG membership, Geopolitical flux in the regions and India's strategy to deal with China
History of India China Relations x Post Independence Indian strategic community lead by PM Nehru had assessed that India had following needs- India needed to develop and for that we needed peace and stability in our neighbourhood of any power blocs of the Cold war era. India needed technology aid and trade and hence we were not in a position to go against India was clear that it has to protect it's hard earned sovereignity and hence had to be out Western Bloc led by USA India had a communist neighbour (China) hence we cannot jeopardise to go against * Communist Bloc led by erstwhile USSR
What India did? India took a pragmatic approach by coming out with a foreign policy based on * Non Alignment Panchsheel x Non Alignement ensured that India was able to protect it's interests and reap benefits from both the blocs Panchsheel ensured peace with our neighbours (albeit till 1962 with China)
India China 1947-1962- Phase of Panchsheel Spearheaded by UL Nehru India wanted Hindi Chini Bhai Bhai. It was considered friendship of 1billion people * India-China were to develop it's civilisational ties. It was based on Rabindranath Tagore view that there can be mutually beneficial interactive relationship between the two great civilisations of China and India The establishment of the first Sino-Indian Cultural Society, and then, "Cheena Bhavana" at Santineketan were corner stones for this cause.
Relations leading to 1962 War Tibetan issue and Chinese claims of India's forward policy and aggression. Relationship now were to have a Cold Peace" (away from the warrant of the Panchsheel) Issues with regards to border between India China (Chinese claims of Arunachal Pradesh, Tawang area became more prominent) x Indian establishment understood the need of pragmatic foreign policy towards China
1980's Decade of Change 1980 Mr. Vajpayee went to China as External affairs minister which led to * starting of meetings on various issues 1987- India granted statehood to Arunachal Pradesh incursions increased on the border and tensions escalated * 1988 PM Rajiv Gandhi's visit broke the ice * first time China recognised that border dispute was a real issue Joint working group(JWG), Hotline was established,
1993-Agreement of Peace and Tranquility on borders N. Rao signed the agreement which had following clauses Not to alter the status quo at the borders not to use force at border if any country moves across the LAC then peaceful callback
2003- Strategic Partnership PM Vajpayee visited and led to starting of Confidence Building measures (CBM) Recognition of Sikkim by China, setting up of special representative mechanism 2010- Border defence Cooperation Agreement PM Manmohan Singh's visit was mainly in the backdrop of increased incursions on the border (2008 Dalai Lama contraversy) Outcomes included re-establishment of hotline Flag post meetings at the borders Policy to maximum restrain and no tailing to be followed
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