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IR And GS2 India Nepal Relations Part 4 - Constitutional Comparison And Importance Of Nepal For India (for UPSC CSE)
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This lesson deals with the assessment of the others issues plaguing contention making process in Nepal apart from federalism e.g. citizenship clause, delimitation period, federal commission etc. Then it provides a comparative analysis of Indian and Nepalese constitution. Further it elaborates on why Nepal is important for India- strategic (China buffer, Pakistan angle), Internal Security- Gorkha regiment issue, Energy security and Flood management. This lesson is on the subject political science and international relation subject and will be beneficial for the student studying this subject for UPSC CSE GS portion, Mains optional, High school, Bachelor and Masters.

Aaditya Mishra
You should follow my courses to get knowledge and not marks. I am no sir/teacher, just your friend.

U
Unacademy user
which type used in 4th sentence because can +v1 h toh past indefinite use Hona Chahiye tha in subordinate clause m
Vijendra Singh
a year ago
no ..present simple hi rakhenge... could plus v1 me past use hoga
Divya Yadav
a year ago
kk thanks for reply sir g
I
now we have aadhar can we take it as national identity
FEEDBACK@ Sir thank you so much for awesome series on IR...Sir its a humble request to please continue with the series, it is very much help for us to understand the crust of IR which is very difficult to understand just by reading newpaper or some books..Please try to complete this series sir...Thank you once again...:)
Srajan once you log in I think it is very easy and you will get updated automatically that is why ISSUU platform. Hope you understand
Please read Nepalese constitution first....many things such as provisions regarding to citizenship and Madhesi are presented on the basis of rumors.
watch India nepal part 1 and their I have mentioned source
  1. Ethnic groups - Nepal Yadav Koga% other 327% Muslibr9% 42% unspecified 28% Newar 4% amang Chhettri 15.5% 55% Tharu Brahman-Hill 12.5% 6.6% Magar 7% these are power elites created by mecometer.com Data Source: CIA - The World Factbook Ethnic makeup of Nepal


  2. ISSUE OF FEDERATION Proposed 6 states of Nepa THARUS HUMLA hill elites- Bahun Chetris or Khas people BAITADI DOLPA ACHHA ISTANG DAILEH JAJARKOT RUKUM SALYANROLPA TrS PYUTHAN GULMi suuM sTANAHU terai region- fertile MADHESI'S KHOTANGBOPUR TERHAT DHANKUTA YAPUR 80 84 B4 85


  3. power struggle point to note: 1. every state is North to South ie, every state has all 3=> hill elites+ adivasis+madhesi so again chance that hill elites will dominate the very basis of this whole struggle to empower the hitherto. Proposed 6 states of Nepal BAITADI DOLPA DOTI MUSTANG DAILEH JAJARKOT KAILALI a 0.1 IYAGOI excluded sections is lost. Stato 1 State 2 State 3 State 4 State 5 State e SALYAN BARDIYA KASK BANKE GULMI DANG TANAHU SANKHUWASABHATAPLEJUNG RUP IDEH KHOTANGEHOJFUR TERHATRMCHTHA RAUTAHASARLAHI DHANKUTA YAPUR LAM SAPTARI 80 84


  4. Issues in New Const . Federalism - already dealt Citizenship . by naturalisation and by descent All imp const. posts only thru descent. Madhesis are thru naturalisation and hence discriminated . Even present President if he resigns cannot be a President again because he is a Madhesi.


  5. Issues in New Const Delimitation revision - interim 10 yrs now in final 20 yrs . Gender bias - Children born to Nedpali women married to foreigner will have to apply for ctznhip through Naturalisation . Disputes have been simmering and later it has resulted into clashes in areas near Birgunj etc and may spill over to India


  6. PRESENT SITUATION . 1 CA- FEDERAL COMM - came up with 14 states too many then 2nd federal comm of experts .-came out with 10 states. 2nd CA came out with idea of "federal comm" will decide the delimitation of provinces within 6 months 35 > Madhesis argue that this should be done within the limits of const only. NC = const. can been amended any no. of times.


  7. FEDERAL ISSUES 5/ 75 districts are still contentious 5/75 districts are still contentious Kailkali and Kanchanpur in West. . Jhapa, Sunsarimorang in East. Vertical (north south) vs Horizontal provinces (east west) Demographic issues (hill chetris 31% of population: 60% feeling neglected )


  8. CONSTITUTION OF NEPAL PROVISIONS GS 2 comparison of constitutions


  9. CONSTITUTION NEPAL INDIA independent, indivisible, sovereign, secular, inclusive democratic, socialism-oriented federal democratic republican state Sovereign, socialist, secular, democratic republic Basic features all mother tongues spoken in Nepal are national language National Language No National Language Single federal ctznship with federal identity Citizenship No specific federal id Sovereignty Nepali ppl (contraversy) People of India


  10. CONSTITUTION NEPAL INDIA Explicit mention that womern shall have equal rights in ancestral property; LGBT rights recognition. Rights recognition No such explicit mention Type of representations Both proportional and FPTP Only FPTFP Independent Judiciary with a constitutional court for 10 yrs. Independent Judiciary but not const. court. Constitutional Court 3 meanings Secularism means protection of Sanatana Dharma; Cow as National animal; ban orn 1. Sarv Dharma Sambhav 2. Dharma Neshpekshta 3. Minority rights protect 4. Secularism Rajeev Bhargava's Principled distance approach conversion


  11. Internal security . Gurkha regiment: hence any misunderstanding may lead to internal problems in army. . Gurkha's in Darjeeling demanding separate state Maoist want to estb. "Red corridor" from Nepal to Kanyakumari. Nepal's Help in flood management: imp for Bihar and U.P.