Ethnic groups - Nepal Yadav Koga% other 327% Muslibr9% 42% unspecified 28% Newar 4% amang Chhettri 15.5% 55% Tharu Brahman-Hill 12.5% 6.6% Magar 7% these are power elites created by mecometer.com Data Source: CIA - The World Factbook Ethnic makeup of Nepal
ISSUE OF FEDERATION Proposed 6 states of Nepa THARUS HUMLA hill elites- Bahun Chetris or Khas people BAITADI DOLPA ACHHA ISTANG DAILEH JAJARKOT RUKUM SALYANROLPA TrS PYUTHAN GULMi suuM sTANAHU terai region- fertile MADHESI'S KHOTANGBOPUR TERHAT DHANKUTA YAPUR 80 84 B4 85
power struggle point to note: 1. every state is North to South ie, every state has all 3=> hill elites+ adivasis+madhesi so again chance that hill elites will dominate the very basis of this whole struggle to empower the hitherto. Proposed 6 states of Nepal BAITADI DOLPA DOTI MUSTANG DAILEH JAJARKOT KAILALI a 0.1 IYAGOI excluded sections is lost. Stato 1 State 2 State 3 State 4 State 5 State e SALYAN BARDIYA KASK BANKE GULMI DANG TANAHU SANKHUWASABHATAPLEJUNG RUP IDEH KHOTANGEHOJFUR TERHATRMCHTHA RAUTAHASARLAHI DHANKUTA YAPUR LAM SAPTARI 80 84
Issues in New Const . Federalism - already dealt Citizenship . by naturalisation and by descent All imp const. posts only thru descent. Madhesis are thru naturalisation and hence discriminated . Even present President if he resigns cannot be a President again because he is a Madhesi.
Issues in New Const Delimitation revision - interim 10 yrs now in final 20 yrs . Gender bias - Children born to Nedpali women married to foreigner will have to apply for ctznhip through Naturalisation . Disputes have been simmering and later it has resulted into clashes in areas near Birgunj etc and may spill over to India
PRESENT SITUATION . 1 CA- FEDERAL COMM - came up with 14 states too many then 2nd federal comm of experts .-came out with 10 states. 2nd CA came out with idea of "federal comm" will decide the delimitation of provinces within 6 months 35 > Madhesis argue that this should be done within the limits of const only. NC = const. can been amended any no. of times.
FEDERAL ISSUES 5/ 75 districts are still contentious 5/75 districts are still contentious Kailkali and Kanchanpur in West. . Jhapa, Sunsarimorang in East. Vertical (north south) vs Horizontal provinces (east west) Demographic issues (hill chetris 31% of population: 60% feeling neglected )
CONSTITUTION OF NEPAL PROVISIONS GS 2 comparison of constitutions
CONSTITUTION NEPAL INDIA independent, indivisible, sovereign, secular, inclusive democratic, socialism-oriented federal democratic republican state Sovereign, socialist, secular, democratic republic Basic features all mother tongues spoken in Nepal are national language National Language No National Language Single federal ctznship with federal identity Citizenship No specific federal id Sovereignty Nepali ppl (contraversy) People of India
CONSTITUTION NEPAL INDIA Explicit mention that womern shall have equal rights in ancestral property; LGBT rights recognition. Rights recognition No such explicit mention Type of representations Both proportional and FPTP Only FPTFP Independent Judiciary with a constitutional court for 10 yrs. Independent Judiciary but not const. court. Constitutional Court 3 meanings Secularism means protection of Sanatana Dharma; Cow as National animal; ban orn 1. Sarv Dharma Sambhav 2. Dharma Neshpekshta 3. Minority rights protect 4. Secularism Rajeev Bhargava's Principled distance approach conversion
Internal security . Gurkha regiment: hence any misunderstanding may lead to internal problems in army. . Gurkha's in Darjeeling demanding separate state Maoist want to estb. "Red corridor" from Nepal to Kanyakumari. Nepal's Help in flood management: imp for Bihar and U.P.
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