2. Illegal Migrants Issue . Porous border and racial similarity makes it more complex Irrationally drawn border-Radcliffe line-correction done in LBA - pragmatic approach - discussed ahead . Lack of coop from Bangladeshi security forces - no night duty from their side, involvement in dalali Push factors => poverty, unemployment, natural disasters, water scarcity, power shortages etc. Pull factors => prospects of better life in India, Indian factory owners also find it lucrative etc.
2. Illegal Migrants Issue .AH Mahmood Ali (foreign minister statement 2014) : "llegal migrant issue did not come up in the talks with EAM Mrs. Swaraj" This is core issue: "Bangladesh's long standing policy has been denying claims of any illegal migration" . So when the other side doesn't even recognise the problem solving it bilaterally becomes a problem. Amb Veena Sikri: When it is not discussed in Joint Commissions it becomes a topic of political rallies in WB & Assam (clashes btw Bengali locals and Muslims) Minorities are threatened in Bangladesh (1970's-20% Hindu's, now <10 % Hindus.)
Impact of lllegal Migration Political Violence in NE main reason why AASU( all Assam Students Union) led the Assam movement popular movement against undocumented immigrants in Assam. The movement, led by All Assam Students Union (AASU) and the 'All Assam Gana Sangram Parishad' (AAGSP), developed a program of protests and demonstration to compel the government to identify and expel illegal immigrants. The agitation programs were largely non- violent, but the Nellie massacre was a case of extreme violence. The agitation program ended in August 1985 following the Assam Accord, which was signed by leaders of AASU-AAGSP and the Government of India.
Impact of lllegal Migration Often Indian ctzn also suffer because it is difficult to differentiate between genuine Indian citizens and those who have obtained ctzn by fraud Many Illegal immigrants carry cards etc. participating in the political process -> leads to issue being used for pol gains. voter ID cards, ration Creates pressure on Indian resources => ration cards, PDS etc. rativities (Burdwan Blast,human Involved in terror activities (Burdwan Blast), human trafficking etc.
2. Illegal Migrants Issue- Steps taken . India has a policy to "stop migration" and "push back." Building of "electric barbed wire fences" . India also adopts "deportation. India pushed the issue 1st time this in 1992 in the JOINT COMM In BJP's 2014 election rally - "amending the ctzn act and providing ctznship to Hindu migrants"who migrated because of threat of "religious persecution". National Register of Citizens (NRC) is expected to identify those who illegally entered Assam after 1971 read further on differences btw NRC and NPR
MoU between the coast guards of the two countries will strengthen joint efforts in curtailing the illegal movement of goods, human trafficking and piracy in the Bay of Bengal
2. Illegal Migrants lssue- What should be done Talk to Bangladesh govt - get them to understand the complexity and push it in Joint Comm talks agenda. India should make it clear that we understand that the Bangladeshi govt has no policy of pushing the migrants but must recognise this as an issue. 13 . Can address the issue indirectly under "HUMAN trafficking" and Border Mgmt commissions. . Can use SAARC CONV on HUMAN TRAFFICKING for finding a solution to the issue. .We need to "sensitise the Bangladeshi govt about the hardship and exploitation of migrants' India can help in tackling the "push factors" ( energy coop, development aid, LOC, rail modernisation, HEP etc. )
2. Illegal Migrants lssue- What should be done Issue of enclaves, adverse possession, undemarcated borders etc. have been dealt with in LBA . Border areas to be developed as "areas of prosperity" through use of Border haats etc. Practical solution can be Isuing "work permits' to . Practical solution can be" Issuing "work permits" to migrants . help in regularising and regulating the movement . would also help in protecting their rights agst exploitation. . India can have similar provisions like we have with Nepal and Sri Lanka.
WHAT IS NATIONAL REGISTER OF CITIZENS (NRC)? The National Register of Citizens (NRC) is the register containing details of all Indian citizens. Citizenship being a subject of the Union List, policy decisions, guidelines and funds for NRC updation are provided by the Central Government but its implementation is done through the State Government machinery under the guidance of the Reaistrar General of India who functions as the Registrar General of Citizen Registration. 1ST TIME IN => After conducting the Census of 1951, the National Register of Citizens (NRC) was prepared by recording particulars of all the persons enumerated during the 1951 Census WHAT IS NRC 1951? After the conduct of the Census of 1951, a National Register of Citizens (NRC) was prepared in respect of each village showing the houses or holdings in a serial order and indicating against each house or holding the number and names of persons staying therein, and in respect of each individual, the father's name/mother's name or husband's name, nationality, sex, age, marital status, educational qualification, means of livelihood or occupation and visible identification mark. This was done by copying out in registers the particulars recorded during the Census done in 1951 This NRC was prepared under a directive from the Ministry of Home affairs (MHA) These registers covered each and every person enumerated during the Census of 1951 and were kept in the offices of Deputy Commissioners and Sub Divisional Officers according to instructions issued by the Government of India in 1951. Later these registers were transferred to the Police in the early 1960s
WHAT IS NRC UPDATION? National Register of Citizens (NRC) updation basically means the process of enlisting the names of all citizens residing in Assam at the time of NRC updation. HOW WILL THE NRC BE UPDATED? The NRC will be updated as per the provisions of The Citizenship Act, 1955 and The Citizenship (Registration of Citizens and Issue of National Identity Cards) Rules, 2003. As per the two statutes, the citizenship status would be ascertained based on the NRC, 1951, Electoral Rolls up to the midnight of 24th March, 1971(25TH MARCH INDO PAK WAR BEGAN) and in their absence the liat od admissible documents of Pre-1971 period. Who is eligible for inclusion in updated NRC? . Persons whose names appear in NRC, 1951. Persons whose names appear in the Electoral Rolls up to 24th March (midnight), 1971. Descendants of the above persons . Persons who came to Assam from Bangladesh between 1st January, 1966 and 25th March, 1971 and registered themselves with the Foreigner Regional Registration Office (FRRO) and declared by the Foreigner Tribunal as Indian citizen. . Persons who can provide any of the admissible documents issued upto 24th March midnight, 1971 Original inhabitants of Assam whose Indian Citizenship status is proved beyond any doubt.
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