What to read? India Bangladesh LAND BOUNDARY AGREEMENT .illegal migration, illegal trade, drugs and human trafficking . current state of relations and issues involved Teesta Water sharing agreement . Importance of Bangladesh for India. . Internal politics of Bangladesh- Battle of Begums and India. . Assessment of our foreign policy.
LAND BOUNDARY AGREEMENT (LBA) ENCLAVES 111 Indian enclaves in Bangladesh 51 Bangladeshi enclaves in India UNDEMARCATED BORDER 6.1 KM Adverse Possessions
Karala Bangladeshi enclave, becomes part of India Dasiachara Indian enclave, becomes part of Bangladesh miles Lalmonirhat ) km CHINA . Kurigram DRTAIl. Enclaves
(Assam) Thakurani Bari/Assam Kalabari (Boroibari) (Assam) Pallathal (West Bengal) South Berubari sector Meghalaya Bihar Daikhata 56 Manipur BANGLADESH INDIA (Meghalaya) Lobachera T Tripura Mizoram Nuncherra Pyrdiwah Lyngkhat Dawki-Tamabil Naljuri West Bengal (Tripura) Chandannagar Adverse PossesSsions
A N G L A D E Jr.-" Bangladeshi possession Government of India, Copyright Based upon Survey of India map w
new boundary line after taking in view the ground realities and joint !--surveys B A N G L A D WEST BENG AL
LBA . India Bangladesh border is longest land border of India with any other country. Radcliffe line was irrationally drawn. . Riverine border in areas adds to complexity because of changing river courses Undemarcated border (6.1kms) was the epicentre of illegal trade and smuggling Domestic politics further increase the complexity e.g. Mizoram - Bangladesh peaceful border . Assam, WB - Bangladesh much politicised
What was the need of LBA Humanitarian concerns about the 50k+ people living in these enclaves etc they were not given ctzhship rights, benefits, their living standards were poor etc. Illegal activities thrived as enclaves was an excuse for movement BSF and Indian police was not able to control the activities within the enclaves It became a hotbed of militants - would come, enter into enclaves and then later melt with the common people Undemarcated border was an area where BSF were not knowing what actions can be taken? Now no excuse for transboundary movement and hence will not become a propaganda tool for political parties in Bangladesh.
Approach used? For adverse possessions pragmatic approach used joint surveys done to have a ground reality picture and then Radcliffe line itself was tweaked to make amends For enclaves - exchange and people of enclaves given right to choose citizenship For undemacarted border - demarcation done
WHAT IS NATIONAL REGISTER OF CITIZENS (NRC)? The National Register of Citizens (NRC) is the register containing details of all Indian citizens. Citizenship being a subject of the Union List, policy decisions, guidelines and funds for NRC updation are provided by the Central Government but its implementation is done through the State Government machinery under the guidance of the Reaistrar General of India who functions as the Registrar General of Citizen Registration. 1ST TIME IN => After conducting the Census of 1951, the National Register of Citizens (NRC) was prepared by recording particulars of all the persons enumerated during the 1951 Census WHAT IS NRC 1951? After the conduct of the Census of 1951, a National Register of Citizens (NRC) was prepared in respect of each village showing the houses or holdings in a serial order and indicating against each house or holding the number and names of persons staying therein, and in respect of each individual, the father's name/mother's name or husband's name, nationality, sex, age, marital status, educational qualification, means of livelihood or occupation and visible identification mark. This was done by copying out in registers the particulars recorded during the Census done in 1951 This NRC was prepared under a directive from the Ministry of Home affairs (MHA) These registers covered each and every person enumerated during the Census of 1951 and were kept in the offices of Deputy Commissioners and Sub Divisional Officers according to instructions issued by the Government of India in 1951. Later these registers were transferred to the Police in the early 1960s
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