INDIA-CHINA RELATIONS PRESENTED BY: AADITYA MISHRA
Collection: International Relations me: . Graduation from NIT, Bhopal- 2015 Wrote Mains, 2016 Pdf of this lesson is available at ISSUU.COM (ink in the description below) Follow me: https://unacademy.in/user/ AadityaMishra . RATE, REVIEW & RECOMMEND Contribute if this helps you.
Indus angtse Koshi maputra Red Ganges India China Water Issue China as a HYDRO HEGEMON
FACTS UNIQUE TO CHINA It has established a hydro-hegemony unparalleled on any continent by annexing in 1951 the Tibetan Plateau, the starting place of major international rivers Another sprawling territory Beijing forcibly absorbed, Xinjiang, is the source of the transnational Irtysh and li Rivers. Its refusal to accede to the Mekong Agreement of 1995, for example, has stunted the development of a genuine basin community It also asserts a general principle that standing and flowing waters are subject to the full sovereignty of the state where they are located It thus claims indisputable sovereignty" over the waters on its side of the international boundary, including the right to divert as much shared water as it wishes for its legitimate needs.
FACTS UNIQUE TO CHINA No country in the world is bigger dam builder than China. 1949 it had just 3 dams 2015 biggest (3 gorges) + total building capacity more than world combined China's Tibet is source of more rivers than any state in world x China does not agree to water sharing arrangement and claims 'total sovereignty" over the water in its territory - Saheli river (Kazakhstan, Amur (to Russia), Mekong (S.E Asian states) What about India China Brahmaputra dispute it is not water sharing but only a data sharing arrangement which is like a commercial contract and China charges Rs. 82 lakh per annum for that.
Why we should be worried ?? Because of Chinese next five year planChina is now moving towards Mega Dam building 40k Mw) on Intl rivers like Mekong and Brahmaputra Motou Dam at India China border on Yarlung Tsangpo river is major cause of concern for India. Ecologically sustainability of these areas which is geologically active is major concern. China plans to lift water by making barrages under its plan of GREAT WESTERN ROUTE or Great South North Water Diversion Project from 3 Intl rivers including Brahmaputra.
Consequences - thinking the rationale for such diversion Pollution of the Northern river North VS South China agricultural differences Projecting Using Overcapacit -y in steel, cement etc. it's strength in engineerino marvels
ean Spring ining Ur mqi Shenyang Oases ring NOR aiyuag HINA PLAIN Winler Wheat orghum Chinese thne- -' Indian claim of control ou Corn n a /C Shanghai Sichuan Rice ljangRice Winter Wh Chengdu Wuhan Lhasa ongg western Xiamen Taiwan Percent in cultivation . (NIA Kunmin Doub Double-crop Rice 0 10 30 uangzhou Non-cultivated Kanning Agricultural region boundary Hainan Dao 500 Kilometers 0 500 Miles
India's concerns areas is EQ prone- geological fault line -giant MEDOG at syntaxial bend- 49 GW; greater total than all proposed projects in India recently 2016 LARGER LALHO project a tributary of Brahmaputra was blocked ecologically may use much of the silt which make NE fertile: * Brahmaputra is veritable lifeline and core part of cultural life; x may affect flow in Bangladesh (depends 70% on this water) x Water deficit forced migration in NE and may lead to water wars in Ind- Bangladesh
India's Response India had unveiled 2 dam building projects Arunachal Pradesh (Kameng hydroelectric project, 600MW), Subansiri Hydroelectric project 2000 MW. Our territorial and resource claim fusion- we have Arunachal Pradesh which strengthens our case under the Doctrine of Prior Appropriation which is a part of Intl customary laws. x 2006 India-China water data sharing group created but no results. * India has tried to create institutions by having sharing arrangements like Indus treaty, Ganga water sharing treaty
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