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DAILY NEWS ANALYSIS from HINDU, HT, TOI, INDIAN EXPRESS 29th July 20 17 By JATIN VERMA Educator Unacademy For Daily The Hindu News & Editorial analysis- Visit my Unacademy profile- www.unacademy.com/user/studiousjatin
29 July 2017 Page-l:Doval wants BRICS to step up fight against terrorism Page-I:Doval wants BRICS to step up fight against terrorism . [G.S. MAINS Paper 2- International Relations- International Institutions; Bilateral Relations] National Security Adviser Ajit Doval has called upon the Brazil-Russia-India- China-South Africa (BRICS) grouping, to exercise international leadership in countering terrorism part of his remarks,he also advocated that the five emerging economies should work towards setting the agenda "on strategic issues of regional and global importance." parta fh o renarks.he a so ndvlocated that the ive emerginr rcomomies should work towards setting . Mr. Doval's call on Mr.Xi, acquired a sharp bilateral con- text, in view of the on-going military face-off between Indian and Chinese troops in Doklam. Background about BRICS: The BRIC [Brazil, Russia, India and China] idea was first conceived by Jim O'Neill of Goldman Sachs. . First held in 2009 in Yekaterinburg in Russia and latest (8th) was held in Goa, India in October 2016. The five BRICS countries represent 40% ofWorld's population and account for around USD 16.6 trillion nominal GDP, which is one fifth of gross world product. At Brasilia Summit (2010), South Africa formally joined BRIC, this giving its current name BRICS.
29 July 2017 Page-7:SC rejects abortion plea of 10-year-old A 10-year-old rape victim has been left with no choice but to continue with her pregnancy after a medical panel informed the Supreme Court that an abortion will endanger both the girl and her 32- week-old foetus. cumbersome process of approaching different courts from district courts to high courts and finally the Supreme Court, for permission to medically terminate their pregnancies whic Amendment pending: h are over 20 weeks THE PROPOSAL Permanent boards:Supreme Court urged the Proposed changes in the Medical Termination of Pregnancy (MTP) Act, 1971 government to consider setting up Permanent Medical Boards across the States so that women., especially child rape victims, could receive expedient access to medical care. To allow AYUSH doctors to conduct abortion To allow medical abortion anytime during the pregnancy for selective foetal abnormal- ity, which cannot be detected The Medical Termination of PregnancyAct within 20 weeks of pregnancy The Medical Termination of Pregnancy Actihyn 2o weeks tf pregnatey of 1971 bars abortion if the foetus has crossedTo extend gestation period for abortion from current 20 the 20-week mark. weeks to 24 weeks for women An exception to the law is made if a registered falling under 'special category medical practitioner certifies to a court that the ALARMING STATS continued pregnancy is life-threatening for either 22 million 7million the mother or the baby. Presently, women are forced to undertake the 50% of abortions in India are illegal unsafe abortions abortions are performed each year worldwide i annually in India i complications is 8% Rate of maternal deaths due to unsafe abortion conducted
29 July 2017 Page 10: LS passes Bil for mere autonomy to lIMs Page l0: LS passes Bill for more autonomy to IIMs . [G.S. MAINS Paper-2: Polity & Governance] . The Lok Sabha passed a Bill to grant Indian Institutes of Management the power to grant degrees instead of postgraduate diplomas. It also allows students to acquire Ph.D degrees from the IMs Human Resource Development Ministry said, It is because the fellowships of IIMs were not regarded by many as Ph.Ds that there were less students for Ph.Ds to become Fellows. They used to go after doing Diploma here.They used to go to foreign countries and do research. . The Bill confers on the 20 IIMs the status of institutions of national importance and also grants them . At present, the Centre has a role in the functioning of the IIMs, including the appointment of the chair- . As per the IIM Bill, 2017, a Board of Governors will appoint the director of each lIM.A search-cum- greater functional autonomy by restricting the role of the government in them. persons to the Boards of the IIMs, their directors and fixing the pay of the directors. selection- committee will recommend the names. And the director will be eligible for variable pay determined by the Board.
29 July 2017 4 Page 10: CAG spots weaknesses in missile defence system, . The strategic missile system, a medium range supersonic surface to air missile system to Over 70% of the under vehicle scanners (UVS) installed at Indian Air Force (IAF) bases were [G.S. MAINS Paper-2: Polity & Governance-Accountability Mechanisms] counter aerial threats were"deficient in quality", according to CAG Report non-functional. It also said that the IL series of aircraft, which provides vital transport support to the IAF during contingencies, has not been upgraded, and continue to fly with 1985 vintage avionics The report comes amid increased threat perception to defence installations in the wake of terrorist attack at the Pathankot airbase in January 2016. . The IAF in February said that out of the 57 UVS systems, 52 had been installed and only five were yet to be installed. However, 35 systems still remained in unserviceable condition. . Audit found that the system delivered by Bharat Electricals Limited was deficient in quality. Armed forces equipped to face any crisis: Jaitley
29 July 2017 Page-I 0:world News: US. sanctions Bill targets Russia, Iran and North Korea [G.S. MAINS Paper-2: International Relations] The U.S. Senate is sending a package of stiff financial sanctions against Russia to President Donald Trump to sign after the Bill received overwhelming support in Congress Russia has already responded, ordering a reduction in the number of U.S. diplomats in Russia and closing the U.S. embassy's recreation retreat. . The legislation is aimed at punishing Moscow for interfering in the 2016 presidential election and for its military aggression in Ukraine and Syria, where the Kremlin has backed President Bashar al-Assad. It also imposes financial sanctions against Iran and North Korea. North Korea replies by firing ballistic missile: South Korean, US. and Japanese monitors all detected the unusual late-night test, with Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe saying the missile may have landed within Japan's maritime exclusive economic zone. mpossfinancia sons aginst ran and North Korea.
29 July 2017 World News: Sri Lanka set to sign Hambantota port deal. [G.S. MAINS Paper-2: International Relations- India's Neighbourhood] . Sri Lanka will proceed with the billion-dollar sale of a deep sea port to China despite protests in an effort to slash its foreign debt The Hambantota port straddles the world's busiest east-west shipping route and several countries, including neighbouring India, had raised concerns China could use it for its own military needs. The port, built in 2010 with a massive loan from China and named after former President Mahinda Rajapaksa, has failed to generate enough business to even pay staff salaries. . Port workers had called for a strike on Friday to protest the deal, but cancelled it after the government used tough laws to outlaw industrial action . Sri Lankan overnment would sign off on the $1.12 billion deal with China Merchants Port Holdings to jointly manage the facility. Cash from the firm's majority stake will be used to repay part of the island nation's huge foreign debt. For Indian Polity Crash course, Visit my Unacademy profile- www.unacademy.com/user/studiousjatin
29 luly 2017 7 [GS. MAINS Paper-1&2: International Relations] Showdown looms in crisis-hit Venezuela NAM & Anti-Government Protests SOUTH AMERICA Venezuela careened towards a showdown on Friday between anti-government protesters and security forces, as the death toll from months of demonstrations against embattled President Nicolas Maduro mounted - as did international concern about the spiralling violence. North PERU BRAZIL Fears of open civil conflict have prompted thousands of Venezuelans to join an exodus into neighbouring Colombia. International concern has mounted, with the United States, European Union, United Nations and major Latin American nations urging Mr. Maduro to halt his plan. South Pacific CHI A tlantic ARGENTINA Oce rt For DetailedAnalysis-upholding Chavismo |
29 July 2017 Business Page- I l: Centre seeks inputs on trade, industrial policies, services Commerce Ministry sought inputs from the academia on three topics-  Foreign Trade Policy (FTP) revievw, [i] proposed revamp of manufacturing and industrial policies and [ii] India's proposal at the World Trade Organisation (WTO) on services sector liberalisation Centre is working on a new manufacturing and industrial policy to increase the contribution of the manufacturing sector in the country's GDP to 25% by 2020 from the current level of about 16%, as the global Industrial Revolution 4.0 is happening India needs more research on this emerging area showing how Artificial Intelligence (Al), robotics and Internet of Things (loT) will impact India's manufacturing and services. . Since India is already a part of many 'global value chains', the two new policies will aim to make India a global manufacturing hub in items including textile, pharmaceuticals and electronics. The Centre is working on these new policies to align the current manufacturing policy (of 2011) and the industrial policy (of 2009) with the Fourth Industrial Revolution that includes Al, robotics and loT India needs to generate good quality manpower in large numbers at all stages of the knowledge pyramid.
29 July 2017 10 e Many policy-level challenges have retarded growth in the manufacturing sector in India: [a]difficult business environment, [b]infrastructural constraints, [c]including peak power deficit, [d]labour market limitations and [eltrade unionism [f1difficulty in availing commercial bank credit particularly for small firms. Essay on Nationalism: Learn Tagore's idea of nationalism.
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